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Introduction To English Nouns - part 3


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In the third part of the Introduction to Nouns we will look at plural forms of nouns. The presentation contains the following topics:

• Singular and plural nouns
• The spelling rules for plural nouns
• Nouns that are always plural
• Collective nouns

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Introduction To English Nouns - part 3

  1. 1. Introduction to Nouns – part 3 Singular vs. Plural Nouns
  2. 2. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>In English plurals are formed by adding –s to the singular noun: </li></ul><ul><li>one pen two pen s </li></ul><ul><li>one bulb two bulb s </li></ul><ul><li>one lesson two lesson s </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>If the singular noun ends in: </li></ul><ul><li>-s -sh -tch -x -o, </li></ul><ul><li>the plural is formed by adding –es: </li></ul><ul><li>one bu s two bus es </li></ul><ul><li>one bru sh two brush es </li></ul><ul><li>one kis s two kiss es </li></ul><ul><li>one no tch two notch es </li></ul><ul><li>one bo x two box es </li></ul><ul><li>one tomat o two tomato es </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>REMEMBER! </li></ul><ul><li>Words of foreign origin or abbreviated (shortened) words ending in </li></ul><ul><li>-o, </li></ul><ul><li>take ‘s’ only: </li></ul><ul><li>one kilo two kilo s (shortened from ‘kilogram’) </li></ul><ul><li>one kimono two kimono s (foreign word) </li></ul><ul><li>one photo two photo s (shortened from ‘photograph’) </li></ul><ul><li>one piano two piano s (foreign word) </li></ul><ul><li>one soprano two soprano s (foreign word) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>If the singular noun ends in a consonant + (-y), </li></ul><ul><li>in the plural, </li></ul><ul><li>-y changes to –ie + s: </li></ul><ul><li>one story ( ‘r’ + y) two stor ies </li></ul><ul><li>one country (‘r’ +y) two countr ies </li></ul><ul><li>one baby (‘b’ + y) two bab ies </li></ul><ul><li>BUT: </li></ul><ul><li>one boy (‘o’ + y) two boy s </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>If the singular noun ends in: </li></ul><ul><li>-f </li></ul><ul><li>(except –ff) or -fe in the plural, –f changes to –v + es: </li></ul><ul><li>one wife two wi ves </li></ul><ul><li>one life two li ves </li></ul><ul><li>one knife two kni ves </li></ul><ul><li>one half two hal ves </li></ul><ul><li>‘ I respect myself . </li></ul><ul><li>‘ They respect themsel ves ’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>Some nouns are always plural: </li></ul>TROUSERS GLASSES SCISSORS SHEEP
  8. 8. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>COLLECTIVE NOUNS like crew, family, team, staff can behave </li></ul><ul><ul><li>as singular if the people are treated as a unit: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Our team is working very hard to meet the deadline.’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>as plural if the people are treated as individuals: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Our team are getting drunk in the pub down the road.’ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>REMEMBER! </li></ul><ul><li>The word ‘police’ is always plural and always takes a plural verb: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The police are investigating a series of allegations of fraud against Mr Archer.’ </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>SINGULAR vs. PLURAL NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>Common IRREGULAR PLURALS: </li></ul><ul><li>one mouse many mice </li></ul><ul><li>one tooth many teeth </li></ul><ul><li>one foot many feet </li></ul><ul><li>one child many children </li></ul><ul><li>one man many men </li></ul><ul><li>one woman many women </li></ul>
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