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  1. 1. Buddha-the healer"May all that have life be delivered from suffering“ - Gautama Buddha
  2. 2. Buddha-the healer• In the Buddhist monasteries the monks had to undertake the nursing of the sick. As per the Mahavagga, the precept was first shown by the Buddha himself. On his daily round in the monastery (Vihara), he noticed a monk suffering from stomach disorder, fallen in his own excreta. Nobody was attending to the monk. The Buddha immediately asked snanda to fetch water and himself washed the monk with that water, while snanda wiped him down and laid him down upon his bed. Then the Buddha addressed the monks: “O Bhikkhus, if you wait not one upon the other, who is there who will wait upon you? Whosoever would wait upon me, he should wait upon the sick."• In the Buddhist scriptures the Buddha is also called Bhaisajya-Guru and Mahabhisak i.e., great physician. The VIth Book of the Mahavagga, called Bhaisajya-Skandhaka, gives valuable information about a number of common diseases and their treatment. Diagnosis of disease and charitable distribution of medicines was the regular programme of the Buddhist Sanghas and was implemented by the monks in the monasteries.• Buddha stated the doctrine of Buddhism more than 2,500 years ago. Since then, it has become the salvation for people seeking liberation from sickness and death. It is a doctrine without discrimination of caste, race or wealth. It respects equality between human beings and animals.
  3. 3. Buddha-the healerBuddha said “Empty this boat, O monk! Not to do any evil Emptied, it will sail lightly, To cultivate what is good Rid of the lust and hatred, To purify one’s mind You shall reach Nirvaana” This is the teaching of Buddhas (Dhampaddha Verse 369) (Dhampaddha Verse 183)Buddha became the supreme healer of the mind’s disease. Buddha gave three principal teachings (the three different tenets mentioned earlier), among many others, which are classified in three models of practice: -Silasiksa : morale discipline for disease of attachment. -Samadhisiksa: training of concentration to cure hatred. -Prajnasiksa : training of wisdom to cure ignorance.• Monks used to treat the people who gave them alms. Buddha discouraged Surgery and also animal sacrifice as cures for ethical and as a mark of respect for all livings beings. Vinay Sutra is on the life of Buddha and on Buddhist Medicine. In the eight Medicine Buddha sutras Buddha taught about healing patients, living in harmony with nature -ecology and climate etc.•
  4. 4. Buddha- the healer Nav Guna Gatha - The Nine virtues of Buddha By Visarad Srima Ratnayaka Derived from many important texts of the Tipitaka in the Buddhist canon as well as from amongst the forty methods of Samatha Bhavana – tranquil meditation on Buddhanussati, i.e. Meditation on the virtues of the Buddha. A brief translation of the Pali passage is as follows:1. Araham – perfect and worthy of homage,2. Sammasambuddho – omniscient,3. Vijjacaranasampanno – endowed with clear vision and good conduct,4. Sugato –well done, well spoken,5. Lokovidu – wise in the knowledge of the world,6. Anuttaro Purisa-damma-sarathi – peerless trainer of the untameable ones,7. Sattha-Deva-Manussanam –Teacher of gods and men,8. Buddho – enlightened and showing the path to Enlightenment,9. Bhagavathi – Blessed.”
  5. 5. Buddha-the healer "May all that have life be delivered from suffering“ - Gautama Buddha (c.566 BC - c.480 BC)• Numerous sutras such as The Sutra of Buddha’s Diagnosis, The Sutra of the Buddha as a Great Doctor, The Sutra on Relieving Piles, The Sutra on Healing Mental Distractions of Improper Meditation, The Sutra of Healing Dental Diseases, The Sutra of Dharani for Healing All Diseases, The Sutra of Dharani for Season’s Diseases, Vinaya of the Five Categories, Vinaya of the Four Categories, Ten Recitations Vinaya, and Mahasanghavinaya, contain many references to medicine. The Buddha truly deserves to be regarded as the grand patriarch of Buddhist medicine. He was capable of curing diseases not only of the body but also of the mind, which were his specialty.• The U.S. government coordinated international conferences on “The Relationship Between Religion and Health.” Religion is gradually influencing the biological, psychological, and social medicine of Western society. Buddhism has played a significant role in uniting spirituality and medicine in the West.
  6. 6. Buddha-the healer Also, in the contemporary period of Buddha, The Emperor Ajatashatru, misguided by his evil master Devadatta, murdered his own father and many others and destroyed the religious centers and monasteries. Later he felt guilty and fell into heavy depression. No one succeeded in curing him. He consulted with Jeevaka, who was his half brother, and Jeevaka took him to the Buddha. Buddha, who was already waiting for King Ajatshatru outside his meditation vihara 13, called the King’s name three times and cured him with the following words: “Having slain mother and father, Two warrior kings, and destroyed a country, together with its treasurer, Ungrieving goes the holy man”14.The meaning is: “Having slain craving and self-conceit, Two warrior kings of eternalism and nihilism, and destroyed a country of sense organs and sense objects together with its treasurer of attachment and lust, Ungrieving goes the holy man”. The emperor Ajatashatru, confused by the above words, went to meditate to understand their deep meaning, which then awoke him from depression and led him to realization.Courtsey: Dr. Pasang Arya
  7. 7. As per Tibetan Medical History Buddha transformed a forest near Varanasi into the pure medicine land of Tanadug. Representatives of the four medical traditions attended andlistened to the teachings of Buddha on Medicine the discourse of the four Tantras –Gyud shi. Courtsey: Dr. Pasang Arya
  8. 8. Buddha-the healer Medicine Buddha per Tibetan Scholar• In his Teachings on the Medicine Buddha the Ven. Thrangu Rinpoche discusses the position of the Medicine Buddhas two hands:• "His right hand is extended, palm outward, over his right knee in the gesture called supreme generosity. In it he holds the arura, or myrobalan, fruit. This plant represents all the best medicines. The position of his right hand and the arura which he holds represent the eradication of suffering, especially the suffering of sickness, using the means of relative truth. Sickness can be alleviated by adjusting the functioning of interdependent causes and conditions by the use of relative means within the realm of relative truth, such as medical treatment and so on. The giving of these methods is represented by the gesture of the Medicine Buddhas right hand.
  9. 9. Buddha-the healer Buddha called Jeevaka and asked him to go to collect herbs at the ‘Snow Mountain‘ (Riwogangchen). A disciple of Buddha called Vajrapani, helped him. They brought many plants, herbs and minerals. Jeekava demonstrated them well to the Buddha. Finally, some substances were left aside and Buddha asked him: “What are these?”. Jeevaka replied: “Omniscient One, they also possess medicinal values but I don’t know them.” Buddha explained them one by one and it surprised Jeevaka, who asked Buddha “Do you also know Medicine?” Buddha said: “Yes Kumara Jeevaka, I know, and I am an expert in the four branches of medicine: · examining pathology · discovering the origin of disease · pacifying the disease and · preventing the disease.”Buddha also said to Kumara Jeevaka, “The physician who knows these four branches of Medicine possesses the qualification to become the court physician to the king. Therefore, Tathagata who destroyed the demons and possesses the knowledge of the four branches of Medicine is a supreme healer in the three worlds. Kumara Jeevaka, Tathagata also knows the following four supreme healing medical branches of science which are beyond somatic medicine. They are: · There is a truth of suffering, · Truth of cause · Truth of cessation and · Truth of path.Kumara Jeevaka, common physicians don’t know how to prevent the patients from the root of the diseases such as aging, sickness, death, lament, sadness, sorrow, unhappiness, and disharmony of the mind. Only Tathagata knows the Medicine for the disease caused by aging through the evolutions that lead to death. Therefore, I am declaring here that Buddha is a supreme healer in the three worlds.”Courtsey: Dr. Pasang Arya
  10. 10. Buddha-the healer Story on examining pathology• One day, when he was still a student, Jivaka and his classmates were returning to their Ashram after bathing in a river. They saw the footprints of an elephant. His classmates asked Jivaka for his comments in order to ridicule him because he was the favourite disciple of their teacher. Jivaka replied that the footmarks belonged to a female elephant who was blind in the right eye. She was about to give birth to a male calf. His classmates reported this to their teacher, Atreya, amidst a lot of laughter. Atreya got the facts verified and found them to be correct. Jivaka explained that the footprints of the elephant were round and not oblong, hence it was a female. She ate leaves only on the left side of her path, so he inferred that she was blind in the right eye. The hind feet marks were deeper and the right one still deeper hence it was correct to infer that the elephant was pregnant and a male calf would be born. From the smell of the urine she had passed, Jivaka rightly inferred that the delivery was imminent.
  11. 11. Buddha-the healer Prevention of Disease• The traditional method of inoculation against smallpox was widely prevalent before the 18th century in northern and southern India. Doctor J. Holwell, FRS, described the practice as he observed it in Bengal in 1767.• “Inoculation is performed by a particular tribe of Brahmins. They arrive in February or March. A strict regimen is observed both before and after inoculation. They inoculate only those who have observed the regimen of abstaining from milk, fish and ghee.” Dr. Holwell goes on to say that, “It comes to a miracle to hear that one in a million fails of receiving the infection or of one that miscarries it provided the regimen is strictly followed.”• With passage of time, a noble practice had become obscure and the tyranny of superstitions had taken over the free born reason of man. Smallpox was considered a divine visitation of the Goddess. Shitala ma temple in Gujrat was visited by millions to prevent Goddess visitation (Smallpox).
  12. 12. Buddha-the healer Prajanasiksa-training for wisdom to cure Ignorance –our greatest enemy The Longest Tyranny The longest tyranny that ever swayd Was that wherein our ancestors betrayd Their free-born reason to the Stagirite, And made his torch their universal light. So truth, while only one supplied the state, Grew scarce, and dear, and yet sophisticate; Until t was bought, like empric wares, or charms, Hard words seald up with Aristotles arms. John Dryden, 1663.• -Stagirite. Aristotle, so named from his birthplace Stagira.• -sophisticate. Not pure or genuine; specious.• -empric. An empiric is one who relies solely on observation and experiment; in the 17th century this connoted charlatanism and quackery, especially in medicine. ----------------------------------------- On the contrary Buddhist tradition namely: Pariyatti (Theoretical Knowledge), Patipatti (Practice) and Pativedana (Experience) singles out such blind faith. In 1591 Galileo dropped two objects from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa to disprove Aristotle. Aristotle had said that heavy objects fall faster than light ones. Galileos practical demonstration proves this is not so.
  13. 13. Buddha-the healer and his adorable disciple Jivaka• Jeevak, a young boy of sixteen had come from Magadha) to study medicine from Guru Athreya at Taxila, a world- renowned physician. Athreya asked Jeevak: “Seek round the Ashram and bring to me any plant that does not possess medicinal properties.”• Jeevak examined the plants of the entire region but could not find such a plant. He reported his finding to his teacher. Athreya was extremely satisfied with his pupil’s answer.
  14. 14. Buddha-the healer• Jivaka selected three lotuses which he treated with various drugs. Then they were given to the patient to be smelt by him. Each lotus produced ten purges. After the purgative had its full effect, the Buddha was bathed in warm water and was asked to abstain from liquid food for some time. Buddha was completely cured.• Jivaka built "night quarters and day quarters, cells, huts, pavilion, ...and a Fragrant Hut for the Buddha, and surrounded the mango grove with high walls." Called Jivakambavana, it was one of the most important places where Buddhas discourses were held. It was here that Ajatasatru, who had killed his father Bimbisara recently, came to visit the Buddha and listened to his discourse, the Samaaphala Sutta, the Sutra of the Fruit of Asceticism. The Buddha also delivered another two important discourses here, both of them to Jivaka.• The famous Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsiang, who travelled in India during 429-45 AD, describes his visit to Rajagha: "North-east from Shriguptas Fire-pit, and in a bend of mountain wall, was a tope (stupa) at the spot where Jivaka, the great physician, had built a hall for the Buddha. Remains of the walls and of the plants and trees within them still existed. Tathagata often stayed here. Beside the tope the ruins of Jivakas private residence still survived." (Watters On Yuan Chwangs Travels in India, Vol. II, p.150.) The Jivakamravana, built by Jivaka, was discovered and excavated in 1803-57. From the ruins of Jivakamravana about 2.5 kms towards the east, is the Gdhrakuta hill, where the Buddha stayed off and on for many years.• Along with Buddhism, Indian medicine also spread to other Asian countries. For all these endeavours the inspiration, indeed, came from the compassionate acts of the Buddha and the wonderful cures of his personal physician Jivaka. Other incidents- Milk to cure Buddha’s toe, Diverticulitus surgery, Cranial Surgical operation-Taenia Solium, Running away on elephant.
  15. 15. Buddha-the healer• Lord Dhanvantari is known as the father of Ayurveda. He first appeared during the great churning of the cosmic ocean of milk (Samudra manthan).• As he emerged, he was holding a conch, leeches, healing herbs, a chakra (one of the divine weapons of Lord Vishnu’s), and the long sought pot of ambrosia, for which he is also called Sudha Pani
  16. 16. Buddha-the healer• Terminalia chebula Harad is one of the important ayurvedic Herbs used for any problems related with digestion in Ayurveda. The fruit is used to treat acidity, heartburn, constipation, ulcers, piles, inflammation, dysentry and diarrhea.• Known as Haritaki in Sanskrit, which means originated from Gods home.• Harad is also known to remove toxins from body. It scrapes the assimilated waste or deposits out of the body. It is carminative and laxative.• It can be used topically also to heal infections, Boils or ulcers.• Good for eyes and a nervine tonic. It is good for lungs, bronhcitis, Asthma and sinus.•
  17. 17. Buddha- the healer• Hiruda Medicinalis• Use has been approved by FDA.• During the reattachment of severed fingers and ears, or of the detached scalp, the blood flow needs to be reestablished. This is achieved by reconnecting the major arteries and veins. In particular, the veins can be difficult to find.• H. Medicinalis are applied to the tissue and they actively remove blood and secrete numerous compounds that have vasodialator, anticoagulant, and clot-dissolving properties. This prevents the tissue from dying off and allows the body to reestablish good blood flow to the reattached part.
  18. 18. Buddha- the healerGifts of Nature• Terminalia Arjun- heart ailments• Terminalia Chebula-Harad, Myrobalan• Rauwaolfia Serpentina-blood pressure• Ginger-flatulence, Warmth• Garlic-blood purifier, aids in digestion• Turmeric- Anti-septic,• Ajwain-Digestive• Ashwagandha- Stress buster, Stamina builder• Amla- Teeth and gums, eyes. Vitamin C• Flax seeds- Joint pains, Anti-oxidant• Sesame Oil –Calcium, anti oxidant…………….this list is endless. We do not need to waste time trying to find that one plant which does not have medicinal value.
  19. 19. Professor Dr. Rajesh Rampal (???) at the Royal Society of Medicine-1,Wimpole Street London. 13th November 2010. Stayed in the Professors Chambers. Thank You
  20. 20. Please stand by for Tibetan Medicine Buddha Mantra - To eliminate not only pain of diseases but also help in overcomingthe major inner sickness of attachment, hatred, jealousy, desire, greed and ignorance. Only 4.15 minutes. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oikIw01nzL4 tedyathah om bheekadzye bheekadzye 喋雅他 嗡貝卡則 貝卡則 mahah bheekadzye rahdza 瑪哈 貝卡則 拉雜 samutgate swahhah 薩穆 嘎喋 梭哈