Types of Nouns

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Types of Nouns

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Types of Nouns

  1. 1. Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics Grammar Usage & Mechanics
  2. 2. The 8 Parts of Speech Nouns Simply put, a noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea. people: Bart Simpson, doctor, singer Tarzan places: Transylvania, city, Bedrock, school things: nostril, tuba dentures, uvula, monkey ideas or qualities: peace, love honor, anger
  3. 3. Common and Proper Nouns Nouns are usually divided into two main classes: common and proper. A common noun is just a general person, place, or thing; but a proper noun refers to a particular person, place, or thing. Unlike common nouns, proper nouns are capitalized. frog team city artist band ape Kermit Mighty Ducks Whoville Salvador Dali The Convulsing Turnips King Kong
  4. 4. Compound and Collective Nouns Some nouns are called compound because they’re made up of two or more words. Sometimes the two words are written as one, sometimes they’re written separately, and sometimes they’re hyphenated. Compound nouns: armpit, tapeworm, jack-in-the- box, toenail, earlobe, slime ball A collective noun refers to a group made up of several elements or members. Collective nouns: committee, flock, jury, family, herd Just for fun, here’s a list of other collective nouns that might come in handy sometime. Some of these sound like I made them up, but I couldn’t be so creative! a murder of crows a charm of hummingbirds a quiver of cobras a scurry of squirrels a bloat of hippos a rabble of butterflies a parliament of owls a crash of rhinos
  5. 5. Articles or Determiners a.k.a. noun markers Three little words – a, an, and the – are called articles. When you see one of these words, you know that a noun is about to pop up before your very eyes. For grins and giggles, number your paper from 1 – 20, then make a list of twenty nouns. Fill in the blanks of the following story to correspond with your numbered noun list. See what kind of bizarre tale you can create!
  6. 6. What would you title this?Exercise 1
  7. 7. Forming Plurals of Nouns It’s pretty simple to form the plural of most nouns; you just add s or es. However, the English language is full of oddballs, and many nouns don’t follow this simple rule! Here are some rules to help you spell the plural of those ornery nouns that don’t fit the mold: The plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a consonant is formed by changing the y to i and adding es.
  8. 8. The plural of a noun ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed by adding s. radio – radios rodeo - rodeos The plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a vowel is formed by adding s. guy – guys ray - rays The plurals of some nouns ending in f or fe are formed by changing the f to v and adding s or es. leaf – leaves calf – calves wife – wives knife – knives roof – roofsscarf – scarfs OR scarves (both are correct) The plural of a noun ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed by adding es. hero – heroes torpedo – torpedoes tomato – tomatoes potato - potatoes
  9. 9. This rule has a weird exception! In many cases, if a noun ends in o preceded by a consonant and refers to music, you form the plural by adding just s. solo – solos piano – pianos alto – altos soprano – sopranos piccolo – piccolos cello - cellos Some nouns are the same in the singular and plural. deer sheep fish (but you can use fishes) trout Japanese
  10. 10. Occasionally a noun is just plain strange; its plural is formed in an irregular way. mouse – mice ox – oxen die – dice foot – feet tooth – teeth louse – lice octopus – octopi If a compound word is written as one word, add s or es to form the plural. footballs spoonfuls grandmothers classrooms passerby – An exception!! - passersby Add ‘s to form the plural of capital letters, numbers, and symbols. It’s also acceptable in these cases to just add s (without the apostrophe) if doing so presents no confusion. Zzuzzuzzanna’s last name has seven Z’s (or Zs) in it. My zip code has five 9s (or 9’s) in it. For some strange reason, most people don’t use an apostrophe to form the plural of centuries and decades. In the 1960s, many vegetarians snacked on corn chips and catnip. Form the plural of a compound noun that is written as a hyphenated word by making plural the most important word, which is usually the noun. brothers –in-law sergeants-at-arms runners-up FYI If it’s difficult to tell which is the most important word, add s to the last word. merry-go-rounds drive-ins Exercise 2 - 4

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