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Remaking of Mumbai

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We plan to re-create Mumbai, India as the world's most fantastic city. The idea is to spread the word - probably raise support for the concept. Visit us on romf.org to read more.

We plan to re-create Mumbai, India as the world's most fantastic city. The idea is to spread the word - probably raise support for the concept. Visit us on romf.org to read more.

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    Remaking of Mumbai Remaking of Mumbai Presentation Transcript

    • Remaking of Mumbai Federation
      www.romf.orgremakingofmumbai@gmail.comMayank Gandhi
    • Critical issues
      Housing
      Infrastructure
      Governance
    • Shortage
      50,000 families
      Pavement dwellers & migrants
      Nil – Housing buffer stock
    • Proposed Rental housing projects in MMR
      Rental housing
      • Self-contained - 160 sq.ft. (15 sqm) carpet
      • Plans all over the region to meet the demand
    • Slums
      1.5 mn. families
      7.5 mn. people
      Low rise – High density housing
      No civic services
      Sub standard living
    • Slum Redevelopment Authority - SRA
      Slums
      • Around 450 slum projects - 250,000 homes.
      • Aiming for a slum-free Mumbai by 2015.
    • Infrastructure…present condition
      • 10-15 km average speed
      • Poor services
      • Crumbling infrastructure
    • Major INFRASTRUCTURE projects proposed
      Metro
      Free ways/Sea links
    • Major INFRASTRUCTURE projects proposed
      Suburban
      Monorail
    • Inner city chaos
      5,00,000 families
      2.5 mn. people
      Over 30,000 buildings
      Old & dilapidated
      Dangerous living conditions
      Poor infrastructure
    • Need for redevelopment…Mumbai over the years
      1976
      MHADA act
      1969 Building repairs & reconstruction act
      1949
      Bombay Rent control act
      Pre -1940
      1986
      Amendments in MHADA
      act
      Tenant
      co-operative
      70% consent for redevelopment.
      Post 1950
      Over 20,000 buildings built on chawl style for clerks and workers in island city
      Removed the incentive for landlords to repair and maintain their buildings
      Incentive F.S.I to developers
      High Demand for housing and increase in population and trade in island city
      1999
      Reconstruction policy
      Human & property loss
      July 2005
      Record rainfall
      - Major disaster
      October 2005
      Concept plan submitted to Chief Minister by
      Lalit Gandhi
      PPP, JV
      Sector redev
      2007
      State Housing Policy
      March 2009
      Cluster Development policy
    • Inner city infrastructure…
      Close to collapse
    • Building Conditions…
      Dilapidated
      Dangerous
    • Average living space
    • nd.html
      • 40 years - 2,750 minor & major instances of collapses.
      • 750 died
      • 1,600 injured
      • Loss of Properties and Livelihood
      • On the July 26th, 2005 heavy rains resulted in collapse of 4 buildings and around 100 deaths
      • This has triggered the formation of a citizen centric NGO called the Remaking of Mumbai Federation
    • Managing Committee - RoMF
      Founder chairman
      Jt. Coordinator
      President
      Secretary
      Chairman
      KrishanKhanna
      Founder, iwatch
      Justice P N Bhagwati,
      Ex Chief Justice of India
      Mayank Gandhi,
      Activist
      Darshan Gandhi
      B.Tech, Civil, IIT - Bombay
      Late Shri. LalitGandhi,
      Past President, MCHI
      Vice Presidents
      Master Visionary
      GirshGokhale
      Ex Mun. Comm, Mumbai
      Y P Trivedi
      Hon. RajyaSabha Member
      Padmashree Nana Chudasama
      World Chairman of GIANTS
      Anand Gupta
      Ex Chairman, BAI
      Adolf Tragler
      Dir, SRS
      H.H Sri Sri Ravi Shankarji
    • Coordinator
      Advisory Council
      Jt. Secretary
      GurunathDalvi
      ( President- Institute of Architects)
      Vijay Kalantri
      (Pres- All Indai Assn. of Industries)
      MahableshwarMorje
      ( Gen. Sec- Flat Owners Assn)
      Shankar Desai
      ( Past Pres- Builders Assn. of India)
      VikasNarayan
      (Vice Presi-Tenants Assn. of India)
      Zoeb A Bootwala
      (Pres. Sir JJ Marg Citizens Wel Assn)/
      Ashok Gulati
      (Realty expert)
      Treasurers
      VimalPunmiya
      ( Chairman-All India Biss. Council)
      Muhammadli Patel
      (Gen Sec- Fedn.of Assn of Maha)
      ShashankNinawe
      ( Prof- Raheja College of Archi)
      S Dharmadhikari
      ( Pres- Ind. Soc. Structural Eng)
      YashwantDalal
      (President- Estate Agent’s Assn.)
      VinodSampat
      ( Presi- Co-Op-Soc ResiUsers & Welfare Assn.)
      Permanent invitees
      Members
      A Jockin
      (Presi- Nat’l Slum Dwellers Fed.)
      SharadMahajan
      (Architect)
      V.K.J. Rane
      (Ex. Md.-IndRly.Construction)
      Dr. P S Rana
      Ex Chairman, HUDCO
      KaizerRangwala
      RangwalaAsso, Los Angeles
      Anil Hatkar
      Lambda Alpha Intl , US
      Dr. David Fisher
      Dynamic Intl Ltd., Rome and London
      Sunil Shastri
      Ex. Cabinet Min.
      MahenderVasandani
      M square, Illinois
      Dr. Vijay Khole
      Ex- VC Mum. Univ
      Dr. SnehalathaDeshmukh
      Ex- VC Mum Univ
      ShashiPrabhu
      Architect
      Narayana Murthy
      Chief Mentor - Infosys
      GirishBhagat
      The EuroIndia Center
    • Over 17,000 local members and
      Associations
      NGOs
      • Old Building Landlord Welfare Association
      • Citizen Forum for C Ward Development
      • Federation of Assn. Of Maharashtra
      • Indian Soc of Structural Engineers.
      • The Inst. of Engineers (I)
      • All India Business Council
      • Indian Council of Foreign Trade
      • All India Assn. Of Industries
      • Maharashtra Soc. Welfare Assn.
      • Indian Merchants' Chamber
      • Indian Concrete Institute
      • Mumbai District Co-op Housing Fedn Ltd
      • Estate Agents Assn.
      • Builders Assn. Of India
      • Giants International
      • Flat Owner's Assn.
      • Slum Rehabilitation Soc.
      • Tenants Assn. of India
      Academic Institutions
      • Mumbai University
      • The Indian Institute of Architects
      • Sir J. J. College of Architecture
      • Rizvi College of Architecture
    • International tie-ups…
      COUNCIL ON TALL BUILDINGS AND URBAN HABITAT (CTBUH)
      To support RoMF in Remaking Mumbai with Sector-by-Sector redevelopment.
      The agreement will help to bring together all of the disciplines involved in creating the urban environment on a global basis.
      RoMF has been appointed as the country leader and will be in a position to bring the best planners, architects, developers & consultants for rejuvenating Mumbai into a world class city.
    • CTBUH Members
    • RoMF
      Mission: Save Mumbai – Make Mumbai
      Objectives:
      • Cluster development
      • Deliberate planning process for the entire city of Mumbai
      • Increase and augmentation of infrastructure
      • Creation of housing stock for the poor.
      • Transform Mumbai into a WORLD CLASS CITY.
      • Replicate this process in all major cities of India and outside
    • Hong Kong, Singapore, Shanghai and many other cities were in much worse shape than the present Mumbai.
      It is high time to muster strong political and administrative will and by applying innovative ideas, latest technology and the use of the public- private partnership - remake Mumbai to
      “A WORLD CLASS CITY”
    • 24
      Early Shanghai
      • Poor infrastructure
      • Abysmal quality of life
      • Crammed population
    • 25
      Shanghai 2006
      • Block-by-block development
      • Strong political and administrative will
    • 26
      Hong Kong in 1965
      • Low Shanties
      • No open spaces
      • Unplanned growth
      • Few green areas
    • 27
      Hong Kong in 1980s
    • Hong Kong today
    • Singapore in 1972
      • Crammed layout
      • Horizontal structure
      • No open space
    • Singapore today
      • World class city
      • Sector by sector massive development
      • FSI of 5-25
    • Housing policy for inner city redevelopment
      2 redevelopment model
      • Individual buildings – DCR 33(7)
      • Clusters – DCR 33(9)
    • Process of redevelopment
      • Purchase / development rights of existing buildings
      • Agreements with tenants
      • Removal of existing buildings to transit accommodation
      • Clearing of space
      • Constructing Rehab buildings
      • Shifting tenants back
      • Parallellyconstructing free sale apartments along with all infrastructure and sustainable measures
      • Selling extra incentive area
    • DCR 33 (7)
      FSI of 2.5 or Rehab + Incentive, whichever is more
      1 Property – 50% incentive
      2-5 Properties – 60% incentive
      6 or more Properties – 70% incentive
    • Individual building redevelopment
      Further load on existing POOR INFRASTRUCTURE
      Decrease in per capita OPEN SPACE, PARKING & AMENITIES
      Shortage of WATER
      Average travel speed – 6-8 kmph & bottle necks
      Damage to CULTURAL HERITAGE
      Only feasible buildings get redeveloped
      UNSUSTAINABLEmodel of development
    • Maharashtra State Housing Policy 2007
      some excerpts of redevelopment
      • Incentivizing redevelopment through cluster approach.
      • Facilitate market oriented redevelopment strategy.
      • Promote higher FSI to large cluster redevelopment.
      • To transform the fractured development in to cohesive urban unit as laid down in Development Plan
      • Promote better living environment & living standards
      • To facilitate development and proper maintenance of infrastructure
      • To generate surplus tenements for rehabilitation of the occupiers who are on the master list of MHADA
      • MHADA will play the nodal role in the cluster approach
      • MHADA shall be a signatory to all the agreements to provide greater acceptability and credibility amongst the tenants and landlords.
      In order to accelerate the redevelopment of old and dilapidated buildings, it is proposed to encourage redevelopment projects through joint ventures in which MHADA along with the tenants, landlords and private developers will come together for undertaking redevelopment of cluster
    • DCR 33 (9) – cluster redevelopment
      FSI of 4 or Rehab + Incentive, whichever is more
      Area between 1 and 2 acres – 55% incentive
      2 and 3 acres – 65% incentive
      3 and 4 acres – 70% incentive
      4 and 5 acres – 75% incentive
      above 5 acres – 80% incentive
    • Principles of Cluster redevelopment
      PPP basis
      Cluster approach
      Self- financing scheme
      Inclusive process with win-win solutions
      Sustainability measures
      In-situ rehabilitation
      Transparent and accountable process
      Global best practices with local involvement
    • Advantages
      Upgradation & augmentation of INFRASTRUCTURE
      LIFE TIME MAINTENANCE of buildings - free of cost
      INCLUSIVE APPROACH
      Restoration of HERITAGE & RELIGIOUS buildings
      FINANCIAL INCENTIVES to the building landlords
      HOLISTIC PLANNING
      SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      Fast process of city REMAKING
      SELF FINANCING model
      WIN – WIN solution for all
    • as per new DCR 33(9)
    • Sustainable Development & the City
      Clean Air
      Recycling
      Bio-Diversity
      Bio-Capacity
      Outside
      The Premises
      Power
      ECOLOGICAL
      Infrastructure
      Water
      Inside
      The Premises
      SOCIAL
      Growth
      SUSTAINABLE
      DEVELOPMENT
      ECONOMIC
      Cultural Identity
      Value
      Amenity
      Employment
      Public safety
      Productivity
      Public service
    • Sustainable Development & the City
    • Water management
      (Usage Augmentation)
      Marine release
      Harvesting
      Absorbed into ground
      Storm water
      Evaporated into Air
      Rain
      Bioswale
      Waste water to Municipal treatment
      SOLID Waste
      Filters 2. Chemical
      Treatments
      3. UV sterilizer
      Bath
      Sink
      Municipal water supply
      Toilet & Urinal
      Laundry
      Dish water
      Commercial
    • Black water management
      Carbon
      Dioxide
      H
      H
      C
      H
      H
      Energy
      ( Back To Grid)
      Methane
      Reactor
      Solid Waste
      Clean Pathogen
      Free water
      UV Radiation/ Ozone
      Black water
      Landscape /
      Irrigation
      Micro pore
      Filter
      Result - 37 % savings
    • Energy network
      Loss 20%
      Heat 50%
      District
      Hot water
      Centralized
      MechanicalRoom
      Waste 70%
      Energy Source
      100%
      Traditional
      Supply to
      Individual Users
      Centralized
      Electricity Room
      Electricity Supply Grid
      Electricity
      Electricity
      30%
      Utility Company
      Power Generation
      Alternative energy
      Utility
      Cogeneration
      Facility
      On-Site Ultra-Efficient & Clean
      Power Generation
      Fuel Cells
      Wind
      Turbines
      On-Site Renewable Power
      Generation
      Photovoltaic
      Arrays
      End User
      Result - 39 % savings
    • Solid Waste Management
      Individual Discharge
      Without separation
      waste collection
      Landfill
      Garbage containers
      Local collection and carriage without separation
      Traditional
      Proposed
      Production stream
      New Product to users
      Manufacturer
      Central trash yards
      Dry waste
      Non Recycled waste
      Rotating separator Compactor & Container
      Wet waste
      Pneumatic waste Collection system
      Back to Grid
      Recyclable waste
      Incinerator center
      Landfill
      Diverter
    • Area Advantage
      Vertical growth
      Existing cluster
      Public amenities –
      • Temples, jainderasars, masjids, agiaries
      Augmented infrastructure Parking, sewage treatment, water recycling, waste management
      • Existing new buildings, schools, heritage structures, health centers etc will be maintained and augmented.
      Wide roads
      Public spaces
    • Outcomes – Infrastructure matrix
      * Values of Present & individual from diff sources & Cluster outcomes on RoMF’s pilot project master plan
    • Tenant’s Advantage
      • Single room tenement to 300 sq.ft house
      • In-situ redevelopment
      • Nearby transit
      • Financial guarantees will be given along with penalty clause
      • Two level Grievance Council consisting of ex-judges, ex-bureaucrats and eminent
      citizens
      • Corpus fund to ensure life time free maintenance.
      • Revenue from extra parking areas, hosting of hoardings and hiring of community
      halls for rehab buildings
      • Convertible debenture to each tenant which will convert into equity
      Landlord’s advantage
      • Fair compensation
      • Convertible debenture to each tenant which will convert into equity
    • Traders and Shopkeepers advantage
      • In-situ redevelopment
      • No malls and super bazaars in the free sale component
      • Shops in the ground floors with road frontage will be rehabilitated in the same way
      • Rehabilitation in the last stage to minimise the loss of income
      • Convertible debenture to each tenant which will convert into equity
      Advantages for the hawkers and laborers
      • Increased work opportunities for laborers
      • Dormitories with clean beds, kitchen and toilet blocks
      • Separate hawking zones
      • Back lanes in markets and shopping areas for loading and unloading.
      • Increased public toilets and rest rooms.
    • OUTCOMES - Housing & Infrastructure
      50,000 croresINFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FUND
      AFFORDABLE HOUSING for Lower & middle income groups
      >25,000 units Housing stock EWS & LIG
      GOOD QUALITY housing for rehabilitated people
      WORLD STANDARD LIFE QUALITY
    • Cluster in C Ward…
      A1 Patel Road
      Mumba Devi Temple
      S Podar Marg
      B Jaykar Marg
      Zaveri Bazar
      Abdul Rehman Street
      Mosque
      Sheikh Menon Street
      Dadisheth Agiary Street
      ROMF
      S K Patil Udyan
      MJ Market
      Swadeshi Market
      MaharshiKarve Road
      Mangaldas Market
      J Shanker Sheth Road
      Kalbadevi Road
      Princess Street
      Kalbadevi Road
      • Total Area 233 acres
      • Number of Buildings 2, 202
      • Cessed Buildings 1, 777
      • Population 96, 673
      • Residential units 22,222
      • Avg size 140 sq ft
      • Commercial units 20,000
      • Avg. size 150 sq ft
      • Night time: Day time
      population ratio 1 : 5
      Lokmanya Tilak Marg
      Marine Lines
      Station
      Shamaldas Gandhi Marg
      MaharshiKarve Road
      Lokmanya Tilak Marg
    • Data mapping…
    • Various Clusters
    • Summary of clusters
    • Building details of every cluster
    • Details of every building
    • Communities
      Hindu
      Christian
      Muslim
      Parsi
    • 6-7%Single person that share a place with other people
      Age 22-58 male
      7% Servants
      32-35 % Kids
      2.5 / house
      49% Residential
      50-52% Couples
      Age around male 24-55
      female 23-50
      3% Widow
      Age 45-58
      3-4% Elderly
      Age around 58-70
      Source: Various HH surveys by RoMF
    • 30-32 % Paper-Printing
      10-15 % Office
      1,2 %Agent
      25-30% Shop
      1-2 % Doctor
      1 % Pan Shop
      51% Commercial
      2-3 % Gold
      1-2 % Tea Shop
      25-30 % Textile
      1 % Electronics
      2-3 % Restaurant
      10 % Miscellaneous
      Source: Various HH surveys by RoMF
    • Public Participation…
      Building Representative Forum (BRF)
      3 to 5 representatives from each building for discussions, opinions & changes in the master planning and individual building design
      Citizens Forum for C Ward Development (CFCD)
      A large group of eminent citizens of C ward who have come together to work constructively for the redevelopment of its ward and is represented by a managing committee and a mohalla committee consisting of representatives of each of the 129 mohallas
      Federation of Associations of Maharashtra (FAM)
      An apex body representing more than 750 associations/chambers of Trade, Transport and Small Scale Industries from all over Maharashtra. FAM has been able to gain the confidence and respect of the Trading community, since it has been trying to solve problems and genuine grievances of business community when they are in difficulties
      Old Building Landlords Welfare Association (OLWA)
      Association formed for the cause of the landlords of dilapidated buildings in Mumbai, who are suffering from various laws imposed under the Bombay Rent Control Act.
    • Public outreach
      Sharing the concept – 3 public mtgs of over 15000
    • Public outreach
      Mohalla and street meetings for Sharing the concept
    • Public outreach
      Public meetings to unveil plan and policies
    • Public outreach
      Building wise meetings
    • Public outreach
      Street and locality opinion forming
    • Public outreach
      Business and commerce
    • Public outreach
      Door to door suggestions
    • Public outreach
      24 hrs free ambulance inaugurated by Dy Mayor and Ex- MP
    • Public outreach
      Disaster Relief Cell
    • Public outreach
      Involving global technical experts
    • Public outreach
      Public seminars on various issues
    • Public outreach
      Understanding the issues
    • Public outreach
      Design studio with Indian and Int’l architecture students
    • Public outreach
      Public exhibition on some works
    • monthly newsletter in 4 languages – over 22,000 copies
    • 3 Round table discussions on
      Inner city redevelopment of India
      Remaking Sustainable Cities in the Vertical Age
      Remaking Sustainable Cities: Infrastructure & Finance
    • CTBUH 2010 Conference, 3rd – 5th Feb, Mumbai
      “Remaking Sustainable Cities in the Vertical Age"
      77 global speakers & 1100 delegates,
      spanning 29countries
    • Pilot project - 30 acres
      Pilot project - 30 acres
    • Proposed 30 acres project in Chirabazar area
    • Project details…
      Cluster area
      Total buildings (including new, temples etc)
      Buildings under proposal
      Residential tenements
      Commercial tenements
      Total tenements
      Locked units
      Net open premises
      Consent received - 13th May 09
      % of consents received
      Consent % of open premises
      30 acres
      373
      362
      3,840
      4,484
      8,324
      962
      7,281
      6,092
      73.9%
      83.7 %
    • CPMC - City Planning and Monitoring Committee
      Chief Minister
      Mayor & Dy. Mayor,
      Leader of opposition
      Members of various associations
      Chambers of federation,
      National & int’l developers, Consultants & collaborators,Planners, designers,
      FI’s, FII’s etc
      Development authorities/ Municipal corporations,
      Public Works Dept.
      Traffic & Transport authorities
      Water supply and sewage treatment agencies,
      Telecom, electricity
      Other Para-statal agencies
      CUDC
      Government
      Undertaking
      • State
      • Local
      Stakeholders
      Advisory Committee Accountability, Transparency
      Survey &
      Planning
      City Planning and
      Monitoring Committee
      ( CPMC )
      Creation of sectors
      Finance, Environment & Ecology
      Project Mgnt & Monitoring
      Sector by Sector development Scheme (SSDS)
    • Concept
      CPMC – City Planning and Monitoring Committee
      Public Private People Partnership for Regulating, Planning and Monitoring
      Objectives
      Functions
      • Survey and Study
      • Sectorial planning pertaining to old& dilapidated buildings
      • Pro-active facilitating
      • Prequalification of Sector Developers
      • Execution of social infrastructure
      • Enabling laws / rules
      • Rehousing of tenants, landlords etc
      • Monitoring quality, time and aesthetics by
      international project management firms
      • Formation of a City planning and monitoring
      corporate through a SPV on a PPP basis
      • Create mode of implementation by Sector – by – Sector Development scheme
      • Address all other categories of development
      • Involve global and top quality professionals
      • Create Financial Tools
      • Create Accountability and transparency
      structure through Corporate Governance
    • Do not doubt that a small group of thoughtful people could change the world. Indeed, it's the only thing that ever has.
      - Margaret Mead