Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

How to cite and reference in APA style

4,558 views

Published on

Citing and referencing conventions for the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

Published in: Education
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • System for lasting clear skin, How to get flawless complexion ex-sufferer reveals his secrets ➤➤ http://ishbv.com/buk028959/pdf
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

How to cite and reference in APA style

  1. 1. Citing and Referencing in APA Style (American Psychological Association )
  2. 2. This presentation is based on the description of APA found in this book: (available in the library, shelfmark JJE)
  3. 3. Citing vs Referencing in-text citations
  4. 4. Citing vs Referencing references
  5. 5. In-Text Citations in APA
  6. 6. CITING in-text: the basics The basic citation that you will use most of the time: Recent research in herbology (Longbottom, 2013) has shown that… (Surname, YEAR) … as shown in its annual report (Ministry of Magic, 2016) …
  7. 7. CITING in-text : the basics If you have used the name of the author within the sentence, take it out of the brackets: (YEAR) In his recent article, Neville Longbottom (2013) found that… … as the Ministry of Magic’s annual report showed (2016) …
  8. 8. CITING in-text : the basics Conversely, if you have used the year within the sentence, you can take it out of the brackets: (Surname) In this 2013 article (Longbottom), it was noted that… … as the 2016 annual report showed (Ministry of Magic) …
  9. 9. Citing Multiple Authors For words with one or two authors, include all names in every in-text citation: (Surname1, YEAR) Recent research in herbology (Longbottom, 2013) has shown… (Surname1 & Surname2, YEAR) This important discovery (Weasley & Potter, 1999) was done…
  10. 10. Citing Multiple Authors For works with three to five authors, include all names in the first in-text citations but used et al. for subsequent citations: (Surname1, Surname2 & Surname3, YEAR) This survey (Bones et al., 1992) was later the basis of… Then: (Surname1 et al., YEAR) In a ground breaking survey (Bones, Crouch, & Bagman, 1992)…
  11. 11. Citing Multiple Authors For works with six or more authors, abbreviate to the first author name for all in-text citations: This demonstrated something new (Flamel et al., 1992). (Surname1 et al., YEAR)
  12. 12. The earliest report (Snape, n.d.) showed that… (Surname, n.d.) No date available If you don’t know the year of publication, you can write n.d. (for “no date”) instead. In text: Reference List: Snape, S. (n.d.). School report. Hogsmeade: Hogswart Press.
  13. 13. Quotations Short quotations are enclosed in quotation marks. Grubby-Plank (2014, p. 587) states that ‘a good blast- ended skrewt is a dead blast-ended skrewt’.
  14. 14. Quotations Longer quotations are separated from the text. Scamander (2001, p. 35) in discussing the Common Welsh Green states that This dragon blends well with the lush grass of its homeland, though it nests in the higher mountains, where a reservation has been established for its preservation.
  15. 15. Quotations If you quote something directly, or if you paraphrase a specific page of a text, then you have to mention the page number the quote is from.
  16. 16. Adding Page Numbers Here is how to add a page number or a range of pages to your citation: (Surname, YEAR, p. XX) In a recent study Sinistra (2015, pp. 26-29) argued that… … which proved this obscure point definitively (Bagshot, 1986, p. 867). (Surname, YEAR, pp. XX-XX)
  17. 17. Adding Page Numbers If pagination details are unavailable (i.e. on an eBook), use the chapter, section, and paragraph numbers… (Surname, YEAR, Chapter X, Section Y, para. Z) … which proved this obscure point definitively (Bagshot, 1986, Chapter 8, Section 12, para. 8).
  18. 18. Her study of the refereeing process (Weasley, 2012a) proved an important point. However this other case study (Weasley, 2012b) is also interesting. Distinguishing Identical Citations If several citations could be mixed up (same surname, same year), distinguish them by allocating lower case letters in alphabetical order after the publication date. In text: Reference List: Weasley, G. (2012a). The refereeing process in Quidditch. London: Leaky Cauldron Press. Weasley, R. (2012b). Chudley Cannons vs. Referrees of the world: a study. London: Leaky Cauldron Press.
  19. 19. Secondary Reference To cite a document cited in another one, use the phrase “as cited in” and give the page number. There was further evidence to support researchers’ views on genetic abnormalities in frogs through Kettleburn’s work (as cited in Hagrid, 2007, p.82).
  20. 20. Referencing in APA
  21. 21. Referencing a book
  22. 22. Referencing a book Surname, I. (YEAR). Title of the book. Town: Publisher. Burbage, C. (2002). Non-Magical populations of the UK. London: Leaky Cauldron Press. Department of Mysteries (2008). Of the lasting preservation of prophecies. London: Ministry for Magic.
  23. 23. Authors’ names You have to write every authors’ names up to seven. Black, P., Dippet, A., Derwent, D., & Everard, P. (1978). Headmasters’ Secrets. London: Flourish & Blotts.
  24. 24. Authors’ names If you have more than seven authors, use an ellipsis between the 6th and the last names. Malfoy, D., Malfoy, L., Rookwood, A., Carrow, A., Macnair, W., Lestrange, R. … Dolohov, A. (2015). Death Eaters: Real life tales of darker times. London: Flourish & Blotts.
  25. 25. If the book has an editor, use her name + (Ed.) or (Eds.) for plural instead of the author. Bogrod, G. (Ed.). (1994). International Wizarding Banking Strategies. London: Gringotts Press. Editors’ names Figg, A. and Filch, A. (Eds.). (2003) They should have been wizards: a history of forgotten squibs. Hogsmeade: Scrivenschaft’s.
  26. 26. If this is not a first edition, add the edition number. Different Editions Bagshot, B. (1937). A History of Magic (3rd ed.). Godric’s Hollow: Godric’s Press.
  27. 27. For eBooks, mention the DOI or URL you downloaded the eBook from: About eBooks Cresswell, D. (1994). Liaising with goblins. Retrived from http://www.ministryofmagic.co.uk/BeastsBeingsSpirits/ 54/Goblins/
  28. 28. Referencing a Book Chapter
  29. 29. Referencing a Book Chapter SurnameAuthor, I. (YEAR). Title of the chapter. In I. SurnameEditor (Ed.) Title of the book (pp. XX-XX). Town: Publisher. Bagshot, B. (1937). The Goblins’ rebellion In A History of Magic (3rd ed., pp. 364-412). Godric’s Hollow: Godric’s Press. Weasley, P. (1997). New standards for cauldron thickness. In B. Crouch (Ed.) International Magical Cooperation: the basics (pp. 112-117). London: Ministry of Magic.
  30. 30. A Paper in a Collection NameAuthor, I. (YEARpaper). Title of the paper. In I. NameEditor (Ed.) Title of the book (pp. XX- XX). Town: Publisher, YEARbook. Freud, S. (1920). Beyond the pleasure principle. In The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud.Vol.18 (pp. 3-64). London: Hogarth Press, 1955.
  31. 31. Referencing an article
  32. 32. Referencing an article Surname, I. (YEAR). Title of the article. Name of the Journal, Volume(Issue), xx-xx. Dumbledore, A. (1943). Twelve uses of dragon blood. International Journal of Transfiguration, 135(2), 22-47.
  33. 33. Referencing an article You can also add the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) at the end of the reference. Horch, E.P. and Zhou, J. (2012). Charge-coupled device speckle observations of binary stars. Astronomical Journal, 136, 312-322. doi: 10.1088/0004-6256/136/1/312
  34. 34. Referencing a Web Page
  35. 35. Surname, I. (YEAR) Title of the web page. Retrieved from URL. Referencing a Web Page Rowling, J.K. (n.d.) How the wizarding world works. Retrieved from https://www.pottermore.com/ collection/jk-rowling-how-the-wizarding-world- works
  36. 36. Surname, I. (YEAR) Title of the blog post [Blog post]. Retrieved from URL. Referencing a Web Page Storie, C. (2016). A very happy belated birthday to Rebeus Hagrid [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.the-leaky-cauldron.org/2016/12/07/a- very-happy-belated-birthday-to-rubeus-Hagrid/
  37. 37. Good luck with your referencing! For more information, have a look at the information skills Moodle page!
  38. 38. Pictures used in this presentation Slide 1: Photo by dierk schaefer - Creative Commons Attribution License Slide 5: Photo by A. Birkan ÇAGHAN - Creative Commons Attribution License Slide 6: Photo by Simone Bosotti - Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike License Slide 9: Photo by Thomas Hawk - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License Slide 12: Photo by Jani Halinen - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike License Slide 13: Photo by Quinn Dombrowski - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Slide 18: Photo by Joe King - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License Slide 20: Photo by Moi of Ra - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike License Slide 27: Photo by Nilufer Gadgieva - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License Slide 30: Photo by Mike Haufe - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike License Slide 33: Photo by Markus Spiske - Creative Commons Attribution License Slide 36: Photo by RodrigoVazquez - Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike License

×