What is media <ul><li>In general “media” refers to news or information being heard or read by various forms of communication such as TVs, Internet, Radio, Newspapers and etc. </li></ul>
Media affects <ul><li>It has been proved that extended television viewing leads to decreased ability to sustain attention on other tasks. It has also been argued that the increased use of television is one of the primary causes of children being diagnosed with ADHD. It is safe to say the best TV is the kind that requires viewers to think such as educational programs. </li></ul>
What part of the brain is effected? <ul><li>Frontal lobe </li></ul>The left frontal lobe is involved in controlling language related movement, whereas the right frontal lobe plays a role in non-verbal abilities. Some researchers emphasize that this rule is not absolute and that with many people, both lobes are involved in nearly all behavior.
How does media influence children? <ul><li>Television can be a powerful entertainment and education tool for children given the right programming. However, studies have shown that television, and media in general, can also have a very negative influence. Some studies indicate it can shorten attention span, distort body image, work in conjunction with other factors to escalate obesity, create fear, and increase aggressive and anti-social behaviors if exposure is unmonitored and unlimited. </li></ul>
Gerbner’s research found that those who watch greater amounts of television are more likely to: overestimate their risk of being victimized by crime believe their neighborhoods are unsafe believe "fear of crime is a very serious personal problem" assume the crime rate is increasing, even when it is not
Cognitive Response Theory argues that in order to experience attitude change a person receiving a persuasive message must think about the message, and their thoughts about it are more important than the message itself. How the Media Change Attitudes and Opinions
Negative Outcomes Often Attributed to Media Exposure Media may also have the negative impact of promoting cultural, racial or gender biases, either through stereotyping roles and behaviors or the under- or over-representation of minority characters. However, some research has also shown that by familiarizing individuals with groups other than themselves, the media may also provide positive learning opportunities that help overcome stereotypes and prejudices
Digital Media Effects Studies on the effect of new media technologies are only just beginning to emerge, but here are some of the most important findings and/or developments (Bryant & Thompson, 2002): • Media consumers are no longer simply an “audience,” but are now “users” – heralding a new era of active consumption • Communication and media impact are now multi-directional; two-way sender-receiver models are too linear and orderly to represent these interactions • While some scholars have found high levels of Internet usage correlate with higher levels of loneliness, anxiety and depression, there may also be social benefits for shy or shut-in individuals who go online
• Media fragmentation (the development of many highly-specialized media outlets) makes ta audiences easier, but may also make mass communication more challenging • The increased number of media choices may expose children to adult material before they are prepared for it Digital Media Effects
Dominick, J. R. (2005). The Dynamics of Mass Communication: Media in the Digital Age, 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Bryant, J., & Thompson, S. (2002). Fundamentals of Media Effects, 1st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Morley, D. (2006). Unanswered questions in audience research. The Communication Review, 9:2, 101–121. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/295/5564/2377.citation
Every coin has two sides. There are both positives and negatives of one single given notion. The media, known as the fourth pillar of democracy, has a huge impact on the society. The effects are of course, positive as well as negative. It is up to the people to decide which effect they want to bask in. Media is such a powerful tool that it literally governs the direction of our society today. It is the propeller as well as the direction provider of the society. Opinions can change overnight and celebrities can become infamous with just one wave by the media.