American Constitutional Principles Chapter 3 Section 1
Topics <ul><li>American Principles </li></ul>
I. American Principles <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Government </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of Po...
A. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>Principle that the  people  hold the supreme power. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“We the People….”...
B. Limited Government <ul><li>Government does not have absolute power </li></ul><ul><li>Principle by which the government ...
C. Separation of Powers <ul><li>Separation of powers  divided the function of government into 3 branches,the legislative, ...
 
D. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Inspired by Baron de Montesquieu. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Power is a check to power” </li></...
 
E. Judicial Review <ul><li>Principle by which courts have the power to decide whether a law or an executive order is const...
F. Federalism <ul><li>Who should have more power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Cont… <ul><li>The Supremacy Clause… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution is still the Supreme law of the land </li></ul>...
G. Rule of Law*** <ul><li>Rule of Law, not individual whim… </li></ul><ul><li>Social Contract Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Con...
End <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Government </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul><ul>...
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Ch 3 Sec 1

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Ch 3 Sec 1

  1. 1. American Constitutional Principles Chapter 3 Section 1
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>American Principles </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. American Principles <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Government </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><li>Federalism </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Law**** </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Popular Sovereignty <ul><li>Principle that the people hold the supreme power. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“We the People….” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power comes from the consent of the governed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People have the Right to revolt </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. Limited Government <ul><li>Government does not have absolute power </li></ul><ul><li>Principle by which the government is given the power to do only certain things. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution has sections on what the government can and can not do. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 th Amendment states people have rights not mentioned. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 10 th amendment. Powers not delegated to the central government nor denied to the states, are reserved for the states and the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ties into constitutionalism and rule of law </li></ul>
  6. 6. C. Separation of Powers <ul><li>Separation of powers divided the function of government into 3 branches,the legislative, Executive and Judicial Branches. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive enforces the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative writes the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial Interprets the Law </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. D. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Inspired by Baron de Montesquieu. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Power is a check to power” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Checks and balance system where each branch is subject to checks or restraints by the other branches. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Veto powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointment powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconstitutionality </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. E. Judicial Review <ul><li>Principle by which courts have the power to decide whether a law or an executive order is constitutional. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established by John Marshall in Marbury vs Madison . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gives Judicial Branch a powerful check on the other branches. </li></ul>
  9. 11. F. Federalism <ul><li>Who should have more power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The states? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Solution is shared power. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delegated powers to the central government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserved powers for the states. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Cont… <ul><li>The Supremacy Clause… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Constitution is still the Supreme law of the land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yet conflicts still arise. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slavery and the Civil war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Civil Rights movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. G. Rule of Law*** <ul><li>Rule of Law, not individual whim… </li></ul><ul><li>Social Contract Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutionalism </li></ul><ul><li>Principle that the laws apply to all of society equally. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one is above the law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concerns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does this mean complete equality? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Equality of ability or opportunity? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are some people above the law? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Race? Fame? Money ? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. End <ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Government </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><li>Federalism </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of Law or constitutionalism </li></ul>

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