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Julius Oppenheimer
 

Julius Oppenheimer

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    Julius Oppenheimer Julius Oppenheimer Presentation Transcript

    • By: Danielle Johnson and Andy Fouse
    • Who was Julius Oppenheimer?
      • Julius Oppenheimer, also known by his middle name Robert Oppenheimer is known to be the father of the atomic bomb.
      • He was a scholar studying subjects like physics, chemistry, and language at many different schools including Harvard, Berkeley, and Cambridge.
    • This is Julius Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb.
    • Accomplishments before war
      • Before the war and after school Oppenheimer founded the American school of theoretical physics.
      • His research in astrophysics, nuclear physics, spectroscopy, and quantam field theory proved to be important advancements in the science world.
      • Also was the first to propose the idea of a “black hole”.
    • War Contribution
      • Obviously, Oppenheimers role in the development of the atomic bomb was crucial to the war, because the bombs were dropped on Japanese cities leading to the Japanese surrender.
    • How he made the atomic bomb
      • When the opportunity to contribute to the war effort presented itself, Oppenheimer jumped all over it and soon became the leading man in the making of the atomic bomb.
      • In 1942 he was appointed leader of the Manhattan Project and 3 years later the first atomic bomb was dropped in a New Mexican desert.
    • This is an atomic bomb explosion, particularly the one over Hiroshima, Japan.
    • What he did as leader of the Manhattan Project.
      • Although there were already facilities running in the U.S Oppenheimer opened his own lab in Los Alamos, New Mexico.
      • There he oversaw almost 3000 workers and there efforts in the development.
      • He also took on theoretical and mechanical problems.
    • Post-War Accomplishments
      • When the war ended he was placed as leader of the U.S Atomic Energy Comission. At this position he could oversee the advancements in bombs.
      • He disagreed with the creation of the hydrogen bomb, but after the Soviets dropped the A-bomb, the president has his mind set and the bomb would be made.
    • Opinions got him into trouble
      • Because of Oppenheimers disapproval of the hydrogen bomb he was later questioned during the McCarthy trials and was thought to be a communist.
      • Although he denied being a communist the Senator believed he was and stripped him of his title of leader of the U.S. Atomic Energy Comission.
      • He lost security clearance which ended his influence on science policy.
    • The Remainder of his Life
      • In 1963 his clearance to work on government projects was reinstated by President Lyndon B. Johnson and was given the Enrico Fermi Award for the Atomic Energy Commision.
      • For the last few years of his life he was the academic director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton.
    • Bibliography
      • &quot;A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: J. Robert Oppenheimer.&quot; PBS . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/baoppe.html>.
      • Brody, Seymour &quot;Sy&quot;. &quot;Julius Robert Oppenheimer.&quot; Jewish Virtual Library - Homepage . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Oppenheimer>.
      • &quot;J. Robert Oppenheimer.&quot; the history of computing project . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.thocp.net/biographies/oppenheimer_robert.htm>.
      • McMillan, Priscilla. &quot;J. Robert Oppenheimer | Biography | atomicarchive.com.&quot; atomicarchive.com: Exploring the History, Science, and Consequences of the Atomic Bomb . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Oppenheimer.shtml>.