Creative Suburban Geographies - Alan Davies

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  • What is a suburban centre? State Government identified a hierarchy of 125 centres in Melbourne 2030, of which 25 were Principal Activity Centres (PACs). The Government subsequently redefined six of the PACs as Central Activities Districts (CADs). No criteria were given.
  • Creative Suburban Geographies - Alan Davies

    1. 1. 1<br />Alan Davies<br />Pollard Davies Pty Ltd<br />Jobs in the SUBURBS<br />The structure of suburban employment in Melbourne<br />
    2. 2. The popular perception of Melbourne’s employment geography?Melbourne: Gross job density 2006 (jobs/km2)<br />2<br />Inner city<br />
    3. 3. Can investigate this question using ABS JTW data...Approach<br />3<br />
    4. 4. Can investigate this question using ABS JTW data...Approach<br />4<br />Dispersion?<br />Structure?<br />
    5. 5. Long term trend is for employment to disperse away from the centre....Proportion of metro jobs by band – 1981 vs 2006<br />5<br />Inner city<br />
    6. 6. Long term trend is for employment to disperse away from the centre....Proportion of metro jobs by band – 1981 vs 2006<br />6<br />Inner city<br />
    7. 7. Jobs moved outwards....Change in distance of jobs from CBD, 1981-2006 (km)<br />7<br />
    8. 8. 46% ∆ <br />26% ∆<br />34% ∆<br />8<br />Jobs moved outwards....Change in distance of jobs from CBD, 1981-2006 (km)<br />
    9. 9. 9<br />The great bulk of jobs are now in the suburbs....Distribution of metro jobs in 1 km wide bands, 2006<br />72%&gt; 5 km <br />
    10. 10. Only a minority of jobs are now located in the CBDCBD (1.5 km radius), 2006<br />10<br />14% all metro jobs<br />
    11. 11. Dominance of suburbs holds for most sectors.....Proportion of metro jobs in suburbs by sector, 2006 (%)<br />11<br />
    12. 12. Dominance of suburbs holds for most sectors.....Proportion of metro jobs in suburbs by sector, 2006 (%)<br />12<br />
    13. 13. Commercial jobs display a ‘split personality’.... Share all metro Commercial jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />13<br />
    14. 14. Commercial jobs display a ‘split personality’.... Share all metro Commercial jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />14<br />Suburbs 49%<br />0.98 x 1981 share<br />
    15. 15. Distribution of Community jobs is relatively flat....Share all metro Community jobs, by band - 2006 (%)<br />15<br />
    16. 16. Distribution of Community jobs is relatively flat....Share all metro Community jobs, by band - 2006 (%)<br />16<br />Suburbs 73%<br />50% of jobs &gt; 11 km from CBD (9.6 km in 1981)<br />
    17. 17. Distribution of Manufacturing jobs is now biased to the middle ring suburbs....Share all Manufacturing jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />17<br />
    18. 18. Distribution of Manufacturing jobs is now biased to the middle ring suburbs....Share all Manufacturing jobs, by band – 2006 (%)<br />18<br />Suburbs 85%<br />
    19. 19. 19<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5.9 km<br />
    20. 20. 20<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5.9 km<br />7.9 km<br />
    21. 21. 21<br />However rate of dispersal slowed significantly after 1996......Change in location of centre-of-mass 1981-06<br />5.9 km<br />7.9 km<br />7.9 km<br />
    22. 22. 22<br />Because job growth in the inner city was stronger after 1996......Inter-censal job growth, 1981-2006, inner city & suburbs (%)<br />
    23. 23. 23<br />Because job growth in the inner city was stronger after 1996......Inter-censal job growth, 1981-2006, inner city & suburbs (%)<br />
    24. 24. Composition of suburban jobs now markedly different to inner city....Characteristics: Sectoral composition suburban jobs, 2006 (%)<br />24<br />
    25. 25. Composition of suburban jobs is markedly different to inner city.... Characteristics: Sectoral composition suburban jobs, 2006 (%)<br />25<br />
    26. 26. 26<br />Most suburban jobs are located in the South-East....Characteristics: orientation of suburban employment, 2006<br />North<br />North<br />West<br />West<br />South-East<br />South -East<br />
    27. 27. Most of Melbourne’s high human capital jobs are in the suburbs...Characteristics: shares of graduate jobs, 2006 (%)<br />27<br />
    28. 28. Most of Melbourne’s high human capital jobs are in the suburbs...Characteristics: shares of graduate jobs, 2006 (%)<br />28<br />
    29. 29. Population is the key driver of suburban job growth.....Characteristics: Suburban jobs & population, 1996 (%)<br />29<br />
    30. 30. 30<br />Great bulk of residents live and work in the suburbs...Characteristics: % work in inner city, 2006 <br />
    31. 31. 31<br />Melbourne LGA<br />Casey LGA<br />Casey workers are very locally oriented...Characteristics: journeys to work from Casey LGA, 2006<br />
    32. 32. 32<br />There are multiple ‘CBDs’ in the suburbs....Characteristics: required radius to equal jobs in CBD (km)<br />
    33. 33. 33<br />Suburban employment STRUCTURE<br />
    34. 34. Great bulk of suburban jobs are not located in centres...... Suburban centres, 2006<br />34<br />Broadmeadows<br />Greensborough<br />Tullamarine<br />Latrobe university<br />Heidelberg<br />Sunshine<br />Ringwood<br />Kew<br />Footscray<br />Clayton<br />Moorabbin<br />Dandenong<br />Narre Warren<br />1,950 zones<br />Density: Z=0<br />Employment: Z=0<br />Min 2,300 jobs/centre<br />Frankston<br />
    35. 35. Many centres are highly specialised in one industry...Characteristics: Specialisation Index score – all employment<br />35<br />Rest of suburbs<br />
    36. 36. Nearly all centres specialised in at least one sector....Characteristics: No. sectoral specialisations LQ&gt;2x rest suburbs<br />36<br />
    37. 37. Many centres have high proportion of graduate jobs...Characteristics: % all jobs occupied by a graduate<br />37<br />
    38. 38. 38<br />Nearly all centres are specialised in graduates in at least one sector....Characteristics: No. graduate specialisations by sector<br />
    39. 39. 39<br />50% all jobs in suburban centres <br />Most jobs are in a small number of centres... Characteristics: Centres ranked by size (%)<br />
    40. 40. Most jobs are in a small number of centres... Characteristics: Centres ranked by size (%)<br />40<br />50% all jobs in suburban centres <br />
    41. 41. 41<br />Implications<br />
    42. 42. What does it mean?<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
    43. 43. Economic structure</li></ul>42<br />
    44. 44. Implications<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
    45. 45. Economic structure</li></ul>Location less important<br /><ul><li>Car-based accessibility
    46. 46. Consumer-oriented jobs
    47. 47. CBD ‘first among equals’</li></ul>43<br />
    48. 48. Implications<br />Suburbs are the key job arena<br /><ul><li>Most jobs, graduates
    49. 49. Economic structure</li></ul>Location less important<br /><ul><li>Car-based accessibility
    50. 50. Consumer-oriented jobs
    51. 51. CBD ‘first among equals’</li></ul>Need to rethink policy<br /><ul><li>Suburban centres policy
    52. 52. Transit & cars</li></ul>44<br />
    53. 53. 45<br />Alan Davies<br />Pollard Davies Pty Ltd<br />Jobs in the SUBURBS<br />The structure of suburban employment in Melbourne<br />
    54. 54. Cultural industries biased toward inner city... Inner city vs suburbs - selected cultural industries, 2006 (%)<br />46<br />Inner city share - all industries<br />
    55. 55. Inner city more graduate-intensive than suburbs...Graduate intensity, cultural industries, 2006 (%)<br />47<br />

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