Company
          DÉPARTEMENT DES SCIENCES GÉOMATIQUES
LOGO



     Towards a socio-economical
       evaluation framework...
Main Field of Research

•   The main research will be carried out on the field of VGI and
    PPGIS, an emphasis on the so...
Components of PPGIS
Components of PPGIS



                                                                     Section 1



                 ...
Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI)

•   The term “volunteered geographic information” (VGI) refers to GI
    which i...
Characteristics of VGI



Free Labor and Free Source Code
Free Labor and Free Source Code

Open Standards and Open Data
Op...
Cycle Diagram Showing the Formation of VGI

Socio-Economical
                   As
                     pe                ...
What Neogeography is???

•   Neogeography is telling the story of a place in one’s own
    way. The tools can be tagging, ...
What is Web 2.0???

•   According to Wikipedia Web 2.0 is a trend in World Wide
    Web technology, and web design, a seco...
Business Model of Web 2.0
•   Web 2.0 introduces business model through creating places
    online where people would like...
What is Web 2.0?
Main Research Objectives

• Main Objective
    The Main Objective of this study aims to give
    an outline for achieving ...
Methodology to adopt Objectives
Ethical Background

• Present mapping world is looking forward to be
  more faithful to reality coping with the
  developm...
Political and Social Acceptance

• Increasing new interest by the tax authorities.

• The Governments are having off-line ...
Effects on the Market




Figure showing the Long Tail Graph in the market economy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Long...
Effects on the Market




Comparison between Old market and New market (the long tail) economy
http://upload.wikimedia.org...
Conclusion

• Neogeography with VGI has the potential to save
  thousands of lives and billions of Dollars a year in
  the...
Acknowledgements


        The Authors are Acknowledged to




Géomatiques   C R G      ECOGEO-II    GOOGLE
ULAVAL        ...
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Towards a Socio-Economical Evaluation Framework of VGI

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Towards a socio-economical evaluation framework of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) Anisur Rahman Gazi (1), Research Director: Dr. Stéphane Roche (2) 1 PhD Student, Geomatic Science, Université Laval, anisur-rahman.gazi.1@ulaval.ca 2 Professor, Geomatic Science, Université Laval, stephane.roche@scg.ulaval.ca Abstract Neogeography with World Wide Web and satellite technology has become an important subject matter of modern digital age. Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), using the web 2.0 platform with wikilike initiatives has enriched and is developing the idea of Neogeography in the digital world. VGI is the user-generated-content with geospatial reference in the field of Geomatics since VGI harnesses the tools to create, assemble, and disseminate geographic data provided voluntarily by individuals. Wikimapia, OpenstreetMap, Google Mymaps and Cloudmade are some examples of this phenomenon. These sites provide general base map information and allow users to create their own content by marking locations where various events occurred or certain features exist, but aren’t already shown on the base map. The importance of VGI is growing as since the numbers of contributors are increasing day by day. The field of VGI has already drawn attention to the contributors of participatory Geoweb as well as to the researchers in the field of Geomatics. The emerging Participatory Geoweb (web 2.0) and VGI aim to create a highly dynamic environment building a digital Neighbourhood along with the participating people of the whole world. It has a big hope to bring a positive change in the social life and economic sector amongst the neighbours of that digital neighbourhood. It is introducing a new business model, new economics and a new way of thinking about the future of Geographic Information Science (GIScience). Project: SII- 86 (ECOGEO II) - GEOIDE

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Towards a Socio-Economical Evaluation Framework of VGI

  1. 1. Company DÉPARTEMENT DES SCIENCES GÉOMATIQUES LOGO Towards a socio-economical evaluation framework of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) Anisur Rahman Gazi –PhD Student Dr. Stéphane Roche –Professor & Research Director
  2. 2. Main Field of Research • The main research will be carried out on the field of VGI and PPGIS, an emphasis on the socio-economic evaluation of those two fields in combination with Neogeography.
  3. 3. Components of PPGIS
  4. 4. Components of PPGIS Section 1 Technologies Sciences GISciences WebGIS PPGIS Local Knowledge Community Development E-Government Participatory Mapping E-Democracy Critical GIS GI &Society Section 2 Social Inclusion Section 3 Source: Ayesegul, S. Roche, N. Chrisman
  5. 5. Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) • The term “volunteered geographic information” (VGI) refers to GI which is created in collaboration by users who usually don't have special skills in handling spatial data. This makes it difficult to incorporate such GI in applications depending on high quality data. • Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) has the potential to be a significant source of geographers’ understanding of the surface of the Earth’’- (Michael Goodchild, 2007). Goodchild has also termed this phenomenon as user-generated content. • User-generated geospatial content through the web is part of Geospatial components of the Web 2.0 and, an example of Neogeography.
  6. 6. Characteristics of VGI Free Labor and Free Source Code Free Labor and Free Source Code Open Standards and Open Data Open Standards and Open Data New Standards, Schemas & Protocols New Standards, Schemas & Protocols Appreciated by NMA (e.g., Ordnance Survey) Appreciated by NMA (e.g., Ordnance Survey) Wiki Like, Self-Motivated Actors Wiki Like, Self-Motivated Actors
  7. 7. Cycle Diagram Showing the Formation of VGI Socio-Economical As pe s ct n teer s Volu Web 2.0 GI Socio-Economical Socio-Economical Science Framework of VGI Framework of VGI s Feed R SS Mash-Ups
  8. 8. What Neogeography is??? • Neogeography is telling the story of a place in one’s own way. The tools can be tagging, blogging, photo sharing and script writing about the geography of a place. It is the new way of thinking about geography. • Adding and describing a newly discovered place on the map, telling the changes of the map, landuse, Road network and structure of an area. • It is followed by the daily update of the map, it is a new way of sharing one’s experience of vacation in a new and exciting place. It is the easiest way to to create maps and of sharing the locations of a one’s interest and history.
  9. 9. What is Web 2.0??? • According to Wikipedia Web 2.0 is a trend in World Wide Web technology, and web design, a second generation of web-based communities and hosted services such as social-networking sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies, which aim to facilitate creativity, information sharing, collaboration, and sharing among users. • It is almost defined as the new era of the World Wide Web. • The term became notable after the first O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 conference in 2004. The term suggests a new version of the World Wide Web, it does not refer to an update to any technical specifications, but to changes in the ways software developers and end-users use webs.
  10. 10. Business Model of Web 2.0 • Web 2.0 introduces business model through creating places online where people would like to come together to share what they think, see and do. • The most hosting sites of User-Created Content (UCC) started their steps with no business plans but the increasing demand and the increasing number of hits on the sites insisted them to think again and they started earning revenue. • The website 2.0 still offer free access to their services. Their economy is based on the ability to enhance exchanges and activities that develop on the site to generate revenue around this free service. • According to Beuscart, Dacheux and Kevin there can be four forms of monetizatin of Web 2.0. They are as follows; Advertising The Freemium Principle (Free+Premium) Market Place. Collection of resources based on giving and Volunteering
  11. 11. What is Web 2.0?
  12. 12. Main Research Objectives • Main Objective The Main Objective of this study aims to give an outline for achieving socio-economic benefits of Volunteered Goegraphic Information (VGI). • Specific Objective To Present VGI as a new Business Model. To Provide a socio-economical evaluation framework for the evaluation of VGI.
  13. 13. Methodology to adopt Objectives
  14. 14. Ethical Background • Present mapping world is looking forward to be more faithful to reality coping with the development of 3D maps. • Mobile mapping and remote sensing are inherently prone to human errors, needs more revisit rates and cover no story about places. • In this sense, neogeography can be considered as an up- to- date mapping technic in comparison to mobile mapping and remote sensing.
  15. 15. Political and Social Acceptance • Increasing new interest by the tax authorities. • The Governments are having off-line economic gains.(OECD, 2007) • Virtual transactions but treated as underground economy (OECD, 2007). • Building a digital Society through Web 2.0. The Facebook community can be an example of digital neighbourhood.
  16. 16. Effects on the Market Figure showing the Long Tail Graph in the market economy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Long_tail.svg
  17. 17. Effects on the Market Comparison between Old market and New market (the long tail) economy http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/3b/Longtail.jpg
  18. 18. Conclusion • Neogeography with VGI has the potential to save thousands of lives and billions of Dollars a year in the US. (Wilson, C.2007) • The users are making the contents freely, so the products being cheap. • Increase for consumer deals in big sale and the big sale decrease the cost of products. A long tail graphics is created in the market. • VGI is supposed to bring a positive effect in mapping science and on the market of Geospatial database which will be positive for both the consumers and suppliers.
  19. 19. Acknowledgements The Authors are Acknowledged to Géomatiques C R G ECOGEO-II GOOGLE ULAVAL ULAVAL GEOIDE Wikipedia

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