Urban Housing in Contemporary City Development Policies

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Prezentacja Rica Stephensa na konferencji Towarzystwa Urbanistów Polskich "Mieszkać w mieście. Problemy i wyzwania dla kształtowania współczesnej polityki mieszkaniowej". Gdynia 23-24.06.2016.
Presentation of Ric Stephens at the conference of the Society of Polish Town Planners "Living In the City. Problems and Challenges of Housing Policy" Gdynia, 23-24.06.2016.

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  • New Urban Agenda - HABITAT III Issue Paper – Housing: Security of tenure: housing is not adequate if its occupants do not have a degree of tenure security which
    guarantees legal protection against forced evictions, harassment and other threats.2
    • Availability of services, materials, facilities and infrastructure: housing is not adequate if its occupants do not
    have safe drinking water, adequate sanitation, energy for cooking, heating, lighting, food storage or refuse
    disposal.
    • Affordability: housing is not adequate if its cost threatens or compromises the occupants’ enjoyment of other
    human rights.
    • Habitability: housing is not adequate if it does not guarantee physical safety or provide adequate space, as
    well as protection against the cold, damp, heat, rain, wind, other threats to health and structural hazards.
    • Accessibility: housing is not adequate if the specific needs of disadvantaged and marginalized groups are
    not taken into account.
    • Location: housing is not adequate if it is cut off from employment opportunities, health-care services,
    schools, childcare centres and other social facilities, or if located in polluted or dangerous areas.
    • Cultural adequacy: housing is not adequate if it does not respect and take into account the expression of
    cultural identity.
  • Zero Carbon Housing
    CEPHEUS "Passive Houses are buildings which ensure a comfortable indoor climate in summer and in winter without needing a conventional heating system. To permit this, it is essential that the building's annual demand for space heating does not exceed 15 kWh/m2year. The minimal heat requirement can be supplied by heating the supply air in the ventilation system - a system that is necessary in any case. The standard has been named "Passive House" because the passive heat inputs delivered externally by solar irradiation through the windows and provided internally by the heat emissions of appliances and occupants essentially suffice to keep the building at comfortable indoor temperatures throughout the heating period. It is a part of the Passive House philosophy that efficient technologies are also used to minimize the other sources of energy consumption in the building, notably electricity for household appliances. The target of the CEPHEUS project is to keep the total final energy demand for space heating, domestic hot water and household appliances below 42 kWh/m2year".
  • Neighborhood as a sustainable ecosystem
  • Urban ecology
  • Coworking is a style of work that involves a shared working environment, often an office, and independent activity.
    3D printing and small-batch manufacturing
  • Our definition determines flexible housing as housing that can adapt to the changing needs of users. This definition is deliberately broad. It includes the possibility of choosing different housing layouts prior to occupation as well as the ability to adjust one’s housing over time. It also includes the potential to incorporate new technologies over time, to adjust to changing demographics, or even to completely change the use of the building from housing to something else.
  • smart ICT housing is an urban development vision to integrate multiple information and communication technology (ICT) solutions in a secure fashion to manage housing assets
  • “Arts and culture” is a broad term that needs to be refined to reflect local identity, goals, and resources. The demographics, local history, unique assets, traditions, and preferences of a community influence its definition of arts and culture and provide the context for reaching its goals in the future.
    3D printing
  • Urban Housing in Contemporary City Development Policies

    1. 1. Urban Housing in Contemporary City Development Policies Living in the City Problems and Challenges Associated with the Contemporary Housing Policy International Conference, Gdynia, Poland, June 23, 2016 Ric Stephens, President, International Society of City and Regional Planners
    2. 2. Adequate Housing  Security of tenure  Availability of services, materials, facilities and infrastructure  Affordability  Habitability  Accessibility  Location  Cultural adequacy
    3. 3. Innovative Typologies  Airbnb / Uber  Mini and micro  Modular  Conversion  Floating and underwater  Stilt and treehouses  Underground  Biological / organic  Temporary and transitional  Thematic housing
    4. 4. Passive Housing  CEPHEUS Cost Efficient Passive Houses as European Standard  Passivhaus (DEU)  Passivhus (SVE)  Passive House Institute (USA)  Polski Instytut Budownictwa Pasywnego (POL)  Minergie-P (CHE)
    5. 5. Environmental Assessment  BREEAM Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (GBR)  LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (USA)
    6. 6. EcoDistrict  Neighborhood- scale sustainability  Green buildings  Smart infrastructure  Sense of community  Experimentation & innovation
    7. 7. Biophilic Design  Street trees and urban orchards  Greenspaces and community gardens  Green streets and edible landscaping  Green walls and vertical gardens  Green roofs and sky gardens
    8. 8. Live-Work Housing  Office  Studio  Coworking space  Gallery / Exhibit  Commercial  Café  Workshop  Micro-industry
    9. 9. Flexible Housing  Different layouts  Adjustment over time  Incorporate new technologies  Responsive to changing demographics  Conversion to new uses
    10. 10. Smart Housing  Community connectivity and social networking  Energy efficiency  Resource conservation  Health and safety  Business development  Education and training
    11. 11. Arts & Culture  Public art  Public space  Shared space streets  Space programming  Artists and artisans co-op  For-profit shared space  Small-batch manufacturing
    12. 12. Thank You For your  Time  Interest  Endurance
    13. 13. References  APA Policy Guide on Housing https://www.planning.org/policy/guides/adopted/housing.htm  Arts and Culture Planning: Making a Toolkit for Communities https://www.google.com/search?q=arts+and+culture+planning+a+toolkit+for+communities&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8  Biophilic Design http://www.metropolismag.com/Point-of-View/October-2015/What-Is-and-Is-Not-Biophilic-Design/  BREEAM http://www.breeam.com/  Coworking Spaces https://hbr.org/2015/05/why-people-thrive-in-coworking-spaces  Flexible Housing http://www.afewthoughts.co.uk/flexiblehousing/  HABITAT III Housing http://unhabitat.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Habitat-III-Issue-Paper-20_Housing-2.0.pdf  Housing Type Definitions http://homebaseforhousing.org/Education/Definitions.cshtml  International Passive House Association http://www.passivehouse-international.org  LEED http://www.usgbc.org/leed  Let’s Sea: Vibrant Urban Solutions for Baltic Cities http://urbantransformations.urbancloud.pl/  Making EcoDistricts https://ecodistricts.org/wp- content/uploads/2013/03/making_ecodistricts_concepts_and_methods_for_advancing_sustainability_in_neighborh oods.pdf  Public Space Planning and Design Manual http://urbantransformations.urbancloud.pl/wp- content/uploads/2014/12/MSRL_public-manual.pdf  Urban Transformations: Towards wiser cities and better living http://urbantransformations.urbancloud.pl/wp- content/uploads/2015/06/msrl-book.pdf  Zero Carbon Compendium http://www.lowcarbonhomesworldwide.com/

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