Dimensions of health

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Dimensions of health

  1. 1. DIMENSIONS OF HEALTHDIMENSIONS OF HEALTH BYBY DR.GAURAV N PARMARDR.GAURAV N PARMAR CERTIFYING SERGEONCERTIFYING SERGEON M.B.B.S , A.F.I.H , L.L.BM.B.B.S , A.F.I.H , L.L.B KAPS HOSPITAL.KAPS HOSPITAL.
  2. 2. • DefinitionDefinition:” Health is a state of complete:” Health is a state of complete physical, mental, social & spiritualphysical, mental, social & spiritual wellbeing and not merely an absence ofwellbeing and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.”disease or infirmity.” • Dimensions of Health:Dimensions of Health: • Health is multidimensional. (Holistic)Health is multidimensional. (Holistic) Health- a sound mind, in a, sound body, inHealth- a sound mind, in a, sound body, in sound family, in sound environment.sound family, in sound environment. Holistic. (whole) Approach.Holistic. (whole) Approach. • 4 Dimensions:4 Dimensions: • (1) Physical Dimension: The state of(1) Physical Dimension: The state of physical health means -physical health means - • ””perfect functioning” of the body.perfect functioning” of the body.
  3. 3. • Physically healthy person has normalPhysically healthy person has normal anatomical & physiological state of variousanatomical & physiological state of various systems such as CVS, RS, Digestivesystems such as CVS, RS, Digestive system & Endocrine system etc.system & Endocrine system etc. • The P.R , B.P, R.R & Body weight etc.The P.R , B.P, R.R & Body weight etc. within normal limit as per one’s age, sex &within normal limit as per one’s age, sex & height.height. • The signs of physical health are: “a goodThe signs of physical health are: “a good complexion, clean skin, bright eyes,complexion, clean skin, bright eyes, lustrous hair with a body well clothed, notlustrous hair with a body well clothed, not too fat, a sweet breath, a good appetite,too fat, a sweet breath, a good appetite, sound sleep, regular activity of bowels &sound sleep, regular activity of bowels & bladder & smooth , easy, coordinatedbladder & smooth , easy, coordinated bodily movements.bodily movements.
  4. 4. • Evaluation of physical Health:Evaluation of physical Health: AssessmentAssessment of normal physical Health.of normal physical Health. • Inquiry in toInquiry in to - Height & weight.- Height & weight. • symptoms of ill health - CVS,RS,AS,CNSsymptoms of ill health - CVS,RS,AS,CNS etc., medication, physical exercise, use ofetc., medication, physical exercise, use of medical services.medical services. -Nutrition assessment .-Nutrition assessment . -clinical examination-clinical examination -Biochemical & laboratory investigation.-Biochemical & laboratory investigation.
  5. 5. • Mental Dimension :Mental Dimension : It is an importantIt is an important dimension of health, because healthydimension of health, because healthy mind has the healthy body.mind has the healthy body. • Mental health is not only absence ofMental health is not only absence of mental disease (psychological) but themental disease (psychological) but the balanced development of individual’sbalanced development of individual’s personality & emotional attitudes .personality & emotional attitudes . • A mentally healthy person is able toA mentally healthy person is able to maintain stability of mind in the midst ofmaintain stability of mind in the midst of adverse circumstances.adverse circumstances.
  6. 6. • More than 80% diseases are due toMore than 80% diseases are due to mental tension -mental tension - • mental stress related disordersmental stress related disorders • what is stress ?what is stress ? • psychologists have mentioned thepsychologists have mentioned the following characteristics of a mentallyfollowing characteristics of a mentally healthy person.healthy person. • (1) A mentally healthy person is free from(1) A mentally healthy person is free from internal conflicts.internal conflicts.
  7. 7. • (2). He is well-adjusted. He accepts(2). He is well-adjusted. He accepts criticism & is not easily upset.criticism & is not easily upset. • (3) He searches for identity.(3) He searches for identity. • (4) He has a strong sense of self-esteem.(4) He has a strong sense of self-esteem. • (5) He knows himself - his needs -(5) He knows himself - his needs - problems & goals.problems & goals. • (6) He has good self control -balances of(6) He has good self control -balances of rationality & emotionality .rationality & emotionality . • (7)He faces problems & tries to solve(7)He faces problems & tries to solve them intelligently i.e. Coping withthem intelligently i.e. Coping with stress &stress & anxiety.anxiety.
  8. 8. • (3) social dimension(3) social dimension • Social well – being means harmonySocial well – being means harmony between individual & society.between individual & society. • Man is a social animal.Man is a social animal. • He needs constant love & support of hisHe needs constant love & support of his fellowmen.fellowmen. • At the same time a person has to learn toAt the same time a person has to learn to love people because harmony in family &love people because harmony in family & society is essential for health.society is essential for health. • In order to create an atmosphere ofIn order to create an atmosphere of peace, love & harmony, one’s social lifepeace, love & harmony, one’s social life must also becomes healthy.must also becomes healthy.
  9. 9. • social medicinesocial medicine - study of man as a social- study of man as a social human being in his total environment.human being in his total environment. • There are social factor for etiology ofThere are social factor for etiology of diseases.diseases. • T.B. is a social disease.T.B. is a social disease. • Alcoholism is a social disease.Alcoholism is a social disease. • social therapy for social disease.social therapy for social disease.
  10. 10. •(4) spiritual dimension(4) spiritual dimension: It is the basis of all: It is the basis of all health. Because healthy soul has thehealth. Because healthy soul has the healthy mind & healthy mind has the body &healthy mind & healthy mind has the body & happy social life.happy social life. •spiritual health brings mental peace,spiritual health brings mental peace, harmony, happiness & positive health.harmony, happiness & positive health. •The fundamental understanding about soulThe fundamental understanding about soul & supreme soul, which is essential for the& supreme soul, which is essential for the healthy spiritual dimension.healthy spiritual dimension.
  11. 11. Spiritual health consists of two aspectsSpiritual health consists of two aspects.. 1.1.To know yourself- the need to explore theTo know yourself- the need to explore the inner depths of one’s own selfinner depths of one’s own self 2.2. Our contribution to the society.Our contribution to the society. Because only when we are well aware ofBecause only when we are well aware of our own self–value- i.e our principles ,our own self–value- i.e our principles , ethics, mission , purpose in life etc.ethics, mission , purpose in life etc. •we are able to contribute something to thewe are able to contribute something to the welfare of mankind, we feel real innerwelfare of mankind, we feel real inner peace.peace.

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