Who was Julius Oppenheimer? <ul><li>Julius Oppenheimer, also known by his middle name Robert Oppenheimer is known to be the father of the atomic bomb. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a scholar studying subjects like physics, chemistry, and language at many different schools including Harvard, Berkeley, and Cambridge. </li></ul>
This is Julius Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb.
Accomplishments before war <ul><li>Before the war and after school Oppenheimer founded the American school of theoretical physics. </li></ul><ul><li>His research in astrophysics, nuclear physics, spectroscopy, and quantam field theory proved to be important advancements in the science world. </li></ul><ul><li>Also was the first to propose the idea of a “black hole”. </li></ul>
War Contribution <ul><li>Obviously, Oppenheimers role in the development of the atomic bomb was crucial to the war, because the bombs were dropped on Japanese cities leading to the Japanese surrender. </li></ul>
How he made the atomic bomb <ul><li>When the opportunity to contribute to the war effort presented itself, Oppenheimer jumped all over it and soon became the leading man in the making of the atomic bomb. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1942 he was appointed leader of the Manhattan Project and 3 years later the first atomic bomb was dropped in a New Mexican desert. </li></ul>
This is an atomic bomb explosion, particularly the one over Hiroshima, Japan.
What he did as leader of the Manhattan Project. <ul><li>Although there were already facilities running in the U.S Oppenheimer opened his own lab in Los Alamos, New Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>There he oversaw almost 3000 workers and there efforts in the development. </li></ul><ul><li>He also took on theoretical and mechanical problems. </li></ul>
Post-War Accomplishments <ul><li>When the war ended he was placed as leader of the U.S Atomic Energy Comission. At this position he could oversee the advancements in bombs. </li></ul><ul><li>He disagreed with the creation of the hydrogen bomb, but after the Soviets dropped the A-bomb, the president has his mind set and the bomb would be made. </li></ul>
Opinions got him into trouble <ul><li>Because of Oppenheimers disapproval of the hydrogen bomb he was later questioned during the McCarthy trials and was thought to be a communist. </li></ul><ul><li>Although he denied being a communist the Senator believed he was and stripped him of his title of leader of the U.S. Atomic Energy Comission. </li></ul><ul><li>He lost security clearance which ended his influence on science policy. </li></ul>
The Remainder of his Life <ul><li>In 1963 his clearance to work on government projects was reinstated by President Lyndon B. Johnson and was given the Enrico Fermi Award for the Atomic Energy Commision. </li></ul><ul><li>For the last few years of his life he was the academic director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Princeton. </li></ul>
Bibliography <ul><li>"A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: J. Robert Oppenheimer." PBS . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/baoppe.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Brody, Seymour "Sy". "Julius Robert Oppenheimer." Jewish Virtual Library - Homepage . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Oppenheimer>. </li></ul><ul><li>"J. Robert Oppenheimer." the history of computing project . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.thocp.net/biographies/oppenheimer_robert.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>McMillan, Priscilla. "J. Robert Oppenheimer | Biography | atomicarchive.com." atomicarchive.com: Exploring the History, Science, and Consequences of the Atomic Bomb . N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.atomicarchive.com/Bios/Oppenheimer.shtml>. </li></ul>
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