Earth Negotiations Bulletin .................................. Thursday, 26 April 2012 Vol. 27 No. 28 Page 2 On fulfilling prior commitments regarding small island On facilitating civil society participation (CST 18), thedeveloping States (SIDS) (CST 85), the G-77/CHINA asked to G-77/CHINA questioned the inclusion of education, sayingreplace “coordinated” support with “increased and predictable,” education goes beyond civil society. LIECHTENSTEINand asked to retain its proposals (85 ter). supported reference to freedom of association and assembly. The On efforts to assist SIDS (CST 86), the US and CANADA G-77/CHINA proposed text that acknowledges the importance ofproposed replacing “increased” with “continued” efforts, enabling all members of civil society to be actively engaged inand to delete reference to convening the Third International sustainable development.Conference for the Sustainable Development of SIDS in 2014. On women (CST 18 bis), the US, supported byAUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND and MEXICO recommended SWITZERLAND, CANADA, LIECHTENSTEIN, ISRAEL,retaining the paragraph in its original form, while the EU the EU and NORWAY, proposed including a reference torequested clarification of language related to the Conference. women’s leadership, while the G-77/CHINA, with the RUSSIAN Natural Disasters: On the CST title “Natural Disaster Risk FEDERATION, preferred women’s empowerment.Reduction and Resilience,” AUSTRALIA and the EU proposed On public-private partnerships (CST 19), the G-77/CHINAdeleting “natural.” On disaster risk reduction and resilience (CST proposed that the private sector “can contribute” to sustainable87), AUSTRALIA added text on accelerating implementation of development. The EU and the US preferred language reflectingthe Hyogo Framework for Action. a stronger role for public-private partnerships, and the On improved coordination (CST 87 ter), the EU proposed text G-77/CHINA responded that private sector roles differ amongon “a commitment to develop and strengthen” risk assessment, countries. SWITZERLAND suggested limiting the paragraph toand JAPAN made reference to initiatives, such as a network of the role of the private sector only.global earth observation systems. On national sustainability accounting and reporting AUSTRALIA proposed replacing text on early warning (CST 24), SWITZERLAND proposed, and the US opposed, textsystems (CST 87 bis and CST 87 ter) with an alternative that calls upon the UN Secretary-General to establish a processparagraph on taking “appropriate and effective measures to for the development of a reliable and robust global system forreduce risk” from the impacts of disasters. Discussion continued sustainability reporting. The G-77/CHINA said it could notin the evening on, inter alia, natural disasters, climate change support this paragraph, citing lack of clarity on a number ofand biodiversity. concepts. On the contribution of the scientific and technologicalWORKING GROUP 2 community (CST 20 bis), the US proposed “sharing of SECTION II: RENEWING POLITICAL legitimately available” knowledge and information. TheCOMMITMENT: B. Assessing the Progress to Date and the G-77/CHINA proposed text on bridging the technological gap.Remaining Gaps: WG2 began with a discussion on vulnerable On the participation of indigenous peoples (CST 21),countries (CST 15 and its subparagraphs). On SIDS, the G-77/ delegates agreed to the paragraph ad referendum. On youngCHINA proposed language on significantly increasing efforts people’s participation (CST 21 bis), the HOLY SEE emphasizedto support SIDS. The US, CANADA, JAPAN and the EU said solidarity with future generations. The RUSSIAN FEDERATIONthey could not support this proposal. The G-77/CHINA proposed proposed language on recognizing the views of children andalternative text on reaffirming commitment to further implement youth instead of “active participation in decision-makingthe Mauritius Strategy and the Barbados Programme of Action, processes.”and underscoring the urgency of finding additional solutions to On participation of workers and trade unions (CST 21 ter),major challenges facing SIDS. The EU and the US reserved, the G-77/CHINA sought to delete text on the promotion of,while SWITZERLAND supported this proposal. inter alia, socially and environmentally responsible economic Delegates agreed ad referendum on a paragraph referring, development, social equity and decent work. The EU, supportedinter alia, to: assisting least developed countries (LDCs) with by SWITZERLAND and the US, preferred retaining the text.implementing the Istanbul Programme of Action and their efforts WG2 discussions continued into the evening.to achieve sustainable development. On support for Africa, the US, the EU and JAPAN expressed IN THE CORRIDORSconcern regarding G-77/China-proposed text underscoring WG2 has been in full negotiation mode since Monday whenlack of political commitment to implement previously agreed it began its second reading of Sections I and II. Co-Chair Asheinternational commitments. Co-Chair Ashe offered new has, in the words of one, been doing “a great job” of workingtext accommodating elements identified by the G-77/China: through the paragraphs, proposing text where consensus might beimplementation gaps; urgency and need to fully implement reached. In WG1, delegates were still working their way throughcommitments; and reference to internationally agreed Section V, the biggest section of the text. Acknowledging thecommitments. The EU and the US reserved on this proposal. complexity of this section, Co-Chair Kim said a first reading On special challenges faced by LDCs, landlocked should be completed by Friday and that delegates should becountries and SIDS, BELARUS, supported by the RUSSIAN ready to begin a “real hard ball game” of churning out ad refFEDERATION and the G-77/CHINA, proposed retaining text when WG2 begins the second reading. Some wonderedreference to middle-income countries. The G-77/CHINA queried whether Section V could be finished by then without a late-nightthe EU’s proposed text mentioning drought, desertification and or weekend session. By the end of the afternoon, a new versionfloods, emphasizing the focus is on sustainable development. of the streamlined Section III text on green economy was out, C. ENGAGING MAJOR GROUPS: On the role of reportedly down to 17 pages from 44 at the beginning of thenational governments and legislative bodies in promoting week.sustainable development (CST pre 17), the US proposed and the Given this seemingly unbalanced distribution of workG-77/CHINA opposed, text on making relevant information between the two WGs, some were still hoping to pass parts ofbased on environmental monitoring and assessments available to Section V to WG2, but others remained skeptical this wouldall stakeholders. happen. Referring to a group of countries that reportedly pushed On access to information and public participation (CST 17), very hard to ensure discussions on green economy and Section Vthe G-77/CHINA requested reference to Rio Principle 10. The were kept together in the same working group, one insider saidUS, supported by CANADA, requested not singling out specific “I don’t think they will budge on this one.”principles. LIECHTENSTEIN requested reference to parliamentsand the judiciary. The EU reserved its position on the text.