The United Nations General Assembly (decision 61/203) has proclaimed 2010 as the International Year of Biodiversity. This year coincides with the 2010 Biodiversity Target adopted by the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity and by Heads of State and government at the World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. The UN identified the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) as focal point for the Year... and, on behalf of the Secretariat, I welcome you into the International Year of Biodiversity.
In decision VI/26, the Conference of the Parties (COP) adopted the Strategic Plan for the CBD. In the Plan's mission statement, Parties committed themselves to a more effective and coherent implementation of the three objectives of the Convention, to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global, regional and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth. The 2010 Biodiversity Target was subsequently endorsed by the World Summit on Sustainable Development and the United Nations General Assembly at the 2005 World Summit. The Summit also highlighted the essential role of biodiversity in meeting the Millennium Development Goals, especially the targets to halve the incidence of poverty and hunger by 2015. It recognized that the Convention is the key international instrument on biodiversity. Unfortunately it seems that the 2010 Target will not be reached on time, but there are good news…
Through the International Year of Biodiversity 2010 we hope to reflect the goals of organizations working all over the world to safeguard biodiversity. As such, the objectives of the International Year of Biodiversity 2010 are as follows: Enhance public awareness of the importance of safeguarding biodiversity and of the underlying threats to biodiversity. Raise awareness of the accomplishments to save biodiversity that have already been realized by communities and governments. Encourage individuals, organizations and governments to take the immediate steps needed to halt the loss of biodiversity. Promote innovative solutions to reduce the threats to biodiversity. Start dialogue between stakeholders for the steps to be taken in the post-2010 period.
Talking about biodiversity isn’t easy. It is a complex, scientific subject that encompasses everything and everyone. However, biodiversity is also an inspiring and exciting story – it is the story of life and the systems that sustain it. If we want to motivate people around the world to take action to safeguard biodiversity, we need to help them discover the amazing connections between themselves and the world around them, and then realize the consequences of biodiversity loss as well as the huge benefits we will all share if we conserve and use it sustainably. Excitement, opportunity, optimism, urgency This is a real challenge, and we need to get our communications just right in order to succeed. It is vital that our communications.... ...create excitement around the discovery that people are part of nature and intertwined with biodiversity. ...highlight the huge opportunity we are presented with, to safeguard biodiversity and create better lives for us all. ...create a strong sense of optimism that it’s not too late to act, and that together we can make a huge difference. ...are honest about the urgency of the challenge. Now is the time for action. What our messages do Our messages are designed to lay the foundations for your call to action. They aim to do this by following these objectives: Remove the perception that people are disconnected from biodiversity. Raise awareness of the threats of biodiversity loss and the benefits of safeguarding it. Promote a sense of urgency for action to halt the loss of biodiversity, and encourage people to act now. What the partner’s messages need to do Using the International Year of Biodiversity 2010 messages as a foundation, your messages should do the following: Urge your target audiences to take action. Provide a list of specific actions they can take to safeguard biodiversity in your area. Provide guidance for how to take action.
The International Year of Biodiversity conveys three key messages: • Biodiversity is important for the well-being of all humans on the planet. Without such diversity we would all be poorer, in economic, social and cultural terms. • The current rate of loss of biodiversity is severe. We are losing species at a rate that is by some accounts up to 100 times the natural rate of extinction. Each disappearance weakens the ability of ecosystems to provide valuable services to us. Each disappearance means the permanent loss of something precious and unique. • There is no time to wait. We need to work together in our own lives, but also as communities, national and global citizens to halt this loss of biodiversity. The good news is that some have already started: -There are examples of people who are working together to save biodiversity and to reduce the impact of human activities on the web of life. Their successes point the way to the future. -The global scientific community is already mobilized to provide the knowledge and tools that can help others to save biodiversity. -National and global leaders have expressed their willingness to talk to each other and set in place the policies needed to halt biodiversity loss, even if it will be realized after 2010. Additional notes: These messages are drawn from Global Biodiversity Outlook 3. The Secretariat will create global level messages, which can be adjusted for local audiences.
World Environment Day, 2010
World Environment Day 2010NCPC
Contents• What is environment?• About WED (World Environment Day)• Our main environmental problems!• WED 2010 (Theme… which & why?)• What is Biodiversity?• What do we get from biodiversity?• Threats to biodiversity!• How are we facing biodiversity loss?• Goals, message & strategy• Conclusion
What is Environment ?Environment means Surroundings.
About World Environment Day• Commemorated on 5 June since 1972, WED is one of the principal vehicles through which the UN stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment and encourages political attention and action.• The World Environment Day theme selected for 2010 is BIODIVERSITY and the slogan is MANY SPECIES, ONE PLANET, ONE FUTURE.• World Environment Day (WED) 2010 is aimed to be the biggest, most widely celebrated, global day for positive, environmental action.
What are our Main Environmental Problems?• Environmental problems can generally be grouped into three categories: 1. Resource Depletion 2. Pollution 3. Loss of Biodiversity
WED 2010 WHY THIS THEME?• Humans are among only a handful of species whose populations are growing, while most animals and plants are becoming rarer and fewer.• It echoes the urgent call to conserve the diversity of life on our planet. A world without biodiversity is a very bleak prospect. Millions of people and millions of species all share the same planet, and only together can we enjoy a safer and more prosperous future.
Many Species. One Planet. One Future• Did you know that you are one in a million? Or more precisely, one of millions on this wondrous planet - anywhere in fact between an estimated 5 million to 100 million species.• A total of 17,291 species are known to be threatened with extinction – from little-known plants and insects to charismatic birds and mammals. This is just the tip of the iceberg; many species disappear before they are even discovered.
BiodiversityWhat does “Diversity” mean? Diversity = Variety
WHAT ACTUALLY BIODIVERSITY IS?•Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth and theessential interdependence of all living things.• Scientists have identified more than 2 million species.Tens of millions -- remain unknown.•The tremendous variety of life on Earth is madepossible by complex interactions among all living thingsincluding microscopic species like algae and mites.
There are 3 components of biodiversity1. Diversity of genes Chihuahuas, beagles, and huskies are all dogs— but theyre not the same because their genes are different. Chihuahua Beagle Huskies
There are 3 components of biodiversity2. Diversity of species For example, monkeys, dragonflies, and meadow beauties are all different species. Saki Monkey Golden Skimmer Meadow Beauty
There are 3 components of biodiversity3. Variety of ecosystems Prairies, Ponds, and tropical rain forests are all ecosystems. Each one is different, with its own set of species living in it. Paines Prairie Florida Sand hill Pond Hoh Rain Forest
What do we get from biodiversity? Biodiversity is one of Earth’s greatest natural resources. When biodiversity is lost, significant value to the biosphere and to humanity may be lost along with it. Biodiversity’s benefits to society include contributions to• Oxygen• Food• Clean Water• Medicine• Aesthetics• Medicine• Agriculture services
Should we be concerned about biodiversity?What we know: The Earth is losing species at an alarming rate!• Some scientists estimate that as many as 3 species per hour are going extinct and 20,000 extinctions occur each year.• when species of plants and animals go extinct, many other species are affected.
Threats to biodiversity Habitat destruction Pollution Species Introductions Global Climate Change Exploitation
2010 Biodiversity Target“To achieve, by 2010, a significant reductionof the current rate of biodiversity loss at theglobal, regional and national level, as acontribution to poverty alleviation and to thebenefit of all life on Earth”
What factors lead to biodiversity loss?• Land use change• Climate change• Invasive species• Overexploitation• Pollution• Changes in human population
Goals• Raise awareness of: – How biodiversity is important for our lives – What people have already done to save biodiversity• Promote new and novel ways to safeguard biodiversity• Encourage people to take immediate steps to reduce the rate of loss of biodiversity• Initiate dialogue on steps for the post- 2010 period
Communications Campaign• Create excitement around the discovery that people are part of nature• Highlight the huge opportunity we are presented with in the International Year of Biodiversity• Create a strong sense of optimism that it is not too late to act• Be honest about the urgency of the challenge. NOW is the time to act.
MAIN MESSAGES• Biodiversity is important for human well-being• The current rate of biodiversity loss is severe, by some accounts up to 100 times the natural rate of extinction• We need to work together to halt this loss. Many “success stories” point the way to the future
Strategy• Provide a global message which offers partners the chance to highlight their work and activities• Create information products that highlight success stories and the work of the Convention• Take advantage of existing international and national events to promote the biodiversity agenda to new audiences and mobilise their support
Conserving Biodiversity Protecting biodiversity often demands that individuals change their habits or the way they earn their living. It is often helpful to offer some reward or incentive to the people or communities involved.• The United States government, for example, has offered tax credits to people who’ve installed solar panels or bought hybrid cars.• Many communities in Africa, Central America, and Southeast Asia have set aside land for national parks and nature reserves, like Thailand’s Elephant Nature Park, to attract tourist dollars.• In some Australian communities, farmers were paid to plant trees along rivers and streams as part of wildlife corridors connecting forest fragments.
Conserving Biodiversity (CONTD..)• The use of carbon credits is one strategy aimed at encouraging industries to cut fossil fuels use.• Companies are allowed to release a certain amount of carbon into the environment. Any unused carbon may be sold back at a set market value or traded to other companies.• This strategy encourages industries to pay for lower-emission machinery and to adopt carbon-saving practices.