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Impact of social media on the future of childhood Presentation Transcript

  • 1. “SOCIAL MEDIAAND THE FUTURE OF CHILDHOOD” Apparjit Chauhan, Girishkumar Solanki Nureen Qureshi - Amin, Ratna Khullar
  • 2. INDEX  Introduction  Social media  Types of social media  Impact of social media  Statistics  Health issues  Potential harmful effects  Potential benefits  Positive social consequences  Lifestyle modification  Identity status and power  Recommendation  Conclusion
  • 3. INTRODUCTION  Media technologies (TV, video, games, internet, music, mobile phones) have brought about a substantial change in the experience of childhood in our society  These changes leave many parents unprepared for the challenge on how to regulate their child’s time with such technologies  It has become increasingly important to monitor the impact of media on the future of childhood  In the next 20 years it will become impossible to break the attachment between the teen and screen
  • 4. SOCIAL MEDIA Definition: 1. Social Media are the platforms that enable the interactive web by engaging users to participate in, comment on and create content as means of communicating with their social graph, other users and the public. (Cohen, 2011)
  • 5. TYPES OF SOCIAL MEDIA 'Interactive Media' (Definition):  A method of communication in which the program's outputs depend on the user's inputs, and the user's inputs in turn affect the program's outputs, e.g. digital and electronic devices, software, multi-touch tablets, app, video games and interactive (nonlinear) screen-based media: Face book, My Space, Gaming sites, virtual worlds such as club penguin, blogs, video sites such as YouTube
  • 6. TYPES OF SOCIAL MEDIA Noninteractive Multimedia (Definition):  Noninteractive media does not provide an interactive experience. These include the content electronic devices which would not alter, such as songs, movies, and photographs, as well as online content that can not be modified, such as news articles, online videos, and banner advertisements.  It includes certain television programs, DVDs, CDs and streaming media now available on variety of screens (Fredman, 2013)
  • 7. IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA There are three broad ways in which electronic media can impact, child development and wellbeing:  In terms of the impact of its content  In terms of the impact of interactive activity  In terms of other activities which it replaces
  • 8. IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA  Because of their limited capacity for self-regulation and susceptibility to peer pressure, children and adolescents are at some risk as they navigate and experiment with social media
  • 9. STATISTICS  At 2 years more than 90% of all American children have an online history  At 5 more than 50% regularly interact with a computer or tablet device  At 7 or 8 many children regularly play video games  Teenagers text an average of 3,400 times a month  By middle school children spend more time with media than with their parents or teachers or other activities
  • 10. STATISTICS  Fifty-four percent of teens send text messages, and one third of teens send more than 100 text messages per day.  The total amount of media use by youth ages 8 to 18 averages 6- plus hours a day—more than any other activity.  Many use instant messaging while doing homework and listening to music on an mp3 player, for example).
  • 11. STATISTICS (Johnson, 2010)
  • 12. HEALTH ISSUES  Media psychology is now an official sub-specialty in the field of psychology  Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) results reveal how addiction to social media is affecting the brain and behavior of children  Recent studies validate the reality of Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) (People's Daily Online, 2009)
  • 13. HEALTH ISSUES  Attention spans are decreasing because of exposure to excessively stimulating and fast-paced media  Research reveals relationship between exposure to media stimulation and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) (Yadvichuk, 2012)
  • 14. HEALTH ISSUES Increased exposure to media may result in:  Psychological disorders: Stress, depression, and anxiety  Eating disorders: Bulimia and anorexia  Physical health and development disorders: Visual, neurological and physical changes e.g. sleep disorders, epilepsy, awkward postures
  • 15. HEALTH ISSUES (Stevens, 2012)
  • 16. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Violence: Children who watch more violence on the media are more likely to:  Become emotionally desensitised to violence  Avoid taking action on behalf of a victim when violence occurs  Believe that violence is inevitable  Believe that violence is an acceptable way of solving conflict  Believe that world is a violent place, leading to greater anxiety, self-protective behaviours and mistrust of others  Use violence themselves
  • 17. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS (Walsh, n.d.)
  • 18. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS  Social Media is influencing people to stay in and stay online versus going out and being social and doing anything physical.  More aggressive behavior  More aggressive thoughts  More angry feelings  Less empathy  Fewer helping behaviors  Increases in fear
  • 19. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Obesity Extended use of media will results in:  Reduced activity because of what they are not doing whilst they are interacting with the media  Increased food and calorie consumption (that may be influenced by advertising or result from ―snacking‖) (Healthline Networks, Inc, 2013)
  • 20. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Harmful substances  Media exposes children to harmful substances e.g. alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, heroin, cocaine (Guardian News and Media Limited (2013)
  • 21. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Sexual behaviour:  Potentially harmful messages about sex in the media may lead to unhealthy sexual behaviour  Children and teenagers tend to consider media as the primary source of information about sex Sexual solicitation:  In future media may provide easy access to the sexual offenders to target children
  • 22. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Suicide:  Reporting and portrayal of suicide in media may increase the incidence of suicides in children (Pinkney, 2012)
  • 23. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Crime:  Media-assisted crimes like identity theft and child pornography are taking new forms and may influence security of future children (Birch, 2012)
  • 24. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS Cyber bullying:  Cyber bullying is a growing phenomenon in virtual communication environments  Technology has given it a new platform of action at a faster speed involving a number of people at the same time (Rohan7things, 2013)
  • 25. POTENTIAL HARMFUL EFFECTS  Future of children is at a greater risk of cyber bullying.  Cyber bullying can result in anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, school failure and other stress-related disorders and even suicide  There appears to be very little that the law, technology, schools or parents can do to stop it
  • 26. POTENTIAL BENEFITS  Educational programs delivered through media will benefit children’s knowledge and academic abilities  Well designed programs will engage children in thinking, creating, problem solving, questioning, critiquing, communicating and making connections  Online virtual classrooms will assist students to view teachers and listen and learn from lectures on YouTube, in their own time.
  • 27. POTENTIAL BENEFITS  The use of Social media networks will help youth get higher level of education,choose better career paths, and build personal relationships.  Build a strong network of business relations stay connected in ―real time‖ (Online LinkedIn Profile – Recommendations, Reference, Internal Job Postings)
  • 28. POTENTIAL BENEFITS  Will allow children to interact with more thought and give more time to respond e.g. text or Facebook messages  Video games involving information, academic content and problem-solving will accelerate children’s learning  Lead to improvement in IQs due to advances in media assisted learning and interactive game playing  Technology will help in developing children’s skills and abilities
  • 29. POSITIVE SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES  Enhanced ability to connect with others and form positive relationship with peers  Children will develop a sense of friendliness, sharing, cooperation, sympathy, and acceptance from different groups  Increased understanding of the world and positive social behaviours
  • 30. SOCIAL BEING CHART
  • 31. LIFESTYLE MODIFICATIONS  Reversal of roles: children with rich knowledge of media and technology will become teachers for their parents.  Social isolation: increased use of media leading to decreased interaction  Increased use of online learning programs and decreased institutional learning but better connectivity as depicted in this video link (From PCs in school to online schooling)
  • 32. WEBCAST Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Program Serving Children from Birth through Age 8. The webcast outlines:  Limitations  Implications for teachers  Definition of technology and media  Recommendations (Daniel, 2012)
  • 33. IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON THE FUTURE OF CHILDHOOD  In this video link Dr. Weiner explores the effects of social media on children. She also discusses the various pros and cons of social media and the extent to which children have become dependent upon them in their everyday lives. It is a really helpful video for the parents.
  • 34. IDENTITY, STATUS AND POWER Definition:  Identity is ―the state or fact of remaining the same one or ones, as under varying aspects or conditions‖ Dictionary.com
  • 35. IDENTITY, STATUS AND POWER  Online explosion of social media has lead to creation and manipulation of multiple on line virtual identities  Self fabricated identities may be multifaceted, splintered, concocted, unexpected, ambiguous, distorted, misrepresented and deceptive  Identity theft may become one of the biggest dangers for the future child  Reputation is the cornerstone of identity but reputations may be damaged by self exhibition or shaming (Fraser & Dutta, 2008)
  • 36. RECOMMENDATIONS  Select, use, integrate, and evaluate technology and interactive media in intentional and developmentally appropriate ways  Focus on the appropriateness and the quality of the engagement  Provide a balance of activities in programs for young children  Understand the limits of technology
  • 37. RECOMMENDATIONS  Advocate and monitor content of media  Include media in parent education  Provide parents with the resources and information to promote media awareness  Express support for good media  Encourage parents to monitor the use of media by their children
  • 38. RECOMMENDATIONS  Parents should assess their child's activities on social networking sites, and discuss removing inappropriate content or connections to people who appear problematic  Parents also need to pay attention to the online trends and the latest technologies, websites and applications children are using
  • 39. CONCLUSION  Media studies, media and culture, media and communications psychology, are central to the early 21st century world.  Legislation, educational efforts and norms are required that reflect 21st-century realities to maximize the opportunities and minimize the risks for kids, to give them the safe, healthy childhood and adolescence they deserve
  • 40. CONCLUSION  The issue of identity portability is a question that remains open and unresolved  New knowledge is emerging. We presently know a lot more than we understand. As responsible parents and citizens, we must "pay attention― to the future of childhood
  • 41. BIBILIOGRAPHY FOR IMAGES Birch, S. (2012). International Private Investigators & Global Background Checks. Retrieved from http://globalinvestigations.blogspot.com/2012/04/how-to-spot- most-common-identity-theft.html Guardian News and Media Limited (2013). The UN drugs report 2011: what's happening to cocaine and heroin use? Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2011/jun/24/un- drugs-report-afghanistan Healthline Networks, Inc. (2013). Healthline Blogs.Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health-blogs/healthline- connects/social-media-to-combat-childhood-obesity-120312
  • 42. BIBILIOGRAPHY FOR IMAGES Johnson, C. (2010). Reality TV and Its Effect. Retrieved from http://threalityofrealitytv.blogspot.ca/ Pinkney, E. (2012). Student mental health: minding the gap. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/higher-education- network/blog/2012/dec/05/student-mental-health-university- responsibility People's Daily Online. (2009). Help our children! 10 million Chinese minors troubled by Internet addiction. Retrieved from http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90782/6702472.html
  • 43. BIBILIOGRAPHY FOR IMAGES Rohan7things. (2013). How To Get Rid of a Bully or Psychopath! Retrieved from http://rohan7things.wordpress.com/2013/02/17/how-to- get-rid- of-a-bully-or-psychopath/ Stevens, J., E. (2012). The Adverse Childhood Experiences Study -- the Largest Public Health Study You Never Heard Of, Part Three. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/jane-ellen- stevens/the-adverse-childhood-exp_7_b_1944199.html Walsh, D. (n.d.).Video Game Violence and Public Policy. Retrieved from http://culturalpolicy.uchicago.edu/papers/2001-video- games/walsh.html
  • 44. BIBILIOGRAPHY FOR IMAGES Yadvichuk, T. (2012). KitKat: have a break from social media. Retrieved from http://www.searchcowboys.com/socialmedia/1881
  • 45. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Austin, H. (2013). BLOG: How social media can positively impact educational processes. Retrieved from http://www.milliganstampede.com/2013/04/19/blog- how-social-media-can-positively-impact-educational-processes/ The author talks about how teachers can use media in the classroom by creating online, virtual classrooms with the use of video. Online classrooms are especially beneficial to students who find it difficult to pay attention in the classrooms with all of the distractions. Chamberlain, J. (2011). Facebook: friend or foe? American Psychological Association. 42(9). 66. retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/10/facebook.aspx This article is about kids getting negatively affected by overusing different social media outlets. The author also talks about parenting styles and rules instructed of when to use Social Media for their children to control the usage and not over use it.
  • 46. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Clinton,C.& Steyer, J.P. (2012). Is the internet hurting children? Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2012/05/21/opinion/clinton-steyer-internet-kids James P Steyer is the CEO and Chelsea Clinton is a board member of Common Sense Media, a nonprofit advocacy organization focused on media. They state that the explosive growth of social media, smartphones and digital devices is transforming our kids' lives, in school and at home with various statistical data. ―From PC’s in school to online schooling‖. In this video Athena Jones reports on the going trend of online education and its impact on students. Cohen, H. (2011). 30 Social media definitions. Retrieved from http://heidicohen.com/social-media-definition/ According to the author, as social media continues to evolve and its uses change and expand, so does the definition of social media. Cohen surveyed active participants of social media and got a wide range of responses. Based upon this survey the author has come up with 30 definitions of social media.
  • 47. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Common sense media. (2012). Social media, social life: how teens view their digital lives . Retrieved from http://www.commonsensemedia.org/research/social-media-social-life/key- finding-2%3A-teens-more-likely-to-report-positive-impact-- This article emphasizes the impact of Social media on the emotional well being of teens. Some of the key points in the article are about teens and how they don't think their use of social media affects their social and emotional well- being one way or the other. With conducting a variety of surveys it represents the belief that teens believe that there is more of a positive impact of social media use on their emotional well-being than a negative one.
  • 48. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Donohue, C. (2012). Intentional and appropriate use of technology tools and interactive media: The NAEYC and The Fred Rogers Center Position Statement. Retrieved from http://www.eetcconference.org/wp- content/uploads/Use_of_Tech_Tools_and_Interactive_Media.pdf This article by Donohue stresses that technology and interactive media are tools that can promote effective learning and development but only when they are used intentionally and appropriately to suit the learning needs of individual children. This is only possible when educators have the required information and resources regarding the nature of these tools and the implications of their use with children.
  • 49. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Fraser, M & Dutta, S. (2008). Throwing Sheep in the Boardroom: How Online Social Networking Will Transform Your Life, Work and World. Retrieved from http://library.books24x7.com.library.sheridanc.on.ca/assetviewer.aspx?boo kid=29493&chunkid=472561837&rowid=420 This book illustrates the concept of social media and how online social networking will transform your life, work and world Fredman, J. (2013). Definition of noninteractive multimedia. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/info_12211830_definition-noninteractive- multimedia.html According to the author, noninteractive media are those in which the content cannot be altered or modified like songs, movies and photographs.
  • 50. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Gordon, S. (2011). Social media has good and bad effects on kids: Experts. Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/childrens- health/articles/2011/03/28/social-media-has-good-and-bad-effects-on-kids- experts This article is about the ups and downs of Social media usage amongst Youth and the advantages and disadvantages in their personal and school life. The article is about Social media and how it allows the Youth to connect with their peers and have a personal space of their own. It talks about the Parent’s role and how they should stay interactive and connected with their children so that they can monitor their Social Media activities. It continues to discuss severe side effects of Social Media including Cyber bullying and ―Face book Depression‖. INVESTOPEDIA. (2013). Interactive media. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/i/interactive-media.asp This website defines and explains the meaning of interactive media.
  • 51. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Luskin, B. (2012). The media psychology effect. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-media-psychology- effect/201203/brain-behavior-and-media The author of this article Bernard Luskin is member of the Board of the Media Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association. In this article he illustrates the effect of media on brain, behaviour and psychology using MRI studies. He also tells about the positive and negative effects of media. National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) & Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning and Children’s Media. (2012). Technology and interactive media as tools in early childhood programs serving children from birth through age 8. Retrieved from http://www.naeyc.org/files/naeyc/file/positions/PS_technology_WEB2.pdf This article by NAEYC and Fred Roger Center reflects the ever changing digital age and provides guidance for early childhood educators about the use of technology and interactive media. With guidance the various technology tools can be harnessed for learning and development. Without guidance their use can be inappropriate and interfere with learning and development.
  • 52. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Paediatr Child Health. (2003). Impact of media use on child and youth. Paedriatic and Child Health, 8 (5), 301-306. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2792691/ This article explores the beneficial and harmful effects of media on children’s physical and mental health. It also identifies how physicians can guide the families to promote the healthy use of media. The recommendations section of this journal article highlights very clearly that parents need to monitor and supervise the children when they are using the media. Pilieci, V. (2012). “Is social media harming our mental health, researchers wonder?” Retrieved from http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/03/25/is-social-media-harming-our- mental-health-researchers-wonder/ This article discusses the mental health state of children who are influenced by Social Media outlets. The youth are using Social Media as a platform for socializing, social updates, educational purposes, connecting with peers and gaining popularity amongst peers. The researchers believe Social media can be healthy until it takes control of our lives.
  • 53. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Pitman,S.(2008).The impact of media technologies on child development and wellbeing. Retrieved from http://www.ozchild.org.au/userfiles/docs/ozchild/research- papers/ImpactOfElectronicMedia.pdf In this article Susan Pitman, Senior research officer Oz child, relates the different ways media can impact the growth and development of children as well as its potential benefits and harmful effects. Schurgin, G., & Clarke-Pearson, K. (2011). The impact of social media on children,adolescents, and families. Pediatrics, 127 (4), 800-804. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/127/4/800.full The pediatrics in this journal article stress that it is important for parents to become aware of the nature of the social media sites as all of them are not healthy environments for children. Some parents often lack a basic understanding that kids’ online lives are an extension of their offline lives. The article also throws light on the benefits and risks faced by children using social media.
  • 54. ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY Weiner, A. (2009). Effects of social media on children. Is social media affecting our….Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kb4ZS_t4hzQ In this video Dr. Weiner explores the effects of social media on our children. She also discusses the various pros and cons of social media and the extent to which children have become dependent upon them in their everyday lives. It is a really helpful video for the parents