Bible and Culture 2016 – Introduction to the OT Prophets and Daniel
What do you like about the Old Testament
What do you ﬁnd hard about them?
Why do we have these books? What is their
special contribution to the Bible?
How do . . .
. . . create barriers in our understanding of
the Old Testament prophets?
We also have the prophetic message
as something completely reliable,
and you will do well to pay attention
to it, as to a light shining in a dark
place, until the day dawns and the
morning star rises in your hearts. . . .
Above all, you must understand that
no prophecy of Scripture came
about by the prophet’s own
interpretation of things. For
prophecy never had its origin in the
human will, but prophets, though
human, spoke from God as they
were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
2 Peter 1:19–21
Do not think that I have come to
abolish the Law or the Prophets; I
have not come to abolish them but to
Whether he is discussing the past,
present or future, the prophet is
seeking to make God the most
genuine reality that men can know
Interpreting the Bible, p. 287
love for Israel
Dating Daniel 6th century BC?
2nd century BC?
On the whole, the Qumran
discoveries provide powerful
evidence of the antiquity of the
textual tradition of the [Masoretic
How to approach
What do we need to know before we can
understand Daniel (or any other book of the
It is dangerous to read the Old
Testament in the light of the New
before ﬁrst reading the Old
Testament in its original context. But
it is equally incorrect for a Christian
to neglect to read the Old in the
fuller light of the New Testament.
Tremper Longman III
NIV Application Commentary: Daniel
Lord, you are righteous, but this day
we are covered with shame – the
people of Judah and the inhabitants
of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near
and far, in all the countries where
you have scattered us because of
our unfaithfulness to you. . . . we
have not obeyed the Lord our God or
kept the laws he gave us through his
servants the prophets. . . .
. . . All Israel has transgressed your
law and turned away, refusing to
obey you. Therefore the curses and
sworn judgments written in the Law
of Moses, the servant of God, have
been poured out on us, because we
have sinned against you. You have
fulﬁlled the words spoken against us
and against our rulers by bringing on
us great disaster.
narratives: chapters 1–6 ‘court stories’
• The king faces a problem he cannot solve
• The king’s sages fail to resolve it
• The hero is called in and succeeds
• The hero is rewarded
prophetic visions: chs. 7–12 apocalyptic literature
Even though there is a dramatic
contrast in genre between the two
halves of the book, . . . the overall
message of the book is uniform: In
spite of present appearances, God is
Tremper Longman III
• Why do you think there is so much
narrative in the Bible?
• How are Hebrew narratives diﬀerent from
originally for listening to repetition fast pace
internal connections Plot sequence of scenes
scenes usually only have 2 characters
each scene must be read in the
context of the whole narrative
the big context is
God’s promises and intention
don’t focus on moral lessons plot = crisis and resolution
Characters characters are not described in detail
pay attention to what they say and do Dialogue pay attention to when dialogue starts
pay attention to characters restating things
Identify the scenes in Daniel 1.
What is the setting of each scene?
Who are the characters in each scene?
What do their actions and words reveal
? Scene 1: Jerusalem (1–2)
characters: Nebuchadnezzar and
Scene 2: Babylon (3–10)
characters: Daniel/friends and
Scene 3: Babylon (11–17)
characters: Daniel/friends & guard
Scene 4: King’s palace, 3 yrs later (18–21)
characters: Daniel/friends and the