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DANIEL
Day 4: chapters 6–9
Daniel 6
Who is Darius?
Ugbaru (=Gobryas) –
Persian general who
captured Babylon?
Gubaru – governor of
Babylon?
Cambyses – son of Cyrus?
Cyrus?
Rubens
Briton Rivière
Daniel

7 – 12
A God vindicates his faithful servants (1)
B Nebuchadnezzar’s dream: 4 kingdoms (2)
C God rescues his faithful witnesses (...
‘‘Chapter 7 is ‘the single most
important chapter of the Book of
Daniel. Its position is pivotal, both in
terms of the arc...
‘‘Once convinced of the truth this
chapter is proclaiming, the reader is
in possession of the key to history.
Joyce Baldwin
1 Daniel refuses to
compromise
2 Nebuchadnezzar’s
dream: kingdoms
10–12 Writing of
truth
5 Writing on the
wall
9 Jerusalem...
7 First year of Belshazzar (553 BC)
8 Third year of Belshazzar (551 BC)
9 First year of Darius (539 BC)
10–12 Third year o...
symbolic visions (7, 8)
Standard vision report
a. Introduction
b. Report of the vision
c. End of the vision
d. Prophet’s reaction

7:1
7:2–27
7:28...
‘epiphany vision’ (9, 10–12)
‘Epiphany visions’ in Daniel
a. Circumstances
b. Prayer
c. Messenger
appears
d. Reassuring
message
e. Revelation
f. Charge...
Understanding
apocalyptic
literature
‘‘It's ‘a “911” genre, for times of
emergency – not just the stress of
routine problems – times when the
ordinary means fo...
prophetic visions
narrative framework
revelation mediated by an
otherworldly being
concerns the interaction
between this world and a
supernatural reality
ultimately about
eschatological salvation
‘‘Apocalyptic literature draws back
the curtains and allows the reader to
see the eschatological victory of
God, which has...
‘‘Apocalyptic literature is ‘intended to
interpret present, earthly
circumstances in light of the
supernatural world and o...
Eight common features
• ‘Temporal dualism’
• Pessimism about the present; optimism
about the future
• Viewing history as d...
Eight common features
• Cosmic perspective
• Righteous people being vindicated
• Involvement of supernatural beings
• A me...
‘‘The intention of apocalyptic is not to
chart out God’s plan for the future
so future generations may draw up
calendars b...
‘‘Apocalyptic tends to be impression-
istic, more like an abstract painting
which communicates an overall
impression. . . ...
‘‘. . . The details in apocalyptic must
not be seen as allegorical in the
sense that each detail has a
corresponding reali...
don’t interpret everything
symbolically
don’t interpret everything
spiritually
don't think it’s all

about the future
don't think it’s all

about the past
focus on the main point
‘‘The key to the interpretation of
images is to find the point of
connection [between the images and
their intended meaning...
‘‘. . . This means we will be left with a
gray area in our interpretation. Some
of the points of comparison will be
obviou...
identify the scenes and
characters
identify the plot line
climax
setting
description
of vision
rising tension –
request for
interpretation
interpretation
conclusion
perhaps with
pr...
Daniel 7
sea = chaos
© Stuart McKiggan, used under a Creative Commons licence
?
What are the scenes in Daniel 7, and what
characters are involved?
Try to identify the plot line.
?
Compare the beasts in Daniel 7:3–8,19–25
with the statue in Daniel 2:31–43.
What similarities are there?
What are the di...
Shumma Izbu
© British Museum. Used by permission.
Four kingdoms
1. Lion = Babylonia 

(605–539 BC)
Daniel 7:4 (cf 2:37–38)
lamassu
© British Museum. Used by permission.
2. Bear = Medo-Persia

(539–331 BC)
Daniel 7:5 (cf. 2:39; 8:3)
3. Leopard = Greece

(331–63 BC)
Daniel 7:6 (cf 2:39; 8:8; 11:3–4)
4. Beast with iron teeth =
Rome (63 BC – AD 476/1453)
Daniel 7:7–8,19–25 (cf 2:40–43)
‘‘Rome showed itself to be the first
truly universal empire of antiquity.
Rome was characterized by its
conquering and crus...
10 horns
horned
crown
© British Museum. Used by permission.
little horn
the little horn in Dan. 7:7–8

is not

the little horn in Dan. 8:9–12
little horn in
Daniel 8 =
Antiochus IV
Epiphanes

(215 BC – 164 BC)
© Jniemenmaa, used under a
Creative Commons licence
little horn in Daniel 7 

= antichrist / 

man of lawlessness
1 John 2:18,22; 4:3; 2 Thessalonians 2:3–10
one like a son of man
Daniel 7:13–14
?
How is the ‘one like a son of man’
contrasted to the four beasts?
one like a son of man 

= the Son of Man
‘‘When people heard Jesus use the
term “son of man” for himself, they
had to decide which type of “son of
man” he was. Tec...
www.tonywatkins.uk
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Bible + Culture 2015 4. Daniel 6–8

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My slides from day 4 of Bible and Culture 2015 (www.bibleandculture.org). In this session, we look briefly at Daniel 6 before considering how to handle apocalyptic literature and Daniel 7 – 8.

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Bible + Culture 2015 4. Daniel 6–8

  1. 1. DANIEL Day 4: chapters 6–9
  2. 2. Daniel 6
  3. 3. Who is Darius?
  4. 4. Ugbaru (=Gobryas) – Persian general who captured Babylon?
  5. 5. Gubaru – governor of Babylon?
  6. 6. Cambyses – son of Cyrus?
  7. 7. Cyrus?
  8. 8. Rubens
  9. 9. Briton Rivière
  10. 10. Daniel
 7 – 12
  11. 11. A God vindicates his faithful servants (1) B Nebuchadnezzar’s dream: 4 kingdoms (2) C God rescues his faithful witnesses (3) D Warning for king; redemption (4) E Warning for king; judgment (5) F God rescues his faithful witness (6) G Daniel’s dream: 4 kingdoms (7) H Details of post-Babylonian kingdoms (8) I Jerusalem restored (9) J More on post-Babylonian kingdoms (10–12)
  12. 12. ‘‘Chapter 7 is ‘the single most important chapter of the Book of Daniel. Its position is pivotal, both in terms of the architecture of the book as a whole and in terms of the brilliance of the vision which it contains.’ Sibley Towner
  13. 13. ‘‘Once convinced of the truth this chapter is proclaiming, the reader is in possession of the key to history. Joyce Baldwin
  14. 14. 1 Daniel refuses to compromise 2 Nebuchadnezzar’s dream: kingdoms 10–12 Writing of truth 5 Writing on the wall 9 Jerusalem: 
 discipline/restoration 4 Nebuchadnezzar: discipline/restoration 8 ‘None can deliver out of his hand’ 7 Daniel’s dream: kingdoms 6 Daniel refuses to compromise 3 ‘No god can deliver out of his hand’
  15. 15. 7 First year of Belshazzar (553 BC) 8 Third year of Belshazzar (551 BC) 9 First year of Darius (539 BC) 10–12 Third year of Cyrus (537 BC)
  16. 16. symbolic visions (7, 8)
  17. 17. Standard vision report a. Introduction b. Report of the vision c. End of the vision d. Prophet’s reaction
 7:1 7:2–27 7:28a 7:28b
 8:1 8:2–25 8:26 8:27
  18. 18. ‘epiphany vision’ (9, 10–12)
  19. 19. ‘Epiphany visions’ in Daniel a. Circumstances b. Prayer c. Messenger appears d. Reassuring message e. Revelation f. Charge
 9:1–2 9:3–19 9:20–21
 9:22–23
 9:24–27 10:1 10:2–3 10:4–9
 10:10 – 11:1
 11:2 – 12:3 12:4
  20. 20. Understanding apocalyptic literature
  21. 21. ‘‘It's ‘a “911” genre, for times of emergency – not just the stress of routine problems – times when the ordinary means for addressing life’s difficulties are simply not sufficient.” Thomas Long
  22. 22. prophetic visions
  23. 23. narrative framework
  24. 24. revelation mediated by an otherworldly being
  25. 25. concerns the interaction between this world and a supernatural reality
  26. 26. ultimately about eschatological salvation
  27. 27. ‘‘Apocalyptic literature draws back the curtains and allows the reader to see the eschatological victory of God, which has already been achieved over whatever forces are, even at the moment, crippling the community of faith.’ Thomas Long
  28. 28. ‘‘Apocalyptic literature is ‘intended to interpret present, earthly circumstances in light of the supernatural world and of the future, and to influence both the understanding and behaviour of the audience by means of divine authority.’ SBL
  29. 29. Eight common features • ‘Temporal dualism’ • Pessimism about the present; optimism about the future • Viewing history as distinct periods • Expectation of God’s imminent arrival
  30. 30. Eight common features • Cosmic perspective • Righteous people being vindicated • Involvement of supernatural beings • A messianic element Daniel Block
  31. 31. ‘‘The intention of apocalyptic is not to chart out God’s plan for the future so future generations may draw up calendars but to assure the present generation that — perhaps contrary to appearance — God is still on the throne . . . and that the future is firmly in his hands. Daniel Block
  32. 32. ‘‘Apocalyptic tends to be impression- istic, more like an abstract painting which communicates an overall impression. . . . Sometimes the details in apocalyptic are for dramatic effect; there may be no significance other than how the imagery of the scene is enhanced by the details. . . .
  33. 33. ‘‘. . . The details in apocalyptic must not be seen as allegorical in the sense that each detail has a corresponding reality. Brent Sandy and Martin Abegg
  34. 34. don’t interpret everything symbolically
  35. 35. don’t interpret everything spiritually
  36. 36. don't think it’s all
 about the future
  37. 37. don't think it’s all
 about the past
  38. 38. focus on the main point
  39. 39. ‘‘The key to the interpretation of images is to find the point of connection [between the images and their intended meaning] and not push the peripheral elements of the comparison. . . .
  40. 40. ‘‘. . . This means we will be left with a gray area in our interpretation. Some of the points of comparison will be obvious, but others will not be. At such points we need to hold back and not insist on our interpretation. Tremper Longman III
  41. 41. identify the scenes and characters
  42. 42. identify the plot line
  43. 43. climax setting description of vision rising tension – request for interpretation interpretation conclusion perhaps with prophet’s reaction
  44. 44. Daniel 7
  45. 45. sea = chaos © Stuart McKiggan, used under a Creative Commons licence
  46. 46. ? What are the scenes in Daniel 7, and what characters are involved? Try to identify the plot line.
  47. 47. ? Compare the beasts in Daniel 7:3–8,19–25 with the statue in Daniel 2:31–43. What similarities are there? What are the differences? If Daniel 2 is a human perspective
 and Daniel 7 is God’s perspective,
 how does that help us understand
 the difference?
  48. 48. Shumma Izbu © British Museum. Used by permission.
  49. 49. Four kingdoms
  50. 50. 1. Lion = Babylonia 
 (605–539 BC) Daniel 7:4 (cf 2:37–38)
  51. 51. lamassu © British Museum. Used by permission.
  52. 52. 2. Bear = Medo-Persia
 (539–331 BC) Daniel 7:5 (cf. 2:39; 8:3)
  53. 53. 3. Leopard = Greece
 (331–63 BC) Daniel 7:6 (cf 2:39; 8:8; 11:3–4)
  54. 54. 4. Beast with iron teeth = Rome (63 BC – AD 476/1453) Daniel 7:7–8,19–25 (cf 2:40–43)
  55. 55. ‘‘Rome showed itself to be the first truly universal empire of antiquity. Rome was characterized by its conquering and crushing power and by its ability to consolidate the territories which it seized. E.J. Young
  56. 56. 10 horns
  57. 57. horned crown © British Museum. Used by permission.
  58. 58. little horn
  59. 59. the little horn in Dan. 7:7–8
 is not
 the little horn in Dan. 8:9–12
  60. 60. little horn in Daniel 8 = Antiochus IV Epiphanes
 (215 BC – 164 BC) © Jniemenmaa, used under a Creative Commons licence
  61. 61. little horn in Daniel 7 
 = antichrist / 
 man of lawlessness 1 John 2:18,22; 4:3; 2 Thessalonians 2:3–10
  62. 62. one like a son of man Daniel 7:13–14
  63. 63. ? How is the ‘one like a son of man’ contrasted to the four beasts?
  64. 64. one like a son of man 
 = the Son of Man
  65. 65. ‘‘When people heard Jesus use the term “son of man” for himself, they had to decide which type of “son of man” he was. Technically he was both, but it took faith to believe he was like the “son of man” in Daniel ESV Study Bible
  66. 66. www.tonywatkins.uk
  • swdd68

    Oct. 30, 2017
  • guatemala20101

    Jun. 10, 2016
  • AliceWebster1

    Nov. 29, 2015
  • mediaeditor

    Jul. 16, 2015

My slides from day 4 of Bible and Culture 2015 (www.bibleandculture.org). In this session, we look briefly at Daniel 6 before considering how to handle apocalyptic literature and Daniel 7 – 8.

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