Old english power point

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  • yes, it is. were these invations only during the old English period ?
    what can you say about Norman invation ?
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  • I was trying to show how the various invaders influence both the language and the literature. First, the Celts inhabited the island. The Romans invaded and maintain control for almost 300 years. When the Romans withdrew as the empire declined, the Germanic tribes invaded, followed by the Danes. Does that help?
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  • WHAT A GOOD WORK. BUT Can you explain a little bit about the major invation in british ?
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  • эту Фигну как скачать
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  • 1. Old English (450-1150 A.D.) and the Anglo-Saxon Period (449-1066 A.D.) The Language and the Literature
  • 2. Three Periods of English Language Development
    • Old English – 450-1150 A.D.
    • Middle English – 1150-1500 A.D.
    • Modern English – 1500-present
  • 3. The Language
    • English as a language first appeared about 1,500 years ago
    • The land was inhabited between 50,000-250,000 years ago
    • Who was there?
  • 4. Stone Age
    • Lasted in England until about 2,000 B.C.
    • Weapons of stone
    • Other implements of stone
    • Paleolithic (Old Stone) and Neolithic (New Stone)
    • Gave way to the Bronze Age
    • Iron Age was next (500 or 600 B.C.)
  • 5. Paleolithic
    • No English Channel
    • People short (5 feet), long-armed, short-legged, low foreheads, poorly developed chins
    • Caves, under rock shelters
  • 6. Neolithic
    • About 5,000 B.C.
    • Superior stone weapons and implements
    • Higher culture
    • Dark race of slightly larger stature
    • Crude pottery, weaving
    • Crannogs
  • 7. The Celts
    • Came to England during the Bronze Age
    • Spoke Gaelic (Ireland) and Brythonic (Britain)
      • Trivia: In Million Dollar Baby , Clint Eastwood’s character was reading a book about a language. He used a term he learned to refer to Hilary Swank. What was the language?
    • Druids were priests who memorized and recited long heroic poems – oral tradition
  • 8. Romans in England
    • 55 B.C. – Julius Caesar invaded England -- twice
    • Succeeded in gaining minimal control of the southeast
    • Claudius gained control of most of the island in 43 A.D.
    • 300 years of Roman rule
  • 9. Roman influence
    • Established highways and roadways
    • Roman houses and baths, temples, theaters
    • Water and heating
    • Mosaic floors, stucco walls
    • Dress, ornaments, utensils, pottery, glassware
    • Latin – official language (upper class)
  • 10. Germanic Conquest
    • Invasions began around 449 A.D.
    • Came from Denmark and Germany
    • Bede -- Ecclesiastical History of the English People
      • Jutes (Jutland on north Danish peninsula)
      • Angles (Schleswig-Holstein on south Danish peninsula)
      • Saxons (between the Elbe and Ems rivers)
      • Frisians (along the coast from Weser to Rhine rivers)
  • 11. Celtic Shut Out
    • Britons “softened” by Roman rule
    • Romans withdrew in 410
    • Made a deal with the Jutes, who took over
    • Saxons came in 477 (Sussex) and 495 (Wessex); also Essex and Middlesex
    • Angles came and settled the east coast; established Anglian kingdom in 547
  • 12. Anglo-Saxon Civilization
    • Some settlements peaceful with Celts
    • Some settlements fighting occurred
    • Roman towns burnt and abandoned
    • Eorls (aristocracy)
    • Ceorls (simple freemen)
    • Wergild (justice)
    • Witan (council of elders)
    • Northumbria (7 th century)
    • Mercia (8 th century)
    • East Anglia
    • Kent
    • Essex
    • Sussex
    • Wessex (9 th century)
  • 13. “ England” and “English”
    • Celts called all Germanic invaders “Saxons”
    • Early Latin writers referred to the people as “Saxones” and the land as “Saxonia”
    • Anglia began to appear with Saxone in reference to all West Germanic tribes
    • Ethelbert, king of Kent, -- rex Anglorum
    • Writers referred to the vernacular as Englisc
    • Angelcynn became the term for the land and people
    • About 1,000, Englaland (land of the Angles) appeared
  • 14. Old English Dialects
    • Northumbrian – north of the Thames River
    • Mercian – north of the Thames River
    • West Saxon – West Saxon kingdom in the southwest (Almost all Old English literature is preserved in manuscripts transcribed in this region)
    • Kentish – southeast (Jutes)
  • 15. Old English example
    • SEE HANDOUT PAGES 60-62
  • 16. Flexibility and Derivation mod “ heart, mind, spirit, courage” modig “ spirited, arrogant” modiglic “ magnanimous” gemodod “ disposed, minded”
  • 17. Modern English lacks the flexibility of Old English. The tendency is to borrow/assimilate rather than adapt our own words.
  • 18. The Literature
    • Some brought by the Germanic conquerors
    • Oral tradition
    • Pagan
      • Grim view of life
      • Several gods – Woden, Fria, Tiu, Thor
      • Wednesday, Friday, Tuesday, Thursday
      • Fate (wyrd)
    • Reintroduction of Christianity – 6 th century
  • 19. Literary Performance
    • Scops and gleemen
    • Ceremonial occasions
    • Caesura , alliteration, and kennings
    • Possibly accompanied by a harp
    • Castles or halls
  • 20. Christianity
    • King Ethelbert of Kent – converted by Saint Augustine
    • Set up monastery in Canterbury
    • Mission: Convert the kings
    • 650 – Success
    • Brought education and literature
    • Bede (673-735)
  • 21. “ From the fury of the Northmen, O Lord, deliver us.”
    • The Norse and the Danes (Vikings) took to the seas – rising population, limited farmland
    • Plundered monasteries, destroyed manuscripts, stole sacred religious objects
    • Destroyed communities
    • Killed villagers
    • Only Wessex was able to fight back effectively
  • 22. Alfred the Great
    • Wessex throne in 871
    • Resisted the Danes
    • Truce: Saxons rule the south; Danes rule the east and north ( Danelaw )
    • Peace -- Danish words became part of English vocabulary (i.e. law)
  • 23. Norman Conquest
    • Danes began a second invasion in 10 th century.
    • Edward the Confessor -- a Christian, part Norman, friend of King William of Normandy
    • 1066 – Edward died; Norman Conquest
  • 24. Beowulf
    • Considered the greatest single work of Old English literature
    • 3,000-line folk epic
    • Hero
    • Social conditions
    • Germanic motives/ideals
  • 25. Beowulf as a record
    • Physical endurance
    • Unflinching courage
    • Sense of duty
    • Loyalty
    • Honor
    • “ Sorrow not . . . Better is it for every man that he avenge his friend than that he mourn greatly. Each of us must abide the end of this world’s life; let him who may, work mighty deeds ere he die, for afterwards, when he lies lifeless, that is best for the warrior.”
  • 26. Other Old English Literature
    • War and exile
    • Sea and its hardships/fascination
    • Ruined cities
    • Minstrel life
    • Christian subjects
    • “ Widsith”
    • “ Deor”
    • “ The Wanderer”
    • “ The Seafarer”
    • “ The Ruin”
    • “ Battle of Brunanburh”
    • “ Battle of Maldon”
    • “ Juliana”
    • “ Elene”
    • “ Christ”
  • 27. Verse Vs. Prose
    • Verse is more easily remembered – oral tradition
    • Alfred the Great (871-899) encouraged education
    • Had books translated from Latin to English
    • Pastoral Care
    • Bede’s Ecclesiastical History of the English People
    • The Consolation of Philosophy
    • Sermon to the English
  • 28. Let’s get started!!!