Narrative Theory "A chain of events in a cause-effect relationship occuring in time".- Bordwell and Thompson, film art, 1980
Diegesis- The world that is created by the story that the characters experience. Story- all events in a narrative referenced explicitly and inferred. - could be something that happens that the audience knows about but we dont actually see. Plot- event directly in the action of the text and the order they are presented. Narrative range unrestricted narration- a narrative which has no limits to what is shown, like a new bulletin restricted narration-examples of restricted narration include horror and thriller films as they offer minimal information regarding the narrative. Narrative Depth- Subject Character Identification- the viewer is given access to what some characters see and do- other characters dont know these things but the audience does Objecive character Identification- the viewer sees things from the characters point of view giving access to their mind in dreams, fantasies and memories.
Modular narratives <ul><li>"Articulate a sense of time as divisible and subject to manipulation"- Allan Cameron </li></ul><ul><li>Anachronic- the use of flash backs and flash forwards with no clear dominance between any of the narrative threads. Often repeat scenes or with a different prespective- pulp fiction, Hollyoaks trial between gilly and Jackie. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Forking-path- showing alternative versions of a story that differ with small changes in the event, showing possible outcomes. A number of plotlines which often contradict one another- sliding doors </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Split Screen- divide screen in two or more frames juxtaposing events within the same screen. Mean girls phone call attacks. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Episodic- </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract series- non narrative formal system which dictates- numbers or letters on the screen </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative anthology- a series of shorter, similar, stories that are disconnected </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
Propp's Theory "Spheres of action or functions" The hero- restores narrative equilibrium, often by going on a quest- victim hero is centre of villians intentions, seeker hero helps others who are the centre of villians intentions Villians- creates narrative disruption The donor-gives something to the hero which helps resolve the story- could be advice, information or an object The helper- like the heros sidekick- aids him in his quest The princess(victim)- threatened by the villain and saved by the hero. The dispatcher- often the farther of the princess, sends the hero on his quest to save her. False Hero- Appears to be good throughout but in the end foud out to be bad or working with the hero. Characters can fill more the one sphere Todorov's theory Conventional narratives structure -A state of equilibrium -A disruption of equilibrium by action -Recognition of disruption -Attempt to repair disruption -Equilibrium restored
Narrative theory applied to my Music Video <ul><li>Applying Narrative theory to my music video is done in a less obvious way as there is only one character and there isnt an indepth story as i have stuck to typical conventions of leaving the story quite vague as videos are repeated over and over and if it was a detailed story people will feel like they have watched it already so wont keep listening to the song. </li></ul><ul><li>My video has a restricted narration as the audience can obviously see something has upset and angered the girl through the lyrics and her facial expresions and activities however the audience is not given full unsight to what it is nor have the seen the actual event that happend to upset her. The video is also a subjective character as the audience is has access to the girl sees and does- getting ready in the morning, seeing what she sees in the park. Applied to modular theory my video is anachronic as it uses flash forwards and backs to create a sense of length of time. </li></ul>
Applying to Propps theory the girl is the hero as she is the main character that will try to restore equilibrium.Unfortunatly as this isnt a fairy tale the equilibrium isnt restored at the end although she tries. She also takes on roles as the donor as she tries to help her self out of the situation. She is also the princess and the victim as we are made to feel sorry for her as she is waiting around for a lover. As an audience we are aware that it is a man/lover who has put the girl in this position. Although not being able to see him he is the villain as he has put the hero in a state. He is also the fake hero as he must have appeared nice to the girl at first for her to fall for him however he doesnt have the time for her and is ignoring her leading him to be the bad one in the end.
Applying to Todorov's theory We dont see the initial equilibrium as the hero is already distressed when we first see her. The video jumps straight to step 2 a disruption of the equilibrium as there is obviously something wrong with her straight away. It also fits in with step 3 as the hero clearly recognises something is wrong with her as she is unhappy and angry throughout the video. Step 4 shows how there is an attempt to restore disruption as she is trying to get on with everyday activities to get over the problem. However step 5 isnt relevant to the video as the equilibrium isnt restored as the hero is struggling throughout the whole video.