Lsn3 what are the effects of globalisation on population
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Lsn3 what are the effects of globalisation on population Lsn3 what are the effects of globalisation on population Presentation Transcript

  • lesson 3 What factors have accelerated globalisation? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_dv3TEYoC88
  • TERMINOLOGY TASK- Match the definition and copy into your book
    • Birth Rate
    • Death Rate
    • Natural Increase
    • Economic migrant
    • Internal migration
    • Intervening obstacles
    • Intervening opportunity
    Number of births per 1000 people per year in a region or country Number of deaths per 1000 people per year in a region or country The difference between a countries birth and death rates Someone who migrates (moves) to find work The movement of person within the same country A barrier to a migrant like a physical feature or political border e.g. the med sea for North Africans heading to Europe An alternative migration destination that exists between the migrants place of origin and intended destination 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
    • No matter what country it’s the same
  •  
  • Globalisation
    • = the process by which people cultures, money, goods and information can be transferred between countries with few or no barriers. (HIGHLIGHT IT!)
    What factors have accelerated globalisation? Brainstorm these possible factors
  • Factors accelerating globalisation are: transport Cost Availability development increased trade links rise of TNCs more international agencies easier info exchange
  •  
  • Diamond Ranking
    • Colonialism
    • Global Brands
    • IMF/World Bank
    • Increased trade
    • Information exchange- Internet
    • NGOs e.g. Oxfam
    • Stock exchange
    • TNCs e.g. Nike
    • Transport
    What was the most / least important factor to accelerate globalisation?
    • Tasks
    • Set this out in your notes
    • Annotate your diamond to explain why you have placed each factor in its place
    • Be ready to reason your thoughts to the group
  • COLONIALISM GLOBAL BRANDS STOCK EXCHANGE IMF/ WORLD BANK- INTERNATIONAL MONEY STORAGE/ SUPPLY INCREASED INFO EXCHANGE/ INTERNET NGO’S (CHARITIES) GOING INTO OTHER COUNTRIES INCREASED TRADE TNC’S (NIKE) TRANSPORT COLONIALISM GLOBAL BRANDS STOCK EXCHANGE IMF/ WORLD BANK- INTERNATIONAL MONEY STORAGE/ SUPPLY INCREASED INFO EXCHANGE/ INTERNET NGO’S (CHARITIES) GOING INTO OTHER COUNTRIES INCREASED TRADE TNC’S (NIKE) TRANSPORT COLONIALISM GLOBAL BRANDS STOCK EXCHANGE IMF/ WORLD BANK- INTERNATIONAL MONEY STORAGE/ SUPPLY INCREASED INFO EXCHANGE/ INTERNET NGO’S (CHARITIES) GOING INTO OTHER COUNTRIES INCREASED TRADE TNC’S (NIKE) TRANSPORT
  •  
    • Information Exchange ~
      • Mobile phones / Internet use - refer to ‘Global Shift’, Facebook etc. It can force political change (e.g. mobile phones and Spanish elections following 2004 Madrid bombings)
      • create political debate (e.g. E-Activity - Avaaz/YouTube)
    • TransNational Companies
    • All these companies operate in many countries, usually employing workers in developing countries and HQs in developed.
    • Working in a hierarchy is more profitable than lots of individual transactions between companies.
    • Examples: Airbus, Disney, MTV, Cadbury’s, CocaCola
    • Communications
    • Transport -
      • Moving people and goods around means more opportunities for commerce. People can have accurate price information, so shop around and get the best deal. Usually they won’t have to travel with the goods.
      • Examples - railways / flights (BA, Cathay) / internet cables / low-cost regional flights (e.g. Kingfisher, DragonAir)
    • New markets
    • Increased trade leads to similar prices and growth of economies
      • Western companies sell to Asia (e.g. Boeing / Airbus / Microsoft)
      • Asian companies sell to West, e.g. Bollywood / Samsung
    • Companies trade on stock exchanges (increases / decreases the value of a company)
    • Key ones used to be New York (Nasdaq, NYSE). London (FTSE), Tokyo
    • Now this includes: Shanghai / Hong Kong / Bombay
    • International Agencies
    • After World War, America helped Europe recover its domestic economies, to strengthen them against Communist Eastern Europe.
    • Currencies were matched to the US, a system which eventually collapsed. Now we have floating currency exchange rates.
    • All the money floating around the world is regulated by
    • WTO - governs trade, sets and enforces rules / punishes offenders, e.g. arguments over bananas etc.
    • IMF - helps establish international money cooperation / transactions / currency and exchange, in order to encourage high employment and temporary financial assistance to countries in debt.
    • World Bank - there to promote economic growth in developing countries / reduce poverty
  • How has each affected globalisation?
    • The world’s rich tend to employ the world’s poor
    • Multinational companies are more powerful than national government
    • New e- and I-services are available, e.g. Facebook / I-Tunes
    • Capitalism has spread into former communist countries
    • Free markets have spread
    • National industries must compete with Trans-National corporations
    • Some firms have been unionised to protect workers
    • Most investment in many countries is FDI - i.e. foreign TNCs
    • Fair Trade has increased it competition against global food corporations
    • 1m people a year left Europe after 1900
    • International capital flows recovered to pre-war in 1990s
    • Governments are fussier abut immigration
    • Domestic Football teams can be made up of foreign talent
    • Migrant workers can have more than 1 vote in the EU
    Is each POSITIVE or NEGATIVE?
  • How has each affected globalisation?
    • The world’s rich tend to employ the world’s poor
    • Multinational companies are more powerful than national government
    • New e- and I-services are available, e.g. Facebook / I-Tunes
    • Capitalism has spread into former communist countries
    • Free markets have spread
    • National industries must compete with Trans-National corporations
    • Some firms have been unionised to protect workers
    • Most investment in many countries is FDI - i.e. foreign TNCs
    • Fair Trade has increased it competition against global food corporations
    • 1m people a year left Europe after 1900
    • International capital flows recovered to pre-war in 1990s
    • Governments are fussier abut immigration
    • Domestic Football teams can be made up of foreign talent
    • Migrant workers can have more than 1 vote in the EU
    Is each POSITIVE or NEGATIVE?
  • What are the impacts of globalisation on population? How are these factors linked to globalisation?
  • What is happening to the world’s population?
  • Factors affecting the population of a place Birth Rates – the number of births per thousand people, per year in a region. Death Rates – the number of deaths per thousand people, per year in a region. Migration – the movement of people from one region to another. natural decrease Difference between birth and death rates
  • Globalisation can have an impact on natural increase – A growing economy is often linked to a decrease in death rates as medical care, nutrition, education and sanitation improve. There is also often a decrease in birth rates as people become more aware of family planning and the status of women starts to rise, with more women wanting to go out to work.
    • either by natural change or migration
    Population growth/ change natural increase If births exceed deaths population increases- if deaths exceed births there is a natural decrease net migration gain When more people immigrate than emigrate net migration loss When more people emigrate than immigrate
  • Effect of globalisation on net migration
    • Migration changes can lead to either a fall or rise in population.
    • A net Migration gain occurs when more people immigrate than emigrate.
    • A net Migration loss occurs when more people emigrate than immigrate.
    • The movement of people has led to a globalisation of population with diverse populations made up of many different beliefs, cultures and mixed societies.
    • Migration is largely dependent on a combination of push and pull factors. However it is also largely dependent on the barriers facing a migrant known as ‘intervening obstacles.’ Examples include:
    • Social obstacles e.g. family ties back home.
    • Economic obstacles e.g. The cost of setting up a new home.
    • Lack of information about destination e.g. Where to stay upon arrival.
    • Intervening opportunities e.g. Get distracted along the way (E.G. Poles migrating to Ireland pass through London on route and instead settle there.)
  • Main effects of globalisation on population are:
    • Rural to urban migration in developing nations like China
    • Outsourcing of jobs (AND SKILLED MIGRANTS) from countries like UK to counties like India
    • Globalisation of terror- tighter controls on US, UK borders (reduction in immigrants)
    • Increasing foreign investments- more workers worldwide
    • Increased awareness and knowledge of wealthier countries reaching more rural poor (as they receive technology)
  • Factors affecting migration
    • Push and Pull factors- The factors which cause people to move can be divided into two groups.
    • Push factors encourage people to leave their home area.
    • Pull factors attract people into an area.
    war and political conflict hazard free areas (UK) freedom of speech
  • Lee’s Migration Model PUSH PULL DESTINATION ORIGIN INTERVENING OBSTACLES MIGRATION POSITIVE FACTORS NEGATIVE FACTORS NEUTRAL FACTORS Lee's Intervening obstacles
  • The migration world according to LEE
    • Every place has attributes perceived by different people in different ways
    • Intervening obstacles need to be overcome for migration to occur
    • E.g. social obstacles- your family remain, you cannot read or wire
    • Economic obstacles- cannot afford to set up new home
    • Lack of info about destination
    • Intervening opps and places- people may migrate in stages e.g. settle in a place en route but stay because they like it or cannot afford to move on again
  •  
  • Fluctuates- moves between
  • Fluctuates- moves between
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  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Task
    • Stick your copy of the DTM into your notes
    • Fill in the blank are of the table with information about how globalisation links to changes at each stage
  • Population 1850
  • Population 1900
  • Population 1960
  • Population 2050
  • Population 2300
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  •  
  •  
  • How does Migration link to Globalisation?
  • Population distribution
    • All continents are experiencing population growth
    • Africa and Asia at fast rate
    • North America and Europe at slow rate
  • Main effects of globalisation on population are:
    • Rural to urban migration in developing nations like China
    • Outsourcing of jobs (AND SKILLED MIGRANTS) from countries like UK to counties like India
    • Globalisation of terror- tighter controls on US, UK borders (reduction in immigrants)
    • Increasing foreign investments- more workers worldwide
    • Increased awareness and knowledge of wealthier countries reaching more rural poor (as they receive technology)
  • Population growth/ change