Fabrice Monteiro's Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves in Slave Torture Devices

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Fabrice Monteiro's Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves in Slave Torture Devices

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Fabrice Monteiro's Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves in Slave Torture Devices

  1. 1. U.S. SLAVES[1] Why does the U.S. government torture people?
  2. 2. Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave TortureDevices "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro"Brown. Fugitive Slave," is an article published in his newsletter Africultures is an evocation ofrunaways through the eyes of Fabrice Monteiro. An article that is timely to commemorate the163 th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in Guadeloupe, 27 May 2011 .Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  3. 3. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro"Maroon" is a term borrowed from the Spanish "cimarron," meaning "living on the peaks."It comes from a word "Arawak" defining domestic animals returned to the wild, and byextension, runaway slaves. The "Maroon" was a terrible threat to the colonial system, they werelikely to provoke a civil war at any time. Fugitive slaves were monitored continuously and thesentences at the slightest deviation were particularly severe, they had to make an impression.Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  4. 4. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by FabriceMonteiroSlaves who tried to escape suffering the punishment described by the law then they were made towear a heavy iron necklace with long stems, which had the function to hang in the brush andhamper any escape. In the same spirit, they existed in shackles bells, can hear every movementof the slave. The slave who dared to speak a bit to his master suffered the punishment of the IronMask. Similarly, during the harvest of sugarcane, were put in iron masks to hungry and thirstyslaves to prevent them from tasting or eating the cane.Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  5. 5. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice MonteiroDuring childhood in Benin, Fabrice Monteiro is marked by the cartoon "The Passengers of theWind" of Bud Francis. Part of the adventure takes place in Ouidah, Benin, home village of hisfathers family. He is fascinated by the realism of images, it recognizes the scene drawn, thefaces are familiar to him. It is in these pages he discovered these strange necklaces worn by someslaves to keep them from escaping. His father tells him the story of his family and why he wearsa name like many other Portuguese Benin. His ancestor was named Ayedabo Adagoun Odo, hisnative Nigeria. He is enslaved by the Portuguese and sent to Brazil. He returned to Benin yearslater, freed by the name of Pedro Monteiro.Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  6. 6. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice MonteiroSensitive to the issue of the slave trade and the role of this small village on the coast of Benin,Fabrice decides to explore the subject photographically to contribute to the memory of slavery.From the * CODE BLACK, lithographs and of the few original photos of slaves, Fabrice plansreconstructs five models of barriers used to punish or deter the slaves of their escape. It is fromthese plans that two young blacksmiths Benin reproduce barriers staged in this photographicseries. To obtain an effect of chiaroscuro, he chose a modern approach to treatment of light. Hedesigned a black box, allowing a mobile studio to meet its models through the streets of Ouidah.Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  7. 7. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Brown Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice Monteiro* The BLACK CODE was developed by the French minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1616 - 1683)and promulgated in March 1685 by Louis XIV. [source: Fabrice Monteiro ( Article published byAfricultures on 05/05/2011)]Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  8. 8. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice MonteiroFabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  9. 9. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice MonteiroFabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  10. 10. "Marrons. Les esclaves fugitifs" (Runaway Fugitive Slaves) photographed by Fabrice MonteiroFabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  11. 11. Fabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices
  12. 12. RONS COMMENTS: Yes, these powerful images are disturbing. It reminds us that humanbeings sit at the forefront of ALL enslavement. The state-sponsored institutionalization ofhuman trafficking and bondage for profit involves human beings. Millions upon millions ofnameless, faceless people who toiled for the enrichment of plutocrats, merchants, kings, queens,aristocrats, planters, shipbuilders, bankers, insurance brokers, shareholders and the like. Theywere never paid, never thanked, even after emancipation never made whole. I honor their spiritof survival.This small blog tries to offer a space to historically discuss and make sense of their inhumanbondageFabrice Monteiros Amazing Images of Brown. Fugitive Slaves In Slave Torture Devices

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