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Independence Day

India's future is bright. Despite heavy odds, India has made tremendous progress. The elephant is on roll now.

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Independence Day

  1. 2. 61 years of Independence The Future is Bright Dr. Mrinal Chatterjee Professor Indian Institute of Mass communication Dhenkanal 759 001, Orissa [email_address]
  2. 3. Greetings and Best wishes on 62nd year of our Independence
  3. 4. On this day we pay homage to all those persons who fought for the independence. They sacrificed their lives. As a result we are enjoying being citizens of a free, sovereign nation.
  4. 5. It is a time for reflection. It is a time to look at the present. It is also time to plan for the future. … and the future is bright.
  5. 6. - ‘Bright’ you said? You must be joking!
  6. 7. No, I am not. <ul><li>The condition of ‘India that is Bharat’ can be summed is in just one line: tera India mahan, mera Bharat pareshan. </li></ul><ul><li>(Your India is great, but my bharat is in trouble. Seen scrawled at the back of a truck.) </li></ul>
  7. 13. Contrast ing pictures <ul><li>Abject Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>200 million people earn less than Rs 12 per day. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of poor people growing. Farmers are committing suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>Highest number of illiterate persons </li></ul><ul><li>No 4 in Forbes billionaire list. </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent 8.5% economic growth for the last 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Highest number of tech-qualified persons </li></ul>
  8. 14. Contrast ing pictures <ul><li>Appalling basic health services </li></ul><ul><li>One of the lowest telephone density in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging as global pharma-hub and medical destination </li></ul><ul><li>Indian firms have two-thirds of the global market in offshore IT services. Indian IT industry is worth $50b. Exports $32b. Growing at 35% </li></ul>
  9. 15. Contrast ing pictures <ul><li>Widespread hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial shortage of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>126 in HDI list </li></ul><ul><li>Slimming centres mushrooming </li></ul><ul><li>India’s merchandise exports grew by a quarter last year </li></ul><ul><li>People are happier than many Western countries: survey </li></ul>
  10. 16. However, there are signs of change. … for the better.
  11. 17. Signs of change: Rising GDP growth <ul><li>% average annual GDP growth </li></ul><ul><li>1900 – 1950 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>1950 – 1980 3.5 </li></ul><ul><li>1980 – 2002 6.0 </li></ul><ul><li>2002 – 2007 8.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001), 2000-2005 Finance Ministry </li></ul>
  12. 18. Signs of change: Falling population growth <ul><li>% average annual growth </li></ul><ul><li>1901 – 1950 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>1951 – 1980 2.2 </li></ul><ul><li>1981 – 1990 2.1 </li></ul><ul><li>1991 – 2000 1.8 </li></ul><ul><li> 2001 – 2010 1.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Sources: 1900-1990: Angus Maddison (1995), Monitoring the World Economy, 1990-2000:Census of India (2001) </li></ul>
  13. 19. Signs of change: Increasing literacy rate <ul><li>% </li></ul><ul><li>1950 17 </li></ul><ul><li>1990 52 </li></ul><ul><li>2000 65 </li></ul><ul><li> 2010 (proj) 80 </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Census of India (2001) </li></ul>
  14. 20. Signs of change: Rising middle class <ul><li>% Million </li></ul><ul><li>1980 8 65 </li></ul><ul><li>2000 22 220 </li></ul><ul><li>2010 (proj) 32 368 </li></ul><ul><li>Source: The Consuming Class , National Council of Applied Economic Research, 2002 </li></ul>
  15. 21. Signs of change: Declining poverty <ul><li>1980 46% </li></ul><ul><li>2000 26% </li></ul><ul><li>2010 (proj) 16% </li></ul><ul><li>1% of the people have been crossing poverty line each year for 20 years. Equals ~ 200 million. </li></ul>
  16. 22. Signs of change: More jobs <ul><li>Jobs grew 2.8% annually in 2000-2005, population by 2.35% </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment also up from 7.4% to 8.7%, as more people sought work. </li></ul><ul><li>More women and aged worked. Proportion of women working up from 26% to 29%. Number of 60+ working up by 4 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-employed up from 53% to 57% </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source: National Sample Survey Organisation, 61 st -round survey report on employment and unemployment. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 23. Signs of change <ul><li>Improvements are marked in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth creation: knowledge is the key now </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratisation of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy, governance, public participation, transparency and accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul>
  18. 24. India’s advantage <ul><li>A young workforce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The average age is just 24.9. Even China(32.7) is graying. Young mind is more adaptable to change and new technology. India has the largest youth base of 60 crores below 25. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pluralism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pluralism emerges from the very nature of our country; it is a choice made inevitable by India’s geography, reaffirmed by its history and reflected in its ethnography. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A political regime that encourages diversity. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 25. India’s advantage continues… <ul><li>Indian analytical mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indians are inherently and genetically lateral thinkers and more analytical. That stands them in good stead in tomorrow’s technology- that relies heavily on analysis and logic. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indians can adapt to change very quickly. In fact that is the reason three waves- agrarian, smokestack and knowledge economy are sustaining simultaneously. They can assimilate and indianize things very quickly. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. India’s advantage continues… <ul><li>Relative backwardness. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That is an advantage, because India can straight adopt third wave technology without investing in second wave technology like the western countries did. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emerging Knowledge society. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge is becoming central- from running the economy to wealth creation to governance. India with its young trained and skilled manpower will take the lead in the world. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 27. What are the obstacles ? <ul><li>Mediocrity . The typical ‘ chalta hai ’ attitude is a bane. Excellence should be sought and rewarded. </li></ul><ul><li>Illiteracy . Education should be the first priority. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Infrastructure . Infrastructure is the framework of development. </li></ul>
  22. 28. What are the obstacles ? <ul><li>Myopic Political mindset . Slower we react to the new need and change, more chances of failure arises. </li></ul><ul><li>Intolerance . Tolerance of diversity is vital for a knowledge society. </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption. It is eating into the vitals of the country. </li></ul>
  23. 29. We can overcome the obstacles.
  24. 30. We are what we think. All that we are, arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make the world. - Buddha.
  25. 31. What media can do? <ul><li>Media has the power to propel people to overcome the obstacles, and develop as a nation. We, the media persons have the power to act as a catalyst in the process of growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Let us recognise, understand and use our power. </li></ul>
  26. 32. Rishi Aurobindo prophesied what is penned beautifully in a song: ‘Bharat abar biswasabhai srestha asan labe ’(India will once again be the best in the world). In the new environment, when knowledge is central - India will emerge as a strong nation. It is not a wishful thinking, but an achievable reality.
  27. 33. the future belongs to India . Jai Hind.