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Presentation of the 40th TOP500 List

Presentation of the 40th TOP500 List

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  • Annual versus Moore’s Law1.85 versus 1.59
  • 2008/09 N500 growth starts lagging – dropped from 200%to 150% per year
  • Nov 2000 was higher
  • Fujitsu, Dell, and Dawning have 2 each
  • Third slice (dark) is Xeon Phi
  • Some very high efficiency systems use TurboBoost – wrong peak!
  • #123 is ASCI Purple = older technology = less power efficient

Presentation of the 40th TOP500 List Presentation of the 40th TOP500 List Presentation Transcript

  • Highlights of the 40th TOP500 List SC12, Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Rmax Power#1 Site Oak Ridge National 39th List: The TOP10 Manufacturer Cray Computer Titan Cray XK7, Opteron 16C 2.2GHz, Country USA Cores [Pflops] [MW] 560,640 17.6 8.21 Laboratory Gemini, NVIDIA K20x Sequoia Lawrence Livermore2 IBM BlueGene/Q, USA 1,572,864 16.3 7.89 National Laboratory Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom K Computer RIKEN Advanced Institute3 Fujitsu SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Japan 795,024 10.5 12.66 for Computational Science Tofu Interconnect Mira Argonne National4 IBM BlueGene/Q, USA 786,432 8.16 3.95 Laboratory Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom JuQUEEN Forschungszentrum5 IBM BlueGene/Q, Germany 393,216 4.14 1.97 Juelich (FZJ) Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom SuperMUC6 Leibniz Rechenzentrum IBM iDataPlex DX360M4, Germany 147,456 2.90 3.52 Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Infiniband FDR Stampede Texas Advanced7 Dell PowerEdge C8220, USA 204,900 2.66 Computing Center/UT Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Intel Xeon Phi Tianhe-1A National SuperComputer8 NUDT NUDT TH MPP, China 186,368 2.57 4.04 Center in Tianjin Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8C Fermi9 CINECA IBM BlueGene/Q, Italy 163,840 1.73 0.82 Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom DARPA Trial Subset10 IBM IBM Power 775, USA 63,360 1.52 3.57 Power7 8C 3.84GHz, Custom
  • Rmax Power#1 Site Oak Ridge National 39th List: The TOP10 Manufacturer Cray Computer Titan Cray XK7, Opteron 16C 2.2GHz, Country USA Cores [Pflops] [MW] 560,640 17.6 8.21 Laboratory Gemini, NVIDIA K20x Sequoia Lawrence Livermore2 IBM BlueGene/Q, USA 1,572,864 16.3 7.89 National Laboratory Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom K Computer RIKEN Advanced Institute3 Fujitsu SPARC64 VIIIfx 2.0GHz, Japan 795,024 10.5 12.66 for Computational Science Tofu Interconnect Mira Argonne National4 IBM BlueGene/Q, USA 786,432 8.16 3.95 Laboratory Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom JuQUEEN Forschungszentrum5 IBM BlueGene/Q, Germany 393,216 4.14 1.97 Juelich (FZJ) Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom SuperMUC6 Leibniz Rechenzentrum IBM iDataPlex DX360M4, Germany 147,456 2.90 3.52 Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Infiniband FDR Stampede Texas Advanced7 Dell PowerEdge C8220, USA 204,900 2.66 Computing Center/UT Xeon E5 8C 2.7GHz, Intel Xeon Phi Tianhe-1A National SuperComputer8 NUDT NUDT TH MPP, China 186,368 2.57 4.04 Center in Tianjin Xeon 6C, NVidia, FT-1000 8C Fermi9 CINECA IBM BlueGene/Q, Italy 163,840 1.73 0.82 Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz, Custom DARPA Trial Subset10 IBM IBM Power 775, USA 63,360 1.52 3.57 Power7 8C 3.84GHz, Custom
  • 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007 Replacement Rate20082009201020112012 164
  • Annual Performance Increase of the TOP5002.62.42.2 21.81.61.41.2 1 2006 2010 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2008 2012
  • Performance Development 1 Eflop/s 1E+09 162 PFlop/s 100 Pflop/s10000000 17.6 PFlop/s 10 Pflop/s10000000 1 Pflop/s 1000000 SUM 76.5 TFlop/s 100 Tflop/s 100000 10 Tflop/s 10000 N=1 1 1000 Tflop/s 1.17 TFlop/s 100 Gflop/s 100 59.7 GFlop/s 10 Gflop/s N=500 10 1 Gflop/s 1 100 Mflop/s 400 MFlop/s 0.1 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012
  • Projected Performance Development 1E+11 1E+10 11E+09 Eflop/s10000000 100 Pflop/s 10 Pflop/s10000000 SUM 1 Pflop/s 1000000 100000 100 Tflop/s 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1000 1 Tflop/s 100 100 Gflop/s N=500 10 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 100 Mflop/s 2020 1996 2002 2008 2014
  • Student Cluster Competition Team Vendor CPU # of Sockets Cores/ Inter- OS GPU # of Partner Nodes / Node Socke connect GPU t U of Texas Dell Intel 2660 10 2 8 IB FDR Centos Nvidia 2 2090Tsing Huan University Quanta Intel Xeon 7 2 8 IB FDR Centos Nvidia 7 E5260 2090 Purdue HP Intel 8 2 8 IB FDR RHEL Sandybridge MGHPCC Silicon AMD Abu 8 2 16 IB FDR Arch Nvidia 8 Mechanics Dhabi Linux K10 & 2090National University of Inspur Intel E2650 6 2 8 IB FDR RHEL Nvidia 6Defense Technology - 2090 China Pacific Appro Intel E5-2070 8 2 8 IB QDR RHELUniversity of Science Sugon Intel E5-2660 8 2 8 IB FDR RHEL Nvidia 6& Technology - China 2090
  • Projected Performance Development 1E+11 1E+10 11E+09 Eflop/s10000000 100 Pflop/s 10 Pflop/s10000000 SUM 1 Pflop/s 1000000 100000 100 Tflop/s 10000 10 Tflop/s N=1 1000 1 Tflop/s 100 100 Gflop/s N=500 10 10 Gflop/s 1 1 Gflop/s 0.1 100 Mflop/s 2020 1996 2002 2008 2014
  • Countries / System Share others 0% United States others China 14% Japan Canada 2% United States United Kingdom Germany 50% France 4% Germany France Canada 4% othersUnited Kingdom China others 5% Japan 15% 6%
  • Vendors / System Share Fujitsu Others IBM 7 46 Oracle 9% HP 1% 7 Cray Inc. Dell 1% IBMBull 213 Appro 12 16 43% 3% SGI3% SGI Bull 16 Dell 3% OracleAppro 19 Cray Inc. HP Fujitsu 4% 137 Others 27 6% 27%
  • Vendors (TOP50) / System Share IBM Cray Inc Fujitsu Others IBM Bull SA 15 20 30% Others 40% Bull SA Cray Inc 3 8 6% Fujitsu 16% 4 8%
  • Cores per Socket 500 450 400 16 350 12 300 10Systems 250 9 200 8 150 6 4 100 2 50 1 0 2003 2002 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Processors / Systems 1%1% Intel Nehalem 4% 5% Intel SandyBridge 5% AMD x86_6412% 45% Power PowerPC Intel Core 27% Sparc Others
  • Accelerators/Co-Processors 70 60 50 Intel Xeon PhiSystems 40 Clearspeed IBM Cell 30 ATI Radeon 20 Nvidia Kepler Nvidia Fermi 10 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Performance of Accelerators/CP 40 35 ClearspeedTotal Performance [Pflop/s] 30 ATI Radeon 25 IBM Cell Intel Xeon Phi 20 Nvidia Fermi 15 Nvidia Kepler 10 5 0 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2012
  • Linpack Efficiency 120% 100%Linpack Efficiency 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 0 100 200 300 400 500
  • Absolute Power Levels 13 12 11 10Power [MWatts] 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 TOP500 Rank
  • Power Consumption 6 TOP10 5 4Power [MW] 3 TOP50 2 1 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Power Consumption 12 11 TOP10 10 9Power [MW] 8 7 6 5 TOP50 4 3 2 1 TOP500 0
  • Power Efficiency 1600Linpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 1400 1200 1000 TOP10 800 TOP50 600 400 200 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Power Efficiency Mic 3,000 BlueGene/Q Max-EfficiencyLinpack/Power [Gflops/kW] 2,500 2,000 1,500 Cell TOP10 1,000 TOP50 500 TOP500 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Most Power Efficient Architectures Rmax/ Computer PowerAppro GreenBlade, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 2,450Cray XK7, Opteron 16C 2.1GHz, Gemini, NVIDIA Kepler 2,243BlueGene/Q, Power BQC 16C 1.60 GHz, Custom 2,102iDataPlex DX360M4, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband QDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,935RSC Tornado, Xeon 8C 2.9GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,687SGI Rackable, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,613Chundoong Cluster, Xeon 8C 2GHz, Infiniband QDR, AMD Radeon HD 1,467Bullx B505, Xeon 6C 2.53GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,266Intel Cluster, Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband FDR, Intel Xeon Phi 1,265Xtreme-X , Xeon 8C 2.6GHz, Infiniband QDR, NVIDIA 2090 1,050 [Mflops/Watt]