My Visit to
2nd to 9th November
The Kingdom of Nepal is a landlocked country situated
between India and China's Tibetan Autonomous region.
The Himalayas fall within the country's boundaries, thus
Nepal is well known for its mountainous and hilly
Nepal is home to the magnificent Mount Everest, the
world's tallest mountain. - enchanting Kanchenjunga peak
awesome Dhaulagiri range and breath taking Annapurna
The fascinating geography of Nepal contributes greatly to
the country's wonder and touristic appeal.
Seven of the world's above eight
thousand meter peaks are in Nepal or on
its border with China: Lhotse, Makalu, Cho
Oyu, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna
Nepal is one of the richest
countries in the world in terms of
bio- diversity due to its unique
geographical position and
altitudinal variations .The
elevation of the country ranges from
60m above sea level to the highest
point in the earth, Mt Everest at
Situated between Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the north and India in the South, East and
Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Nepali is the official language of Nepal. However, English is understood and spoken by majority of people in Kathmandu
valley and other major cities.
5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time
Main religion in Nepal is Hinduism. However Buddhism, Islam and Christian religions are followed by some people. All
religions even in minority have co-existed amicably in Nepal for ages.
Climate ranges from Tropical in the lowlands to arctic higher altitudes
June to August. However, most of the northern belts of Trans-Himalayan Zones are in the rain-shadow which provides rain
From the worlds deepest gorge ‘Kaligandaki to Mt. Everest, the highest point on earth.
• From the highest mountain in the
world to dense forests that are home
to a rich and wide variety of
wildlife and fauna, within this
spectacular geography is also one of
the richest cultural landscapes
• Nepal is also home to a rich cultural
heritage and it offers an astonishing
diversity of sightseeing attractions
and adventure opportunities like
trekking and mountaineering found
nowhere else on earth.
What is Nepal ?
• Nepal's acronym of Never Ending Peace And
Love, does well to characterize this small
nation of good natured and accommodating
• Land of majestic Himalayan scenery
comprising eight of the world's ten highest
mountains, including Mt Everest.
• Country filled with many different ethnic
groups, customs and traditions reflected in a
wonderfully diverse geography.
What is special about Nepal
? the world (Everest-8848m)
• The highest mountain peak in
• The deepest river gorge in the world (Kali Gandaki
• The birthplace of Lord Buddha (Lumbini)
• The Living Goddess (Kumari) who is worshipped and
taken in a chariot procession annually
• Tradition of goat sacrifice is still continued
• The non-rectangular flag.
• The best place in the world to study Tibetan Buddhism
• The largest selection of books on the Himalayas
• Largest museum of mountaineering
• Kathmandu the capital city with as many idols as men
and as many temples as houses
• A hotel in Everest National park at an altitude of
3870m, claimed to be the highest hotel in the world
(Hotel Everest View)
What is special about Nepal ?
• Is also one of the world’s great trekking paradise
and probably the finest country in the world for
• Contains one of the ten best rivers in the world
• It has such a concentration of art, culture and
tradition in the Kathmandu valley which cannot
be found anywhere else in the world
• Is one of the few countries of the world where
you can see one horned Rhinos
• Great elephant breeding centre
Wonderful Nepal !
Nepal-occupying only 0.1% of the earth is home to
• 2% of all the flowering plants in the world.
• 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than
• 4% of mammals on earth
• 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more
than 500 species)
• 600 indigenous plant families
• 319 species of exotic orchids
Seasons in Nepal
Nepal has four major seasons
• Winter ( December – February)
• Spring ( March – May)
• Summer (June – August)
• Autumn (September – November)
• Kathmandu is the capital and, with close to
one million inhabitants, the largest
metropolitan city of Nepal.
• The city is the urban core of the Kathmandu
Valley in the Himalayas, which contains two
sister cities: Lalitpur (Patan)and Bhaktapur
• The city stands at an elevation of approximately
1,400 meters (4,600 ft) in the bowl-shaped valley
in central Nepal surrounded
• Kathmandu, as the gateway to Nepal Tourism, is
the nerve centre of the country’s economy. With
the most advanced infrastructure among urban
areas in Nepal, Kathmandu's economy is tourism
centric accounting for 3.8% of the GDP in 1995–
• Kathmandu was ruled by Licchavis and Mallas.
The city grew largely during this time. Most of
the historic temples, monasteries and
buildings were built during this era. The city
served as an important transit point in the
trans-Himalayan trade between India and
• Durbar Square
• Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a conglomeration of
pagoda and shikhara-style temples grouped around a
fifty-five window palace of brick and wood. The square
is one of the most charming architectural showpieces
of the Valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal.
The golden effigies of the kings perched on the top of
stone monoliths, the guardian deities looking out from
their sanctuaries, the wood carvings in every place struts, lintels, uprights, tympanums, gateways and
windows all seem to form a well-orchestrated
symphony. The main items of interest in the Durbar
• The Golden Gate: The Golden Gate is said to be the most
beautiful and richly molded specimen of its kind in the
entire world. The door is surmounted by a figure of the
goddess Kali and Garuda (mythical man-bird) and attended
by two heavenly nymphs. It is also embellished with
monsters and other mythical creatures of marvellous
intricacy. In the words of Percy Brown, an eminent English
art critic and historian, the Golden Gate is "the most lovely
piece of art in the whole Kingdom; it is placed like a jewel,
flashing innumerable facets in the handsome setting of its
surroundings." The gate was erected by King Ranjit Malla
and is the entrance to the main courtyard of the palace of
The Lion Gate: Dating as far back as 1696
A.D., this gate is guarded on either side by
two huge statues of lions. Alongside there are
two stone images of Bhairav (the dreadful
aspect of Shiva) and Ugrachandi (the consort
of Shiva in her fearful manifestation).
• The Palace of Fifty-five Windows: This magnificent
Palace was built during the reign of King Yaksha Malla
in 1427 A.D., and was subsequently remodelled by King
Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeenth century. Among
the brick walls, with their gracious setting and
sculptural design, is a balcony of fifty-five windows,
considered to be a unique masterpiece of
• The Picture Gallery: The Picture Gallery is of
considerable value which contains ancient paintings
belonging to the Hindu and Buddhist Tantrism of
various periods and descriptions. This gallery is open
everyday except Tuesday.
• The Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla: This statue showing King
Bhupatindra Maila in the act of worship, can be seen placed on a
column facing the palace. Of the square's many statues, this is
considered to be the most magnificent.
• Batsala Temple: The stone temple of Batsala Devi depicts many
intricate carvings; however, it is most famous for its bronze bell,
known to local residents as "the bell-of barking dogs," as when it is
rung, all dogs in the vicinity begin barking and howling! The colossal
bell was hung by King Ranjit Malla in 1737 A.D. and was used to
sound the daily curfew. It is nowadays rung every morning when
goddess Taleju is worshipped.
• The Pashupati Temple: This temple is a replica of the famous
temple by the Bagmati river in Kathmandu and is widely noted for
the erotic carvings on its struts. 11 was built by King Yakshya
• Pashupatinath Temple is one of the most sacred Hindu
temples of Lord Shiva in the world, located on the
banks of the Baghmati River in the eastern part of
Kathmandu, The temple is served as the seat of the
national deity, Lord Pashupatinath, Nepal is a secular
Hindu country .
• The temple is listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites
list. The temple is one of the 275 Paadal Petra
Thalamus Hindus alone are allowed to enter the
temple premises. Non-Hindu visitors are allowed to
have a look at the temple from the other bank of
• Pashupati Temple stands in the center of the town of
Deopatan, in the middle of an open courtyard. It is a
square, two-tiered pagoda temple built on a single-tier
plinth, and it stands 23.6 meters above the ground.
Richly ornamented gilt and silver-plated doors are on
• On both sides of each door are niches of various sizes
containing gold-painted images of guardian deities.
Inside the temple itself is a narrow ambulatory around
the sanctum. The sanctum contains a one-meter high
linga with four faces (chaturmukha) representing
Pashupati, as well as images of Vishnu, Surya, Devi and
• The Bagmati River, which runs next to Pashaputinath
Temple, has highly sacred RIVER. The river banks are
lined with many ghats for use by pilgrims
• Arya Ghat, dating from the early 1900s, is of special
importance because it is the only place where lustral
water for Pashupatinath Temple can be obtained and it
is where members of the royal family are cremated.
The main cremation site is Bhasmeshvar Ghat
• The separate bathing spot for women is the Gauri
The Swayambhunath complex consists of a stupa, a variety of
shrines and temples, some dating back to the Licchavi period. A
Tibetan monastery, museum and library are more recent additions.
The stupa has Buddha's eyes and eyebrows painted on. Between
them, there is something painted which looks like the nose - but is
the Nepali symbol of 'unity.
There are also shops, restaurants and hostels. The site has two
access points: a long stairway, claimed to have 365 steps, leading
directly to the main platform of the temple, which is from the top
of the hill to the east
• Lumbinī is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in
Nepal. It is the place where Queen Mayadevi
gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who as the
Buddha Gautama founded the Baudh Dharma.
• The Buddha lived between roughly 563 and
483 BCE. Lumbini is one of four magnets for
pilgrimage that sprang up in places pivotal to
the life of the Buddha, the others being at
Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Sarnath.
• Lumbini is located 25 km east of Kapilavastu,
in Nepal; where the Buddha lived until the age
• Lumbini has a number of temples, including
the Mayadevi temple, Also located here is the
Puskarini or Holy Pond where the Buddha's
mother took the ritual dip prior to his birth
and where he, too, had his first bath, as well
as the remains of Kapilvastu palace.
• Pokhara is one of the most popular tourist
destinations in Nepal. Three out of the ten
highest mountains in the world are situated
within 50 miles (linear distance) of the city so
that the northern skyline of the city offers a
very close view of the Himalayas. Due to its
proximity to the Annapurna mountain range
the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking
the Annapurna Circuit
Pokhara is quite a modern city,
however, many medieval era temples
and old newari houses are still a part
of the The modern commercial city
centres at Chipledhunga (slippery
stone, which is still there) and
Mahendrapul (recently renamed as
• On the way from Pokhra to Kathmandu
beautiful temple called Vindhyavasini is
• There are caves also around the temples
• Since the 17th century Manakamana Devi has
been widely venerated all over the Nepal
because of the belief that she fulfills all
• Manakamana is one of the most popular
temples in Nepal for animal sacrifices. The
ruling goddess, Bhagwati, is believed to grant
wishes in exchange for prayer and animal
Cable car system
• The temple can be visited by Cable car system
which is the longest in Asia.
• It takes 15 minutes to reach atop.
• The ride in cable car is very exhilarating to
enjoy beautiful mountains and river Trisuli
• The return fare of cable car is 250 Rs.
• One of the largest mountaineering museum of
the world is situated near Pokhra
• Let us look at the museum
• The museum is dedicated to those
mountaineers who lost their lives while
exploring the mysteries of nature
Chitvan National Park
• Chitwan National Park is the first national
park in Nepal. Formerly called Royal Chitwan
National Park it was established in 1973 and
granted the status of a World Heritage Site in
1984. It covers an area of 932 km2 and is
located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands
of south-central Nepal in the Chitwan District.
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