Dating Egyptian literary texts:
     lexical approaches

       Simon D. Schweitzer
   BBAW, Altägyptisches Wörterbuch
Concept of the life span
Timeline --------------------------------------------->
Word 1          -------------------------...
Merikare E 106-107: agsw
Khakheperreseneb: qdf
DZA & TLA



            TLA




            DZA
Khakheperreseneb:
         life span of rare words
• Middle Kingdom – New Kingdom (or later):
  wjn, “to push aside; to re...
Five problems
1.   Significance
2.   Frequency
3.   Change
4.   Accident of preservation
5.   Transmission of text
Sinuhe: nw   ym


                  B


                  AOS
Ptahhotep § 117: kAU   nkA
Khety: wtc#f wäA#f   wäA#f wäA#j
pNebseni, BD 10
pJuja,
BD 10
Principles for a lexical dating
                method

• Use all words!
• Note the frequency!
• Neglect the life span!
3 documents
• A: I am in the house. You are outside the
  house.

• B: This house is green.

• C: John eats the cake.
Indexing
• A: I am in the house. You are outside the house.




• Index: I, be, in, the, house, you, outside
General index
• I, be, in, the, house, you, outside, this,
  green, John, eat, cake
Document vector
• I, be, in, the, house, you, outside, this, green, John, eat, cake




• (1|2|1|2|2|1|1|0|0|0|0|0)



• I...
Document vector
• I, be, in, the, house, you, outside, this, green, John, eat, cake




• (0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|1)



• C...
Distances between document
          vectors
Hierarchical clustering
Nile
Merikare   Eloquent   Hymn
           Peasant
Man for his
Man for his   Son: only
   Son:        §§ 9ff.
 remaining
manuscripts
Teaching   Teaching
   &          &
  Tale      Hymn
Sinuhe
Kemit
Fishing, Amenemhat, Mythological
Papyrus Moscow, Khakheperreseneb,
 Shipwrecked Sailor, Man and his Ba
Merikare,
   Ptahhotep,
Eloquent Peasant
Khety
Juru, a Kemit manuscript,
  Ashmolean Wisdom, Middle
Kingdom tale of Horus and Seth,
           Hordjedef
Khety, Man for his Son,
pRamesseum II, Sasobek
Loyalist
Teaching
Khety, Man for his Son, UC
  32157, Hay, Neferkare
Nile
Hymn
Man for his Son
Loyalist
Teaching
Herdsman,
 Sporting
   King
Kagemni, DeM 1675,
Ptahhotep C, Sinuhe L, Westcar,
     Admonitions, Neferty
Merikare,
   Ptahhotep,
Eloquent Peasant
Ptahhotep,
 Merikare,
 Eloquent
 Peasant
Ptahhotep,
  Merikare,
  Eloquent
Peasant, etc.
Kagemni, DeM 1675,
Ptahhotep C, Sinuhe L, Westcar,
     Admonitions, Neferty
Kagemni, Westcar, Admonitions, Neferty
Kagemni, Ptahhotep C




 Westcar, Admonitions, Neferty
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches
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Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches

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Vortrag auf der Tagung "Dating Egyptian Literary Texts" (Göttingen, 9.-12. Juni 2010)

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Dating Egyptian Literary Texts: Lexical Approaches

  1. 1. Dating Egyptian literary texts: lexical approaches Simon D. Schweitzer BBAW, Altägyptisches Wörterbuch
  2. 2. Concept of the life span Timeline ---------------------------------------------> Word 1 -------------------------------------- Word 2 --------------------------- Word 3 ------------------------- Word 4 --------------------------- Word 5 ----------------------- Text ********
  3. 3. Merikare E 106-107: agsw
  4. 4. Khakheperreseneb: qdf
  5. 5. DZA & TLA TLA DZA
  6. 6. Khakheperreseneb: life span of rare words • Middle Kingdom – New Kingdom (or later): wjn, “to push aside; to reject”; vAbb, “crookedness”; sfn, “to afflict” 3 • Only New Kingdom (or later): nkA, “to think about”; cpp, “strange”; snf, “last year”; qdf, “to gather” 4 • Middle Kingdom stela & Admonitions: jrt.w, “distress” 1
  7. 7. Five problems 1. Significance 2. Frequency 3. Change 4. Accident of preservation 5. Transmission of text
  8. 8. Sinuhe: nw ym B AOS
  9. 9. Ptahhotep § 117: kAU nkA
  10. 10. Khety: wtc#f wäA#f wäA#f wäA#j
  11. 11. pNebseni, BD 10 pJuja, BD 10
  12. 12. Principles for a lexical dating method • Use all words! • Note the frequency! • Neglect the life span!
  13. 13. 3 documents • A: I am in the house. You are outside the house. • B: This house is green. • C: John eats the cake.
  14. 14. Indexing • A: I am in the house. You are outside the house. • Index: I, be, in, the, house, you, outside
  15. 15. General index • I, be, in, the, house, you, outside, this, green, John, eat, cake
  16. 16. Document vector • I, be, in, the, house, you, outside, this, green, John, eat, cake • (1|2|1|2|2|1|1|0|0|0|0|0) • I am in the house. You are outside the house.
  17. 17. Document vector • I, be, in, the, house, you, outside, this, green, John, eat, cake • (0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|0|1) • Cake Cakes
  18. 18. Distances between document vectors
  19. 19. Hierarchical clustering
  20. 20. Nile Merikare Eloquent Hymn Peasant
  21. 21. Man for his Man for his Son: only Son: §§ 9ff. remaining manuscripts
  22. 22. Teaching Teaching & & Tale Hymn
  23. 23. Sinuhe
  24. 24. Kemit
  25. 25. Fishing, Amenemhat, Mythological Papyrus Moscow, Khakheperreseneb, Shipwrecked Sailor, Man and his Ba
  26. 26. Merikare, Ptahhotep, Eloquent Peasant
  27. 27. Khety
  28. 28. Juru, a Kemit manuscript, Ashmolean Wisdom, Middle Kingdom tale of Horus and Seth, Hordjedef
  29. 29. Khety, Man for his Son, pRamesseum II, Sasobek
  30. 30. Loyalist Teaching
  31. 31. Khety, Man for his Son, UC 32157, Hay, Neferkare
  32. 32. Nile Hymn
  33. 33. Man for his Son
  34. 34. Loyalist Teaching
  35. 35. Herdsman, Sporting King
  36. 36. Kagemni, DeM 1675, Ptahhotep C, Sinuhe L, Westcar, Admonitions, Neferty
  37. 37. Merikare, Ptahhotep, Eloquent Peasant
  38. 38. Ptahhotep, Merikare, Eloquent Peasant
  39. 39. Ptahhotep, Merikare, Eloquent Peasant, etc.
  40. 40. Kagemni, DeM 1675, Ptahhotep C, Sinuhe L, Westcar, Admonitions, Neferty
  41. 41. Kagemni, Westcar, Admonitions, Neferty
  42. 42. Kagemni, Ptahhotep C Westcar, Admonitions, Neferty

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