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Masahiro Akaishi
<ul><li>Format is very  IMPORTANT </li></ul><ul><li>… However, many students do not pay attention to formatting so much </...
<ul><li>There are two main format styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLA & APA style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… in most ca...
<ul><li>These are examples from USF library website for your reference page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLA  (Works Cited) </li>...
<ul><li>See the difference? Even the  title  for your reference is  different  for MLA and APA </li></ul><ul><li>In additi...
<ul><li>Let’s see what else you need to be careful about major MLA style formats! </li></ul>
<ul><li>This is not a big deal, but there is a rule for margins. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Margins are always  1  inch to top,...
<ul><li>You need to have a header that contains  page number  followed by your  last name </li></ul><ul><li>Your full name...
<ul><li>Double space  is required of MLA style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This applies to your heading, paragraphs, and works c...
<ul><li>This is sometimes tricky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After you put in-text citation with page number in parenthesis at t...
<ul><li>You always need to introduce an author if you only use page number in a parenthesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same exa...
<ul><li>Block quotation is a quotation that is longer than  4 lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You need to follow a few things ...
<ul><li>Works Cited is a list of all sources you use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You need to start Works Cited on  a new page </...
<ul><li>&quot;MLA Examples.&quot;  Citing Sources . University of South Florida Library. 2 Dec 2008 <http://www.lib.usf.ed...
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MLA Format

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MLA Format

  1. 1. Masahiro Akaishi
  2. 2. <ul><li>Format is very IMPORTANT </li></ul><ul><li>… However, many students do not pay attention to formatting so much </li></ul><ul><li>There are always rules to write something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you overlook formatting correctly, your essay might not be as good as it should be </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There are two main format styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLA & APA style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… in most case, professors tend to prefer MLA format style including in your upper courses of your major </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even though the point of format in First Year Composition Assessment Rubric is small, do not under estimate the format; it is always important to be consistent in your essay </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>These are examples from USF library website for your reference page </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLA (Works Cited) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jones, Barry.  Sleepers, Wake!: Technology and the Future of Work.   New York: Oxford UP, 1995. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APA (Reference list) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beck, C.A., & Sales, B.D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts, myths and future prospects . Washington, DC:  American Psychological Association. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>See the difference? Even the title for your reference is different for MLA and APA </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, there is an underline for MLA, but none of that for APA. </li></ul><ul><li>In-text citation rules are also different. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You want to be consistent in your essay, so DO NOT mix them in your essay </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Let’s see what else you need to be careful about major MLA style formats! </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>This is not a big deal, but there is a rule for margins. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Margins are always 1 inch to top, bottom, left, and right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition, a margin to a header is ½ inch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from A writer’s handbook </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>You need to have a header that contains page number followed by your last name </li></ul><ul><li>Your full name, your instructor’s name, your course name, and date should be in this order and placed at top-left side in your paper </li></ul><ul><li>You should have an interesting title of your essay at the center of your essay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from A writer’s handbook </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Double space is required of MLA style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This applies to your heading, paragraphs, and works cited </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You need to indent your first line by 5 spaces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you have a block quotation, you need to indent the paragraph by 10 spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from A writer’s handbook </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>This is sometimes tricky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After you put in-text citation with page number in parenthesis at the end of sentence, punctuations come after the parenthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An example from Leonard J. Rosen (168); </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And “that,” writes Chopin, is “the beginning of the shameful affair” (32). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, if a sentence continues, you need to put punctuations within a quote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Same example from Rosen (168) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And “ that ,” writes Chopin, is “the beginning of the shameful affair” (32). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>You always need to introduce an author if you only use page number in a parenthesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same example from Rosen (168) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And “that,” writes Chopin , is “the beginning of the shameful affair” (32). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even if you summarize or paraphrase your source, you still need to make clear divisions between your thoughts and an author’s thoughts; therefore, it is better to introduce the author when you summarize or paraphrase his/her thoughts </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Block quotation is a quotation that is longer than 4 lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You need to follow a few things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No quotation marks is necessary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You need to start a new paragraph </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You need to indent 10 spaces from left </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from A writer’s handbook </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Works Cited is a list of all sources you use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You need to start Works Cited on a new page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You need to put “Works Cited” in the center of the first line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You need to fix all bibliographies in alphabetical order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Margins are as same as the other pages; 1 inch to all sides and ½ inch for a header </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For each source, you need to indent 5 spaces after second line if your bibliography is more than 1 line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from A writer’s handbook and OWL at Purdue </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>&quot;MLA Examples.&quot; Citing Sources . University of South Florida Library. 2 Dec 2008 <http://www.lib.usf.edu/public/index.cfm?Pg=MLAExamples>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;MLA Formatting and Style Guide.&quot; The Purdue Online Writing Lab . The OWL at Purdue. 2 Dec 2008 <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/01/>. </li></ul><ul><li>Rosen, Leonard J. Decisions A Writer's Handbook . 2nd ed. New York: Longman, 2002. </li></ul>

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