Your slice of
the IPv6 cake
       Vesna Manojlovic
        Training Team
          RIPE NCC

      IPv6 space odyssey
23-...
RIPE NCC

Located in Amsterdam

Not for profit membership
organisation

6000+ active members

Started by the RIPE community...
RIPE NCC services
Member services          Public services

Distributing resources   RIPE Database
    IPv4
    IPv6      ...
RIPE NCC Information Services




 Routing Information Service (RIS)    Test Traffic Measurements (TTM)




           Host...
Why IPv6
Only 34 /8s left in IPv4 address pool
                  Other


                                                         C...
Running out in 2011?




                       7
IPv6: more addresses available
IPv6 address: 128 bits
   – 32 bits in IPv4

Huge subnets

Huge allocations

Extra levels o...
IPv6 deployment challenges
Legacy devices

Firewalls

IPv6 / IPv4 priority




                             9
Challenges for staying with IPv4
Finding “available” addresses
  – redeploying?
  – buying?


Network Address Translation ...
Make the transition on time
Give priority to IPv6 deployment

Get IPv6 addresses

Train your staff

Make your services ava...
Getting IPv6
IPv6 address space distribution
                          /3                           IANA


                  /18       ...
To get an IPv6 allocation
Be an LIR
Advertise the allocation as a single prefix
Have a plan for making assignments within t...
Getting IPv6 if you are not LIR
Get a sub-allocation from an LIR

Get an assignment from an LIR
    – /48 or /56 for the E...
How much does IPv6 allocation cost?
IPv6 allocations do not cost anything extra to LIRs
   - a resource covered with a yea...
IPv6 allocations by region, cumulative




                                         17
Using IPv6




             18
IPv6 in the Routing Registry
RPSLng compliant:
   - Ripe Database
   - IRRToolset: RtConfig


Create “route6” objects for y...
IPv6 in the reverse DNS
     inet6num: 2001:0888::/32
     status: ALLOCATED-BY-RIR
     mnt-by: RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT
     mnt-...
IPv6 routing table (prefixes by region)




                                         21
All RIPE NCC services IPv6 enabled
External online service s                     IPv6          IPv6 conte n t
            ...
Questions?




             23
AS Number Change
32-bit AS Numbers
Global policy on 32-bit ASN deployment schedule:

1 Jan 2008:    16-bit default, 32-bit on request

1 Ja...
32-bit AS Numbers and You
Can you handle the new formats: “AS 1.10”?
And 65546?

Prepare in your organisation:
   - ask yo...
Requesting AS Number
Assignment requirements
  Address space
  Multihoming
  One AS Number per network


Requesting AS Num...
Questions?




             28
LIR course slogans… about IPv4
Will work for /24

RIPE NCC - absolutely classless

You're too late - we have a /8

Soon it...
LIR course slogans… about IPv6
I will miss IPv4

2011: make a date with a /48

Get your IPv6, because the clock ticks

IPv...
Links
IPv6 info, news, education, fun
http://www.ripe.net/ipv6/ | http://www.getipv6.info/ | http://www.6diss.org/e-learni...
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Your Slice of the IPv6 Cake

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Presentation given during meeting IPv6 Space Odyssey given at Ede, the Netherlands.
Athor: Vesna Manojlovic

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Your Slice of the IPv6 Cake

  1. 1. Your slice of the IPv6 cake Vesna Manojlovic Training Team RIPE NCC IPv6 space odyssey 23-01-2009 / Ede, The Nederlands
  2. 2. RIPE NCC Located in Amsterdam Not for profit membership organisation 6000+ active members Started by the RIPE community in 1992 One of five RIRs 2
  3. 3. RIPE NCC services Member services Public services Distributing resources RIPE Database IPv4 IPv6 Reverse DNS AS numbers ENUM (e164.arpa) Training Courses LIR K-root nameserver Routing Registry DNS for LIRs E-learning 3
  4. 4. RIPE NCC Information Services Routing Information Service (RIS) Test Traffic Measurements (TTM) Hostcount DNS Monitoring Service (DNSMON) 4
  5. 5. Why IPv6
  6. 6. Only 34 /8s left in IPv4 address pool Other Central Registry 13% available APNIC RIPE NCC AfriNIC LACNIC ARIN 6
  7. 7. Running out in 2011? 7
  8. 8. IPv6: more addresses available IPv6 address: 128 bits – 32 bits in IPv4 Huge subnets Huge allocations Extra levels or hierarchy 8
  9. 9. IPv6 deployment challenges Legacy devices Firewalls IPv6 / IPv4 priority 9
  10. 10. Challenges for staying with IPv4 Finding “available” addresses – redeploying? – buying? Network Address Translation (NAT) – management overhead – lower class Internet hosts 10
  11. 11. Make the transition on time Give priority to IPv6 deployment Get IPv6 addresses Train your staff Make your services available over IPv6 and IPv4 (“dualstacking”) 11
  12. 12. Getting IPv6
  13. 13. IPv6 address space distribution /3 IANA /18 RIR /32 /23 LIR /40 ISP End User /48 /56 /64 /48 Allocation Assignment PI Assignment 13
  14. 14. To get an IPv6 allocation Be an LIR Advertise the allocation as a single prefix Have a plan for making assignments within two years Minimum size: /32 For further allocations – allocation should be used by HD ratio of 0.94 – the unit of measurement is /56 14
  15. 15. Getting IPv6 if you are not LIR Get a sub-allocation from an LIR Get an assignment from an LIR – /48 or /56 for the End User sites – /64 for one subnet – /128 for hosts Provider Independent (PI) IPv6 assignments - soon http://www.ripe.net/ripe/policies/proposals/2006-01.html 15
  16. 16. How much does IPv6 allocation cost? IPv6 allocations do not cost anything extra to LIRs - a resource covered with a yearly membership fee New LIRs start in the “Extra Small” billing category - yearly fee for 2009 is 1,300.- EUR /32 of IPv6 is worth “1 scoring point” - the same as /21 of IPv4, or one AS number - /48 of PI IPv6 will also “cost” 1 scoring point http://www.ripe.net/ripe/docs/charging.html 16
  17. 17. IPv6 allocations by region, cumulative 17
  18. 18. Using IPv6 18
  19. 19. IPv6 in the Routing Registry RPSLng compliant: - Ripe Database - IRRToolset: RtConfig Create “route6” objects for your IPv6 allocations - Example lookup: whois -r -m -T route6 2001::/18 Describe routing policy in mp-import: / mp-export: 19
  20. 20. IPv6 in the reverse DNS inet6num: 2001:0888::/32 status: ALLOCATED-BY-RIR mnt-by: RIPE-NCC-HM-MNT mnt-domains: LIR-MNT domain: 8.8.8.0.1.0.0.2.ip6.arpa mnt-by: LIR-MNT nserver: ns.example.com nserver: ns.ripe.net 20
  21. 21. IPv6 routing table (prefixes by region) 21
  22. 22. All RIPE NCC services IPv6 enabled External online service s IPv6 IPv6 conte n t transpo r t E-mail (ripe.net, nro.net, aso.icann.or g ) Yes N/A ftp.ripe.net Yes N/A www.ripe.net Yes N/A LIR Por t a l Yes N/A RIPE DB (whois ) Resource DB, IRR Q u eries (whois ) Yes Yes U p d a te s Yes Yes DNSMO N Yes Yes Hostcount Yes Yes RIS Yes Yes M y AS N Yes Yes TTM Yes Yes Auth DN S Yes Yes Rev DNS provisioning system Yes Yes K-root Yes Yes 22
  23. 23. Questions? 23
  24. 24. AS Number Change
  25. 25. 32-bit AS Numbers Global policy on 32-bit ASN deployment schedule: 1 Jan 2008: 16-bit default, 32-bit on request 1 Jan 2009: 32-bit default, 16-bit on request 1 Jan 2010: Only 32-bit AS Numbers 16-bit AS Numbers will not be deprecated 25
  26. 26. 32-bit AS Numbers and You Can you handle the new formats: “AS 1.10”? And 65546? Prepare in your organisation: - ask your hardware vendor for support - encourage your upstream provider to upgrade 26 26
  27. 27. Requesting AS Number Assignment requirements Address space Multihoming One AS Number per network Requesting AS Numbers Create organisation and mntner objects Submit the AS Number request form Submit company registration documents 27 27
  28. 28. Questions? 28
  29. 29. LIR course slogans… about IPv4 Will work for /24 RIPE NCC - absolutely classless You're too late - we have a /8 Soon it will be all too late, no space to allocate You have reached the end of the Internet IPv4 - eats, shoots and leaves! 29
  30. 30. LIR course slogans… about IPv6 I will miss IPv4 2011: make a date with a /48 Get your IPv6, because the clock ticks IPv6 is the fix Ignoring IPv6 since 1996 30
  31. 31. Links IPv6 info, news, education, fun http://www.ripe.net/ipv6/ | http://www.getipv6.info/ | http://www.6diss.org/e-learning http://yapc.tv/2008/ye/lt/lt2-15-kane-fck/ | “The day that routers died” | 32-bit AS numbers http://www.ripe.net/news/asn-32-pr2008.html RIPE Policy Development Process http://www.ripe.net/ripe/policies/ RIR Comparative Policy Overview http://www.nro.net/documents/comp-pol.htm RIPE NCC Member Update http://www.ripe.net/membership/newsletter/2008/newsletter14.pdf 31

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