Daniel 1 – 3
structure of a
scenes usually only have
2 speaking or active characters
read each scene in the context
of the whole narrative
ﬁnd the plot line (crisis and resolution)
the big context is
God’s promises and intention
don’t focus on moral lessons
pay attention to what
characters say and do
pay attention to dialogue
the ﬁrst words are sometimes
the most signiﬁcant
pay attention to characters
repeating or restating things
pay attention to repetition in
b The young men taken for training (3–7)
c Refusing to be defiled; a test (8–16)
a’ Historical conclusion: triumph of Cyrus (21)
a Historical introduction: triumph of
b’ The young men excel in their training
Triumph of Nebuchadnezzar
And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of
Judah into his hand, with some of
the vessels of the house of God. And
he brought them to the land of
Shinar . . .
Daniel 1:2, ESV
Training for the king’s service
What do you think the Babylonians’
intentions were? What would they have
wanted Daniel and his friends to learn?
The fact that Babylon was a place of
dislocation, pain and disappointment
did not compel them to make a
negative response to this pagan
world. Being servants of God in
Jerusalem or Babylon alike
demanded living well before him.
Second Choice (Paternoster, 2000) p. 22
v.20: ‘ten times better’ = hyperbole
For I desire mercy, not sacriﬁce,
and acknowledgment of God rather
than burnt oﬀerings.
Ephraim’s glory will ﬂy away like a
no birth, no pregnancy, no
Even if they rear children,
I will bereave them of every one.
Cursed be the day I was born!
May the day my mother bore me not
Cursed be the man who brought my
father the news,
who made him very glad, saying,
‘A child is born to you – a son!’
Jeremiah 20: 14–15
Triumph of Cyrus (21)
Summarise the theme of Daniel 1 in one
What do you think is the purpose or goal of
Daniel 1 (what was its purpose for the
The sovereign Lord, who guided the
faithful Daniel and his friends to
positions of power in Babylon, will
guide his faithful people even in
Preaching Christ from Daniel
Linking to Jesus
2. Promise-fulﬁlment 3. Anticipations (typology)
4. Analogy 5. Longitudinal themes
6. New Testament
Which of the 7 ways of connecting
the passage to Jesus help us with
Daniel 1? How?
1. Redemptive-historical progression
3. Anticipations (typology)
5. Longitudinal themes
6. New Testament references
What is the message of Daniel 1 for us?
Manuscript Bible Study
• Scenes and plot line
• Characters and dialogue
• Repeated words, images or concepts
• Figures of speech (metaphors, similes, etc.)
• Key themes, concepts or images
• Connections with other parts of the Bible
• Questions: what do you not understand? ?
Summarise the theme of Daniel 2 in one
What is the goal of Daniel 2 (what was its
purpose for the original audience)?
How do we move from Daniel 2
Theme of Daniel 2: The God of heaven,
who deposes and sets up kings, reveals
that he will eventually replace all human
kingdoms with his everlasting kingdom.
Goal of Daniel 2: to give hope to God’s
people in exile by reassuring them that God
will eventually replace all human kingdoms
with his everlasting kingdom.
2. Promise-fulﬁlment 3. Anticipations (typology) 4. Analogy