Unit IV: Building and Managing Systems4.1 Building information systems.4.2 Managing projects.4.3 Managing global systems.4...
4.1 Building information systems1. System development as planned organizational change2. An overview of system development...
1. System development as a planned organizational change Automation, rationalization, reengineering and paradigmshifts ar...
2. An overview of system development process Basically, the task of system development involvesat least six interdependen...
3. Alternative approaches to system building1. Align system life cycle at different stages of operation tothe needs of cor...
4. Application development for the digital firm Basically, there are two approaches for applicationdevelopment for the di...
4.2 Managing projects1. Project management and its importance2. Selecting projects3. Establishing the business value of in...
1. Project management and its importance Project management is a specialized businessfunction in building and managing MI...
2. Selecting the projects While making decision on selecting the projects,due consideration should be given to – Linking...
3. Establishing the business value of informationsystems across the projects Perform cost-benefit analyses from theperspe...
4. Managing project risks1. Estimate the level of project risks associated to itssize, structure, technology used and over...
4.3 Managing global systems1. Understand the growth of internationalinformation systems2. Organize the international infor...
1. Understand the growth of internationalinformation systems1. Assess how globalization has resulted in the need ofinterna...
2. Organize the international information system1. Be familiar with the firm’s overall business and itsstrategies.2. Know ...
3. Manage global systems1. Develop the global core information systems inline with the firm’s global core business process...
4. Address technology related issues in internationalvalue chain creationComputing platforms and system integrationrelate...
4.4 Issues and challenges facing the building andmanaging systems Environmental uncertainties and technologicaldevelopmen...
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Unit iv building and managing systems

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This presentation provides with basic conceptual notes pertaining to building and managing an MIS for an organization

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Unit iv building and managing systems

  1. 1. Unit IV: Building and Managing Systems4.1 Building information systems.4.2 Managing projects.4.3 Managing global systems.4.4 Issues and challenges facing building andmanaging systems.June 17, 2013 1rijalcpr@gmail.com
  2. 2. 4.1 Building information systems1. System development as planned organizational change2. An overview of system development process3. Alternative approaches to system building4. Application development for the digital firmJune 17, 2013 2rijalcpr@gmail.com
  3. 3. 1. System development as a planned organizational change Automation, rationalization, reengineering and paradigmshifts are the carriers of ODC interventions in anorganization. Automation is suitable in low risk situations but mayresult in lower the returns as compared to systemrationalization, reengineering and paradigm shifts. As we apply further, rationalization will face moderaterisks resulting in moderate level of returns;reengineering will involve high risks and high returns;paradigm shift is the most risky one and will result in thehighest level of returns. All these are the means of business processimprovement which result in attainment of operationalquality.June 17, 2013 3rijalcpr@gmail.com
  4. 4. 2. An overview of system development process Basically, the task of system development involvesat least six interdependent steps:Step I: Perform system analysesStep II: Establish the system designStep III: Perform system programmingStep IV: Perform system-program testingStep V: Converse from the old system to new systemStep VI: Use new system for production ormanufacturingJune 17, 2013 4rijalcpr@gmail.com
  5. 5. 3. Alternative approaches to system building1. Align system life cycle at different stages of operation tothe needs of corresponding stakeholders and develop itaccordingly in various stages of organizationaloperations.2. Perform prototyping of system requirement, produce adummy , test it, and finally adopt the new system.3. Rely with end-user developed information systems andmake them part of organization’s operation to fit withuser needs.4. Develop application software and run the MIS on it.5. Do it through outsourcing.June 17, 2013 5rijalcpr@gmail.com
  6. 6. 4. Application development for the digital firm Basically, there are two approaches for applicationdevelopment for the digital firm:1. Rapid application development (RAD) by usingobject oriented tools, prototyping, newergeneration languages, etc.2. Component-based development3. Web-based services4. Market spacing of information, operatingtechnologies, business offering and transactionsJune 17, 2013 6rijalcpr@gmail.com
  7. 7. 4.2 Managing projects1. Project management and its importance2. Selecting projects3. Establishing the business value of informationsystems across the projects4. Managing project risksJune 17, 2013 7rijalcpr@gmail.comCoverage
  8. 8. 1. Project management and its importance Project management is a specialized businessfunction in building and managing MIS. In MIS, a project may be a piece of work assignedby the employer to design, develop, test, andimplement the management information systemwith defined functional scope. Effective project management is important fromboth the view points of the client and thedeveloper – client needs robust, secure andauthentic information, whereas the developerexpects good pay off and professional status.June 17, 2013 8rijalcpr@gmail.com
  9. 9. 2. Selecting the projects While making decision on selecting the projects,due consideration should be given to – Linking the general structure with theinformation system projects Linking system projects to business plans Bringing into action the firm’s critical successfactors in its business plan and execution Performing portfolio analyses of variousofferings and providing the IS inputsaccordinglyJune 17, 2013 9rijalcpr@gmail.com
  10. 10. 3. Establishing the business value of informationsystems across the projects Perform cost-benefit analyses from theperspectives of both the project team and theclient. Establish business models and estimate thepricing per model. Perform financial analyses of the impact of eachmodel.June 17, 2013 10rijalcpr@gmail.com
  11. 11. 4. Managing project risks1. Estimate the level of project risks associated to itssize, structure, technology used and overall functionalscope agreed upon.2. Assess the risks associated to the client’smanagement competence in financing as well asimplementing the MIS project.3. Assess the technical competence and expertiserelated risks of self as an outsourced provider of MISservices.4. Cope with changes within, client, and environment.5. Establish proper control mechanism to minimize therisks.June 17, 2013 11rijalcpr@gmail.com
  12. 12. 4.3 Managing global systems1. Understand the growth of internationalinformation systems2. Organize the international information system3. Manage global systems4. Address technology related issues in internationalvalue chain creationJune 17, 2013 12rijalcpr@gmail.com
  13. 13. 1. Understand the growth of internationalinformation systems1. Assess how globalization has resulted in the need ofinternational information development, security andexchange, say for an MNE may require an informationsystem that connects its operations across the hostmember countries.2. Develop a global architect of international informationsystem.3. Assess the global business environment.4. Develop information system in reflection with the firm’sglobal corporate, business and product strategies.5. Promote uniform state of art in each host unit globally soas to help them with equal efficiency and access toinformation.June 17, 2013 13rijalcpr@gmail.com
  14. 14. 2. Organize the international information system1. Be familiar with the firm’s overall business and itsstrategies.2. Know its inbound and outboundsuppliers, jobbers, marketers, and franchisee.3. Get familiar with each host stakeholder’stechnological competence.4. Design an information system compatible to eachstakeholder involved.5. Fit the information system with firm’s strategy andbusiness structure.June 17, 2013 14rijalcpr@gmail.com
  15. 15. 3. Manage global systems1. Develop the global core information systems inline with the firm’s global core business processes.2. Establish the regional coordinated informationsystems in line with the firm’s regional businessprocesses.3. Develop and implement local option informationsystems as per the firm’s prevailing local businessprocesses across the host places.June 17, 2013 15rijalcpr@gmail.com
  16. 16. 4. Address technology related issues in internationalvalue chain creationComputing platforms and system integrationrelated issues.Issues pertaining to institutional connectivity –physical, psychological and virtual.Issues governing software localization in globalstations.June 17, 2013 16rijalcpr@gmail.com
  17. 17. 4.4 Issues and challenges facing the building andmanaging systems Environmental uncertainties and technologicaldevelopment Firm’s financing intensity Cross-functional, cross-firm, and cross-nationalcompetence and readiness to opt newertechnologies Professionalism life cycle of in MIS careerJune 17, 2013 17rijalcpr@gmail.com
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