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1<br />Alan Davies<br />Pollard Davies Pty Ltd<br />Jobs in the SUBURBS<br />The structure of suburban employment in Melbo...
The popular perception of Melbourne’s employment geography?Melbourne: Gross job density 2006 (jobs/km2)<br />2<br />Inner ...
Can investigate this question using ABS JTW data...Approach<br />3<br />
Can investigate this question using ABS JTW data...Approach<br />4<br />Dispersion?<br />Structure?<br />
Long term trend is for employment to disperse away from the centre....Proportion of metro jobs by band – 1981 vs 2006<br /...
Long term trend is for employment to disperse away from the centre....Proportion of metro jobs by band – 1981 vs 2006<br /...
Jobs moved outwards....Change in distance of jobs from CBD, 1981-2006 (km)<br />7<br />
46% ∆ <br />26% ∆<br />34% ∆<br />8<br />Jobs moved outwards....Change in distance of jobs from CBD, 1981-2006 (km)<br />
9<br />The great bulk of jobs are now in the suburbs....Distribution of metro jobs in 1 km wide bands, 2006<br />72%&gt; 5...
Only a minority of jobs are now located in the CBDCBD (1.5 km radius), 2006<br />10<br />14% all metro jobs<br />
Dominance of suburbs holds for most sectors.....Proportion of metro jobs in suburbs by sector, 2006 (%)<br />11<br />
Dominance of suburbs holds for most sectors.....Proportion of metro jobs in suburbs by sector, 2006 (%)<br />12<br />
Commercial jobs display a ‘split personality’.... Share all metro Commercial jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />13<br />
Commercial jobs display a ‘split personality’.... Share all metro Commercial jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />14<br />Suburbs...
Distribution of Community jobs is relatively flat....Share all metro Community jobs, by band - 2006 (%)<br />15<br />
Distribution of Community jobs is relatively flat....Share all metro Community jobs, by band - 2006 (%)<br />16<br />Subur...
Distribution of Manufacturing jobs is now biased to the middle ring suburbs....Share all Manufacturing jobs, by band – 200...
Distribution of Manufacturing jobs is now biased to the middle ring suburbs....Share all Manufacturing jobs, by band – 200...
19<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5...
20<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5...
21<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5...
22<br />Because job growth in the inner city was stronger after 1996......Inter-censal job growth, 1981-2006, inner city &...
23<br />Because job growth in the inner city was stronger after 1996......Inter-censal job growth, 1981-2006, inner city &...
Composition of suburban jobs now markedly different to inner city....Characteristics: Sectoral composition suburban jobs, ...
Composition of suburban jobs is markedly different to inner city.... Characteristics: Sectoral composition suburban jobs, ...
26<br />Most suburban jobs are located in the South-East....Characteristics: orientation of suburban employment, 2006<br /...
Most of Melbourne’s high human capital jobs are in the suburbs...Characteristics: shares of graduate jobs, 2006 (%)<br />2...
Most of Melbourne’s high human capital jobs are in the suburbs...Characteristics: shares of graduate jobs, 2006 (%)<br />2...
Population is the key driver of suburban job growth.....Characteristics: Suburban jobs & population, 1996 (%)<br />29<br />
30<br />Great bulk of residents live and work in the suburbs...Characteristics: % work in inner city, 2006 <br />
31<br />Melbourne LGA<br />Casey  LGA<br />Casey workers are very locally oriented...Characteristics: journeys to work fro...
32<br />There are multiple ‘CBDs’ in the suburbs....Characteristics: required radius to equal jobs in CBD (km)<br />
33<br />Suburban employment STRUCTURE<br />
Great bulk of suburban jobs are not located in centres...... Suburban centres, 2006<br />34<br />Broadmeadows<br />Greensb...
Many centres are highly specialised in one industry...Characteristics: Specialisation Index score – all employment<br />35...
Nearly all centres specialised in at least one sector....Characteristics: No. sectoral specialisations LQ&gt;2x rest subur...
Many centres have high proportion of graduate jobs...Characteristics: % all jobs occupied by a graduate<br />37<br />
38<br />Nearly all centres are specialised in graduates in at least one sector....Characteristics: No. graduate specialisa...
39<br />50%  all jobs in suburban centres <br />Most jobs are in a small number of centres... Characteristics: Centres ran...
Most jobs are in a small number of centres...  Characteristics: Centres ranked by size (%)<br />40<br />50%  all jobs in s...
41<br />Implications<br />
What does it mean?<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
Economic structure</li></ul>42<br />
Implications<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
Economic structure</li></ul>Location less important<br /><ul><li>Car-based accessibility
Consumer-oriented jobs
CBD ‘first among equals’</li></ul>43<br />
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Creative Suburban Geographies - Alan Davies

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Creative Suburban Geographies - Alan Davies

  1. 1. 1<br />Alan Davies<br />Pollard Davies Pty Ltd<br />Jobs in the SUBURBS<br />The structure of suburban employment in Melbourne<br />
  2. 2. The popular perception of Melbourne’s employment geography?Melbourne: Gross job density 2006 (jobs/km2)<br />2<br />Inner city<br />
  3. 3. Can investigate this question using ABS JTW data...Approach<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Can investigate this question using ABS JTW data...Approach<br />4<br />Dispersion?<br />Structure?<br />
  5. 5. Long term trend is for employment to disperse away from the centre....Proportion of metro jobs by band – 1981 vs 2006<br />5<br />Inner city<br />
  6. 6. Long term trend is for employment to disperse away from the centre....Proportion of metro jobs by band – 1981 vs 2006<br />6<br />Inner city<br />
  7. 7. Jobs moved outwards....Change in distance of jobs from CBD, 1981-2006 (km)<br />7<br />
  8. 8. 46% ∆ <br />26% ∆<br />34% ∆<br />8<br />Jobs moved outwards....Change in distance of jobs from CBD, 1981-2006 (km)<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />The great bulk of jobs are now in the suburbs....Distribution of metro jobs in 1 km wide bands, 2006<br />72%&gt; 5 km <br />
  10. 10. Only a minority of jobs are now located in the CBDCBD (1.5 km radius), 2006<br />10<br />14% all metro jobs<br />
  11. 11. Dominance of suburbs holds for most sectors.....Proportion of metro jobs in suburbs by sector, 2006 (%)<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Dominance of suburbs holds for most sectors.....Proportion of metro jobs in suburbs by sector, 2006 (%)<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Commercial jobs display a ‘split personality’.... Share all metro Commercial jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Commercial jobs display a ‘split personality’.... Share all metro Commercial jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />14<br />Suburbs 49%<br />0.98 x 1981 share<br />
  15. 15. Distribution of Community jobs is relatively flat....Share all metro Community jobs, by band - 2006 (%)<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Distribution of Community jobs is relatively flat....Share all metro Community jobs, by band - 2006 (%)<br />16<br />Suburbs 73%<br />50% of jobs &gt; 11 km from CBD (9.6 km in 1981)<br />
  17. 17. Distribution of Manufacturing jobs is now biased to the middle ring suburbs....Share all Manufacturing jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Distribution of Manufacturing jobs is now biased to the middle ring suburbs....Share all Manufacturing jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />18<br />Suburbs 85%<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5.9 km<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5.9 km<br />7.9 km<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5.9 km<br />7.9 km<br />7.9 km<br />
  22. 22. 22<br />Because job growth in the inner city was stronger after 1996......Inter-censal job growth, 1981-2006, inner city & suburbs (%)<br />
  23. 23. 23<br />Because job growth in the inner city was stronger after 1996......Inter-censal job growth, 1981-2006, inner city & suburbs (%)<br />
  24. 24. Composition of suburban jobs now markedly different to inner city....Characteristics: Sectoral composition suburban jobs, 2006 (%)<br />24<br />
  25. 25. Composition of suburban jobs is markedly different to inner city.... Characteristics: Sectoral composition suburban jobs, 2006 (%)<br />25<br />
  26. 26. 26<br />Most suburban jobs are located in the South-East....Characteristics: orientation of suburban employment, 2006<br />North<br />North<br />West<br />West<br />South-East<br />South -East<br />
  27. 27. Most of Melbourne’s high human capital jobs are in the suburbs...Characteristics: shares of graduate jobs, 2006 (%)<br />27<br />
  28. 28. Most of Melbourne’s high human capital jobs are in the suburbs...Characteristics: shares of graduate jobs, 2006 (%)<br />28<br />
  29. 29. Population is the key driver of suburban job growth.....Characteristics: Suburban jobs & population, 1996 (%)<br />29<br />
  30. 30. 30<br />Great bulk of residents live and work in the suburbs...Characteristics: % work in inner city, 2006 <br />
  31. 31. 31<br />Melbourne LGA<br />Casey LGA<br />Casey workers are very locally oriented...Characteristics: journeys to work from Casey LGA, 2006<br />
  32. 32. 32<br />There are multiple ‘CBDs’ in the suburbs....Characteristics: required radius to equal jobs in CBD (km)<br />
  33. 33. 33<br />Suburban employment STRUCTURE<br />
  34. 34. Great bulk of suburban jobs are not located in centres...... Suburban centres, 2006<br />34<br />Broadmeadows<br />Greensborough<br />Tullamarine<br />Latrobe university<br />Heidelberg<br />Sunshine<br />Ringwood<br />Kew<br />Footscray<br />Clayton<br />Moorabbin<br />Dandenong<br />Narre Warren<br />1,950 zones<br />Density: Z=0<br />Employment: Z=0<br />Min 2,300 jobs/centre<br />Frankston<br />
  35. 35. Many centres are highly specialised in one industry...Characteristics: Specialisation Index score – all employment<br />35<br />Rest of suburbs<br />
  36. 36. Nearly all centres specialised in at least one sector....Characteristics: No. sectoral specialisations LQ&gt;2x rest suburbs<br />36<br />
  37. 37. Many centres have high proportion of graduate jobs...Characteristics: % all jobs occupied by a graduate<br />37<br />
  38. 38. 38<br />Nearly all centres are specialised in graduates in at least one sector....Characteristics: No. graduate specialisations by sector<br />
  39. 39. 39<br />50% all jobs in suburban centres <br />Most jobs are in a small number of centres... Characteristics: Centres ranked by size (%)<br />
  40. 40. Most jobs are in a small number of centres... Characteristics: Centres ranked by size (%)<br />40<br />50% all jobs in suburban centres <br />
  41. 41. 41<br />Implications<br />
  42. 42. What does it mean?<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
  43. 43. Economic structure</li></ul>42<br />
  44. 44. Implications<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
  45. 45. Economic structure</li></ul>Location less important<br /><ul><li>Car-based accessibility
  46. 46. Consumer-oriented jobs
  47. 47. CBD ‘first among equals’</li></ul>43<br />
  48. 48. Implications<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
  49. 49. Economic structure</li></ul>Location less important<br /><ul><li>Car-based accessibility
  50. 50. Consumer-oriented jobs
  51. 51. CBD ‘first among equals’</li></ul>Need to rethink policy<br /><ul><li>Suburban centres policy
  52. 52. Transit & cars</li></ul>44<br />
  53. 53. 45<br />Alan Davies<br />Pollard Davies Pty Ltd<br />Jobs in the SUBURBS<br />The structure of suburban employment in Melbourne<br />
  54. 54. Cultural industries biased toward inner city... Inner city vs suburbs - selected cultural industries, 2006 (%)<br />46<br />Inner city share - all industries<br />
  55. 55. Inner city more graduate-intensive than suburbs...Graduate intensity, cultural industries, 2006 (%)<br />47<br />

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