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Creating Smarter Cities 2011 - 11 - Richard Hanley - Research and technical development roadmap for Creating Smarter Cities
 

Creating Smarter Cities 2011 - 11 - Richard Hanley - Research and technical development roadmap for Creating Smarter Cities

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My presentation will explain why the board of the Journal of Urban Technology was interested in producing a focus issue on the SmartCities Project. In the US, the term “smart city” has been ...

My presentation will explain why the board of the Journal of Urban Technology was interested in producing a focus issue on the SmartCities Project. In the US, the term “smart city” has been appropriated by transnational corporations. Their definition of that term, thus, gets traction internationally. Perhaps no corporation’s smart city campaign is bigger than IBM’s with its Smart Planet effort that focuses on cities. That corporation takes a systems approach to the operation of cities. This entails using sensor technologies to gather data, using new analytic approaches to analyze the data, modeling that data, and then managing a client city’s systems based on those models. The stated goals of the program are urban efficiency and global sustainability. Sustainability and efficiency are also the selling points of the smart cities visions of other corporations such as Siemens and Cisco. While the papers in the focus issue of JUT do not argue that cities should be inefficient or unsustainable, they offer an additional task for the new technologies that make smart cities possible—that task is to offer innovative means for citizens to learn about, and participate in, the democratic operation of their government. It is this detailing of innovative means that can now be used to increase democratic participation in the creation and use of government services and government operation that makes this focus issue an important contribution to the international conversation on smart cities and the technologies that enable them.

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    Creating Smarter Cities 2011 - 11 - Richard Hanley - Research and technical development roadmap for Creating Smarter Cities Creating Smarter Cities 2011 - 11 - Richard Hanley - Research and technical development roadmap for Creating Smarter Cities Presentation Transcript

    • The R&TD Roadmap:Creating Smarter Cities, Journal of UrbanTechnology, 2011 vol. 18 (2)Richard Hanley, New York City University
    • ContentsSam Allwinkle and Peter CruickshankOverview of the Focus Issue on the North SeaRegion’s SmartCities ProjectMark Deakin, Patrizia Lombardi, and Ian CooperThe IntelCities Community of Practice: TheCapacity-Building, Co-Design, Evaluation, andMonitoring of E-Government ServicesGeorge Kuk and Marjin JanssenThe Business Models and InformationArchitectures of Smart CitiesLoet Leydesdorff and Mark DeakinThe Triple-Helix Model of Smart Cities: A Neo-Evolutionary PerspectiveAndrea Caragliu, Chiara Del Bo, and PeterNijkampSmart Cities in EuropePeter CruickshankSCRAN: The Network 2
    • The R&TD Roadmap:Mapping the transition from intelligent to smartcities, Special Issue of Int. Journal of IntelligentBuildings, 2011, vol. 3 (3)Mark Deakinm.deakin@napier.ac.uk
    • 4
    • Intelligent or smart cities• For many of us there is no difference between intelligent and smart cities.• Many academics and leading consultancies are of the same opinion and limit their terms of reference to promotion and administration of services.• For the authors of the papers brought together in this special issue, however, this is not the case.• They believe there is a critical difference between them and perhaps more importantly, what they mean……….
    • Shifting the point of emphasis• Seen in this light the transition from intelligent to smart cities these papers capture, might be best represented as a serious attempt to shift the point of emphasis away from the promotion and administration of services and towards matters concerning the governance of their provision and application i.e. use!
    • Intelligent v smart cities (Provision and application) Sustainable development Civic and e-gov services social Democratic governance Digital-inclusion Environmental Innovation and creativity intelligent and cultural Informatics of community-led values ventures associated with Social intelligence the quality of Cybernetics of social capital life (promotion & administration) Embedded intelligence e-services Personal & augmentation, Business-led logic corporate massing and scaling Knowledge-transfer smart Capacity-building Learning Economics of cost-efficiencies Platforms Information systems Data-bases 7
    • What this means• This way it becomes possible to do the following: – bring existing accounts of the transition down from the high-level university and industrial accounts of intelligent cities and on to a platform where it becomes possible to incorporate government into the equation as the ‘other’ major stakeholder… – use the social intelligence of this system as the means to break with the marketing, promotion and administration of the past….. – set the stage for the smart city agenda to be about the governance of the environmental and cultural issues surrounding the quality of life…
    • What this means – draw upon the socially-inclusive and participatory nature of the intelligence underlying this innovation system as the creative means to support an integration of quality of life issues into the smart cities agenda… – allow smart cities to begin delivering on their sustainable development commitments as part of a community-led transition.