Published on

english grammar file

Published in: Education, Technology
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Problems with Nouns References © 2001 by Ruth Luman Singular or Plural???? Woman? Womans? Women?
  2. 2. <ul><li>Look at the sentences below. What’s wrong? Move your </li></ul><ul><li>mouse over each sentence to see the answer. </li></ul>Introduction Problems with Nouns 1. I have three bedroom in my house. 2. There are many milks in the refrigerator. 3. Those chair are in the wrong room. 4. There are five reds cars. 5. Some of the class are at night. 6. Your childs are beautiful. 7. Would you like a few milk? “ Bedrooms” should be plural because the sentence says there are three. The word “milks” is incorrect, because it is a non-count noun and cannot have an –s.
  3. 3. <ul><li>In English, we have countable and non-countable nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Some examples of countable and non-countable nouns are </li></ul><ul><li>below. </li></ul>Guideline #1 Count and Non-Count Nouns Countable Nouns Non-Countable Nouns chair student day song computer room love money weather food fruit furniture More Non-Countable Nouns
  4. 4. <ul><li>Countable nouns can have singular and plural forms and </li></ul><ul><li>can be counted numerically. Most countable nouns can be </li></ul><ul><li>made plural by adding –s or –es . </li></ul>Guideline #2 Countable Nouns book book s 3 book s box box es 2 box es
  5. 5. <ul><li>Non-countable nouns have only one form and can’t be </li></ul><ul><li>counted numerically. Look at the examples below. </li></ul>Guideline #3 Non-Countable Nouns monies money one money money healths health two health health
  6. 6. <ul><li>Non-countable nouns cannot take the plural –s or –es or </li></ul><ul><li>an article (a, an). </li></ul>Guideline #4 Non-Countable Nouns a furniture furniture furnitures furniture a news news newses news
  7. 7. <ul><li>Some nouns have an irregular plural form. Look at the examples below. </li></ul>Guideline #5 Irregular Plural Nouns child childs children woman womans women Click here to see a list of irregular plural nouns.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Words like, a few, a little, much, any, some, and many </li></ul><ul><li>are used differently depending on whether the noun in the </li></ul><ul><li>sentence is count or non-count. </li></ul>Guideline #6 Noun Quantifiers a few count nouns a few bananas a little non-count nouns a little flour
  9. 9. (Continued) Noun Quantifiers many count nouns many chairs much non-count nouns much furniture some non-count nouns some furniture count nouns some chairs
  10. 10. <ul><li>Any is used in negative sentences with count and non-count nouns. Notice the difference in plural and singular verbs. </li></ul>(Continued) Noun Quantifiers any count nouns There aren’t any chairs. any non-count nouns There isn’t any furniture.
  11. 11. <ul><li>Remember to make demonstrative adjectives (this, that, these, those) agree with the nouns they modify. </li></ul>Guideline #7 Agreement with Demonstrative Adjectives singular these room plural these rooms this rooms this room This/That These/Those
  12. 12. <ul><li>A countable noun is always plural after an “of phrase” that shows quantity. A non-count noun is always singular after an “of phrase.” </li></ul>Guideline #8 Nouns and “of phrases” “ of phrases” Some of the chairs are broken. Some of the furniture is broken. plural singular Click here to see a list of common “of phrases.”
  13. 13. <ul><li>Adjectives are never plural. </li></ul>Guideline #9 Adjectives Those are beautifuls houses. beautiful That is an olds book. old adjective adjective
  14. 14. Practice Exercises <ul><li>Click on the links below to look at additional grammar notes </li></ul><ul><li>and do some practice exercises with count and non-count </li></ul><ul><li>nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>More Grammar Notes and Exercises </li></ul>
  15. 15. Practice Exercises <ul><li>Now you are ready to practice what you’ve learned. Click the link below to return to Unit D. Print and complete the Practice Exercise on count and non-count nouns. Check your answers with a tutor. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Editing Checklist After you have checked your essay for singular/plural noun problems, read your essay draft aloud to your tutor. As you read it,listen to make sure there are no errors in singular/plural nouns. Look at your essay. Circle all of the nouns in your essay. Using the guidelines you have learned in this lesson, decide why each noun should be singular or plural. Discuss your decisions with a tutor.
  17. 17. <ul><ul><li>woman  women deer  deer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>man  men calf  calves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>child  children wife  wives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ox  oxen life  lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>foot  feet half  halves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tooth  teeth knife  knives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>goose  geese self  selves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mouse  mice wolf  wolves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>louse  lice thief  thieves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sheep  sheep leaf  leaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fish  fish shelf  shelves </li></ul></ul>Appendix Irregular Plural Nouns
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>accommodation coal garbage leisure vocabulary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advice conduct gossip lightning wealth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anger countryside grass luck weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>applause courage hair luggage work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assistance damage happiness machinery violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>baggage dancing harm meat underwear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>behavior furniture help money travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bread dirt homework mud traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cardboard education hospitality music </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cash evidence housework news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chaos flu information patience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chess food jewelry poetry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>china fruit knowledge scenery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clothing fun laughter soap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spelling strength stuff thunder </li></ul></ul>Appendix Non-Countable Nouns
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>Some of the… A little of the… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of the… Much of the… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A number of the… A lot of the… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Half of the… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A few of the… </li></ul></ul>Appendix “ of phrases”
  20. 20. References <ul><li>Presentation by Ruth Luman: Modesto Junior College. </li></ul><ul><li>This project incorporates portions of copyrighted works. These items are included under the fair use exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law and have been prepared according to the educational fair use guidelines. They are restricted from further use. </li></ul>