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The transfer of environmental goods and services to China will increasingly be of importance to developed nations as the demand for the environmental management increases in China. A review of the ...
The transfer of environmental goods and services to China will increasingly be of importance to developed nations as the demand for the environmental management increases in China. A review of the literature on technology transfer to China revealed a range of well recognised and commonly known constraints to transferring technologies to China. There were gaps in the literature in relation to the concerns that environmental professionals have regarding technology transfer to China as limited information on the transfer in environmental goods and services to China. A survey of the non-trade barriers and their practical impact on the transfer of environmental technologies and goods and services to China, focusing on Australian suppliers was undertaken to address these gaps. The survey, which was developed from barriers to technology transfer already described in the extensive research addressing the wider issues of technology transfer to China, targeted environmental professionals but also included other professionals with interests in transferring environmental goods and services to China. From the survey, the highest priority barriers to transferring environmental goods and service to China were identified and those which are most likely to limit Australian vendors of environmental goods and services in their technology transfers to China, were protection of intellectual property (IP), limitations of the rule of law, fragmentation and bureaucracy of the Chinese government; and establishing appropriate level of ownership (of environmental goods and services providers in China). Examples of Australian experience were also examined, which confirmed these barriers to providing the needed technology and innovation to manage China’s increasing environmental impacts. The research also shows that the barriers identified do not appear to be unique to transfer of environmental goods and services but rather generic to the transfer and adoption of Australian technology into China.