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Pivate Financing Initiave Through Community Based Coastal Carbon Corridor Initiative

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Presented by Mumbunan Sonny Sembiring at Blue Carbon Summit, on 17-18 July 2018 in Jakarta, Indonesia

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Pivate Financing Initiave Through Community Based Coastal Carbon Corridor Initiative

  1. 1. Financing Blue Carbon Development PRIVATE FINANCING INITIATIVE Through Community Based Coastal Carbon Corridor Initiative M.S. Sembiring Blue Carbon Summit Jakarta 17 July 2018
  2. 2. Ground-check and time series map of coastal land cover changes in Northern Java and Madura from before 1988 to 2015: ▪ 4 series maps showed land-use changed at 31 districts/towns along the Northern Java & Madura coastlines; ▪ Before 1988 total mangrove ecosystem in Java and Madura 272,228 ha; ▪ Our GIS analysis showed 241,944 ha (88.88%) being degraded for various land-uses, such as: ➢ ponds 187,328 ha (68.81%), ➢ settlement and industrial areas 19,597 ha (7.20%), ➢ agricultures, swamps and bare-lands 9,763 ha (3.59%) ➢ sea-abrasion 25,256 ha (9.28%). ▪ Existing mangroves was only 30,284 ha (11.12%) that consist of: ✓ 18,242 ha (6.70%) of old mangroves and ✓ 12,042 ha (4.42%) of restored mangroves ▪ There is a huge areas need to be rehabilitated. (Studied by YAGASU 2016-2017) MANGROVE STATUS AND THREATS
  3. 3. Before No District/town 1988 Existing Lost Total Existing Restored Lost Total Existing Restored Lost Total 1 Pandeglang 1,590.43 1,578.10 12.33 1,590.43 1,302.16 288.27 1,590.43 1,279.25 187.50 123.68 1,590.43 2 Cilegon 1,143.85 369.53 774.32 1,143.85 295.12 62.60 786.13 1,143.85 173.95 12.14 957.76 1,143.85 3 Serang 10,258.67 230.60 10,028.07 10,258.67 137.26 133.09 9,988.32 10,258.67 131.70 243.09 9,883.88 10,258.67 4 Tangerang 6,713.22 90.05 6,623.17 6,713.22 27.43 81.16 6,604.63 6,713.22 3.59 50.23 6,659.40 6,713.22 5 Jakarta 4,159.50 91.62 4,067.88 4,159.50 37.59 49.29 4,072.62 4,159.50 67.51 147.07 3,944.92 4,159.50 6 Bekasi 10,553.54 371.83 10,181.71 10,553.54 58.28 185.43 10,309.83 10,553.54 55.79 384.45 10,113.30 10,553.54 7 Karawang 18,902.72 64.19 18,838.53 18,902.72 4.10 51.50 18,847.12 18,902.72 14.23 119.95 18,768.54 18,902.72 8 Subang 13,378.04 716.20 12,661.84 13,378.04 630.97 353.12 12,393.95 13,378.04 525.30 835.86 12,016.88 13,378.04 9 Indramayu 18,100.96 317.16 17,783.80 18,100.96 110.69 334.20 17,656.07 18,100.96 73.43 373.25 17,654.28 18,100.96 10 Cirebon 10,797.11 26.50 10,770.61 10,797.11 2.68 84.59 10,709.84 10,797.11 17.45 168.37 10,611.29 10,797.11 11 Brebes 17,024.18 194.12 16,830.06 17,024.18 25.93 133.08 16,865.17 17,024.18 75.86 306.58 16,641.74 17,024.18 12 Tegal 1,219.22 125.90 1,093.32 1,219.22 15.73 140.41 1,063.08 1,219.22 29.44 89.45 1,100.33 1,219.22 13 Pamalang 3,310.86 27.08 3,283.78 3,310.86 0.00 10.96 3,299.90 3,310.86 2.21 134.98 3,173.67 3,310.86 14 Pekalongan 3,570.57 40.84 3,529.73 3,570.57 1.56 14.82 3,554.19 3,570.57 1.53 19.76 3,549.28 3,570.57 15 Batang 914.46 1.72 912.74 914.46 0.00 0.00 914.46 914.46 0.00 4.48 909.98 914.46 16 Kendal 5,812.60 50.80 5,761.80 5,812.60 5.90 48.65 5,758.05 5,812.60 6.97 113.89 5,691.74 5,812.60 17 Semarang 6,433.32 28.99 6,404.33 6,433.32 31.26 20.56 6,381.50 6,433.32 3.29 84.80 6,345.23 6,433.32 18 Demak 17,703.39 226.90 17,476.49 17,703.39 31.26 211.93 17,460.20 17,703.39 72.15 600.13 17,031.11 17,703.39 19 Jepara 3,774.52 44.35 3,730.17 3,774.52 7.37 29.10 3,738.05 3,774.52 10.28 44.86 3,719.38 3,774.52 20 Pati 12,833.04 39.25 12,793.79 12,833.04 0.81 40.22 12,792.01 12,833.04 5.80 97.51 12,729.73 12,833.04 21 Rembang 2,695.09 69.81 2,625.28 2,695.09 8.80 26.38 2,659.91 2,695.09 16.74 30.22 2,648.13 2,695.09 22 Tuban 1,161.84 117.67 1,044.17 1,161.84 19.15 98.52 1,044.17 1,161.84 19.86 21.23 1,120.75 1,161.84 23 Lamongan 1,396.77 106.18 1,290.59 1,396.77 98.76 9.35 1,288.66 1,396.77 84.57 22.56 1,289.64 1,396.77 24 Gresik 15,592.95 574.18 15,018.77 15,592.95 235.08 360.02 14,997.85 15,592.95 502.51 1,355.59 13,734.85 15,592.95 25 Surabaya 11,183.51 631.49 10,552.02 11,183.51 119.71 188.64 10,875.16 11,183.51 130.81 540.35 10,512.35 11,183.51 26 Sidoarjo 20,436.65 1,079.35 19,357.30 20,436.65 226.03 334.03 19,876.59 20,436.65 257.12 749.79 19,429.74 20,436.65 27 Pasuruan 6,839.76 758.97 6,080.79 6,839.76 112.34 257.52 6,469.90 6,839.76 177.14 736.17 5,926.45 6,839.76 28 Probolinggo 3,830.56 347.09 3,483.47 3,830.56 147.41 192.34 3,490.81 3,830.56 271.74 409.08 3,149.74 3,830.56 29 Situbondo 2,188.72 695.35 1,493.37 2,188.72 314.40 36.87 1,837.45 2,188.72 112.04 342.77 1,733.91 2,188.72 30 Banyuwangi 4,178.67 2,380.91 1,997.76 4,378.67 1,933.45 126.00 2,119.22 4,178.67 1,920.39 892.98 1,365.30 4,178.67 31 Madura 34,529.35 12,631.17 21,898.18 34,529.35 10,124.07 2,500.82 21,904.46 34,529.35 12,199.23 2,923.39 19,406.73 34,529.35 Total 272,228.07 24,027.90 248,400.17 272,428.07 16,065.30 6,115.20 250,047.57 272,228.07 18,241.88 12,042.48 241,943.71 272,228.07 8.83% 91.18% 22,180.50 91.85% 30,284.36 8.15% 6.70% 4.42% 88.88% 11.12% 20151988 2000 MANGROVE STATUS IN THE NORTHERN JAVA & MADURA (YAGASU 2016-2017)
  4. 4. Before 1988 Agriculture Settlement Swamp No District/town Existing Existing Restored Pond Industries Bareland Abrasion Lost Total 1 Pandeglang 1,590.43 1,279.25 187.50 26.20 23.25 74.23 123.68 1,590.43 2 Cilegon 1,143.85 173.95 12.14 748.55 78.33 130.88 957.76 1,143.85 3 Serang 10,258.67 131.70 243.09 8,766.29 199.24 918.35 9,883.88 10,258.67 4 Tangerang 6,713.22 3.59 50.23 5,346.18 251.91 1,061.31 6,659.40 6,713.22 5 Jakarta 4,159.50 67.51 147.07 220.79 3,539.60 184.53 3,944.92 4,159.50 6 Bekasi 10,553.54 55.79 384.45 7,342.56 250.97 2,519.77 10,113.30 10,553.54 7 Karawang 18,902.72 14.23 119.95 18,033.52 195.81 255.79 283.42 18,768.54 18,902.72 8 Subang 13,378.04 525.30 835.86 9,246.32 168.99 383.68 2,217.89 12,016.88 13,378.04 9 Indramayu 18,100.96 73.43 373.25 14,223.88 575.38 1,047.59 1,807.43 17,654.28 18,100.96 10 Cirebon 10,797.11 17.45 168.37 8,888.50 127.11 445.18 1,150.50 10,611.29 10,797.11 11 Brebes 17,024.18 75.86 306.58 10,986.75 334.56 5,320.43 16,641.74 17,024.18 12 Tegal 1,219.22 29.44 89.45 822.38 151.10 126.85 1,100.33 1,219.22 13 Pamalang 3,310.86 2.21 134.98 2,180.07 117.19 703.07 173.34 3,173.67 3,310.86 14 Pekalongan 3,570.57 1.53 19.76 2,443.99 614.83 345.90 144.56 3,549.28 3,570.57 15 Batang 914.46 0.00 4.48 212.15 64.57 603.89 909.98 914.46 29.37 16 Kendal 5,812.60 6.97 113.89 4,588.14 271.01 172.24 660.35 5,691.74 5,812.60 17 Semarang 6,433.32 3.29 84.80 897.45 3,710.65 37.56 1,051.44 6,345.23 6,433.32 648.13 18 Demak 17,703.39 72.15 600.13 8,949.08 1,333.79 1,373.21 5,375.03 17,031.11 17,703.39 19 Jepara 3,774.52 10.28 44.86 1,763.96 397.04 1,373.21 185.17 3,719.38 3,774.52 20 Pati 12,833.04 5.80 97.51 11,886.77 534.75 308.21 12,729.73 12,833.04 21 Rembang 2,695.09 16.74 30.22 2,167.92 162.48 317.73 2,648.13 2,695.09 22 Tuban 1,161.84 19.86 21.23 993.57 102.01 25.17 1,120.75 1,161.84 23 Lamongan 1,396.77 84.57 22.56 1,185.29 85.94 18.41 1,289.64 1,396.77 24 Gresik 15,592.95 502.51 1,355.59 13,180.03 276.79 9.32 30.45 13,734.85 15,592.95 238.26 25 Surabaya 11,183.51 130.81 540.35 6,485.85 3,838.03 188.47 10,512.35 11,183.51 26 Sidoarjo 20,436.65 257.12 749.79 18,922.47 388.69 118.58 19,429.74 20,436.65 27 Pasuruan 6,839.76 177.14 736.17 5,784.96 141.49 5,926.45 6,839.76 28 Probolinggo 3,830.56 271.74 409.08 2,303.55 267.22 342.78 236.19 3,149.74 3,830.56 29 Situbondo 2,188.72 112.04 342.77 1,306.74 242.64 184.53 1,733.91 2,188.72 30 Banyuwangi 4,178.67 1,920.39 892.98 1,327.48 8.04 18.95 1,365.30 4,178.67 10.83 31 Madura 34,529.35 12,199.23 2,923.39 16,844.77 473.62 223.95 627.36 19,406.73 34,529.35 8.54 1,228.49 Total 272,228.07 18,241.88 12,042.48 187,327.61 19,597.25 9,762.80 25,256.05 241,943.71 272,228.07 30,284.36 6.70% 4.42% 68.81% 7.20% 3.59% 9.28% 88.88% 2015 Causes of mangrove degradation in Northern Java & Madura (YAGASU 2016-2017)
  5. 5. KEHATI ROLE AND POSITIONING KEHATI was established in 1994 as a non for profit organization grant-making, and expanding its role into a “Conservation Trust Fund” based on its Strategic Planning 2013-2017
  6. 6. Endowment Fund: USD 16.5 Mio Bilateral Donor Agencies: USAID, AusAID, DfID, CIDA, JICA, DoI, MCA-Indonesia, and many more Multilateral Donor Agencies: UNEP, UNDP, World Bank, Partnership for Governance Reform, and many more. Philanthropic & Private Institution MacArthur Foundation, Pertamina Foundation, The Ford Foundation, Packard Foundation, CIMB Foundation, Rockefeller Brothers Fund, The Asia Foundation, Eka Tjipta Foundation, Coca Cola Foundation, The UPS Foundation, TIFA Foundation, Foundation D’Enterprise ALSTOM, JCIE, WRI, and many more. Private Sector: Garuda Indonesia, Pembangunan Jaya Ancol, Unilever Indonesia, Bank CIMB Niaga, Bank Danamon Indonesia, Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Bank Negara Indonesia, Bank Mandiri, Indonesia Exim Bank, Bahana Pembinaan Usaha Indonesia, Bahana TCW Investment Management, Indo Premier Investment Management, Bursa Efek Indonesia, Kustodian Sentral Efek Indonesia, Grahaniaga Tatautama, Styrindo Mono, 24 Jam Online, The Body Shop, Chevron Geothermal Salak Ltd, Alexandre Christie International Pte, Chandra Asri, Selling Agent ORI010, and many more. Crowd Fund, Cause-related marketing: Alfa Mart Debt- for Nature Swap (DNS): GoI & USG Public Private Partnerships / SDG goal 17 Blue Abadi Fund: Birds Head Sea Scape-West Papua
  7. 7. +4 Partnerships Programmes
  8. 8. Public – Private Partnerships (PPP) Central and Local Government, Research Institution, etc. GOVERNMENT Investors, Private Sectors, State-Owned Enterprise, etc. PRIVATE & BUSINESS SECTORS COMMUNITY Non-Government Organisation, Academition, Cultural Organisation, Mass Media, Indigenous People, etc. KEHATI KEHATI KEHATI Together with local community, KEHATI is actively reduce the threat of Indonesian biodiversity loss
  9. 9. WHAT WE HAVE DONE ? • Restored 200 ha of degraded mangroves in Jakarta, Indramayu, Brebes, Tegal, Pekalongan and Situbondo conducted by various local NGOs, such as Yagasu (National NGO), IPPHTI, SIKLUS (Local NGO), Mangrovesari (Local Community). • Facilitated local community groups on small business development (UMKM) based on mangrove products and services such as organic silvo-fishery, mangrove foods and beverages, organic batik mangroves and mangrove eco-tourism; • Working in collaboration KEHATI and Yagasu managed Mangrove Education Center (MEC) in Pantai Indah Kapuk - Jakarta; • Cooperative agreement with various private companies and national banks such as with BRI, BNI and other 20 Banks, in restoring and protecting mangroves;
  10. 10. KEHATI PROGRAM & LOCAL PARTNERS
  11. 11. WHAT WE HAVE PLANNED? • Restore the degraded mangroves along the Coastal Carbon Corridor in Northern Java and Madura with minimum targets of 50,000 ha in 10 years incorporate with 360 village groups in the CBC3I program; • Facilitate more local community groups on small business development (UMKM) based on mangrove products and services such as organic silvo-fishery, mangrove foods and beverages, organic batik mangroves and mangrove eco-tourism and other creative products; • Raise fund in cooperative agreement with various private companies and national banks such as with BRI, to fund the mobilization of local community groups in restoring and protecting mangroves; • Offer carbon offset mechanism of CBC3I sites to Indonesian market targeting private sectors or offering it to the overseas markets.
  12. 12. Crediting targets 1,254,000 tCO2e/year based on 25.08 tCO2e/ha/year for certified ARR model in Sumatra Eligible areas for crediting for certification ARR activities is 50,000 ha Crediting period 20‐year project life Total estimated GHG Reduction/Removal (Ers) 25,080,000 tCO2e over 20 years Project type Afforestation, Reforestation and Revegetation (ARR) AFOLU grouped project. CARBON CREDITS SCENARIO
  13. 13. CCC-NATIONAL PRIVATE COMPANY POTENTIAL PARTNER
  14. 14. ORI-010 Mangrove Untuk Bumi Indonesia Program dimulai 2013 s/d 2015, dengan dukungan dana hibah total Rp 1,047,450,000,- untuk mendukung: • Restorasi kawasan mangrove yang rusak di pesisir Indonesia • Program Nasional untuk rehabilitasi kawasan mangrove di lahan pesisir • Pemanfaatan berkelanjutan: Ekologi, Ekonomi, dan Sosial untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat Dana juga berfungsi sebagai dana hibah awal yang mendukung masyarakat melestarikan kawasan mangrove secara mandiri
  15. 15. DUKUNGAN 20 AGEN PENJUAL ORI-010
  16. 16. • Telah menanam lebih dari 300rb (target 200rb) bibit tanaman bakau di lahan seluas lebih dari 30 ha • Melindungi kawasan pesisir dari abrasi • Menyerap karbon (hutan mangrove menyerap karbon 5x lebih banyak dari hutan dataran tinggi) • Menyediakan tempat tinggal untuk biota laut dan pesisir Capaian di bidang Ekologi / Lingkungan
  17. 17. • Terbentuknya jejaring nasional desa adaptasi perubahan iklim • Keterlibatan Pemerintah Daerah dari tingkat desa sampai dengan kabupaten, dalam melindungi kawasan Hutan Bakau • Penyadartahuan masyarakat terkait restorasi mangrove melalui kerjasama antar desa , melibatkan 391 laki-laki, 419 perempuan, dan 120 orang pelajar. Capaian di bidang Sosial:
  18. 18. Capaian di bidang Ekonomi • Ekowisata: terciptanya ekowisata mangrove yang melibatkan masyarakat dan pemda • Revitalisasi Tambak dengan metode silvo-fishery • Peningkatan pendapatan nelayan perikanan tangkap di daerah pesisir, contoh: di Brebes masyarakat mendapatkan tambahan penghasilan dari penangkapan udang / kepiting / kerang rata-rata 2kg/orang/hari  50 orang nelayan dg pendapatan total Rp 3juta/hari. • Peternakan domba/kambing dengan memanfaatkan hijauan mangrove
  19. 19. 1. PT Astra Agro Lestari Tbk 2. PT Adhi Karya (Persero) Tbk 3. PT Astra International Tbk 4. Alam Sutera Realty Tbk. 5. PT Bank Central Asia Tbk 6. PT Bank Negara Indonesia (Persero) Tbk 7. PT Bank Rakyat Indonesia (Persero) Tbk 8. PT Bank Danamon Indonesia Tbk. 9. PT Bank Mandiri (Persero) Tbk 10. PT Bumi Serpong Damai Tbk 11. XL Axiata Tbk 12. PT Indofood Sukses Makmur Tbk 13. PT Japfa Comfeed Indonesia Tbk 14. PT Jasa Marga (Persero) Tbk 15. PT Kalbe Farma Tbk 16. PT Perusahaan Gas Negara (Persero) Tbk 17. PT Pembangunan Jaya Ancol Tbk 18. PT Semen Indonesia (Persero) Tbk 19. PT Timah (Persero) Tbk 20. PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Persero) Tbk 21. PT United Tractors Tbk 22. PT Unilever Indonesia Tbk 23. PT Waskita Karya (Persero) Tbk 24. PT Wijaya Karya (Persero) Tbk 25. PT Wijaya Karya Beton Tbk EMITEN LIST OF SRI-KEHATI INDEX Mei 2018
  20. 20. THANK YOU

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