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[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#11[c]-arkaan-ul-islam-(2)swolah -its performance-(15-june-2012)
 

[Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#11[c]-arkaan-ul-islam-(2)swolah -its performance-(15-june-2012)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”...

“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM”
Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults
conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail

“ARKAAN AL-ISLAM”
Pillars of Islam (Submission)

PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAH
(OBLIGATORY DAILY PRAYER)

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    [Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#11[c]-arkaan-ul-islam-(2)swolah -its performance-(15-june-2012) [Slideshare] fardh'ain-lesson#11[c]-arkaan-ul-islam-(2)swolah -its performance-(15-june-2012) Presentation Transcript

    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, “A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON MOST MERCIFUL ISLAM” IL -’ I RA Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults J IB [ c] OF 11 conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail DI TH # N HA SO S LE Every Friday IT CAN ALSO BE A night @ 8pm – 10pm REFRESHER COURSE Wisma Indah, FOR MUSLIM “ARKAAN AL-ISLAM” 450 Changi PARENTS, Road, Pillars of Islam (Submission) #02-00 next to EDUCATORS, IN Masjid Kassim CONTEMPORARY PERFORMANCE OF SWOLAH SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL (OBLIGATORY DAILY PRAYER) Using textbook & curriculum he has developed especially for Muslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. “To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” UPDATED JUNE 2012All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 1
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE SECOND ASPECT REQUIRED IN THE ATTESTATION TO THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL THE second PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZING OBEDIENCE TO THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH (TAUHEED)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “(Establish you) Swolah (in the way or manner which) you see me (do the) swolah.” (Hadith narrated by Bukhary and Muslim)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “O You who believe ! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority from among you.” (Qur’an : An-Nisa’ : 4 :59)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “Those who listen to the Word, and follow the best (meaning) in it: those are the ones whom Allah has guided, and those are the ones endued with understanding.” (Qur’an: Az-Zumar:39:18)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    •  In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of the school of Fiqh of al-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi-’ie rhm.a. here in this region, the practices in this manual / lesson on FIQH matters, shall subscribe and be in conformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence (madzhab).  Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance (tasamuh) towards other madzaahib and ikhtilaaf (differences of opinion) amongst Islamic scholars.  The dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally accepted are the, Ja’afari, Maliki, Hanafi, Shafi’e and Hanbali.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • FOUR ASPECTS/CATEGORIES: [1] QOLBIY – Heart/Mind [2] FI’-LIY – Action / Postures [3] QAW-LIY – Recitations [4] TARTIB - In the right orderAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN QOLBIY-YAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO THE HEART/ MINDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “Niyyat” is to formulate intention in the heart / mind that one is: [a] with full consciousness and purposeful; to [b] perform a specific act (must be clear of what it is that act one is about to do); and [c] the reason for doing it must be solely for the sake (fulfilling a command – thus striving to gain acceptance of & seeking nearness to) Allah - sincerely.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • This intention must be present at the beginning of performing the Swolah (i.e. At the first TAKBEER) It must be in a language which one understands.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Thus some examples: “O Allah! I am performing the obligatory SUBUH/FAJR prayer (swolah), two rak’aat (cycle of bowing), because of You (O Allah).” OR “O Allah! I am performing the obligatory ZUHR prayer (swolah), four rak’aat (cycle of bowing), because of You.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Fajr / Subuh 2 rakaat (CYCLES OF BOWING) Zuhr 4 raka’at (CYCLES OF BOWING) ‘Asr 4 raka’at (CYCLES OF BOWING) Maghrib 3 raka’at (CYCLES OF BOWING) Isha’ 4 raka’at (CYCLES OF BOWING) Jumuah (replace Zuhr) 2 raka’at (CYCLES OF BOWING) (obligatory for men) (performed in congregation)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • STAND BOW STAND PROSTRATE SIT PROSTRATE ONE RAKA-’AT AFTER EVERY TWO CYCLES (RAKA’AT) OR AT THE END OF THE COMPLETED REQUIRED CYCLES SITAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 17All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 20All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 23All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Prostration is where 7 parts touches the floor – which are: The 2 feet with toes upright , 2 knees, 2 palm of hands , and the face (part of forehead with nose )lightly touching. 26All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 29All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN FI’-LIYYAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO ACTIONS OR POSTURES TO BE ADOPTEDAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN QAWLIY-YAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO THE RECITATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ALLAA-HU - AK-BAR “Allah is Greater “ (.. than anything that anyone can conceive)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN QAWLIY-YAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO THE RECITATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • BIS-MIL-LAA-HIR-ROH-MAA-NIR-RO-HEEM In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most MercifulAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AL-HAM-DULIL-LAA-HI ROB-BIL- ‘AA-LA-MEEN All praises belongs to Allah, Lord (Sustainer) of all the worlds.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AR-ROH-MAA-NIR-RO-HEEM Most Compassionate, Most MercifulAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • MAA-LI-KI YAU-MID-DEEN Master of the Day of JudgementAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • IY-YAA-KA NA’-BU-DU WA-IY-YAA-KA-NAS-TA-’EEN To You (Alone) we worship, and to You (Alone) we ask for helpAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • IH-DI-NASw - SwI-RAA-TwAL- MUS-TA-QEEM Do guide us along the Straight PathAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • SwI-RO-TwAL-LA-DzEE-NA – AN- ‘AM-TA ’ALAY-HIM The path of those whom you bestowed favoursAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • GHOY-RIL – MAGH- DUU-BI – ‘ALAY-HIM WA-LADw - DwAA-L-LEEN Not the path of those whose portion is Your Wrath (anger), and not of those who go astrayAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AA-MEEN * (Grant me this request!) * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN QAWLIY-YAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO THE RECITATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AT-TA-HI-YAA-TUL - MU-BAA-RA-KAA-TUS-Swa-LA- WAA-TUT- TwAY-YI-BAA-TU – LIL-LAAH All greetings and all Blessings, and all Salutations that are good, is for AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AS-SA-LAA-MU- ‘ALAY-KA – AY-YU-HAN NA-BIY-YU – WA-ROH-MA-TULLAA-HI WA-BA-RO-KAA-TUH Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and with the Mercy and the Blessings of AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AS-SA-LAA-MU- ‘ALAY-NAA – WA-’ALAA- ‘IBAA-DIL-LAA-HIS- SwO-LI-HEEN Peace be upon us, and upon all the righteous servants of AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ASH-HADU – AN- LAA-ILAA-HA IL-LALLAAH WA-ASH-HADU – AN-NA- MUHAM-MADAR – ROSUU-LULLAAH I bear witness, that there is no god except Allah And I bear witness, that Muhammad is the Messenger of AllahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ALAA-HUM-MA – SwOL-LI- ‘ALAA- MUHAM-MAD, WA-’ALAA- AA- LI- MUHAMMAD O Allah, bestow (Your) Salutations and prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family of MuhammadAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN QAWLIY-YAH ESSENTIAL PERTAINING TO THE RECITATIONAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • AS-SA-LAA-MU – ‘ALAY-KUM WA-RAH-MA-TUL-LAAH * May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon you (all) * Reciting the first SALAM is “Rukun”, while the second is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • RUKUN TARTIB ESSENTIAL TO FOLLOW THE WAY OR MANNER OF SEQUENCE (ORDER) AS HOW PROPHET MUHAMMAD ‫, ﷺ‬ PERFORMED THE SWOLAHAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    •  Swolah begins with the first “TAKBIR” and ends with “SALAAM”, to be perform in state of purity.  While performing it, any one of the following acts or factors will cause or render the Swolah to be deemed as nullified:All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • One’s wudhu’ [ablution] is nullified – such as when any impurity proceeds from one’s ‘lower body openings’ e.g. Urine, stool, gas, worm or much vomiting - the swolah itself would be invalidated. The wudhu’ has to be re-taken before doing the swolah all over again.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Talking will render the swolah invalid. But, if need be out of urgent necessity, certain ways of communication allowed e.g. a mistake by the Imam (prayer leader) may be corrected by those behind him with saying “sub-Haa-nAllaah” aloud; amongst ladies by tapping the back of her hands to signal, etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Making to much movement other than what is required in swolah. “Too much” is defined as “three or more consecutive movements of any major limbs.” Exceptions, are when there is urgency, such tending to something which cannot be delayed - as long as one do not talk while tending to these emergency.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Drinking, eating, chewing or smoking while praying will render the swolah null and void. • Turning the chest away from the direction of the Qiblah (i.e. towards the Ka’aba in Makkah) will invalidate the swolahAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Changing the niyyat / intention from doing one type of swolah into another e.g. While performing obligatory (fardhu) swolah, changing it to one that is recommended (nawafil, sunnat), etc.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Committing breach of (or lacking in) any of the following Arkaan (essentials) viz.:  Intention (niyyat) at the start of swolah  All postures – standing, bowing, prostrating and sittingAll Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Committing breach of (or lacking in) any of the following Arkaan (essentials) viz.:  The required pause (tuma’ninah) while assuming a particular posture or position.  The correct order or sequence (tartib).All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • Committing breach of (or lacking in) any of the following Arkaan (essentials) viz.:  Essential recitations: (a) Takbira-tul-Ihram (b) Surah Al-Fatihah (c) Tasha-hud with Salawat (d) Salaam.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • When the “aurat” (i.e. parts of the body that requires covering) becomes exposed – e.g. For man the area between the navel and the knees; for woman, any parts of her body other than her face and hands up to her wrists. But if the exposure is brief, and one is able to immediately rectify (cover it), then this is excused.All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • * These are some of them. Please refer to books for more recommended recitations.
    • 1 P LE # EX AM WAJ-JAH-TU WAJ-HIYA – LIL-LADZEE – FA-TWA-RASSA-MA – WAA-TI WAL- AR-DWA HA-NEE-FAM – MUS-LIMAN – WA – MAA ANA-MINAL – MUSH- RI-KEEN * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 1 P LE # EX AM ‘I have turned my face sincerely in submission, towards He who has brought forth the heavens and the Earth and I am not of those who associate (others with Allah). * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 1 P LE # EX AM IN-NAS-SWO-LAA-TEE, WA-NU-SU-KEE, WA-MAH-YAA-YAA, WA-MA-MAA-TEE LIL-LAA-HI – ROB-BIL-’AA-LA-MEEN LAA-SHA-REE-KA-LA-HU, WA-BI-DZAA-LI-KA UMIR-TU, WA ANA-MI-NAL - MUS-LIMEEN * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • 1 P LE # EX AM “Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are for Allah, Lord of the worlds, no partner has He, with this I am commanded and I am of the Muslims.* * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • L E A MP EX # 2 SUB-HAA-NAKALLAA-HUM-MA WA-BI-HAMDI-KA, WA-TA-BAA-RAKAS- MU-KA, WA-TA-’AA-LA – JAD-DU-KA, WA-LAA-ILAA-HA – GHOY-RUKA * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • L E A MP EX # 2 ‘Glory (How perfect You are) O Allah, and I praise You. Blessed be Your name, and lofty is Your position and none has the right to be worshipped except You.’* * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • SUB-HAA-NA – ROB-BI-YAL -’AZEE-M * WA-BIHAM-DIH Glory be [i.e. how perfect] is my Lord, Most Esteem! And to Him be Praise * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • SAMI-’ALLAA-HU LIMAN HAMIDAH * ROB-BANAA- WA-LAKAL-HAMD Allah hears those who praises Him, O our Lord” And to You is the Praises. * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • SUB-HAA-NA – ROB-BI-YAL –A’- LAA * WA-BIHAM-DIH Glory be [i.e. how perfect] is my Lord, Most High! And to Him be Praise * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ROB-BIGH-FIR-LI, WAR –HAM-NI, WAJ-BUR-NI, WAR-FA’-NI, WAR-ZUQ-NI , WAH-DI-NI, WA-’AA-FI-NI, WA’-FU-’AN-NI * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • My Lord! Forgive me, have Mercy upon me, enrich me, raise me in rank, provide for me, guide me, grant me health, and erase my sins. * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ALLAA-HUM-MA SWOL-LI - ‘ALA – MUHAMMAD WA ‘ALA- AA-LI MUHAM-MAD * KA-MAA – SWOL-LAI-TA ‘ALAA- IB-RA-HEE-MA WA ‘ALA- AA-LI IB-RA-HEEM* * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • O Allah, bestow Your Salutations and prayers upon Muhammad, and upon the family of Muhammad, * just as You have saluted and prayed upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim* * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • * WA-BAA-RIK - ‘ALA – MUHAMMAD WA ‘ALA- AA-LI MUHAM-MAD KA-MAA – BAA-RAK-TA- ‘ALAA- IB-RA-HEE-MA WA ‘ALA- AA-LI IB-RA-HEEM IN-NA-KA HA-MEE-DUM-MA-JEED * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • * “O Allah, bless (sanctify) Muhammad, and upon the family of Muhammad, just as You have blessed (sanctify) Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim for You are the Praiseworthy, the Mighty!. * * This is mustahab (sunnat)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ‘I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Rob-bij- ‘al-nee mu-qee-mas-swolaa – wa – min dzur –ri-ya-tee Rob-ba-naa - wa ta –qob-bal – du-’aa "O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer, and also (raise such) among my offspring (who establish regular Prayer) O our Lord! and accept Thou my Supplication." (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 40)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Rob-banagh-fir-li wa li-waa-lidai-ya wa-lil-mu’-mi-nee-na Yau-ma ya-quu-mul-Hisaa-b “O our Lord! cover (us) with Thy Forgiveness― me, my parents, and (all) Believers, on the Day that the Reckoning will be established!“ (Qur’an: Ibrahim: 14: 41)All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Allaa-hum-maj-’al-nee minat-taw-waa-bee-na waj-’al-nee minal-muta-twaah-hi-reen. ‘O Allah, make me of those who return to You often in repentance and make me of those who remain clean and pure.’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • Sub-Haa-na kal-laahumma wa-bi-Ham-dika ash-hadu an laa ilaa-ha il-laa anta as-tagh-firuka wa-a-too-bu- ilayk. ‘How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You.’All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • JAZALLAA-HU ‘AN-NAA MUHAM-MADAN SWOL-LAL-LAAHU ‘ALAY-HI WA- AA-LIHI WA-SAL-LA-MA – MAA HU-WA AH-LUHU “(May) Allah grant His Reward upon Muhammad, salutations of Allah and Peace be upon him and his family, in accordance with what he deserves (in Allah’s knowledge & estimation).”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • “And may the Salutations of Allah and peace be upon our Leader Muhammad and his family and Companions. And all praises belongs to Allah, Lord Sustainer of the worlds.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • ”Glory to thy Lord the Lord, of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.”All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)
    • • http://an-naseehah.blogspot.com/ • http://introductiontotauhid.blogspot.com/ • http://oyoubelievers.blogspot.com/ • http://al-amthaal.blogspot.com/ • http://zhulkeflee-archive.blogspot.com/ • http://criteriaforaholybook-quran.blogspot.com/ • http://with-the-truthful.blogspot.com/ • http ://muqaddam-nurul.blogspot.com/All Rights Reserved© Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011)