III. Ezekiel part 1

1,308 views

Published on

Getting to grips with a prophetic book, focusing on Ezekiel chapters 1-11.This is the third of five lectures given on the Bible and Culture course at Schloss Mittersill, Austria (a course run jointly by Schloss MIttersill and IFES).

Published in: Spiritual, News & Politics
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,308
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
22
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Five key questions to ask when handling the prophets 1

    Need to find dates, events, situations
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • What structure, genre, kinds of oracles, etc.?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • what is the historical setting? ≈≈ what are major sections? ≈≈ what forms of oracles are used? what other genres are included? ≈≈ what does the text actually say?
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • God and his glory (1:1, 28)
    Note ‘looked like’ (1:4), ‘appearance’ (1:5), ‘like’ (1:6), ‘appeared’ (1:16), ‘the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord’ (1:28)
  • Cherubim: Ex. 25:18–20; 1 Kings 6:23–28; Seraphim: Isaiah 6:2
    Fire: Ex. 19:18; Isaiah 6:6; Dome/vault = firmament in Gen 1:7
    Echo of cart in 2 Sam. 6:3?
  • Son of man used 90 times in Ezekiel
  • respect for King
    respect for Ezekiel?
  • Rebellious (11 times) ≈≈ Obstinate and stubborn (2:4) ≈≈ Unwilling to listen to God or his messengers (3:7) ≈≈ Hardened (3:7) ≈≈ Provoking fear and terror (‘Do not be afraid’ – 2:6; 3:9) ≈≈ Likened to briars, thorns, scorpions (2:6)
  • ‘Do not be afraid of them or their words’ (2:6); ‘Do not be afraid though briars and thorns are all around …’ (2:6); ‘Do not be afraid … or terrified by them though they are a rebellious house’ (2:6)
    No guarantees of safety (3:25); God will toughen Ezekiel up (3:8, 9)
  • ‘Whether they listen or fail to listen’ (2:5, 7; 3:10, 18-21)
    ‘Whoever will listen, let them listen and whoever will refuse, let them refuse’ (3:27)
    ‘They will know that a prophet has been among them’ (2:5)
    People will be without excuse (3:18-21)
  • ‘speak my words’ (2:7): The scroll (2:8-3:4): Both sides covered – no room for additions; Lament, mourning, woe – negative message; ‘Fill your stomach’ – no other nourishment; Sweet as honey – ultimately satisfying (Psalm 19, 119) ≈≈ Ezekiel unable to say anything else (3:26). Not to people you can’t understand – they would listen eagerly (3:5–7);
    But to people who do understand but who will not listen
  • III. Ezekiel part 1

    1. 1. EZEKIEL 1
    2. 2. The importance of Ezekiel can hardly be overstressed. Henry McKeating, Ezekiel 2
    3. 3. 1 What is the historical context? 3
    4. 4. 4
    5. 5. Content Genre Structure Context 4
    6. 6. Content Genre Structure Context 4
    7. 7. 800 780 760 740 720 700 Amos Hosea Jonah 800 780 760 740 720 700
    8. 8. 800 780 760 740 720 700 Amos Hosea Jonah Isaiah Micah 800 780 760 740 720 700
    9. 9. 800 780 760 740 720 700 Amos Hosea Jonah ? Obadiah ? Joel Isaiah Micah 800 780 760 740 720 700
    10. 10. 7 Century th 6
    11. 11. 700 680 660 640 620 600 700 680 660 640 620 600
    12. 12. 700 680 660 640 620 600 Nahum 700 680 660 640 620 600
    13. 13. 700 680 660 640 620 600 Zephaniah Nahum 700 680 660 640 620 600
    14. 14. 700 680 660 640 620 600 Zephaniah Nahum Jeremiah 700 680 660 640 620 600
    15. 15. 700 680 660 640 620 600 Zephaniah Habakkuk Nahum Jeremiah 700 680 660 640 620 600
    16. 16. 8
    17. 17. Babylon 8
    18. 18. • Assyrian Empire weakening
    19. 19. • Assyrian Empire weakening • Babylonians growing in strength
    20. 20. • Assyrian Empire weakening • Babylonians growing in strength • 612 BC – King Nabopolassar of Babylon defeated the Assyrians
    21. 21. 609 BC
    22. 22. 609 BC • Egyptians (under Pharoah Neco) marched to help Assyria
    23. 23. 609 BC • Egyptians (under Pharoah Neco) marched to help Assyria • King Josiah killed at Megiddo trying to stop them
    24. 24. 609 BC • Egyptians (under Pharoah Neco) marched to help Assyria • King Josiah killed at Megiddo trying to stop them • Babylonians won …
    25. 25. 609 BC • Egyptians (under Pharoah Neco) marched to help Assyria • King Josiah killed at Megiddo trying to stop them • Babylonians won … … but Egypt still controlled Judah
    26. 26. 605 BC: Battle of Carchemish
    27. 27. 605 BC: Battle of Carchemish • Babylonians (under Nebuchadnezzar) defeated Assyrian-Egyptian alliance
    28. 28. 605 BC: Battle of Carchemish • Babylonians (under Nebuchadnezzar) defeated Assyrian-Egyptian alliance • End of Assyria as world power
    29. 29. 605 BC: Battle of Carchemish • Babylonians (under Nebuchadnezzar) defeated Assyrian-Egyptian alliance • End of Assyria as world power • Judah came under Babylonian control
    30. 30. 6 Century th 12
    31. 31. 600 580 560 540 520 500 Habakkuk Jeremiah 600 580 560 540 520 500
    32. 32. 600 580 560 540 520 500 Ezekiel Habakkuk Jeremiah 600 580 560 540 520 500
    33. 33. 600 580 560 540 520 500 Ezekiel Daniel Habakkuk Jeremiah 600 580 560 540 520 500
    34. 34. 600 580 560 540 520 500 Ezekiel Haggai Daniel Habakkuk Zechariah Jeremiah 600 580 560 540 520 500
    35. 35. 600 580 560 540 520 500 Ezekiel Haggai Daniel Habakkuk Zechariah Malach i (440) Jeremiah 600 580 560 540 520 500
    36. 36. • 597 BC – Jerusalem beseiged; King Jehoiakim killed
    37. 37. • 597 BC – Jerusalem beseiged; King Jehoiakim killed • King Jehoiachin and 10,000 others exiled
    38. 38. • 597 BC – Jerusalem beseiged; King Jehoiakim killed • King Jehoiachin and 10,000 others exiled • Babylonians install Zedekiah as king
    39. 39. Nebuchadnezzar
    40. 40. Nebuchadnezzar • Nabû-kudurri-uṣur II = ‘may Nebo (god of literature and wisdom) protect my boundary’
    41. 41. Nebuchadnezzar • Nabû-kudurri-uṣur II = ‘may Nebo (god of literature and wisdom) protect my boundary’ • Ruled for 43 of the 70 years of the Neo- Babylonian Empire
    42. 42. Nebuchadnezzar • Nabû-kudurri-uṣur II = ‘may Nebo (god of literature and wisdom) protect my boundary’ • Ruled for 43 of the 70 years of the Neo- Babylonian Empire • Reconstructed Babylonian Empire
    43. 43. 16
    44. 44. Ishtar Gate
    45. 45. Ishtar Gate
    46. 46. A people in exile
    47. 47. Babylonian Chronicle
    48. 48. Babylonian Chronicle This segment covers: • 605-594 BC • Battle of Carchemish • Accession of Nebuchadnezzar • Appointment of Zedekiah • Judean exile
    49. 49. defeated + displaced
    50. 50. disillusioned + discouraged
    51. 51. surrounded by pagan religion 29
    52. 52. cut off from the city 30
    53. 53. cut off from the temple 31
    54. 54. cut off from the land 32
    55. 55. experiencing God’s judgment 33
    56. 56. Exile was not simply displacement from the land, but it was the experience of the end of creation, the exhaustion of salvation history, the demise of king, temple, city, land and all those supports which gave structure and meaning to life. Walter Breuggemann, ‘Weariness, Exile and Chaos’ 34
    57. 57. 2 How is the prophet’s message presented? 35
    58. 58. Context 36
    59. 59. Genre Structure Context 36
    60. 60. Genre Structure Context 36
    61. 61. Ezekiel’s structure
    62. 62. Ezekiel’s structure
    63. 63. I. Ezekiel’s commission (1:1 – 3:27) 38
    64. 64. I. Ezekiel’s commission (1:1 – 3:27) II. Judah’s sin and judgment (4:1 – 24:27) III. Oracles against nations (25:1 – 32:32) IV. Future blessing (33:1 – 48:35) 38
    65. 65. I. Ezekiel’s commission 39
    66. 66. I. Ezekiel’s commission • The vision of God’s glory (1:1–28) • Ezekiel’s commission (2:1 – 3:27) 39
    67. 67. Timing 40
    68. 68. Timing • 30th year of Ezekiel’s life 40
    69. 69. Timing • 30th year of Ezekiel’s life … when he should have started as a priest 40
    70. 70. Timing • 30th year of Ezekiel’s life … when he should have started as a priest •5 th day of 4th month = 31 July 40
    71. 71. Timing • 30th year of Ezekiel’s life … when he should have started as a priest •5 th day of 4th month = 31 July •5 th year of Jehoiachin’s exile = 593 BC 40
    72. 72. Timing • 30th year of Ezekiel’s life … when he should have started as a priest •5 th day of 4th month = 31 July •5 th year of Jehoiachin’s exile = 593 BC • Six years before the fall of Jerusalem 40
    73. 73. Dates in Ezekiel 1:2 31 July 593 30:20 March 587 8:1 17 September 592 31:1 May 587 20:1 14 August 591 32:1 February 585 24:1 15 January 588 32:17 March 585 26:1 587 33:21 8 January 585 29:1 December 588 40:1 573 29:17 571 41
    74. 74. II. Judah’s sin & judgment 42
    75. 75. II. Judah’s sin & judgment • The coming fate of Jerusalem (4:1 – 7:27) • Jerusalem’s sin; God’s glory departs (8:1 – 11:25) • Reasons for the exile (12:1 – 24:27) 42
    76. 76. III. Oracles against nations 43
    77. 77. III. Oracles against nations • Oracles against six nations (25:1 – 28:23) 43
    78. 78. III. Oracles against nations • Oracles against six nations (25:1 – 28:23) • Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17) 43
    79. 79. III. Oracles against nations • Oracles against six nations (25:1 – 28:23) • Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17) • Tyre (26:1 – 28:19) 43
    80. 80. III. Oracles against nations • Oracles against six nations (25:1 – 28:23) • Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17) • Tyre (26:1 – 28:19) • Sidon (28:20–23) 43
    81. 81. III. Oracles against nations • Oracles against six nations (25:1 – 28:23) • Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17) • Tyre (26:1 – 28:19) • Sidon (28:20–23) • Israel’s restoration (28:24–26) 43
    82. 82. III. Oracles against nations • Oracles against six nations (25:1 – 28:23) • Ammon, Moab, Edom, Philistia (25:1–17) • Tyre (26:1 – 28:19) • Sidon (28:20–23) • Israel’s restoration (28:24–26) • Oracles against Egypt (29:1 – 32:32) 43
    83. 83. IV. Future blessing 44
    84. 84. IV. Future blessing • Ezekiel’s call renewed (33:1–20) 44
    85. 85. IV. Future blessing • Ezekiel’s call renewed (33:1–20) • Jerusalem falls; oracles of salvation; vindication of Israel (33:21 – 37:28) 44
    86. 86. IV. Future blessing • Ezekiel’s call renewed (33:1–20) • Jerusalem falls; oracles of salvation; vindication of Israel (33:21 – 37:28) • God’s future victory over nations (38:1 – 39:29) 44
    87. 87. IV. Future blessing • Ezekiel’s call renewed (33:1–20) • Jerusalem falls; oracles of salvation; vindication of Israel (33:21 – 37:28) • God’s future victory over nations (38:1 – 39:29) • God’s glory returns; a renewed city, temple and land (40:1 – 48:35) 44
    88. 88. Genre Structure Context 45
    89. 89. Genre Structure Context 45
    90. 90. Content Genre Structure Context 45
    91. 91. 46
    92. 92. Majesty 46
    93. 93. Majesty Holiness 46
    94. 94. Majesty Holiness Glory 46
    95. 95. Majesty Holiness Glory Activity 46
    96. 96. Majesty Holiness Glory Activity Awesomeness 46
    97. 97. Majesty Holiness Glory Activity Movement Awesomeness 46
    98. 98. Majesty Beauty Holiness Glory Activity Movement Awesomeness 46
    99. 99. Majesty Beauty Holiness Splendour Glory Activity Movement Awesomeness 46
    100. 100. Majesty Beauty Holiness Splendour Glory Power Activity Movement Awesomeness 46
    101. 101. 47
    102. 102. An encounter with God shapes everything 48
    103. 103. What repetitions does Ezekiel use in 1:28 – 3:15? (words/ideas/etc.) ? 49
    104. 104. Ezekiel’s call 2:1-3:27 50
    105. 105. Son of man 51
    106. 106. weakness / dependence 52
    107. 107. ‘Stand up on your feet’ 53
    108. 108. readiness 54
    109. 109. ‘I will speak to you’ the God whom Ezekiel has encountered 55
    110. 110. ‘I will speak to you’ God is not remote; he communicates 56
    111. 111. ‘I will speak to you’ God speaks to Ezekiel personally See also 2:7,8; 3:4,10,17,22, 27 57
    112. 112. Expect a difficult audience 58
    113. 113. Expect a difficult audience 58
    114. 114. Don’t be afraid of hostility 59
    115. 115. Go against the flow 60
    116. 116. Speak my words 61
    117. 117. God has work for you to do
    118. 118. A watchman . . . in exile? 63
    119. 119. ‘Hear the word I speak’ (3:17) 64
    120. 120. ‘Give them warning from me’ (3:17) 65
    121. 121. Warn the wicked 66
    122. 122. If you do not announce danger . . . 67
    123. 123. If you do not announce danger . . . • they will die for their sins 67
    124. 124. If you do not announce danger . . . • they will die for their sins • you will be held accountable 67
    125. 125. If they do not repent . . . 68
    126. 126. If they do not repent . . . . . . you are not responsible (3:19) 68
    127. 127. Warn the righteous 69
    128. 128. • Righteous people turning away (3:20) 70
    129. 129. • Righteous people turning away (3:20) • Stumbling blocks – to see the response 70
    130. 130. • Righteous people turning away (3:20) • Stumbling blocks – to see the response • Past righteousness counts for nothing 70
    131. 131. Ezekiel the pastor
    132. 132. Announcing the reality of judgment (chapters 4–7, 12) 72
    133. 133. Explaining why judgment must happen (chapters 16, 20, 23) 73
    134. 134. Making clear the limits to judgment (9:4; 11:16 – 25; 33:10; chapters 34, 36, 37, 40 48) 74
    135. 135. Ezekiel the evangelist
    136. 136. Convicting of sin (chapters 8–11, 16, 20, 23) 76
    137. 137. Apologetics (chapters 18, 33) 77
    138. 138. Calling for repentance (18:21–32; 33:14–15) 78
    139. 139. Preaching grace (20:32; 36:1–38) 79
    140. 140. Giving assurance (18:23, 32) 80
    141. 141. 3 What main problems does the prophet diagnose? 81
    142. 142. Ezekiel 4–5 82
    143. 143. Ezekiel 4:1–5:4 What does all this symbolism represent? How would people have reacted? ? 83
    144. 144. Judgment on Jerusalem 84
    145. 145. Judgment on Israel (happened already) 85
    146. 146. Judgment on Judah too! 86
    147. 147. Difficulties of being under siege 87
    148. 148. What will happen to Jerusalem’s residents? 88
    149. 149. What theological perspectives does Ezekiel give? ? 89
    150. 150. Judah is more wicked than other nations 90
    151. 151. God is expressing his anger 91
    152. 152. His people are to be a warning to others 92
    153. 153. He wants his people to know that he is doing this to them 93
    154. 154. He wants to destroy them 94
    155. 155. Ezekiel 6–7 95
    156. 156. God’s glory departs (8–11) 96
    157. 157. God is offended by idolatry at the heart of his people chapter 8 97
    158. 158. God avenges his glory chapter 9 98
    159. 159. Jerusalem residents are complacent chapter 11 99
    160. 160. God’s glory moves out from the centre of worship chapter 10 100
    161. 161. . . . and towards the exiles chapter 10–11 101

    ×