ICG Cologne 2012    INVESTIGATING COGNITIVE    ASPECTS IN DIGITAL MAPS    USING VGI TO CREATE A CHILD SUITABLE MAP1      P...
What are the next minutes about? Topic of my ongoing M.Sc. Thesis How can we create a (digital) map, that  actually matc...
Who am I? Philippe Rieffel, research associate at ILS  Dortmund B.Sc. in geography, M.Sc. (cand.) in  Geoinformatics St...
Who am I?   Studies greatly supported by Thomas    Bartoschek (Institute for    Geoinformatics/GI@School, Münster) with  ...
Why maps for children? Map literacy is crucial for everyday life, school,  university, work and an independent life Line...
Why maps for children? Literacy                                                     Those skills are Numeracy           ...
Why maps for children?The high school curriculum in Germanydemands the“[..] building of a topographic knowledgebase about ...
Why maps for children?   This process could    already be    stimulated    earlier, starting from    kindergarden       ...
Theoretical foundation - Piaget According to Piaget, infants and children form  schemas to impose order on the world Tho...
Theoretical foundation - Piaget Piaget: Advancement through the stages is  biologically driven (aging) Newer studies sho...
Theoretical foundation - Newcombe Those stimuli can be provided from  kindergarden on Technological advancement allows e...
12   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
The actual topic of this talk (Digital) Maps are important for the process of  spatial learning of kids, starting at very...
Why is thatMotivation                                                                street yellow on                     ...
Research questions    Theoretical analysis        How do kids perceive their environment?        How is that perception...
Kids need „easier“ maps!              ..that reflect their world!16   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects i...
First thoughts                          symbology                                                                 Contents...
Survey - Map orientation                                                                          Can you identify        ...
Survey - Symbology ISymbols are taken from the OpenStreetMap renderer Mapnik:https://trac.openstreetmap.org/browser/applic...
Survey - Symbology II20   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
Map ranking:Survey results Majority (60%) had  at least some  experience with  paper maps Experience with  digital map w...
Survey results          Orientation along districts          District names prominent on           selfmade maps and Goo...
Survey results - Symbology    Most icons were                                         Yellow for roads     identified   ...
Sketch Maps Sketch maps from Germany, Africa and Brazil School grounds Ability to draw sketch maps increases  drastical...
25   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
26   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
27   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
Interpretation of sketch maps Leisure areas and facilities are drawn more  detailed Structures along daily routine ways ...
Implementation    Create a digital map service        Render raster maps from OpenStreetMap Vector         data        ...
Map design principles Generalize the world as little as possible / as  much as necessary Use symbology that is easily co...
Map design principles Use psychological findings Re-use design principles from existing maps in  schoolbooks e.g. Focus...
32   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
33   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
34   Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
..still to do Refine/improve the map design, especially for  small scale maps Validate the new design scheme Deploy on ...
ContactPhilippe RieffelPhilippe.rieffel@ils-forschung.dewww.ils-forschung.deInstitut für Landes undStadtentwicklungsforsch...
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Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps

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Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps - Using VGI to create child suitable maps

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Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps

  1. 1. ICG Cologne 2012 INVESTIGATING COGNITIVE ASPECTS IN DIGITAL MAPS USING VGI TO CREATE A CHILD SUITABLE MAP1 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  2. 2. What are the next minutes about? Topic of my ongoing M.Sc. Thesis How can we create a (digital) map, that actually matches children´s perception of their spatial environment Why should we do that? How could a map like this look like2 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  3. 3. Who am I? Philippe Rieffel, research associate at ILS Dortmund B.Sc. in geography, M.Sc. (cand.) in Geoinformatics Studies at Institute for Geoinformatics, Münster http://ifgi.uni-muenster.de3 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  4. 4. Who am I? Studies greatly supported by Thomas Bartoschek (Institute for Geoinformatics/GI@School, Münster) with input, ideas and supervision4 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  5. 5. Why maps for children? Map literacy is crucial for everyday life, school, university, work and an independent life Lines up with other basic skills that are necessary  Literacy  Numeracy  Use of information and communication technologies5 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  6. 6. Why maps for children? Literacy Those skills are Numeracy taught Use of information explicitly, while and communication gaining map literacy technologies is often implicitly done6 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  7. 7. Why maps for children?The high school curriculum in Germanydemands the“[..] building of a topographic knowledgebase about a theme-based global orientationgrid as prerequisite for a differentiatedspatial integration-related thinking”.(Core curriculum geography, high school, NRW)7 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  8. 8. Why maps for children? This process could already be stimulated earlier, starting from kindergarden  Learning to Think Spatially: GIS as a Support System in the K-12 Curriculum8 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  9. 9. Theoretical foundation - Piaget According to Piaget, infants and children form schemas to impose order on the world Those schemas undergo constant variation and modification, depending on the age  Piaget: Assimilation and adaption Foundation for constructivist learning9 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  10. 10. Theoretical foundation - Piaget Piaget: Advancement through the stages is biologically driven (aging) Newer studies show that maturing is the basis, but the speed and quality of the advancement are influenced by external stimuli and experience (e.g. by Newcombe, adaptive combination)10 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  11. 11. Theoretical foundation - Newcombe Those stimuli can be provided from kindergarden on Technological advancement allows easy to use and specially tailored methods towards spatial thinking11 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  12. 12. 12 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  13. 13. The actual topic of this talk (Digital) Maps are important for the process of spatial learning of kids, starting at very young ages We worked with several software products lately, even created some, that support spatial learning processes13 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  14. 14. Why is thatMotivation street yellow on this map? I see that is grey14 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  15. 15. Research questions Theoretical analysis  How do kids perceive their environment?  How is that perception „stored“ in their imagination?  How can that perception be transferred into a cartographic representation?15 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  16. 16. Kids need „easier“ maps! ..that reflect their world!16 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  17. 17. First thoughts symbology Contents complexity17 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  18. 18. Survey - Map orientation Can you identify the area of your school and of your home? Please rate the maps! general/orientati on18 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  19. 19. Survey - Symbology ISymbols are taken from the OpenStreetMap renderer Mapnik:https://trac.openstreetmap.org/browser/applications/rendering/mapnik/symbols19 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  20. 20. Survey - Symbology II20 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  21. 21. Map ranking:Survey results Majority (60%) had at least some experience with paper maps Experience with digital map was generally little21 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  22. 22. Survey results  Orientation along districts  District names prominent on selfmade maps and Google  No district names on the OSM excerpt  No.1 Map had a lot of details removed  clarity  No. 3 Map, too much removed?22 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  23. 23. Survey results - Symbology Most icons were  Yellow for roads identified (“Google design”) “correctly”, some only mentioned twice deviations  Roads either black  Parking or grey  Cinema  Red for borders  Police  Mail  See-saw23 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  24. 24. Sketch Maps Sketch maps from Germany, Africa and Brazil School grounds Ability to draw sketch maps increases drastically with aging (6-8y. poor/average; 9+ average/good)24 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  25. 25. 25 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  26. 26. 26 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  27. 27. 27 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  28. 28. Interpretation of sketch maps Leisure areas and facilities are drawn more detailed Structures along daily routine ways are more detailed Connections between different locations (in position and size/relationship) by importance28 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  29. 29. Implementation Create a digital map service  Render raster maps from OpenStreetMap Vector data  Flexible design scheme, open license  Whole world data coverage  Render maps / map tiles with maperitive (software)29 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  30. 30. Map design principles Generalize the world as little as possible / as much as necessary Use symbology that is easily connectable to the real world Identify important content for children, omit unnecessary information that obstruct the map Use this important content as orientation marks30 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  31. 31. Map design principles Use psychological findings Re-use design principles from existing maps in schoolbooks e.g. Focus on large scale maps …and now some examples!31 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  32. 32. 32 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  33. 33. 33 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  34. 34. 34 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  35. 35. ..still to do Refine/improve the map design, especially for small scale maps Validate the new design scheme Deploy on a production system35 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
  36. 36. ContactPhilippe RieffelPhilippe.rieffel@ils-forschung.dewww.ils-forschung.deInstitut für Landes undStadtentwicklungsforschung gGmbHBrüderweg 22–24D-44135 Dortmund36 Philippe Rieffel - Investigating cognitive aspects in digital maps
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