60% of India work force is self-employed – many of whom remain poor; nearly 30% are casual workers (get work only when they are able to get jobs – remain unpaid rest of the days); only about 10 percent are regular employees
India’s labour force is growing at a rate of 2.5% annually (~7 million) but employment is growing at only 2.3%(~6.4 million); plus there are previous back logs
18% of villages don’t have electricity and 46% of households are not covered – leads to no lighting, no productive end uses thus minimal economic activity – Requires Rs 1,07,823 crores for full coverage; average annual investments for last 10 years Rs 8,800 crores
Telecommunication – 1.9 per hundred of population; 98% of villages have public telephones but this is not sufficient; Rs 92,690 crores for full coverage; BSNL average annual budget Rs 2,700 crores
44% of rural population not covered by road network and transportation; Rs 15, 643 crores for full coverage; average annual investments Rs 2,133 crores
95% of rural population have access to some sort of drinking water source. The operation and maintenance is poor due to lack of funds.
As is evident from the statistics above, the funds required to cover the demand is way above what the government (and grants from international funding agencies) alone can achieve. Hence the most plausible solution is for others to participate and for alternative sources of investment.