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03 agricultural information to the farmers in tamil nadu 2
 

03 agricultural information to the farmers in tamil nadu 2

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    03 agricultural information to the farmers in tamil nadu 2 03 agricultural information to the farmers in tamil nadu 2 Document Transcript

    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print) JOURNAL OF LIBRARY SCIENCE AND INFORMATIONISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication TECHNOLOGY (JLSIT)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Online) JLSIT © PRJ PUBLICATIONVolume 1, Issue 1, January - June (2012), pp. 21-26© PRJ: www.prjpublication.com/jlsit.asp AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION TO THE FARMERS IN TAMIL NADU: A STUDY D. PARASURAMAN Librarian AJK Arts and Sciences College, Coimbatore - 105ABSTRACT The term agriculture is derived from the Latin word AGRICULTURA” Whichliterally means’ care of soil” The agricultural science deal with the challenges of food andfiber production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, cropcultivation and harvesting animal production, and the processing of plants and animalsproducts for human consumption and use. Agriculture implies the process oftransformation of the basic land resource into desirable goods. In other words, it is said tobe the art and science of growing of crops and rising of livestock. In its scope it includescrop production of field cropping tree culture, forestry animal husbandry dairy farming,poultry farming and fishery The information with regard to cropping pattern in horticultural cropsparticularly rice’s vegetables and true crops is not compiled and ready availableHowever, the constrains in Production and Zones/States of cultivation of these cropsgiven briefly along with research gaps and future thrust areas.INTRODUCTION Agriculture is the worlds most important industry. It Provides us with almost all ourfood . it also supplies materials for two other basic human needs – clothing and shelter Inaddition agriculture provides materials used in making many industrial provides such aspaints and medicines about half the worlds are employed in agriculture far more than inany other industry.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY Modern agricultural university libraries stress the importance library andinformation services to agricultural research, teaching, learning, and extension. A majorobjective of the present study is to evaluate the library and information services inagricultural university libraries in South India. The following are other objectives: • To discover the types of library and information services required by users; 21
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication • To elicit opinions about services offered by the library; • To elicit opinions about the problems faced by users; To collect opinions about the adequacy of information resources and their use;HYPOTHESIS Keeping the objectives of the study in view an attempt has been made to test thefollowing hypothesis. • Theirs is a Significant relationship among the farmers and agriculture libraries • Services rendered by agriculture libraries to the farmers communityMETHODOLOGY The existing situation of library and information services in agricultural University libraries in Tamil nadu is assessed on the basis of the Primary and Secondary data collection.GREEN REVOLUTION MOVEMENT In India M.S.Swaminathan in Known as the father of Green Revolution, who byhis efforts made the country self sufficient in the production of what and rice. Theparticipation of radio as vehicle of mass communication in green Revolution in India isworth mentioning. The farmers were experts in traditional agriculture and were fightersfor green Revolution The Radio becomes the communicating bridge in between thetraditional farmers and the modern scientists of agriculture. Thus, the agriculturescientists and the farmers both met on the Radio – Platform to exchange views of theirskillfulness on one hand, the agriculture scientists understood the problems of the farmersand an on agriculture scientists. The result of this exchange of ideas was the research fornew hybrid seeds, which helped in production of more crops through the use of morechemical manures and advanced agricultural technique The agriculture college reachedthe agriculture land and the farmers reached the agricultural college for the solution oftheir problems several farmers became agriculture scientists , through they had noknowledge of English Language. This was green revolution which ultimately relived thecountry from import of food grains and to obtain foreign help. 22
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ PublicationServices Provided by the Department of Agriculture in Tamil Nadu* The Major services provided by the department of agriculture of the farmers are:* Extension services for transformation at latest technologies from the university &research station to the farmers field.* Distribution of all input like seed, plantation material fertilizers, bio fertilizers,implements etc.* Technical know how regarding the various package of practices.* Organizing Block Demonstration.* MMM-Soil Health Care Providing facility for soil testing and Modernisation of MobileSoil Testing Labs in laboratories which are located in various parts of the state.* Providing quality control facilities for seeds, fertilizer and plant protection chemicals.* Training to the farmers in various form activities.* Providing marketing facilities to the farmers for their products.* The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) August 25, 2005 theprovides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of employment to adult members of anyrural household willing to do public work.* The Kisan Call Centre scheme is available over the complete country. The CallCentres can be accessed by farmers all over the country on common Toll Free Number1551 and also kisan credit card services for farmer.Types of Agriculture Information • Technical information • Marketing information • Social information • Legal Information 23
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print) ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publication Users Groups of Agricultural Information User Group of Agricultural Scientific Channel Extension ChannelMiddle User End User Extension Farmers Publishers / Scientists Researchers Distributors Library and Scientist Teaching Information Scientists Planning Administration Industrialist Traders Bankers. Trainees 24
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ PublicationList of Agricultural Information System in India* AGLINET : Agriculture Library Network (http://www.home.agilent.com)* AGRIS : International information System for Agriculture Science andTechnology http://agris.fao.org)* AIC : Agricultural Information Centre. (www.aicipc.com) * ARIS : Agriculture Research Information System. (www.aristitle.com) * ARDIN : Agriculture and Rural Development Information Network(www.arden) * FAO : Food and Agriculture Organization (www.fao.org) * IARC : International Area programme (www.iarc.fr)* ICAR : Indian Council of Agriculture Research (www.icar.org.in)* NAL : National Agriculture Library (www.nal.res.in)* SAU : State Agriculture University. (www.southasianuniversity.org)TNAU Agri tech Information to Farmeri. Crop Production Crop Protection Crop Improvement Seed Technology Bio Technology Post Harvest Technology Bio-Fuels GAP | GLP | GMP System of Rice Intensification (SRI)ii. Precision Farming Sustainable Sugarcane Intiative Transplanting Technology in Redgram New Technology in Turmeric Proc Organic Farming Paddy Mechanisation Producer Company Development Blocksiii. Banking & Credit Crop Insurance KVK | ATMA | NGOs & SHGs Agri Clinics Kisan Call Centre MDG-2015 25
    • Journal of Library Science and Information Technology (JLSIT), ISSN: xxxx - xxxx (Print)ISSN: xxxx – xxxx (Online) Volume 1, Issue 1, January - June 2012, © PRJ Publicationiv. TNAU Community e-Radio Television Programs Farm Radio Programs Farm Magazines Water Level (Dams) HRD-(Agriculture)v. Soil Water Dryland Agriculture Watershed Management Disaster Management Integrated Farming Organic Farming Green ManuringCONCLUSION Since India is a land of farmers, socioeconomic development depends on theeducation of farmers and their information level. They need information to becomeenlightened and rational and to make quick and correct decisions to improve rural life.The nature of information services provided by the agricultural university libraries varyfrom one to another, owing to the range of interest of the user community. With theemergence of the computer and revolutionary changes in communication technology, ithas become possible for a agricultural university libraries to provide a variety oftechnology-based information services to users with a wide range of interests. The libraries under study are in the initial stage of development. Moderntechnologies in the libraries are now being used to satisfy the information need of users.The people working in these libraries need training and exposure to new technologies.There is a need to develop the culture of interlibrary loan services and electronictransmission of documents. Databases of theses, journal articles, and library cataloguesmust be made available to users.REFERENCE1. AGARWAL (AN) Indian agriculture: problems. progress and prospects 1980 Vikash Publishing House New Delhi p 556.2. DESHMUKH (PP) (ed) Informational system for Agricultural science and technology. 1987 Metropolitan : New Delhi P38 .3. DESHMUKH (PP) (ed) Informational system for Agricultural science and technology. 1987 Metropolitan : New Delhi P38 .4. Tnau University web site and services5. Ashish Kumar Sharma Agricultural Information to the farmers in Madhya pradesh with Special Reference to sagar District: A Study 26