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www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Research in policy action: pitfalls and success
factors of high-level policy enga...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Research in policy action: pitfalls and
success factors of high-level policy
enga...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Policy Challenges
Policies can make/break technology adoption
Policy formulation
...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Key research questions
• How does research better link
and improve policy formula...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Policy research tools/methods
1. Policy and gender analysis
– Desk reviews of sel...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Constraints to policy implementation
Agenda Setting
Formulation
AdoptionImplement...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Formulation
National District Community
 Lack of synergy between the
diverse sec...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Policy gaps - examples
Policy
Year
process
started
Lead
Period
Support
partners
S...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
What are we doing?
• Knowledge generation
and dissemination
• Multistakeholder po...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
A systems approach to gender
Level Gender difference/constraint Opportunity/Solu...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Lessons learnt
 Get high-level buy-in before engaging with mid- or
low-level gov...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
• Keep message simple:
The scientific language used by researchers is ill-underst...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
• Innovation: Scientists can improve
their research impact by being
embedded in t...
www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium
Selected research outputs
Blogs
 https://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/does-uganda-suffic...
A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org
Thank you!
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Research in policy action: pitfalls and success factors of high-level policy engagement in East Africa

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Presentation during IITA R4D week 2015 (23 - 27 Nov. 2015). By: Pamela Pali, Edidah Ampaire, Mastewal Yami, Laurence
Jassogne, Marc Schut, Murat Sartas, Piet van Asten.

Published in: Science
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Research in policy action: pitfalls and success factors of high-level policy engagement in East Africa

  1. 1. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Research in policy action: pitfalls and success factors of high-level policy engagement in East Africa Pamela Pali, Edidah Ampaire, Mastewal Yami, Laurence Jassogne, Marc Schut, Murat Sartas, Piet van Asten 24th November 2015 (R4D Week 2015)
  2. 2. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Research in policy action: pitfalls and success factors of high-level policy engagement in East Africa Pamela Pali, Edidah Ampaire, Mastewal Yami, Laurence Jassogne, Marc Schut, Murat Sartas, Piet van Asten
  3. 3. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Policy Challenges Policies can make/break technology adoption Policy formulation • Lack of sufficient information/evidence to inform appropriate policy planning • Limited stakeholder inclusion • Challenges of harmonization Policy implementation • Weak enforcement of policies, legal and regulatory framework CGIAR: demand for outcomes
  4. 4. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Key research questions • How does research better link and improve policy formulation and implementation – Crop intensification – Climate change adaptation – Mainstreaming gender • Why is the implementation of agri-food policies ineffective? Rate of fertilizer use (kg-ha) Mwesigye and Mbowa, 2015
  5. 5. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Policy research tools/methods 1. Policy and gender analysis – Desk reviews of selected policies – Literature review – Key informant interviews with policy actors at national, district and lower levels – FGDs and key informant interviews with farming communities – Network analysis 2. Participatory stakeholder workshops - at national and district level 3. Engagement with policy decision-makers targeted engagement
  6. 6. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Constraints to policy implementation Agenda Setting Formulation AdoptionImplementation Evaluation • Key Missing policies • Limited capacity to formulate • Limited actor involvement • Missing policies • Confusion of mandates • Delays in policy adoption • Disconnect between formulation and implementation • Lack of awareness • Limited use of evaluation results • M&E is often missing • Poor M&E data
  7. 7. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Formulation National District Community  Lack of synergy between the diverse sectors • Lack of gender & social differentiation & practical strategies to address gender  District inadequately included in formulation • Engagement with gender restricted to quota system  Locals excluded in policy formulation • Female participation further reduced by limited information & technical skills Implementation  Lack of implementation structures across levels  Weak enforcement of laws and regulations  Intensification, climate change and gender issues treated as cross-cutting issues  NRM issues are not part of performance evaluation  Limited capacity to interpret and implement policies  Limited access to policy documents  Locals not aware of policies  Lack of ownership, limited compliance  Political interference Policy gaps across scale
  8. 8. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Policy gaps - examples Policy Year process started Lead Period Support partners Status in Policy Cycle Has an implementation strategy Agriculture Policy 2010 3 years USAID At implementation stage Yes (adopted DSIP) Land Policy 2001 Ministry of Lands Implementation stage Fertilizer Policy 2010 > 5 years MAAIF, EPRC, AGRA Policy Adoption Stage Yes Seed Policy 2008 > 7 years MAAIF, USAID, PASIC Policy Development Stage No Extension Policy - Non- existent World Bank PASIC, USAID Formulation Preliminary discussions • National Fertilizer Policy (NFP) – no framework to co-ordinate process of fertilizer application with land investments • NFP does not provide for strategies that enhance fertilizer use e.g. credit Mwesigye and Mbowa, 2015
  9. 9. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium What are we doing? • Knowledge generation and dissemination • Multistakeholder policy action platforms • Policy engagement - Targeting specific groups • Zonal investment planning =>district development plans • Systems approach to gender Linking planning and implementation National Alliance  Public sector  Civil society  Academia  NARS  Farmer organizations  Private sector District Alliance  District Departments  NARS  Farmers’ organizations  International research centers  Academia  Civil society  Local leaders  Farmers  Private sector
  10. 10. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org A systems approach to gender Level Gender difference/constraint Opportunity/Solution Plant • Preferences in plant characteristics • Technology packages that match preferences Plot • Access to & ownership of productive assets • Policies that offer rights to asset ownership& access Farm/Household • Intra-household decision-making & roles • Joint decision-making Community/ landscape • Cultural norms and perceptions • Access to knowledge and services • Equitable access to knowledge & information Markets • Access to market information, transport, mobility & negotiation power • Collective action? Extension delivery service • Capacity needs • Gender responsive service delivery, targeted capacity building Policy • Gendered differentiated needs and constraints not acknowledged in policies • Lack of gender budget in plans and programs • Acknowledge gendered differentiated needs in policies, plans and strategies
  11. 11. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Lessons learnt  Get high-level buy-in before engaging with mid- or low-level government staff,  Carefully consider, understand and accommodate the incentives structures (e.g. allowances, protocols) when working with government actors.  Always ensure that the government actors feel ownership and control over the process and outputs. Research should support but not to lead the discussion.  Ownership can only be achieved if science communication is ‘simple and accessible’ to participants in the policy debate,
  12. 12. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium • Keep message simple: The scientific language used by researchers is ill-understood and not in a reproducible simple format required by stakeholders. • Be quick and responsive: The need to balance the lengthy research process taken to generate evidence with short term policy needs and opportunities available • Be opportunistic: Policy processes are often not linear, but can suddenly stagnate, move or divert based on public debates, (shifting) political power interests and donor investment. Researchers need to be more opportunistic and forthcoming if they wish to achieve policy outcomes. Pitfalls
  13. 13. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium • Innovation: Scientists can improve their research impact by being embedded in the policy process • Up-scaling: policy makers should not just be handed evidence but should be an integral part of the research process Conclusion
  14. 14. www.iita.orgA member of CGIAR consortium Selected research outputs Blogs  https://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/does-uganda-sufficiently-address-gender-inequalities-climate-policies#.VbZoBSqqqko  http://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/scenario-guided-environment-policy-planning-makes-headway-tanzania  http://ccafs.cgiar.org/creating-future-scenarios-inform-new-environment-policy-tanzania  https://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/meeting-platform-better-policy-creation-kicked-gear-uganda#.VeVuG_mqqko  https://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/getting-uganda%E2%80%99s-agriculture-plans-ready-climate-change#.VebzO_mqqkp Videos  CCAFS web site: Video gives a fresh look at scenario-guided policy planning in East Africa  CCAFS Youtube channel: Scenario-guided policy planning in Uganda and Tanzania Policy briefs:  https://cgspace.cgiar.org/rest/bitstreams/56517/retrieve  https://www.ifpri.org/publication/gender-and-climate-change-adaptation-uganda-insights-rakai.  https://cgspace.cgiar.org/rest/bitstreams/58460/retrieve Press Release  http://ccafs.cgiar.org/scenario-guided-policy-development-uganda-context-climate-change  http://www.iita.org/2015-press-releases/-/asset_publisher/CxA7/content/stakeholders-call-for-better-policies-for-more- efficient-water-use-in-griculture?redirect=%2Fhome#.Vi4yOr95DIU Draft manuscripts in the pipeline • Yami et al. Power and participation constrain agricultural policy-making processes in Uganda, submitted (revisions) • Ampaire et al. Governance and local institutional arrangements for climate change adaptation in Uganda: bridging public policy Implementation Gaps
  15. 15. A member of CGIAR consortium www.iita.org Thank you!

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