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  • 1. 1
  • 2. Presentation to HIS EXCELLENCY CHIEF MINISTER OF SINDHPOST FLOODS/RAINS 2010/11 REHABILITATAION AND MONSOON 2012 PREPAREDNESS LEVELS By SECRETARY REHABILITATION GOVERNMENT OF SINDH 24th April, 2012 2
  • 3.  Districts Affected by Rains 2011 Losses & Damages Due to Rain 2011 Flood Related Schemes in ADP 2011 – 12 Relief Provided Release of Funds for Flood Fight Relief Efforts. Rabi Assistance by Government of Sindh Status of Pakistan Card and CDCP Cluster’s Activities – Recovery. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh. PDMA’s Pre-Monsoon 2012 preparations. PDMA’s and District Requirements Challenges Recommendations 3
  • 4. 1. BADIN 7. THATTA 13. SHAHEED BENAZIRABAD2. MIRPURKHAS 8. HYDERABAD 14. JAMSHORO3. TANDO ALLAHYAR 9. KHAIRPUR 15. DADU4. TANDO MUHAMMAD 10. NAUSHAHRO 16.GHOTKIKHAN FEROZE5. THARPARKAR 11. SANGHAR6. UMERKOT 12. MATIARI 4
  • 5. District Wise/ Sector-Wise Losses (Rs. in Million)Name of Total Agri LS&F Roads Educ Health Housing WS&DDistrictBadin 99402 37,797 413 1,443 151 226 59,297 75Sanghar 60,098 35,861 30 1,381 385 375 21,980 86Benaziraba 49,422 17,210 535 193 274 795 30,000 416dUmerkot 42,050 10,895 366 899 77 676 28,726 411Mirpurkhas 41,081 17,255 468 1,478 249 825 20,559 246Khairpur 21,034 18,399 53 837 56 0 1,572 118T.M. Khan 18,340 7,851 15 228 156 233 9,829 28Thatta 18,323 16,588 18 350 85 150 1,133 0T.Allahyar 16,549 8,214 3 331 11 318 7,619 53Matiari 14,429 8,217 7 322 24 82 5,660 116Dadu 12,564 9,783 59 405 66 0 2,251 0Ghotki 11,307 6,909 2 323 23 0 4,022 27N.Feroze 10,890 7,410 11 565 22 675 2,120 87Jamshoro 9,687 3,937 9 64 34 150 5,494 0 5Source: P&D Dept:
  • 6. District Wise/ Sector-Wise Losses (Rs. in Million) Name of Total Agri LS&F Roads Educ Health Housing WS&D District Tharparkar 5,767 1,272 272 1,154 128 918 2,010 13 Hyderabad 3,437 2638 11 272 20 0 496 0 Sukkur 2,801 3696 4 98 2 0 0 0 Larkana 2,464 543 5 1263 3 0 651 0 Shikarpur 2,229 2034 2 117 2 0 6 68 Kashmore 2,005 1462 16 264 14 249 0 Kamber 1,589 422 10 584 22 0 550 0 Jacobabad 851 362 14 294 12 0 169 0 Karachi 35 0 0 34 0 0 1 0 Total 446,245 217,756 2,322 12,899 1,816 5,422 204,394 1,745Source: P&D Dept: 6
  • 7. Water Supply & Drainage Schemes Damaged In Flood 2010 Along with Their Tentative Cost of Rehabilitation WATER SUPPLY DRAINAGE SCHEMES SCHEMES DAMAGED DAMAGED TOTALSr. DISTRICT No. OF REHB: No. OF REHB: No. OF REHB: # SCHEMES COST IN SCHEMES COST IN SCHEME COST IN MILLION MILLION S MILLION1 Ghotki 1 8.000 4 25.500 5 33.5002 Shikarpur 8 43.600 7 42.500 15 86.1003 Jamshoro 28 141.500 0 0.000 28 141.5004 Kamber / Shahdadkot 51 650.900 16 341.800 67 992.7005 Kashmore / Kandhkot 5 99.000 6 65.900 11 164.9006 Khairpur 0 0.000 1 6.100 1 6.1007 Jacobabad 54 464.110 19 211.600 73 675.7108 Dadu 7 80.000 3 44.000 10 124.0009 Thatta 2 22.000 0 0.000 2 22.000 Total:- 156 1509.110 56 737.400 212 2246.510 7Source: PHED
  • 8. Irrigation System Damages (2011) Left Bank Canals (Kotri Barrage) S.No Features Fulleli Guni Akram 1. D. Discharge 17956 5629 3714 (Cs) 2. Length (miles) 519.49 339.63 472.14 3. No of channels 46 39 48 4 Breaches 64 90 45 5 Damages 50% 70% 65% 6 Category Moderate Severe SevereSource: Irrigation Deptt; 8
  • 9. Irrigation System Damages (2011) Nara Canal (Sukkur Barrage) S.No Features Nara (lower) Jamrao Mithrao 1. D. Discharge 13600 3500 2500 (Cs) 2. Length (miles) 115 174 84 3. No of channels 22 76 56 4 Breaches - 30 33 5 Damages 20% 50% 50% 6 Category Moderate Severe SevereSource: Irrigation Deptt; 9
  • 10. Damages to Drainage Network S.No Name of Drain Total Length (RD) Damages 1 Spinal Drain 662.96 40% 2 Surfaces Drains Nawabshah 1967.88 25% Component 3 Surface Drains Sanghar 1398.37 35% Component 4 Surface drains Mirpurkhas 1474.63 50% Component 5 Dhoro Puran Out fall Drain 127 70% (DPOD) 6 Kadhan Pateji out fall Drain 180.40 20% (KPOD) (RD 159.000 to RD -21.400) 7 Surface Drains in Badin Area 1886.06 60%Source: Irrigation Deptt; 10
  • 11. Abstract of Drainage Restoration Works Short Term Phase-I (District Wise) Short Term Phase-I Emergent Works Works to beSr.# Name of District to be completed completed from Total from March to April-2012 to June, 2012 June-2013 1. Badin & Thatta 484.00 1157.00 1641.00 2. Umerkot 170.00 340.00 510.00 3. Mirpurkhas 545.00 510.00 1055.00 4. Sanghar 301.00 340.00 641.00 5. Tando Allahyar 63.00 217.00 280.00 6. S. Benazirabad 421.00 179.00 600.00 7. Larkana & Dadu -- 80.00 80.00 8. Other Drains & 80.00 112.00 192.00 Misc. works TOTAL 2064.00 2936.00 5000.00Source: Irrigation Deptt; 11
  • 12. PHYSICAL STATUS OF SCHOOLS COMPLETELY DESTROYED BY FLOOD/ RAIN 2011 Rs. In million Sr. Sector wise Physical Status No. Institutions No. of Tentative No. of Tentative schools estimated school estimated completely cost partially cost destroyed damaged 1 Primary Schools 1195 Rs. 2390.00 2035 Rs. 2035.00 2 Middle Schools 102 Rs. 255.00 214 Rs. 214.00 3 Secondary Schools 36 Rs. 126.00 90 Rs. 198.00 4. Higher Secondary 9 Rs. 45.00 29 Rs.30.00 Schools 5. Intermediate/ Degree 0 0 39 Rs. 50.00 TOTAL 1342 Rs. 2816.00 2407 Rs. 2527.00Source: Education Deptt. 12
  • 13. FURNITURE & FIXTURE STATUS OF SCHOOLS DESTROYED BY FLOOD/RAIN 2011 Rs. In million Sr. Sector wise Furniture & Fixture Status No. Institutions No. of Tentative No. of Tentative schools estimated school estimated completely cost partially cost destroyed damaged 1 Primary Schools 5307 Rs. 8926 Rs. 900.0 1200.00 2 Middle Schools 256 Rs. 512.00 346 Rs. 35.00 3 Secondary Schools 233 Rs. 93.00 2150 Rs. 45.00 4. Higher Secondary 100 Rs. 200.00 410 Rs.200.00 Schools 5. Intermediate/ 0 0 40 Rs. 20.00 Degree TOTAL 5896 Rs. 2005.00 11872 Rs. 1165.00Source: Education Deptt. 13
  • 14. TOTAL NUMBER OF SCHOOLS EFFECTED BY FLOOD/RAIN 2011 & ESTIMATED COST FOR REHABILITATION Rs. In million Sr. Sector wise Institutions Total No. of Estimated cost No. schools effected required for rehabilitation 1 Primary Schools 17463 Rs. 6525.00 2 Middle Schools 918 Rs.1016.00 3 Secondary Schools 2509 Rs. 462.00 4. Higher Secondary Schools 548 Rs. 475.00 5. Intermediate/ Degree 79 Rs. 70.00 TOTAL 21517 Rs. 8548.00 Say Rs. 9.0 billionSource: Education Deptt. 14
  • 15. S.No District No. of roads Affected length Estimated (in Kms) Cost (In Rs.) 1 Thatta i/c Coastal 13 36.00 100.238 2 Sukkur 17 11.26 76.389 3 Ghotki 15 27.77 107.078 4 Khairpur 14 38.00 174.826 5 N.Feroze 8 24.30 99.653 6 Shikarpur 11 16.50 72.410 7 Jacobabad 10 28.36 122.140 8 Kashmore 8 17.74 117.255 9 Larkana 10 20.83 20.020 Total 184 581.33 2055.444Source: W&S Deptt; 15
  • 16. Rehabilitation of Rain Affected Roads 2011 (PRIORITY – II) • Affected Length = 985.30 Kms (Completely / Partially Damaged) • Estimated Cost for Rehabilitation = Rs. 3773.855 Million • PC-I of these roads are under Process of submission to P&D Department for approval.Source: W&S Deptt; 16
  • 17. Present Status.PMU notified 28th June 2011.Design consultants mobilized 10th October 2011Pre-qualified contractors 1st December2011.Project Management Consultants mobilized: 31st December 2011.Phase-1 (10 packages of 244 kms) started 7th February 2012.Phase-2 (16 packages of 302 kms) started March 2012Bids for Phase-3 ( 16 packages of 318 kms) 11th April 2012 17
  • 18. Animals Losses / DamagesSr. District Animal Value (Rs) Sr. District Animal Value (Rs)No. Died No. Died1. Thatta 131 5,780,000 14. Shikarpur 28 840,0002. Dadu 161 7,216,000 15. Badin 10,060 225,698,0003. Jamshoro 83 1,704,000 16. Umerkot 18,824 416,016,0004. Hyderabad 32 1,816,000 17. Tharparkar 30,623 336,058,0005. Matiari 1101 36,158,000 18. T. Allahyar 197 3,536,0006. T.M. Khan 187 6,384,000 19. Mirpurkhas 12,280 210,782,0007. S.B. Abad 22,646 627,936,000 20. Sanghar 19,040 401,496,0008. Larkana 92 4,034,000 TOTAL 116,548 2321,200,0009. Kambar 219 6,330,00010. Kashmore 4 240,00011. N. Feroze 512 18,084,00012. Khairpur 327 11,032,00013. Ghotki 01 60,000Source: Livestock & Fisheries Deptt; 18
  • 19. Flood Related Schemes in ADP 2011-12 ADP # Name of Scheme Cost Allocation 1597 Municipal Services Delivery Program 1000 1598 Development of Township in Major Urban 5000 2000 Centres (50,000 No’s 80 Square Yard Plot with all Civil Services) 1599 Flood Affected Village Rehabilitation 4000 2000 (2000 Villages 40,000 Houses) 1600 Flood affected Town Rehabilitation 5000 2000 Italian Debt Swap 700 USAID 12000 222 Flood Emergency Reconstruction Project 3500 Bunds / Canals (ADB Funded)Source: P&D Dept: Total 23200 19
  • 20. RELIEF PROVIDED 20
  • 21. Relief Provided (in Quantified Terms) ITEMS GOVERNMENT OTHERS* Tents 304,311 19,310 Plastic Sheets 113,861 10,655 Mosquito Nets 359,424 6,894 Family Packs 364,882,6 37,325 Rice Bags 36,535 - Water Purification Units 3,247 - Dewatering Pumps 851 106 Blankets 516,133 - Razai/ Rilly 16,978 * The relief provision/ assistance in ‘Others’ do not include the suppliesSource: PDMA by major UN Agencies carried out from aid of 21 USD 170,656,780 received.
  • 22. Relief Expenditure (in Monetary Terms) Food Items Particulars ExpenditureFamily Packs Rs. 1,041,823,624Drinking Water Rs. 19,792,382 Non Food Items Particulars ExpenditureTents, Plastics sheets, Mosquito nets Rs. 1,020,306,020De-Watering Pumps Rs. 18,800,220 MiscellaneousTransportation Rs. 71,709,340Miscellaneous Rs. 59,931,223Total Expenditures Rs. 2,232,362,809Source: PDMA 22
  • 23. Rabi Assistance By Government of Sindh, Agriculture Department ITEMS QUANTITY QUANTITY ALLOCATED PROVIDED (Metric Tons) (Metric Tons)Wheat Seed 55,000 53,900Urea For Wheat 55,000 27,269Sun Flower 500 500SeedSource : Agriculture Department 23
  • 24. Rabi Crop Position 2011-12 Crop Area Cultivated Area Cultivated % Decrease During 2010-11 During 2011-12 Over Last YearWheat 1,144,367 1,047,374 8.5Onion 63,220 43,000 32Rape & 43,493 42,078 3.2MustardSunflower 266,964 188,663 29Gram 19,658 19,810 --Masoor 3,294 3,403 --Source : Early Recovery Framework 2011 24
  • 25. Release of funds for Flood Fight Relief Efforts (Rs. in Million)Department Budge Out Side Federal Total Estimates Budget Transfer 2011-12 (GOS) 2011-12 2011-12Relief 107.868 (GOS) 2,652.550 - 2,760.418CommissionerPDMA 248.990 2,063.658 - 2,312.648UBL & HBL for - 1138.9 1500.000 12,889.00Pak-CardIrrigation Dept - 720.000 - 220.000Work & Services - 300.000 - 300.000DeptPublic Health - 864.080 - 864.080ServicesHealth - 100.000 - 100.000DepartmentAgriculture Dept - 1000.000 - 1000.000Total ‘A’ 390.258 20,159.860 1500.000 22,050.118Source : Finance Department 25
  • 26. Status of Pakistan Cards (as of 21-04-2012)Funds Released by Sindh Government Rs. 12.889 BillionFunds Released by Federal Rs. 1.5 BillionGovernmentTotal Processed So far by NADRA 1,216,782Total Processed So Far by Banks 1,212,963Total Cards Activated 1,187,445Cash Disbursed from HBL out of 5.7 Rs. 5,647,114,429BnCash Disbursed from UBL out of 7.189 Rs. 6,120,203,867BnTotal Cash Disbursed Rs. 11,767,318,296Source: NADRA 26
  • 27. Post Floods 2010 Cash Transfer Project CDCP PHASE – II (as of 21st April 2012 ) Final Caseload of 14 districts 248,948 Watan Cards Processed to-date 149,187 Cards Activated 148,079 Funds Disbursed Rs. 3,279,920,000 CDCP PHASE – I (stands closed on 16.12.2011) Cards Distributed 654,572 Funds Disbursed Rs. 13.04 Billion 50 % matching amount by Federal and Provincial GovernmentSource: NADRA 27
  • 28. CLUSTERS’ ACTIVITIES- RECOVERY 28
  • 29. Stakeholders’ Roles & Responsibilities(Coordination Mechanism) Sector wise Government /INGO Coordination Mechanism Sector Government Department INGO ClusterAgriculture Agriculture FAOCamp Management District Government UNHCRCommunity Restoration Planning & Dev. Dept. E.REducation Education Dept. UNICEFEmergency Shelter PDMA & RC IOMFood Food Dept. / Dist. Govt. WFPHealth Health Dept. WHOInformation Management PDMA OCHALogistics Armed Forces WFPWASH PPHI/Health/PHED UNICEF/WHOProtection Home Dept./Social Welfare Dept. UNDP 29
  • 30. MONSOON PREPAREDNESS 2012 30
  • 31. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh Climatic Hazards Riverine Floods Flash Floods LBOD Floods Urban Floods 31
  • 32. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh Climatic Hazards 32
  • 33. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh Climatic Hazards: Causes Heavy Rains/River Extreme Rainfall (Monsoon) FloodingTorrential Rain/Flash Flooding Extreme Rainfall (Monsoon) Urban Flooding Extreme Rainfall (Monsoon)Snow-melt Flooding Extreme Heat in May/June Tropical CyclonesCyclones/Coastal Flooding (Pre & Post Monsoon)33
  • 34. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh Riverine Floods Kashmore Ghotki Sukkur Thatta Shikarpur Jacobabad Kamber T.M.Khan Khairpur Larkana Naushahro Feroze JamshoroSh. Benazirabad Dadu Hyderabad Matiari 34
  • 35. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh Flash FloodsDadu Jacobabad Jamshoro Kamber Larkana 35
  • 36. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh LBOD Floods 36
  • 37. Monsoon Hazards in Sindh Urban FloodsKarachi Hyderabad 37
  • 38. Plan Showing the Location of Barrages & Alignment of River Bunds 38 5
  • 39. Zone1 Zone2 Zone3 Zone4 Zone5Zone6 39
  • 40. PDMA’s Pre-Monsoon 2012 Preparations• PDMA has convened meetings with DCs and relevant stakeholders in March and April 2012 to assess, identify and put in place the Preparedness, Relief Measures & mobilization of Resources.• PDMA has advised Line Departments and DDMAs to prepare comprehensive Monsoon/Floods Contingency Plans 2012 following the lessons learnt from floods-2010 and Rains-2011.• Districts have prepared Districts’ Disaster Contingency Plans• This will follow the Provincial Monsoon/Floods Contingency Plan 2012, in which Roles & Responsibilities of each stakeholder will be defined. 40
  • 41. PDMA’s Pre-Monsoon 2012 Preparations• Liaison of PDMA with Stakeholders:• DDMAs• Irrigation Department• Local Government• Health• Home• Meteorological Department,• Armed Forces (including Cantonments/Maritime/DHAs)• Civic Amenities Agencies (KWSB, KESC, SSGC, KPT, PQA, PTCL etc)• Education• Local / International/NGOSs, CBOs (Edhi/Aman/Chippa) 41
  • 42. PDMA’s Pre-Monsoon 2012 Preparations• Monsoon preparations with DDMAs include following:• To allocate sufficient funds (2% of District Budget) under the head ‘Disaster Management’.• To ascertain and enhance preparedness levels of the district stakeholders, Civil Defence etc.• District Contingency Plan for 2012 and SOP guidelines for each stakeholder.• Formation of District & Taluka Committees for Risk Management, Rescue, Evacuation, Relief, Vigilance, Transport, Machinery, Health, Sanitation, Food, Veterinary, Hygiene etc.)• To prepare inventory of available resources/equipment (both the district & the privately held) like Tractors, Trolleys, Bulldozers, Dewatering Machines, Excavators etc.• Emergency Directory of all Important Phone Numbers & Focal Persons. 42
  • 43. PDMA’s Pre-Monsoon 2012 Preparations• To seek the district needs for meeting the emergent situation.• To plug communication gap and enhance coordination.• Irrigation Department to ensure completion of all rehabilitation works on river embankments & drainage schemes.• Works & Services Department to ensure the repair of roads damaged in Flood-2010.• PDMA is organizing Monsoon Contingency Workshop-2012 for stakeholders, NGOs/iNGOs to prepare for Monsoon. 43
  • 44. Status of Flood Relief EquipmentS.# ITEMS QUANTITY1. FRP Boats (19 ft. length) 402. Out Board Engine (Yamaha 25 HP 40 Engine)3. Anchor 404. FRP Oars 805. Boat Hook 406. Buoys with Lashing 407. Search Lights (Handheld) 408. Fathom / Anchor Rope (meters) 409. Life Jackets 400 44
  • 45. Flood Stores Held With PDMAS.# ITEMS QUANTITY SOURCE1. TENTS 1300 China, Korea, Bangladesh, Russia, Saudi Arabia2. MOSQUITO NETS 9000 PDMA3. DE-WATERING PUMPS 81 PDMA, UNDP4. BLANKETS 7000 Bangladesh, Korea, Egypt, France JERRY CANS, KITCHEN SETS, WATER PURIFIERS, TEA 45
  • 46. PDMA and Districts’ Requirements• PDMA has moved a Summary for release of Rs. 720 Million for payment of liabilities owed to vendors of relief supplies made during rain 2011 as well as to make pre-emptive procurement of key relief supplies such as tents, family ration packs, plastic sheets, de- watering pumps.• Additional funds would also be required to meet the demands of districts for strengthening their response mechanism• Revamping of Rehabilitation Department by integrating Relief and Civil Defence• Approval of PDMA Service Rules 46
  • 47. Challenges• Illegal Zamindari Bunds• Permanent Settlements• Encroachments in River/Flood plains• People living in Katcha Areas• Restoring Sukkur Barrage to its original capacity• De-silting of Barrage Upstream storage area• Raising of Manchar lake bund level 47
  • 48. Challenges• Early warning remains a sore-point with respect to the flood prone Indus River• Absence of Flash Flood Monitoring System• Limited forecasting capabilities of the PMD• Lack of medium-to-long term forecasting capabilities• Capacity constraints of PDMA / DDMAs• Timely availability of air & aviation support• Timely availability of cash flow 48
  • 49. Recommendations• Land use planning and regulatory mechanisms• Regular maintenance of irrigation infrastructure• Strengthening of vulnerable points / river banks.• Strengthening capabilities of PMD with respect to • Extended weather radar coverage • Medium and long term weather forecasting • Flash flood monitoring• Capacity enhancement of PDMAs/DDMA’s system. 49
  • 50. Recommendations• Restoring educational & health institutions damaged during 2010 floods and monsoon rains 2011• Completion of Comprehensive Flood Management Plan by FFC.• Immediate operationalizing of High Level Flood Vigilance Committee by FFC• Management of cross border irrigation systems by a Central body during flood season• Institutional arrangements to be put in place for timely availability of air & aviation support• Timely availability of cash flow 50
  • 51. THANKS 51