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4  Lesson  C I F A  C O A C H E S  C O U R S E  C
 

4 Lesson C I F A C O A C H E S C O U R S E C

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    4  Lesson  C I F A  C O A C H E S  C O U R S E  C 4 Lesson C I F A C O A C H E S C O U R S E C Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • The football has some basic principles to be trained and taught. These principles make your team works as an organized group to defend and attack. They are:
        • Ball possession
        • Compact
        • Creating space
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Ball possession
      • The first principle is the ball possession. The team that keeps the ball most of the time in its possession makes the opponents run and spend more energy; and of course is able to score.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • To keep the ball possession the team shall keep moving constantly and passing the ball early.
      • Basically, two touches are needed: control and pass.
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    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • To do a pass right after the control, the player has to know what to do before control the ball. Before the ball comes a “picture” of the field is taken then the control and pass are made.
      • Too much time is lost if the player controls the ball and after that, needs to look around, makes decision and evaluate the opponents’ actions. The probability to make the wrong decision or make mistake when passing increases and the opponent will get closer.
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    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Dribbling is the last option to keep the ball possession. If the player with the ball needs to beat his opponent and no other option is available he has to pass the ball right after or finish.
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    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Longitudinal and diagonal compact
      • These defending principles are established to make the defenders work easier or simply, make the space shorter and tighter.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Longitudinal compact
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Diagonal compact
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • The ways to make the field zones tighter is called: compact.
      • It can be longitudinal or diagonal.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • The longitudinal movement is coordinated by the last defender. One of the most important qualities is the leadership. This player, verbally, instructs the team. He makes the calls to the team defends or attacks.
      • The common commands are: “man to man”, “push”, “step up”, “pick up”, “out” and many other ways to say. It is up to the region, team or predetermined commands combined by the team.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • When the team needs to pressure the opponent the leader makes the team moves forward.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • If the strategy is to attract the opponents’ team to the offensive half, the defender just step back and keep checking the open spaces.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • An important point is to keep the defensive line outside 18 yards box.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • The diagonal moving is an action made, basically, by the defenders and midfielders to close the open spaces on the side closer to the ball.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • The defenders and midfielders move naturally in that way but some opposite side backs don’t. It’s very important for the coach to teach the players to move right.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • These movements are organized actions; very different than the football beginners used to do crowding around the ball.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Creating Space
        • Creating space is the action to break the compact principle; it is an attacking action and is a principle worked in conjunction with the ball possession.
        • When a team has the ball, and the first aim is to score (sometime the team could aim to keep the ball possession to save energy, make the time “run” or attract the opponent), the space is necessary in the attacking field. The midfielders, side backs and forwards have to do a coordinated action to open space and create the scoring situation.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Overlapping, overtaking, rotations (carrousel), penetration, switching position are the most common moves to deceive the defenders and give trouble for the marking.
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Overlapping
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Overtaking
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Rotations (carrousel)
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Penetration
    • LESSON 4 1. Principles of the Game
      • Switch Position
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • Heading is one of the hardest technique to teach because it involves “fear”.
      • The natural reaction when heading is to close the eyes. Closed eyes cannot see the targets and the ball.
      • The coach has to insist every time for the player to keep the eyes open.
      • When work with children the progressive difficult principle has to be respected to break the fear to head the ball.
      • The player can feel two fears. Fear to head the ball and fear to be hurt by the opponent’s head. The first one cannot hurt but the second is very dangerous and the coach has to be careful when it happens. Send the player to the doctor to a examination is recommended in most of the cases. Unfortunately some players died after a head to head impact.
      • If the players (both players fighting for the ball) have the eyes open, the possibility for a head to head impact decreases.
      • The right head’s part to hit the ball is the frontal in the most of situations.
      • The heading can be made jumping, standing or diving.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • The heading can be made jumping.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • The heading can be made standing up.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • The heading can be made diving.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • Heading passes
        • This is the way to make the ball reaches the teammate fast because the control isn’t made.
        • Passes the ball heading is difficult and the trainings in game situation are important to improve this skill.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • Heading saves
      • The saves using the head is very important for the defense.
      • Since the modern tactical systems and strategies make the teams work on the flanks more crosses come over the 18yrds. box and dead balls like free kicks and corner kicks as well .
      • There are different ways to save with the head but the most important thing to consider is where the ball should go after defensive heading.
      • Of course the ball should be sent far from the goal but in which direction?
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • From where the ball came from.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • To opposite side.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • To award a corner kick.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • To the front of 18yrds. box.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • When the time is given and the defenders can play safe, the pass to the teammate shall be made.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
      • Heading finishes
      • The head can produce strong finishing like a shot.
      • The important matter when heading is to avoid the high trajectory. To do so the player has to try to put the ball down on the ground.
    • LESSON 4 2. Defensive and Offensive Heading
    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
      • When a dribble is made, is hard for the player to see the opponents and teammates’ position and this action demands fast movement causing the ball control hardest. The player looks for the opponent, the ball and the space.
    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
      • Opponent unbalance principle.
        • It is the way to get advantage and time. An unbalanced opponent cannot be fast and use the body to fight for the ball.
        • Who has the ball uses the body and legs to deceive the opponent.
    •  
    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
        • The player uses the dribble to move forward or to get time.
        • The forward dribbling is made to get closer to the opponents goal and most of the time the dribbler has to use the unbalance principle.
        • The backward dribbling is made to move to the defensive side direction to find more space and time to play; most of the time the dribbler plays the ball opposite to the opponent’s direction. It’s much easier than forward dribbling.
    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
      • Why and When
        • The football player uses the dribbling because there is no other way to pass the ball and the opponents is coming to fight for the possession.
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    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
      • Why and When
        • The player uses the dribbling when an offensive action is made and a goal opportunity is seen.
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    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
      • Why and When
        • The dribbling in the defensive side has to be avoided.
    • LESSON 4 3. Dribbling
      • Why and When
        • The dribbling can put the player in a good situation to score or forces the opponents to do a foul but it is the easier way to lose the possession.
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