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Open Access: A World Reality/Abed Peerally

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Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

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Open Access: A World Reality/Abed Peerally

  1. 1. ABED PEERALLY FAAS, FTWAS OPEN ACCESS A WORLD REALITY PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND VIEWS
  2. 2. INITIAL EXPERIENCE • THE UNIVERSITY OF MAURITIUS JOURNAL CREATED BY ME IN 1998, WHEN I WAS PRO-VICE CHANCELLOR, UNIVERSITY OF MAURITIUS • A PEER REVIEWED INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, WITH AN INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD, COMPRISING EMINENT ACADEMICS INCLUDING FRS AND A FEW NOBEL LAUREATES • THERE WERE THREE SEPARATE JOURNALS IN SCIENCE, LAW, MANAGEMENT AND SOCIOLOGY, AND TECHNOLOGY • IT WAS INITIALLY AVAILABLE IN PRINT, MEANT FOR FREE DISTRIBUTION, AND BECAME FULLY FREE ACCESS ONLINE IN 2001.
  3. 3. The University of Mauritius Research Journal is an international, peer-reviewed, scholarly journal, dedicated to make accessible the latest results of researchers from a broad sweep of subject areas. The UOM Research Journal accepts original articles, reviews of existing knowledge, short communications which have not been previously published. The articles should be written in English except for fields related to French language. Papers can be submitted at any time and will be published online in the UOM Research Journal once it has been accepted for publication by the International Editorial Board. Other websites related to the journal: http://vcampus.uom.ac.mu/rci/resjournal/index.php
  4. 4. University of Mauritius Research Journal: Submissions Journal Home > About the Journal > University of Mauritius Research Journal: Submissions Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username Password Remember me or Register  JOURNAL HOME
  5. 5. ADVANTAGES OF FREE ACCESS JOURNALS • MAKES ALL RESEARCH RESULTS AVAILABLE TO THE WORLD • EASILY ACCESSIBLE • IMPORTANT IMPACT ON FURTHERING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT • EASES EXPERIENCE OF RESEARCHERS IN LOW INCOME COUNTRIES IN CONDUCTING RESEARCH • USERS MAY OR MAY NOT HAVE TO PAY FOR PUBLICATION • ACCESSING PUBLICATIONS SHOULD BE FREE
  6. 6. SOME PROBLEMS WITH PUBLISHING RESEARCH • SOME RESEARCHERS CANNOT GET THEIR PAPERS PUBLISHED BY NUMEROUS JOURNALS, DUE TO POLITICS OR TO SNAGS OF FINDING APPROPRIATE REFEREES: USUALLY AN ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUE • THERE ARE JOURNALS WHICH REJECT GOOD TO VERY GOOD PAPERS, OR DO NOT WISH TO PUBLISH THEM FOR FLIMSY REASONS: E.G. NOT INTERESTING ENOUGH. • IN FACT, THESE PAPERS MIGHT BE BASICALLY NEW CONCEPTS WHICH APPEAR TO CONTRADICT VIEWS OF SOME WELL KNOWN RESEARCHERS, ALTHOUGH THESE VIEWS ARE DUBIOUS OR NON- SCIENTIFIC.
  7. 7. SOME SOLUTIONS GREEN FREE ACCESS REPOSITORIES • ARXIV: IT HAS RULES AND REGULATIONS, FOR INSTANCE PROOF OF HAVING PUBLISHED PREVIOUS PAPERS IN THE DOMAIN OF THE SUBMISSION • VIXRA: ACCEPTS WITHOUT RESTRICTION, E.G. PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE IN THE DOMAIN OF SUBMISSION. • ACADEMIA.EDU: ACCEPTS PAPERS WITHOUT RESTRICTION • SOME PAPERS OF MINE PUBLISHED IN VIXRA AND ACADEMIA.EDU
  8. 8. MY INFLATIONARY EPOCH PAPER • SCIENCE JOURNAL FOUND IT AN ACCEPTABLE EXPLANATION, BUT DID NOT PUBLISH IT FOR IT WAS NOT INTERESTING: THE PAPER IS THE REAL EXPLANATION OF HOW THE INITIAL EXPONENTIAL INFLATIONARY EPOCH ARISES NATURALLY FROM EINSTEIN SPECIAL RELATIVITY • THE PAPER CONTRADICTS WELL KNOWN THEORY OF GUTH AND OTHERS WHICH RELIES ON UNSUPPORTED REASONING, ALTHOUGH PUBLISHED DECADES BACK. • MY PAPER WAS PUBLISHED IN VIXRA AND ACADEMIA.EDU AND HAS BEEN INDEPENDENTLY DOWNLOADED MORE THAN A HUNDRED TIMES
  9. 9. MY PAPER ON THEORY OF EVERYTHING • THIS PAPER OF 22 PAGES SAYS THE FOLLOWING: • THEORY OF EVERYTHING= PHILOSOPHY OF EVERYTHING + PHYSICS OF EVERYTHING • PUBLISHED IN MAY 2016 ON VIXRA AND ACADEMIA.EDU • HAS BEEN INDEPENDENTLY DOWNLOADED FROM VIXRA ALONE AT LEAST 150 TIMES IN LESS THAN A YEAR
  10. 10. WHAT OTHER SOLUTION EXISTS WHEN YOU HAVE SENSITIVE INFORMATION TO PUBLISH • YOU HAVE A REAL PROBLEM IF YOU PUBLISH LIABLE TO BE PLAGIARISED QUITE FAST. • THIS CAN HAPPEN WHEN ONE OR TWO PRELIMINARY PAPERS COULD REVEAL A BRIGHT NEW CONCEPT YOU HAVE IN MIND, LEADING TO THE IDEA BEING PLAGIARISED. • HOW TO AVOID THIS FATE IS NOT FOUND IN TRADITIONAL VENUES OF PUBLISHING RESEARCH PAPERS.
  11. 11. WHERE IS THE SOLUTION? • RATHER THAN WRITING SEVERAL PAPERS IN SUCCESSION, COMPILE YOUR DATA AND INFORMATION EVEN IF IT TAKES YEARS TO DO SO. • PUBLISH A PRELIMINARY PAPER INFORMING READERS THE BASIC FACTS THAT A NEW CONCEPT EXISTS TO EXPLAIN A CERTAIN MAJOR PHENOMENON. • EVENTUALLY TURN ALL THE DATA AND INFORMATION INTO A BOOK OR EVEN TWO OR THREE BOOKS.
  12. 12. MY OWN EXPERIENCE • PROPOSED THREE BOOKS ON THE PHILOSOPHY, SCIENCE OF THE ORIGIN OF OUR UNIVERSE • FIRST BOOK: IN SEARCH OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND THE THEORY OF EVERYTHING: PUBLISHED 20TH APRIL 2017 • SECOND BOOK: THE THEORY OF EVERYTHING EXPECTED 2018 • THIRD BOOK: THE ULTIMATE PHILOSOPHY OF EVERYTHING- 2018
  13. 13. OPEN ACCESS THROUGH BOOKS • OPEN ACCESS OF RESEARCH IS A WORLD REALITY AND HAS BEEN PARTICULARY BENEFICIAL TO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES • HOWEVER THERE IS ALWAYS A DANGER OF ONE’S RESEARH BEING PLAGIARISED LEADING TO LOSS OF YOUR INTELLECTUAL RIGHTS ON YOUR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS • IF THE WORK IS SUBSTANTIAL AND MULTIDISCIPLINARY, THEN PUBLISHING IT IN BOOK FORM IS SUGGESTED AS THE BEST COMPROMISE • IT IS NOT EXPENSIVE TO PUBLISH A BOOK. AND THE BOOK CULTURE CAN BE A GREAT EXPERIENCE IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY • PUBLISHING BOOKS IN ACADEMIC LIFE IS ANOTHER FORM OF FREE ACCESS FOR THE COST OF BUYING A NON-FICTION BOOK IS NOT PROHIBITIVE
  14. 14. WHY ANOTHER FORM OF FREE ACCESS? • A PHYSICAL BOOK IS NOT COSTLIER, PER PAGE, THAN PRINTING A A A FROM ONLINE MATERIALS • READING ONLINE BOOKS IS CHEAPER THAN PRINTED BOOKS • BUT BUYING A BOOK IS CHEAPER THAN PRINTING THE SAME BOOK FROM ONLINE MATERIALS • THE ADVANTAGE IS THAT SCIENTIFIC BOOK AUTHORS ARE BETTER PROTECTED FROM POSSIBLE PLAGIARISM
  15. 15. POLICY RECOMMENDATION • UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS AND COUNCILS REQUIRE TO FORMALLY ENCOURANGE SCHOLARLY BOOK WRITING • RESEARCHERS WOULD BENEFIT FROM BEING TRAINED IN THE METHODOLOGY OF BOOK WRITING, PREPARATION, EDITING AND PUBLISHING • POLICIES AND OFFICIAL FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR SCHOLARLY BOOK PUBLISHING HAVE TO BE INSTITUTED AS WIDELY IN AFRICA AS POSSIBLE

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