U.S. Army Modularity Brief 21 Feb 2004


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  • Task Force Modularity 4 Feb 2004 THEME: This series of decision briefs sets the Army on a course to become modular, ready, and relevant...in a true joint context. MESSAGES: 1. More than a modular design, this work represents an intellectual approach to force design that will drive a cultural shift in the Army....it embodies the Joint and Expeditionary Mindset. 2. This design represents our current/near term capabilities, joint enablers, and integrated campaign qualities with clear linkages to the future, FCS equipped force. We fully expect to grow these capabilities through a comprehensive experimentation and analysis program. 3. This modular design in clearly relevant to the Combatant Commanders, as it is lethal, agile, and versatile....with boots on the ground, ready to fight on arrival characteristics, and endurance for sustained land combat.
  • Your overarching mission to TF Modularity was to create a modular, brigade-based Army....more responsive to RCCs, better capable of employing joint capabilities.....rapidly deployable in self-contained units -- capable of full spectrum operations.... The essential tasks in that mission include developing maneuver and support Units of Action, and command and control Units of Employment. On the upper right of the chart you see a graphic representation of Units of Employment X and Y, (Division and Above), with maneuver and support Units of Action represented underneath these headquarters. These units are tailorable, so the commander of the JTF has the capability to assemble and fight powerful, lethal, agile units as part of a joint force. While today's brief will cover all aspects of this transformation (as shown at lower left of the chart), we will initially focus on one of the centerpiece elements of the Modular Army -- the Armored Brigade Unit of Action. As one of the two types of maneuver units in the modular force, this brief addresses the first essential task we have -- "establish BUAs as the basic maneuver module for Army forces."   In the next slide, I'll show you a representative layout of the conversion path for the current divisions into this modular design....
  • On this chart, we portray a representative glide path to convert the current force of 10 active Divisions into 41-43 AC brigades....it is a 4 year glide path which completes the conversion prior to the first FCS equipped Unit of Action goes to Initial Operating Capability in 2010...the current Divisions convert to Units of Employment during this same period, and Support Units of Action (not shown) convert as well. The arrow highlights focus of the initial portion of today’s brief-- the Armored Brigade UA...and indicates we believe the current 17 Heavy Brigades can convert to 22 to 23 Armored UAs. These UAs will be as lethal as the current ones. Based on resourcing and other strategic decisions, the number and mix of UAs can change as we move forward -- this representation is a direct transfer of current force to the modular force.....and we have assumed that the 5 planned SBCTs will be fielded IAW the current schedule.
  • With your guidance in September, TF Modularity assembled a team of the best minds we could bring together: Members of all the other services, Special Operations, Greybeards from the Army and other services, and an active and retired team of Soldier focused people.....we began discussions with Fuzzy Webster and the 3ID as they began their own redesign work, and although we were on separate paths in many respects, we kept up an active dialogue to insure we were learning from each other as we worked..... Later in the Fall, we came back to you with mission analysis, course of action development, and an in progress review of our efforts. Your subsequent guidance led to an intensive study and analysis of all previous work in redesign, and a dedicated analysis of the courses of Action, to include later analysis of the 3ID Marne design, to develop the most lethal, agile, and versatile organization we could find. Similarly, we went to the Combatant Commands and JFCOM, and reviewed their operational requirements relevant to land campaigns, and mapped our design work against over 300 requirements. In partnership with the AASLT and the Army staff, we also began a detailed feasibility study of what the conversions would cost. Additionally, we brought in a number of critics and showed them our work, and garnered their insights. Some, like Colonel Doug MacGregor, were part of the Task Force from the outset....others, like Mr. Bill Lind and LtGen(R) Van Riper, USMC, were asked to come in for a series of review sessions. We learned much from these people, and we believe they bought in to at least some of our work. MG(R) Bob Scales, for example, offered to help us "tell this great story" outside the Army....we have our second day long experts session in early March, and the electronic/mail/phone dialogue continues every day..... On the next two charts, we'll describe the results of our analytics as we narrowed the course of action work toward a recommendation for an Armored Brigade UA decision...
  • Our recommendation is shown on the lower center of this chart -- as a variation of COA 1. The original COA, shown at the top of the page, presented a series of risks which I reviewed in the comparison chart earlier....so we took several mitigation measures, which were vetted with a number of key leaders and stakeholders, to develop the recommendation you see. From left to right, I'd like to highlight some key measures:   We saw a clear vulnerability in the UA with 3 separate companies as part of the Brigade UA headquarters -- HHC, MI, and Signal -- so we consolidated them into a Brigade Troops Battalion.   We noted a lack of reconnaissance and security in the 2 battalion formation, as well as additional fighting power if needed to develop the situation, so we added a 3rd recce troop to the Armed Reconnaissance Battalion.   Concerned with the lack if infantry for complex terrain, SASO, and other close combat missions, we added a company of Infantry, leading to the formation of two, 4 company, balanced battalions. This gives the brigade commander 8 companies, with the potential for 10 (with the Engineers), or even 13 (if the Recce troops are committed).....the Infantry can fight away from the Bradleys, or in the "traditional" mechanized role. For COA 1, we also saw a lesser lethality in the 2X6 configuration of Paladin howitzers in the Strike Battalion, so we added enough to go to 2X8 guns...that also gave us 4 platoons to fight with. Fuzzy Webster indicates that he has seen the same shortfall in his experimentation work in the 3ID, so we think this is a good mitigation step.   Finally, we saw great improvements in versatility and agility by adding Forward Support Companies into the recon/manuever/strike battalions.....this was part of COA 2 up front, and it makes good tactical sense with a distribution based formation. Our tactical concept is to fix forward rapidly, resupply by cycling units into and out of the fight, so the FSCs fit well in that concept.  
  • Here we map the path of this proposed design to the FCS equipped formation we will field within the next 10 years....the characteristics of interdependence, joint qualities, versatility and agility for full spectrum operations....all of those are here now in this design. The UA can be packaged to deploy rapidly in support of the RCC, ready to fight on arrival with boots on the ground, and rapid growth in combat power as forces arrive. As enablers improve and overhead goes down, we think it may be possible to out a 3rd maneuver battalion into the UA -- and every commander and senior leader we consulted said when we can support that step, we should take it....the good news is this formation has all of the capabilities resident inside its design now to take in and fight the 3rd battalion....so other overhead to go with it isn't necessary.   There is a clear path from the current to the future in all facets of this design, and we're excited about the potential for spiraled growth this concept entails.....
  • Task Force Modularity recommends the Two Battalion Infantry UA Brigade Design that mitigates risk by incorporation of combat and joint enablers, while staying under 3000 spaces. The design reflects not only best of breed ideas from OEF/OIF, the Light Infantry Study, but also insights from our previous Armored Brigade work. Additionally, in the development of our designs we incorporated the advise of our panel of experts and the Chief of Infantry.
  • The UEy will be the the principal Army headquarters at the theater strategic/operational level that plans and executes major land operations as the Army component command to a RCC, or as a joint or coalition land component commander. The UEy is also responsible for orchestrating joint, multinational, and interagency support as well as performing support to other services (ASOS). At the higher tactical level, UEXs are the execution echelon for decisive operations in MCO and major theater war. At this level, UEXs employ combined arms, air-ground maneuver for decisive action. Highly tailorable for specific missions, UEXs support committed combined arms UAs with long-range fires/effects, ISR, and maneuver support capabilities allocated or mission-tailored from UEY as required by the tactical situation and assigned objective. Directed to deep objectives, the UEX will have the assigned capability to conduct operational maneuver by ground, with augmenting operational level assets and joint support to do the same by air. Organic joint linkages permit the UEX to coordinate joint support independently or through its higher headquarters. Key enablers for higher tactical operations include advanced aviation, long-range precision fires, multifunctional sensor/attack UAVs, and advanced C4ISR networking. Overall, the incorporation of these kinds of advanced capabilities will enable mission-tailored UEXs to be smaller, but more effective than current units.
  • Depicted is the composition of the UEx Headquarters and special troops battalion. The headquarters has its signal battalion and security company embedded into its structure. The staff operates from four mutually supporting locations: a Home Station Operations Center (HSOC), Deployable Command Posts (DCP) 1 and 2, and the commanders mobile command group (MCG) with battle command on the move.
  • The five types of support UAs with a notional depiction of subordinate units are depicted on this chart. Each support UA consists of redesigned multifunctional headquarters and a mission tailored package of existing battalion and smaller-sized units that have already been designed for modularity. Support UA headquarters will replace a substantial number of existing 06/07-level division and corps HQs.
  • We are recommending five distinct types of multifunctional support unit of action headquarters to be organized to provide and manage additional capabilities not resident in the maneuver UAs. The five types are: Aviation, Strike, Protection, Reconnaissance and Surveillance, and Sustainment.
  • This slide depicts the campaign qualities of a UEy. At the top of the chart is depicted the structure of a UEy regionally focused and tailored for an MCO with subordinate functional commands: a Theater Information Superiority Command (TISC), a Theater Protection Command (TPC), and a Theater Support Command (TSC) in addition to the Theater Army Special Operations Command (TARSOC) that it supports and is supported by. Based on the JFC’s requirements, these may themselves be joint, but in this case we show Army support forces. Note that the TISC has received joint assets for space and information operations, as well strategic signal brigades. The theater protection command provides JOA- wide AMD and other protective capabilities. The TSC has expanded to include tailored operational sustainment brigades, each of which can develop the base from which a line of operations may originate. The left side depicts a steady state of forces in CONUS stationed at various locations for readiness and deploying tailored rotational capabilities to forward based forces. The bottom right side depicts a notional portion of an Area of Responsibility (AOR) for a regional combatant command function employing the UEy in a MCO as both the ASCC and JFLCC. The JFLCC includes two tailored UEx and a USMC division-sized task force. The UEy has allocated forces and capabilities in the form of support UAs to the USMC force commander.
  • The UEy Headquarters design is similar to that of the UEx and consists of a Home Station Operations Center (HSOC), two Deployable Command Posts (DCP), and a mobile command group (MCG). Each of these elements is fully capable of providing command over subordinate units, but the DCP 1 is fully enabled to serve as a JTF or JFLCC. Unlike the UEx, the UEy is dependent upon theater-level assets for network operations, communications connectivity, and security.
  • This map demonstrates the types of units that would be employed by the Modular Army. These comprise a UEy level HQ serving as a JTF with its three functional commands (TPC, TISC, and TSC) serving in joint roles as well as the TARSOC. Three UExs are in this operation with UEx 1 making the main effort with a tailored package of maneuver and support UAs; UEx 2 is making a supporting attack along a northern line of operation with an Allied Division; while the UEx 3 is arriving to provide a follow and support force.
  • Our recommendation is to: -         approve the proposed Armored Brigade UA design for implementation and further analysis -         approve Infantry Brigade COA 2 for continued development and analysis -         approve the Unit of Employment X construct and headquarters design -         approve the Support UA designs for continued development and analysis -         and approve the Unit of Employment Y construct for further refinement   We believe our analysis and refinement efforts must continue, and we have a plan to do just that. 3 ID and their upcoming tactical training will certainly inform us, just as you have tasked them to examine certain options, and our ongoing modeling and analysis of the UEs and support UAs will also continue inform this design effort.   AS you can see, we have several upcoming significant events at DA level that the designs of Task Force Modularity impact. Based on your guidance and approval we will also take this modular Army design to the Regional Combatant Commanders and other services for their review in March or April. Thus, by continuing analysis, experimentation, and work across the joint force, we will mature these designs. It should, along with our operational lessons learned, give us reasoned basis for making further decisions in determining future force characteristics. Pursuant to your questions or guidance, sir, this concludes our briefing.
  • U.S. Army Modularity Brief 21 Feb 2004

    1. 1. Task Force Modularity CSA Decisions - 4 Feb 04  Armored Brigade Unit of Action for implementation and further analysis  Infantry Brigade Unit of Action for continued design/development and analysis • UEX Headquarters for continued design/development • Support Units of Action for continued design/development • UEY Headquarters and Theater Level Commands for refinement and continued design/development 5 February 2004Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 1
    2. 2. Create a Modular Army Pool of Army headquarters, for example, all Joint capable … Task organized, notionally UEy UEy ARFOR/JFLCC UEy UEy UEx UEx UEy UEy UEx UEx Intent: Create modular “brigade based” Army that is more UEx UEx UEx UEx UEx UEx UEx TSC UEx Protect Mission responsive to regional combatant commanders needs, better Other TSC UEx UA UA TSC UA employs Joint capabilities, facilitates force packaging and Prot Sustain Sustain rapid deployment, and fights self contained units capable of full UA Prot UA UA UA UA UA UA UA UA Port spectrum operations. UA UA Maneuver Maneuver UA UA Maneuver UA Sustain UA Sustain UA Strike UA Strike UA UA Strike UA R&S UA R&S UA ISR UA UA Maneuver UA Strike ISR UA UA UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Sustain Strike Strike ISR ISR UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver Essential Tasks: Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver UA UA • Brigade Units of Action established as the basic maneuver UA Aviation UA Protection UA UA module Aviation Aviation Protection Protection UA UA UA UA UA UA UA UA UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Sustain Strike Strike R&S R&S UA Maneuver Maneuver UA UA Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver • Develop modular non-maneuver UAs UA UA UA Aviation Protection Aviation Pool of Army forces, for example … • Division and Corps HQs redesigned with inherent joint capabilities to employ capabilities-based BCTs • 3ID(M) and 101 ABN DIV (AASLT) Experiments - reorganization within existing resources - synchronized with unit rotations • Remaining AC Divisions, EAD/EAC and ARNG eSBs reorganized ICW unit rotations Decisions Units of Action Units of Employment• Armored Brigade UA 4 February 2004 • Brigade Units Of Action (Armored • Echelon Above Brigade• Infantry Brigade UA and Infantry) designed and Headquarters - Tailored to level 4 February 2004 organized for close combat and of seniority required for Joint and• Unit of Employment X (Corps/Division) 4 February 2004 stability operations or Army Theater / Operational /• Support UA 4 February 2004 • Support Units Of Action designed Tactical missions.• Unit of Employment Y (ASCC/Corps) 4 February 2004 and organized for multifunctional and functional support operations Note: Reserve Component organizations will adopt the same designs as the AC IAW HQDA resourcing decisions Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 2
    3. 3. Envisioning Maneuver Redesign “4 from 3” Existing / Programmed division and maneuver brigade structure Pool of C2 headquarters and forces XX XX XX 82 101 AASLT 10 UEx HQ ABN 2ID HVY (-) UEx UEx UEx X X X UEx UEx UEx UEx UEx UEx UEx ABN AASLT AASLT(-) 5 Sep 03 & 7 Nov 03 • As lethal as current BCT XX XX X • More deployable 11 Light • Create more combat force structure 10 LT (-) 25 LT (-) 173 ABN (-) Brigades • Standardize Infantry Structure 14-15 Infantry • 2 like out of 82nd and 101st X X II Bde UA LT LT 1 ABN 501 2nd UA UA UA UA UA UA UA UA UA Maneuver UA Maneuver UA Maneuver UA Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver FOC XX XX Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver 1st UA 1st UA 1AD 2ID HVY (-) HVY 1ID UA UA 1CAV X 22-23 Armored IOC FOC 3ID 17 Heavy HVY (+) Bde UA 4ID Brigades X HVY III UA UA UA UA UA UA UA Maneuver UA UA Maneuver UA Maneuver 3 ACR UA Maneuver Maneuver UA UA Maneuver UA Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver UA UA Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver UA Maneuver UA • Representative mix of Maneuver UA Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Armored and Infantry X Brigade Units of Action SBCT 5 STRYKER Bde • Actual mix TBD 5 STRYKER UA Brigades UA III UA Maneuver UA UA UA 2 CR Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Maneuver Current: Future: 33 AC Brigades 41-43 AC Brigades 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 3
    4. 4. Initial Guidance On the Path to a Modular Army 5 Sep 03• As lethal as current BCT• More deployable Exploration• Create more combat force structure Oct 03 COA Decision - Guidance Concept & Design Development 7 Nov 03 CSA direction -- “agree… drive on”Sep ‘03 • Selected COAs approved for analysis Oct ‘03 • 3ID effort and TF MOD to continue parallel Coordination • TF Crosswalk • Continued 3ID/OIF Lessons Learned Assessment • Grey Beard / Senior Panel Reviews Nov ‘03 • COCOM “Needs” Coordination Analysis Focused Analysis (TRAC) • Organizational Metrics • Combat Power Dec ‘03 Implementation – Feasibility Analysis • JFCOM Collaboration • “Critics” Review – 6 Jan ’04 • Continued Integration Process with G-3 • Initial Equipment Costing (G-8) Jan ‘04 • Modeling UEx and Support UAs Decision CSA Decision Briefings Feb ‘04 • 4 Feb - Design Decisions: Infantry Brigade UA Exploration, COA / O&O  Armored and Infantry Brigade UA • UEx HQ Development, Analysis and Design • Support UAs HQ • UEy Construct Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 4
    5. 5. Armored Brigade Unit of Action Recommended Design X @ 3317 UA COA 1 I I I Armed HHC MI SIG Armed Strike SPT MI Recon Recon MP Plt 2 Recce Trp 3 Mech Co 3 AR Co 2x6 JTACP 1 Surv Trp 1 En Co 1 Combined TAD JTACP Arms Co (1x2) TUAV Plt JTACP 1 En Co TUAV Plt JTACPShortfall: UA lacked C2 Shortfall: Lack of Shortfall: and sustainment Shortfall: Lacks Shortfall: Consolidated adequate recon to Reduced Shortfall: Limitedcapability for separate endurance for CSS challenged to meet protect/ enable a 2 Bn versatility due to indirect fires to enable companies and sustained close mission staging and force lack of infantry for greater lethality for a 2 attachments combat and cycling complex terrain Bn force flexibility Risk Reduction and SASO Mitigation Measure: Mitigation Measure:Mitigation Measure: Created Mitigation Measure: Increased Strike Bn Mitigation Created Fwd Spt Co inBrigade Troops Battalion to Added 3rd RecceTrp Mitigation Measure: from 2x6 to 2x8 Measure: Created Armed Recon, Maneuverprovide C2, force protection Added 4th Inf Co 2 balanced Bns and Strikeand life support for separate with a total of 8companies and attachments Companies X @ 3757 II BTB BTB Armed Armed Recon Recon Strike STRIKE SPT Recommend COA HHC MP Plt 3 Recce Trp 1 Surv Trp 2 AR Co 2 Mech Co 2x8 TAD 1 with modification JTACP JTACP TUAV Plt 1 En Co MI TUAV Plt JTACP SIG Recommended Armored Brigade Unit of Action DesignTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 5
    6. 6. Armored Brigade UA to FCS Equipped UA FCS Equipped (Synergy of New Design) Unit of Action Design 2012+ UA @ 2976 BTB functions (HHC, MI, SIG and force protection) reorganized into the HHC and BIC V V V HHC HHC BIC UA NLOS FSB FSB Armed Recon capability becomes resident in FCS equipped Combined Arms Battalions e ur Fut Aviation SUA capability becomes organic to the FCS X equipped UA II BTB Armed STRIKE SPT Recon Strike capability, to include radar and (add 1 maneuver BN if enablers increase) meteorological functions, located in the NLOS Bn t X ren @3757 Cur Support = Distribution FocusedII Armed ArmedBTB Recon STRIKE SPT Recon “Model Battalion Design” Recommended Armored Brigade Unit of Action Design 2009 2012 2004 Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 6
    7. 7. Armored BUA Decision, Guidance • Implement TF MOD 2 BN Armored Bde Unit of Action design with 3ID. “3ID get as close as possible to the recommended 2 BN design.” • TF MOD continue analysis of COA 2 modified: Three battalions with three maneuver companies per Bn • Continue refinement of designs: – TF MOD / 3ID continue refinement – Investigate increasing the leader to led ratio in the maneuver company and below: • 3 vs 4 tanks in a platoon • Look at three platoons with four tanks vs four platoons with three tanks • Unencumbered the rifle platoon leadership from the carrier • Determine the appropriate MOS for the carrier crew of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle • CSA directed focused areas – “message to 3ID” – Inform the O&O and design of the Brigade Troops Battalion construct – Provide insights and recommendations on the O&O / design – Do not make Light Infantry “Organic” to the Armored Brigade Unit of Action – Keep Armor and Mech pure at company and below within the designTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 7
    8. 8. Recommended Design X 3499 BASE CASE: AASLT BCT I I I I II II II v v v v v v v E HHC MI SPT HHC TA Plt HQ/A MP Plt HHC Q36 (1) B (Maint ) Rifle Co (3) Firing Btry (3) C (Med Co) AT Co • Standard Infantry Design (ABN, AASLT and LT): Squad, Platoon, Company, Battalion and Brigade • Airborne based on mission, Paid Parachute Position Status, EAB enablers (Riggers, LOSAT, etc) • Enabled C2 and Force Protection: Robust / experienced Bde & Bn Staff, JTACP, Bde Troop Bn, MP Plt (+) • Added new capability with Bde level RSTA Squadron and organic HUMINT • Enhanced lethality and mobility: Snipers, Wheeled Assault Platoons and additional mobility assets (Bn +) • Improved sensor to shooter and proactive counter fire: dedicated TUAV and 4 LCMR • Enabled mission staging / cycling by creating FSC in Maneuver Bn and distribution company in Bde Spt Bn X @ 2992 IN UA COA 2: Two Battalion UA Design @427 @1470 @451 @344 @300 BTB (735x2) RSTA STRIKE SPT HQ HHT HSB HHC HHC Motorized Recon Trp (2) Distro Co Rifle Co (3) TA Plt MP Plt Dismounted Recon Trp Trans Plt Combat Spt Co Q36 (1) JTACP Surveillance Trp Maint Co Scout Plt LCMR (4) SOF LNO TUAV Plt Med Co Mortar Plt TUAV Plt SIG CO GSR Plt Asslt Plt Firing Btry (2 x 8) MI CO Mult Sensor Plt EN CO Sniper Sec FSC (Prophet, GSR) En Plt (2) FSC Equip SecTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 8
    9. 9. Infantry Brigade Unit of Action Decision, Guidance • Implement TF MOD 2 BN Infantry Brigade Unit of Action design by standing up two additional brigades in FY04 – 10th from 2 to 3 Bdes – Other division to be determined • Continue modeling of COA 2 (2 Bn Design) and COA 3 (3 Bn Design) to support follow-on decisionsTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 9
    10. 10. Levels of Command – Operations Two Standing Echelons• Joint – Campaign Level Future Current – Integrates the military instrument with other Force instruments of power (DIME). – Integrates all elements of the joint force. JFC UEY• Operational – Major Land Operations XXXX – Plan and execute major land operations. – Orchestrates Joint, MN & interagency operations. JFLCC # Army – Execute ADCON / ASOS. UEX• Tactical – Battles XXX – Puts together complimentary and reinforcing capabilities CORPS with engagements to achieve military conditions within a specified AO. XX• Tactical – Engagements DIV X – Close Combat. – Generates specific effects / outcomes within the AO. X UA BDE Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 10
    11. 11. UEX Design UEX 1103 (304/65/734) • Svc, Scty, Sig, NETOPS units• Modular CPs staffed bypersonnel in Ops Grps: provide tailored spt to each CP: • HSOC/Main by OG A • Maint, trans, supply, and Food Svc spt • DCP 1 by OG B • DCP 2 by OG C HQ OG A OG B OG C • Security • Mobile Cmd Grp from OPS • Comms sys spt • Network Sys connectivity GRP A 31/0/34 140/35/135 62/14/78 48/11/64 SCTY NET CP HSC 9/3/105 5/0/104 4/1/86 5/1/128 A UE Headquarters consists of a Home Station Operations Center ( HSOC); 2 Deployable Command Posts (DCP); and a Mobile Command Group (MCG) Plans Operations Operations HSOC & & DCP 2 & MCG DCP 1 Analysis Plans Plans • Higher Tactical focus with • Higher Tactical focus and • Tactical focus • Untethers CDR to Operational capability Operational capable • With HSOC plans battles influence battle at • Support to deployed • JTF (w/SJFHQ), JFLCC, • Synchronizes operations time and place of commander and staff ARFOR capable between CPs choosing • Detail Plans and Estimates • With HSOC, plans major •Receives LNOs • Full comms suite operations and battles enables battle • Analysis • Synchronizes operations command on the move • Link to Operational/DA/ Joint / between CPs • Plug/unplug from Interagency / Industrial / multinational organizations • Receives LNOs Capabilities DCP 1 DCP 2 network – COP • Information management JTF Capable w/SJFHQ X • Includes security • Rear detachment JFLCC/ARFOR X • Deployment/Redeployment C2 peer units X C2 UAs X X Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 C2 CSS Functions X 11
    12. 12. X Support Units of Action STRIKE X SUST II II II III SPT SPT SPT MED PER FIN Rocket/Missile Rocket/Missile Rocket/Missile Cannon Cannon Cannon Cannon SPTMission: Plan, coordinate, synchronize, monitor, and control CSS within UEx AO. Conduct Mission: Plan, conduct, and assess combined arms operations to provide close support,reconstitution operations. Conduct Host Nation Support (HNS) and contracting. Provide shaping and mobile strike operations against HPTs and TSTs for JFC, UE, Brigade UAssupport to joint, interagency, and multinational, as directed. and Support UAs employing joint and organic fires and capabilities to achieve distributive effects in support of commanders’ operational and tactical objectives. X • Since 1995 The Army has • New Multifunctional Command MF redesigned “EAD” units to modular and Control Headquarters designs through the FDU process • Existing EAB Group, Battalion, • New designs required for Bde HQ, Company and Detachment I Signal element and limited number organizations mapped to these U of subordinate organizations SUAs HHC GS ASB ATK ASLT • R&S is a new design • Redesign will collapse a number Mission: Plan, coordinate, and execute aviation and combined arms operations to support of existing O6 / O7 level HQs JFC, UEx, and brigade units of action operational and tactical objectives. Conduct shaping and • AVN UA design based on TF AVN shielding; close combat support; mobile strike; air assault; recon/security; aerial sustainment; design X BCOTM; and A2C2 to find, fix, and destroy enemy forces. PROT X II R&S ROC CA III II II II II I II I I EN MP CM AMD SPT HHC MI SPT LRSDMission: Detects, assesses, warns, prevents or mitigates hostile actions throughout a parent HQ’s Mission: Conducts Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Intelligence operations to enable theassigned area of operations or within a specified area to preserve personnel, resources, facilities, UEx, JTF, or Joint Force Commander to focus joint combat power and effects with precisionand critical information, or freedom of action; coordinates and synchronizes offensive and defensive to simultaneously support current and future operations throughout the Area of Operation.protection measures to enable the effective employment of Joint forces, while degrading enemyopportunities. Supports other units with Engineer, Chemical, Air and Missile Defense, Military Police,EOD, and Civil Affairs capabilities as needed. Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 12
    13. 13. UEx and Support UAs in Action Joint ISR UEx AO RI KE ON t o ST X OPC X STRIKE Lift Support Cycle UAs Contiguous AOs Stability X UEx X Base UA X X LOC SBCT Protect SUST UA MSO x X UA X Surveillance of intervening R&S and/or unassigned areas X UA Cue for Army & Joint Strike Non-contiguous AO Joint FiresTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 13
    14. 14. UEY Campaign Quality Army XXX(X) C2/IS/ISR UEy HQ Force ADCON Application TARSOC MLT MLT PROTECTION SUPPORT SF RGR SOAR CA PSYOP CCD BCD ARSOF ++ ++ ++ TSC TPC TISC MP AMD XX(X) XX(X) XX(X) MI NETOPS TRANS MED UEx UEx UEx PERS/ ORD CID NBC FIN SPACE ( U.S. Army UExs , IO Sust MEFs , or UA ASG QM I/R SSE multinational LRSU Th corps/divisions) Avn ENGTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 14
    15. 15. UEY (Corps/ASCC) Design UEy 403/63/593 1059 HSOC MCG DCP1 DCP2 Off WO Enl Total Off WO Enl Total Off WO Enl Total Off WO Enl Total 143 37 252 532 7 2 27 36 80 12 152 244 68 12 147 227 Joint 11 0 0 11 Joint 7 0 1 8 A Headquarters Consists of a Home Station Operations Center ( HSOC ), 2 Deployable Command Posts ( DCP ), and a Mobile Command Group (MCG) HSOC DCP 1 DCP 2 MCG • Theater strategic and • Theater strategic and • Operational focus • Untethers CDR to Operational capability Operational capable • With HSOC plans operations influence battle at • Support to deployed • JTF, JFLCC, ARFOR and battles time and place of commander and staff capable • Synchronizes operations choosing • Detail Plans and Estimates • With HSOC, plans major between CPs • Full comms suite • Analysis operations and battles • Receives LNOs enables battle • Link to Operational/DA/ • Synchronizes operations command on the Joint / Interagency / between CPs move Industrial / multinational • Receives LNOs Capabilities DCP 1 DCP 2 • Plug/unplug from organizations JTF Capable X network – COP • Information management JFLCC/ARFOR w/TSC X • Includes security • Sends / Receives LNOs C2 peer units X • Rear detachment C2 Func Cmds X X • Deployment/Redeployment C2 CSS Functions XTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 15
    16. 16. HSOC Fighting the Modular Army In A JTF Commercial Army ISR Comms Satellite MLT Aircraft xx Military Interagency Comms Satellite Restrictions UEX2 HSOC Joint ISR UAV CAS Restrictions ISR Satellite JSOTF SOF SFOB Joint ISR UAV X X X AUA Sustain USMC X AUA UEX Qualities X UA SOF X Protect MCG UA• Modular / mission tailored elements. ++ Strike TARSOC X• Full network connectivity to joint capabilities. X UA R&S UEX• Liaison to joint, interagency, and multi-national assets. X ++ UEX TLC/JLC AUA DCP1• UEx1: Armored, Infantry, Stryker, Spt UAs, and Marines. X SFOB X X DCP2 X IUA JRA Kuwait UA UEY1• UEx2: Separate Line of Operation includes coalition PROT Joint UA Sustain Avndivision. ISR x JTF X ++ MP PORT• UEx3: Arriving to follow and support UEx1 TPC x ++• UEy provides support to SOF (Prot & Sustain Bdes) TISC JFACC X X TSV• Theater Information Superiority Cmd: integrated Intel / signal TIB (Sealift) BCD SSB• Theater Protection Command, as JRAC UEX3 Arriving Joint Fires• The theater Joint Logistics Command provided by Army TSC Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 16
    17. 17. Unit of Employment Discussion • CSA Design Guidance – On the right track, – Simplify Unit of Employment Briefing for understanding for those outside the Army – Get Rid of the numbered army (entirely consistent with UE work). – I have briefed the SECDEF on the elimination of an echelon – Need a warfighting headquarters that could provide command to a flexible and rapidly changing force package • Retooling our presentation to capture not only UEx work, but the relationship of UEx and UEy and the combatant commander.Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 17
    18. 18. Analytic Plan • Light UA Tactical Assessment: – Continue gaming/analysis of Light UA COAs 2 and 3 at TRAC-WSMR – Completion by 13 Feb • Operational Assessment: – Continue UEx, Light UA & Support UA oriented MAPEX at TRAC-FLVN – Completion on 13 Feb with AAR • Way Ahead: – Establish Team to gather 3 ID experience - CTC and other training venues. Meeting with BG Fastabend/COl Bray at Fort Leavenworth 5 February to discuss way forward – Establish a team/location to address the tank platoon excursion (3x3, 4x3, 3x4) – Ask Fort Benning to address infantry / carrier issue. – Energize Unified Quest 04 as a UE refinement eventTask Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 18
    19. 19. Task Force Modularity Revised Decision Path Toda y 02-08 FEB 09-15 FEB 16-22 FEB 23-29 FEB 1-7 MAR 8-14 MAR 15-21 MAR 22-28 MAR 28-3 APR 4-10 APR 11-17 APR CSA Cdrs’ & 4-Star CG TRADOC CSA CSA / VCSA Basing, Stationing & Modularity Conference UEx/y Decision UEx/y Decision Update Briefings to RCCs, Force Stabilization Decision 10-12 Feb Pre-Brief, Brief, 27 Feb TBD Decisions ASCCs & Services 4 Feb Analysis IPR NLT EOM Apr 04 (TBD) 17 Feb HQDA: IN / AR Force Structure Mix Review and Decision HQDA: Reserve Component Force Structure Requirements Review and Decision (NLT EOM Apr 04) HQDA: Funding Review and Decision Continued Analysis & Refinement (Includes 3ID (M) & Excursions) Inf UA Opnl Assessment & Experts UEx / Support UA construct Review (MAPEX) Sustainment 1 Mar Rock Drill Analytic Integration Follow-on Inf UA Tactical Assessment (Janus Simulation)Task Force Modularity CSA Decision 042100 Feb 04 19