DSLR and PS Parts

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ARTV-108 (Introduction to Photography)
Friday; 3:00PM-6:00PM

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DSLR and PS Parts

  1. 1. SAMSUNG ACE LUMIX LX5 CANON 550 D S 5830
  2. 2. WHEN do you use your CAMERA? WHAT camera you have today? And INTRODUCE yourself.
  3. 3. www.robfontanilla.com
  4. 4. DSLR POINT AND SHOOT
  5. 5. FLASHOFFCAM ONCAM
  6. 6. Shutter release cable
  7. 7. CANON NIKON
  8. 8. M Manual AV Aperture Priority TVShutter Speed Priority P Program
  9. 9. Exposure Mode How it works Auto □ Camera automatically selects all exposure settings. Camera automatically selects aperture & shutter speed; you can choose Program (P) corresponding ISO & exposure compensation. With some cameras, P can also acts as hybrid of the AV & TV modes. Aperture Priority You specify the aperture & ISO, the camera’s metering determines the (AV) corresponding camera shutter speed You specify the shutter speed & ISO, the camera’s metering determines the Shutter Speed corresponding camera aperture Priority (TV) You specify the aperture, shutter speed & ISO, regardless of whether these values Manual (M) will lead to correct exposure Useful for exposure longer than 30 seconds, you specify the aperture & ISO and Bulb (B) shutter speed will be manually determined through a release switch or re-pressing of shutter release button
  10. 10. Basic Zones / AUTO ModesPortrait Mode - A side (profile) view of a HEAD. - This modebrings subjects in the foreground into sharp focus, and mayenlist the use of a larger aperture to blur the background.Landscape Mode - Icon: MOUNTAINS. - This mode is fortaking shots of distant objects, or wide-angle shots, and willbring background objects more clearly into focus by setting asmaller aperture.Night Scene Mode - Icon containing a STAR- This mode usesflash and a slower shutter speed to illuminate the subject andallow more light to enter the cameraMacro Mode - Icon: FLOWER- Used for extreme close-upshots where the camera may have trouble focusing in othermodes.Sports / Action Mode - Icon: RUNNING PERSON- Use thismode for shots in which there is a good amount of motion whichyou want to capture without blurring.Movie Mode: Many cameras let you record MPEG orQuickTime videos to the same memory card storing your photos
  11. 11. Absence of additionaldial, we need to press abutton to change theaperture
  12. 12. * Focusing points can be manually change to various positions
  13. 13.  Information Shutter Speed Aperture ISO Setting White Balance Meter Indicator Drive Option Compression Focus indicator Battery Indicator Sound Number of Shots
  14. 14. Shutter Speed Battery Indicator Aperture Image Quality White Balance ISO speed Metering Mode Exposure Compensation Shot Counter
  15. 15. NOONBluish or white incast during mid ofthe day, its cooler interms of colortemperature
  16. 16. AM & PMRed/Orange Colorcasting during earlyin the morning andlate in the afternoon
  17. 17. tungsten tungsten Studio light firelight fluorescent daylight
  18. 18. METER BUTTON
  19. 19. -2 -1 0 +1 +2
  20. 20.  Most common with a 1.5 to1.6 crop factor. APS C - Advanced PhotoSystem type-C (APS-C) is in animage sensor formatapproximately equivalent size tothe Advance Photo System"classic" size negatives. Thesenegatives were 25.1 × 16.7 mmand had an aspect ratio 3:2. 4:3 format has a crop factor of2.0 (Olympus) Full Frame same as 36 x 24size
  21. 21. SENSOR COVERAGE
  22. 22. COMPRESSION RAW HIGH JPEG Fine, Normal & BasicMEDIUM JPEG Fine, Normal & BasicSMALL JPEG Fine, Normal & Basic
  23. 23. Focusing RingZooming Ring
  24. 24. Optical Zoom vs. Digital Zoom
  25. 25.  Normal Lenses  Wide Angle Lenses Telephoto Lenses  Special Lenses Macro Lenses Tilt & Shift Lenses Fish Eye Lenses
  26. 26. FIXED LENS ZOOM LENS
  27. 27. Optical aberrations occur when points of the image do not translate backonto single points after passing through the lens, causing imageblurring, reduced contrast or misalignment of colors (chromatic aberration).Lenses may also suffer from uneven, radially decreasing image brightness(vignette) or distortion.
  28. 28. Chromatic Loss of Vignette Blurring DistortionAberrations Contrast
  29. 29. Wide Angle LensesSuper Wide Angle LensesNormal LensesTelephoto LensesSuper Telephoto Lenses
  30. 30. WIDE ANGLE LENS Super Wide Wide Angle Angle• 6 to 24 mm • 28 to 35 mm
  31. 31. NORMAL LENS Normal Lens • 50 mm
  32. 32. Telephoto Lens Super Telephoto Telephoto • 300 mm • 70 to 200 mm upward
  33. 33. 14 mm TICAO ISLAND, PHILIPPINES
  34. 34. 14 mm MACAU, CHINA
  35. 35. 15 mm Fish eye BOHOL, PHILIPPINES
  36. 36. 16 mm BANGKOK,THAILAND
  37. 37. 18 mm AMSTERDAM f/ 5.6 1/1000 sec. ISO 100
  38. 38. 18 mm BERN, SWITZERLAND f/ 8.0 1/320 sec. ISO 100
  39. 39. 27 mm ROME, ITALY f/ 5.0 1/320 sec. ISO 200
  40. 40. 37 mm LINZ AUSTRIA f/ 5.6 1/500 ISO 100 sec.
  41. 41. 50 mm PARIS , FRANCE f/ 8.0 1/320 sec. ISO 100
  42. 42. 90 mm PARIS, FRANCE f/ 5.6 1/1000 sec. ISO 100
  43. 43. 135 mm NETHERLANDS f/ 8.0 1/1000 sec. ISO 100
  44. 44. 200 mm BENGUET f/ 8.0
  45. 45. 70 -135 MMPORTRAIT LENS RANGE
  46. 46. MACRO LENS
  47. 47. MACRO LENS
  48. 48. Lens opening 3.5 – 5.6, as 3.5 maximum opening at its shortest focal length and 5.6 onits longest.2.8 only – means maximum opening all length .Minimum Focusing distance – wide angle lens has a greater minimum focusingdistance than a telephoto.Macro lenses – has the most, in terms of minimum focusing distance

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