<ul><li>M.K Gandhi’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom fight </li></ul><ul><li>Principles, beliefs and teachings </li></ul><ul><li>Famous quotes of M.K Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Sarojini Naidu’s life </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom fight </li></ul><ul><li>Sarojini Naidu’s poems </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul>
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi A weak man is just by accident. A strong but non-violent man is unjust by accident.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. At the age of 13 Gandhi married Kasturba, a girl of the same age. Gandhi studied law in London and returned to India in 1891 to practice. In 1893 he took on a one-year contract to do legal work in South Africa. At the time when the British controlled South Africa, he attempted to claim his rights as a British subject, he was abused, and soon saw that all Indians suffered similar treatment. Gandhi stayed in South Africa for 21 years working to secure rights for Indian people. He developed a method of action based upon the principles of courage, nonviolence and truth called Satyagraha. He believed that the way people behave is more important than what they achieve.
He More than once Gandhi used fasting to impress upon others the need to be nonviolent. India was granted independence in 1947, and partitioned into India and Pakistan. Rioting between Hindus and Muslims followed. On January 13, 1948, at the age of 78, he began a fast with the purpose of stopping the bloodshed. After 5 days the opposing leaders pledged to stop the fighting and Gandhi broke his fast. Twelve days later a Hindu fanatic, Nathuram Godse assassinated him In 1915 Gandhi returned to India. Within 15 years he became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement. Using the principles of Satyagraha he led the campaign for Indian independence from Britain. Gandhi was arrested many times by the British for his activities in South Africa and India. He believed it was honorable to go to jail for a just cause. Altogether he spent seven years in prison for his political activities.
‘ We must become the change we want to see in the world.’ ‘ There are many causes that I am prepared to die for but no cause that I am prepared to kill for.’ ‘ Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent then the one derived from fear of punishment.’ Satyagraha is formed by two Sanskrit words Satya (truth) and Agraha (holding firmly to). The term was popularized during the Indian Independence Movement, and is used in many Indian languages including Hindi. The concept of nonviolence (ahimsa) and nonresistance has a long history He strongly believed in peace and non-violence, he did not want blood shed or any fighting.
☂ An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. <ul><li>All the religions of the world, while they may differ in other respects, unitedly proclaim that nothing lives in this world but Truth. </li></ul><ul><li>An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching . </li></ul><ul><li>A man is nothing but the product of his thoughts what he thinks, he becomes. </li></ul><ul><li>A 'No' uttered from the deepest conviction is better than a 'Yes' merely uttered to please, or worse, to avoid trouble. </li></ul>✿ A nation's culture resides in the hearts and in the soul of its people.
Sarojini Naidu We want deeper sincerity of motive, a greater courage in speech and earnestness in action.
Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879. Her father Aghoranath Chattopadhyaya was a scientist and philosopher. Sarojini Naidu's mother Barada Sundari Devi was a poetess and used to write poetry in Bengali. Sarojini Naidu was the eldest among her eight siblings. Sarojini Naidu was a brilliant student. She was fluent in Urdu, Telugu, English, Bengali, and Persian. At the age of twelve, Sarojini Naidu attained national fame when she topped the matriculation examination at Madras University. Sarojini Naidu was interested in poetry. She started writing poems in English. At the age of 16, she traveled to England to study first at King's College London and later at Girton College, Cambridge. In her college years, she met Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu and fell in love with him. a non-brahmin, and a doctor by profession. After finishing her studies at the age of 19, she married him during the time when inter-caste marriages were not allowed. Sarojini Naidu had a happy married life and had four children: Jayasurya, Padmaj, Randheer, and Leilamani.
Sarojini Naidu joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905. She came into contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, C.P.Rama Swami Iyer, Gandhiji and Jawaharlal Nehru. She awakened the women of India. She traveled from state to state, city after city and asked for the rights of the women. She re-established self-esteem within the women of India. In 1925, Sarojini Naidu presided over the annual session of Indian National Congress at Kanpur. Sarojini Naidu played a leading role during the Civil Disobedience Movement and was jailed along with Gandhiji and other leaders. In 1942, Sarojini Naidu was arrested during the "Quit India" movement and was jailed for 21 months with Gandhiji. She shared a very warm relationship with Gandhiji and used to call him "Mickey Mouse". After Independence, Sarojini Naidu became the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was India's first woman governor. Sarojini Naidu died in office on March 2 ,1949. She was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of a state in India.
Sarojini Naidu with M.K Gandhi Sarojini Naidu with her close friends and family
Her marriage caused some problems in the Hindu society, but it was a happy marriage. Sarojini Naidu gave birth to two sons and two daughters. Sarojini Naidu’s marriage Being one of the most famous heroines of the 20th century, her birthday is celebrated as "Women's Day" Sarojini Naidu’s birthday She was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the governor of a state in India. Sarojini Naidu’s career During the freedom struggle, Gandhi ji only wore a loin cloth M.K Gandhi’s clothing As a lawyer in London, M.K Gandhi was literally a failure there. Gandhi ji as a lawyer