Student: Marta Gaitero.ARRANGED CHILD-MARRIAGES:
In India, in the past, it was very common for parents to marry their children when they were under18 years old. Parents chose the other children that they wanted to marry their children. The childrencouldn’t chose according to the religion.Parents did it to maintane their social status and therefore children from the upper castes couldn’tmarry people from the lower castes.The children didn’t know that they were going to be married with another child until the weddingand also they didn’t see their future husband or wife.Usually they cry because they didn’t want to marry but it didn’t mind to their parents.Nowadays, some people continue doing and practising that, although it is illegal and it is widelyrecognized as a violation of children’s rights, a direct form of discrimination against the girl childwho, as a result of the practice, is often deprived of her basic rights to health, education,development, and equality. Tradition, religion, and poverty continue to fuel the practice of childmarriage, despite its strong association with adverse reproductive health outcomes and the lack ofeducation of girls.This situation is more commoun in girls, who has to marry with an older man and they force themto have sex. It is a huge responsibility for a young girl to become a wife and mother and becausegirls are not adequately prepared for these roles this heavy burden has a serious impact on theirpsychological welfare, their perceptions of themselves and also their relationship.Where does Child marriage occur?Child marriage is a worldwide phenomenon but is most prevalent in Africa and Southern Asia andalthough its practice has decreased somewhat in recent decades, it remains common in, although notonly confined to, rural areas and among the most poverty stricken.
I’m Leo and I’ve chosen this topic because I found it very interesting. Gandhi was an Indian politician and lawyer. He promoted a non-violent resistance againstBritish rules, he was very shy but he needed to lead the resistance so he left his shame aside. The non-violent resistance consisted in fighting injustice without guns, suffering but not to hitback, dying but not killing. He tried to teach this philosophy to the whole world, and many freedomgroups adopted that philosophy (such as Martin Luther King) Gandhi went to England to study law. In England he tried to adapt to the English culture buthe couldn’t reach his objective. He didn’t have any problem in his final exams but he was a badlawyer, because he was very shy and he couldn’t do his job in public. But one day he left his shyapart and he became the lead of a non-violent revolution. GANDHI
INDIAN CUSTOMS AND BRITISH CUSTOMS Maite Rubia 4BD INDIAN CUSTOMS
·Namaskar or Namaste: It is the most common form to greet in India. It consist in join the palms of the hands belowthe face to greet a person.·Tilak: It is a mark between eyebrows. It means greet, bless or auspiciousness.·Aarti: It is an act of devotion, love or welcoming someone. It is performed during worshiping God.It is accompanied with songs.·Bindi: When Indian women married, they wear bindi in their forehead. Symbolizing GoddessParvati, a bindi signifies female energy. BRITISH CUSTOMS·Halloween: Haloween is an ancient festival, which has its roots in the Celtic festival of Samhain, thiswas when the Celts celebrated their New Year and the day they believed that the souls of those whohad died that year progress to the underworld.·BETS: British people often bet in different things. The most tipical thing which they bet are thehorses.·CRICKET: It is a tipical sport. It is played with balls and wood shovel.·TEA: Is a tipical drink. Many of britain people prefer dark and strong tea with a lot of milk.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 1869 in a small town called Porbandare on the northwest cost of India. He lived with his three siblings. When he was 13, according to Hindu customshis parents married him to Kasturba the daughter of a Porbandarbusinessman. Being a teenager his father was ill and died and his familydecided he had go to England to study law and his brother paid hisstudies.He wasn´t 18 yet when he went to Engand to study law in an university. He tried to adapt to his newlife and became a real English gentleman, he bought new suits from the best shop in London, a hat,a white collar, a silk shirt, leather gloves and an elegant stick. He tried to adapt to English culturebut after three months he decided he couldn´t live like this any more and he became vegetarian.Gandhi was called to the bar in June 1891 and then left London for India, where he learned that hismother had died while he was in London and that his family had kept the news from him. Hisattempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed because he was too shy to speak up incourt. He returned to Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants but was forcedto close it when he ran afoul of a British officer. In 1893, he accepted a year-long contract from Dada Abdulla & Co in South Africa.Gandhi spent 21 years in South Africa, where he developed his political views, ethics and politicalleadership skills. In South Africa, Gandhi faced the discrimination directed at all coloured people.He was thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg after refusing to move from the first-class. Heprotested and was allowed on first class the next day.In 1906 on 11 September that year, Gandhi adopted his still evolving methodology non-violentprotest, for the first time.In 1915, Gandhi returned to India permanently. He brought a reputation as a leading Indiannationalist, theorist and organizer. He joined the Indian National Congress and was introduced toIndian issues, politics and the Indian people primarily by Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Gokhale was akey leader of the Congress Party best known for his restraint and moderation, and his insistence onworking inside the system. Gandhi took Gokhales liberal approach based on British Whiggishtraditions and transformed it to make it look wholly Indian. Gandhi had not only moderated theviews of younger men like Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru, who sought a demand forimmediate independence, but also reduced his own call to a one year wait, instead of two. 26January 1930 was celebrated as Indias Independence Day by the Indian National Congress meetingin Lahore. This day was commemorated by almost every other Indian organisation. Thegovernment, represented by Lord Edward Irwin, decided to negotiate with Gandhi.On 30 January 1948, Gandhi was shot while he was walking to a platform from which he was toaddress a prayer meeting. The assassin, Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu nationalist with links to the
extremist Hindu Mahasabha, who held Gandhi responsible for weakening India by insisting upon apayment to Pakistan