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Document 1.2 second republic


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Document 1.2 second republic

  1. 1. Second Republic 1931-1936
  2. 2. Proclamation of the Republic Municipal elections were hold on April 1931 Republican victory Proclamation of the Republic  Alphonse 13th went to the exile Formation of a provisional government:  Alcala Zamora was its president  Members: those who had signed San Sebastian Pact
  3. 3. Proclamation of the Republic Measures of the provisional government: Call for Constituent Courts Military reforms:  Close of the General Military Academy  Elimination of ranks on the basis of war merit  Jurisdiction law was abolished  Creation of the Assault Guard
  4. 4. Proclamation of the Republic Educational reforms:  Religious education is not compulsory any longer  About 6,000 new schools were created  Increase of teachers’ wages Labour reforms:  Mix juries created in Rural Work  Compulsory to contract for work local peasants without land.
  5. 5. Constituent Courts Centre-left won the electoral polls Creation of a commission to elaborate the constitution Provisional government continues but now under Azaña’s presidency December: approval of the constitution and new government: President of the Republic: Alcalá Zamora President of the Republican Government: Azaña
  6. 6. 1931 Constitution The main characteristics of the constitutional text are: Left wing republican, not socialist Separation Church / State One chamber Universal suffrage Opens the possibility for a state of autonomies.
  7. 7. Reforms of the first two-years and opposition Azaña formed government with: Republicans Socialists Measures: Development of autonomies:  Catalan statute approved  Macià first president of the Generalitat  Approval of Basque statute delayed
  8. 8. Reforms of the first two-years and opposition Agrarian reform:  Expropriations  Slow speed in the application of the law Secularization:  Jesus Company dissolved  Law of religious congregations
  9. 9. Reforms of the first two-years and opposition Opposition: CNT and UGT consider the reforms too slow Strikes and incidents Casas Viejas Unrest among industrialist and landowners due to the reforms Church did not accept secularization measures Part of the Army did not accept the Republican government  Sanjurjo’s failed coup d’ etat.
  10. 10. Syndicalism in 1931 Unidad 15 La Segunda República (1931 – 1936) Imagen 5 HISTORIA DE ESPAÑA - 2º BACHILLERATO SINDICALISMO EN 1931 Afiliados a la UGT Afiliados a la CNT
  11. 11. Radical-Cedist two-year Azaña’s government dissolution due to: World crisis that aggravated Bad economic situation:  High inflation and reduction of exports  Factory closing  Urban and rural unemployment increase  Frequent strikes and social protests.
  12. 12. Radical-Cedist two-year Elections were hold in 1933 victory of the Radical Party and CEDA Lerroux formed government: First measures:  Stop the reforms of the first two-year  Right wing generals are put in key sectors  Unions’ work is made more difficult  Basque Country’s statute is bloked.
  13. 13. Radical-Cedist two-year Consequences:  Increase of political radicalization  peasants and workers agitation  Revolution of October 1934 • General strike failed in several areas • Catalonia marked independent's aims  harsh repression • Real revolution in Asturias where the general strike organised by CNT and UGT ended in repression.
  14. 14. Popular Front and social radicalisation Prestige of the Radical Party faded away due to: Estraperlo scandal Strong repression of the strikes Consequences:  Lerroux’s dimission  Elections called for February 1936  Left wing parties united for the polls.
  15. 15. Popular Front and social radicalisation Victory of the Popular Front: Violent confrontation among left and right followers Part of the Army tried a coup d’etat failed  Civil War Azaña led the government until made president of the Republic Casares Quiroga directed government Measures taken: Amnesty for political prisoners Retake the reforms of the first two-years Preparation of the statures of Basque Country and Galicia Restoration of the Generalitat.