Photography for the Blogger
                   by: David Fisher/Tibbon




Twitter: @Tibbon
                              ...
Who is this guy?

     •   Engineer: Taylor Barefoot Productions 2003-2005

     •   Music Business Management: Berklee Co...
Eyes



Twitter: @Tibbon
                          3
Seeing
                            And the most important
                            skill in photography is




Twitter:...
Compression
                                       Camera                    Depth of Field
                 Lens         ...
Why?



                        6
Why do we take
photos?
Communicate



Twitter: @Tibbon
                                 7
Light



  Twitter: @Tibbon
                                                                                              ...
Subject



  Twitter: @Tibbon
                                         9
What are we taking the photo
of?
How?



Twitter: @Tibbon
                          10
Light enters
                   camera through
                         lens


Twitter: @Tibbon
                          ...
Sensor (digital)/Film



Twitter: @Tibbon
                                           12
4 Important Settings

     •   Aperture

     •   Shutter

     •   Focus

     •   ISO/Sensitivity/Film Choice



Twitter...
Exposure

           = Amount of light hitting sensor

Twitter: @Tibbon
                                              14
Shutter Speed
         = Time shutter allows light to
                   sensor


Twitter: @Tibbon
                       ...
Faster Shutter Speed
      Less light hits sensor
       Requires more light
         Sharper image
             Less Blur...
Slower Shutter Speed
     More light hits sensor
     Better for dark/night
       Less sharp image
          More blur
  ...
Aperture
          =
Size of Lens Opening


                       18
Large Opening (f/1.2)
                        19
Small Opening (f/8)
                      20
Aperture

•   Aperture is expressed in f-stops.

•   Smaller number = more open = more light hits sensor (f/1.2). Narrow
 ...
Narrow DoF: f/1.6
                    22
Wide DoF: f/8
                23
Using Aperture


•   If little light, use largest aperture possible (ex: f/2.8)

•   If lots of light, you have choices. A...
ISO/Sensitivity

•   Sensitivity of film/sensor to light

•   Lower numbers (ISO/100) need more light.

    •   Lower numbe...
Grainy Photo: ISO1600   26
Low Grain: ISO100
                    27
Review
 Need More       Need Less
   Light?         Light?
 Slow shutter     Speed up
    speed       shutter speed
Open A...
But wait!



                                                                                                             ...
Problem Solving



                                                          30

They give us the vocabulary for problem s...
Easy



                                                                                                                  ...
Complex Situations



                                                              32

Bloggers encounter complex situati...
Simply & Analyze



                                                                       33

These terms allow us to ana...
Meters



                                                                                                                ...
Programs



                                                                                                              ...
4 Mode Settings

•   Program (automatic)

•   Shutter Priority

•   Aperture Priority

•   Manual



                     ...
Problem?



                                                                                 37

So whats the problem? Why...
What is important?



                                                                                                 38
...
Choice



                                                                       39

That is your choice. Let’s look at so...
Aperture setting



                                                               40

I personally use Aperture priority ...
Not enough light?



                                                                                         41

What hap...
Flash!



                                       42

Then flash can be the answer
Lighting is complex



                                                                                                   ...
strobist.blogspot.com



                                                                                                4...
Buying a Camera



                  45
Most salespeople are poorly
         informed



                              46
How many Megapixels?



                       47
Looks good to me!
                    48
2.74MP



         49
Megapixels DONT matter



                         50
Don’t ask them general questions!



                                    51
What do you want to do?



                          52
•   People

•   Sports

•   Video

•   Professional

•   Landscapes




                   53
Weight



         54
SLRs are heavy

& BIG
                 55
Megapixels don’t matter.



                           56
Lens



                                                                                                                  ...
Egronomics



                                                                                                            ...
Ken Rockwell
www.kenrockwell.com



                      59
Q&A



      60
Flickr.com



             61
Smugmug.com
(referral tibbon@gmail.com)
             $5 off


                              62
B&H Photo (bhphoto.com)



Twitter: @Tibbon
                                      63
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Podcamp Pittsburgh 3- Photography For The Blogger

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A presentation I gave at Podcamp Pittsburgh 3 as a crash course for photography for bloggers. Mainly covers exposure based subjects.

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  • 2008 Pittsburgh Light Up Night

    http://timepassonline.blogspot.com/2008/11/pittsburgh-light-up-night-2008.html

    2008 Pittsburgh Light Up Night

    http://timepassonline.blogspot.com/2008/11/pittsburgh-light-up-night-2008.html
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Podcamp Pittsburgh 3- Photography For The Blogger

  1. 1. Photography for the Blogger by: David Fisher/Tibbon Twitter: @Tibbon 1
  2. 2. Who is this guy? • Engineer: Taylor Barefoot Productions 2003-2005 • Music Business Management: Berklee College of Music 2006 • Portrait Innovations, 2006-2007 • Jazkarta, 2007-2008, @natea’s company • GamerDNA, 2008-Present Twitter: @Tibbon 2
  3. 3. Eyes Twitter: @Tibbon 3
  4. 4. Seeing And the most important skill in photography is Twitter: @Tibbon 4
  5. 5. Compression Camera Depth of Field Lens SLR Blur JPEG RAW Program Mode Rule of Thirds Lighting Point & Shoot ASA Flash Coatings Diffusion Grey Card ISO Aperture Filter Zone System Autofocus Chemicals Rangefinder Shutter Speed Film Digital Twitter: @Tibbon 5
  6. 6. Why? 6 Why do we take photos?
  7. 7. Communicate Twitter: @Tibbon 7
  8. 8. Light Twitter: @Tibbon 8 What do we capture? Light. Everything is a function of light coming into the camera. This is why photos in the dark don’t work well. Without light there is no photo
  9. 9. Subject Twitter: @Tibbon 9 What are we taking the photo of?
  10. 10. How? Twitter: @Tibbon 10
  11. 11. Light enters camera through lens Twitter: @Tibbon 11
  12. 12. Sensor (digital)/Film Twitter: @Tibbon 12
  13. 13. 4 Important Settings • Aperture • Shutter • Focus • ISO/Sensitivity/Film Choice Twitter: @Tibbon 13
  14. 14. Exposure = Amount of light hitting sensor Twitter: @Tibbon 14
  15. 15. Shutter Speed = Time shutter allows light to sensor Twitter: @Tibbon 15
  16. 16. Faster Shutter Speed Less light hits sensor Requires more light Sharper image Less Blur Freezes motion Example, 1/2000th second 16
  17. 17. Slower Shutter Speed More light hits sensor Better for dark/night Less sharp image More blur Can convey motion Example, 1/30th Second 17
  18. 18. Aperture = Size of Lens Opening 18
  19. 19. Large Opening (f/1.2) 19
  20. 20. Small Opening (f/8) 20
  21. 21. Aperture • Aperture is expressed in f-stops. • Smaller number = more open = more light hits sensor (f/1.2). Narrow Depth of Field (DoF) • Larger number = more closed = less light hits sensor (f/8). Deep DoF. 21
  22. 22. Narrow DoF: f/1.6 22
  23. 23. Wide DoF: f/8 23
  24. 24. Using Aperture • If little light, use largest aperture possible (ex: f/2.8) • If lots of light, you have choices. Aperture can be used to cut down on light. 24
  25. 25. ISO/Sensitivity • Sensitivity of film/sensor to light • Lower numbers (ISO/100) need more light. • Lower numbers have less grain, higher image quality • Higher numbers (ISO/3200) need less light. • Higher numbers have more grain, lower image quality 25
  26. 26. Grainy Photo: ISO1600 26
  27. 27. Low Grain: ISO100 27
  28. 28. Review Need More Need Less Light? Light? Slow shutter Speed up speed shutter speed Open Aperture Close Aperture (smaller (higher numbers) numbers) Higher ISO Lower ISO (1600) (100) 28
  29. 29. But wait! 29 How does this affect me? How does this work with my camera? I have program modes and a point and shoot. What Aperture and shutter aren’t skills.
  30. 30. Problem Solving 30 They give us the vocabulary for problem solving skills.
  31. 31. Easy 31 Taking photos is EASY. We can all take photos. But how do we take good photos? You’re going to have problems at some point taking photos and you have to have the problem solving skills to get around them.
  32. 32. Complex Situations 32 Bloggers encounter complex situations often in photography.
  33. 33. Simply & Analyze 33 These terms allow us to analyize and simply photographic situations.
  34. 34. Meters 34 A few final things. Most modern cameras have meters. These tell us how much light is coming into the lens, essentially help try to tell us how much light we need coming into the camera. This helps tell you how to set the aperture, shutter and iso settings that we just talked about.
  35. 35. Programs 35 Which brings us to Program modes. Cameras today are smart and often contain powerful computers that can help guess settings for us. In many settings these modes can do fine jobs at producing average photos.
  36. 36. 4 Mode Settings • Program (automatic) • Shutter Priority • Aperture Priority • Manual 36
  37. 37. Problem? 37 So whats the problem? Why can’t we just use program mode and pull the trigger?
  38. 38. What is important? 38 What is important in the photo? This seems like a basic thing, but let’s consider some photos.
  39. 39. Choice 39 That is your choice. Let’s look at some photos that illustrate this.
  40. 40. Aperture setting 40 I personally use Aperture priority settings 95% of the time.
  41. 41. Not enough light? 41 What happens is there simply isn’t enough light to make it happen with these settings?
  42. 42. Flash! 42 Then flash can be the answer
  43. 43. Lighting is complex 43 Lighting is a complex topic, so I won’t go too much into it asides to say that using it too much can look bad, create harsh portraits. OFF-camera light looks the best.
  44. 44. strobist.blogspot.com 44 This blog will help lead you through all things flash related and tries to not break the bank.
  45. 45. Buying a Camera 45
  46. 46. Most salespeople are poorly informed 46
  47. 47. How many Megapixels? 47
  48. 48. Looks good to me! 48
  49. 49. 2.74MP 49
  50. 50. Megapixels DONT matter 50
  51. 51. Don’t ask them general questions! 51
  52. 52. What do you want to do? 52
  53. 53. • People • Sports • Video • Professional • Landscapes 53
  54. 54. Weight 54
  55. 55. SLRs are heavy & BIG 55
  56. 56. Megapixels don’t matter. 56
  57. 57. Lens 57 One of the most important aspects however is the LENS. Good lenses aren’t cheap. If you go with an SLR expect to spend about as much on decent lenses as you do on the camera body.
  58. 58. Egronomics 58 If you don’t like the way a camera feels, then you aren’t going to use it much. For professionals these often become make or break features. Do you like the way it feels in your hand? Can you figure out the menus easily? Are things marked well? Does the button placement make sense for you?
  59. 59. Ken Rockwell www.kenrockwell.com 59
  60. 60. Q&A 60
  61. 61. Flickr.com 61
  62. 62. Smugmug.com (referral tibbon@gmail.com) $5 off 62
  63. 63. B&H Photo (bhphoto.com) Twitter: @Tibbon 63

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