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Referencing jan09

Referencing jan09






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  • College assignments, essays and project reports will need to have a list of references Several times in your studies you are required to produce a piece of written work-assignment, essay, project report, etc. This might need you to ‘research’ information sources to support your points or arguments Referencing is a form of convention that guides you to write up and present your work in an acceptable manner College assignments, essays and reports will need to have a list of references
  • Referencing involves two main parts. Citing: If you refer to or quote another persons work, whether from a book, website or article you must put in your essay the details of where it came from. References: A reference is the details of each individual source written in a certain format. Bibliographies: Your work must have a Bibliography, which is a list that goes at the end of your work which contains details of all your sources, including those you have used for background reading but have not referred to or quoted in your work Lists of references : Sometimes tutors require a separate list of references which is just a list of the references for sources you have directly referred to or quoted from in your assignment
  • Above is an example of a book reference. Rules: First rule of any referencing is that the Authors name is first, surname first, comma, and initials or first name. Next the date must appear in brackets. Next the title must be in italics, underlined , or in Bold. Next the publishers name, the place it is published and the page numbers if you have quoted. Notes: If the book was used for background reading you need not write page numbers. The publisher details will usually be found in the small print on the back of the title page. If there is more than one place e.g. London, Japan, New York, We usually use the one that appears first. If there are between 1 and 3 authors, write them all (surname first) one after the other. If there are more than three, write the first name that appears on the title page and add ‘et al’ for ‘and others’.
  • Make sure whichever style you choose you remain consistent. You can not have one reference using underlining, and the next in the list using italics.
  • If there are four or more authors or editors use the first one on the title page not the front cover.
  • Magazines also start with author, surname first. This time you will need two titles. The title of the magazine and the title of the actual article. The title of the article appears first, and the title of the magazine is the one that appears in Italics, Underlined , or Bold Magazines and journals are usually produced several times a year. They will often have a Volume number , and an issue number . If they do these must be written in with the year. Sometimes they just use the month or the season instead (as above example shows). These must be given as well as the year. Page numbers must always been given for articles.
  • Newspapers are similar to magazines. They need the author, (surname first), Title of the article, Title of the Newspaper in Italics, Underlined , Bold. Newspapers are usually published daily, so they need the date in full, and the page numbers the article appears on.
  • Websites are still a grey area. Not all websites provide author or date information. Online publications are the same as paper ones. They require, author, title of the article, title of the publication and the date. Additionally they need the full website address and the date you accessed the page. (in brackets) If the author information is not available use the title of the page. If it does not have a title as such, use the address. Websites may have a ‘last updated’ date. Use this for the date. Always include the date accessed, as web pages change frequently. Extension activity: Discussion on nature and reliability of the Internet and copyright restrictions.

Referencing jan09 Referencing jan09 Presentation Transcript