Annual Report 2005


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Annual Report 2005

  1. 1. contents contents Profile, mission, vision 2015 and values Highlights Message from the president The conquest of self-sufficiency Conduct of the oil market Corporate strategy our businesses in brazil 22 Exploration and Production 29 Refining and Commercialization 32 Petrochemicals 35 Transportation 37 Distribution 40 Natural Gas 44 Energy I N T E R N AT I O N A L A C T I V I T I E S 54 South America 60 North America 61 Africa 62 Asia S O C I A L A N D E N V I R O N M E N TA L R E S P O N S I B I L I T Y 66 Social Investiments 71 Human Resources 75 Health, Safety, and Environment I N TA N G I B L E A S S E TS 84 Technological Know-how Capital 87 Organizational Capital 88 Relationship Capital 91 Human Capital BUSINESS MANAGEMENT 94 Business Performance 97 Capital Markets 103 Risk Management 106 Corporate Governance 112 Corporate Information 116 Glossary, Abbreviations and Addresses
  2. 2. petrobras in brazil and overseas profile p r of i l e mission To operate safely and profitably in the oil, gas and energy domestic Petrobras is a publicly listed company that and international markets in a socially ENGLAND operates on an integrated and specialized basis and environmentally responsible in the following segments of the oil, gas and manner, supplying products and T H E U N I T E D STAT ES L I BYA JA PA N services to meet the needs of its IRAN CHINA energy industry: exploration and production; customers and contributing to the M E X I CO refining, commercialization, transportation and development of Brazil and the VENEZUELA CO LO M B I A NIGERIA petrochemicals; distribution of oil products; countries in which it operates. EC UA D O R EQ UATO R I A L G U I N E A SINGAPURE PERU BOLIVIA TA N Z A N I A natural gas and energy. Founded in 1953, the A N GO L A PA R AG UAY Company today is the world’s 14th largest oil CHILE U R U G UAY company according to Petroleum Intelligence va l u e s ARGENTINA Weekly. Leader in the Brazilian hydrocarbons Focus on the Company’s main sector, Petrobras has been expanding its stakeholders: shareholders, operations to become an integrated energy customers, employees, society, government, partners, suppliers company with international operations and a and the communities in which leader in Latin America. it operates; vision5 BELÉM A spirit of entrepreneurship and REMAN SÃO LUÍS FORTALEZA an ability to meet challenges; Coari MANAUS LUBNOR Mucuripe Guamaré Dunas NATAL 2 0 1 vision 2015 Focus on obtaining excellent results; JOÃO PESSOA Campina Grande Cabedelo RECIFE Innovative and competitive spirit Suape MACEIÓ P E T R O B R A S W I L L B E A N I N T E G R AT E D Candeias with a focus on providing services ARACAJU RLAM E N E R G Y C O M PA N Y W I T H A S T R O N G DTBAS SALVADOR with a competitive edge and BRASÍLIA Sen. Canedo Jequié COCHABAMBA SANTA CRUZ DE LA SIERRA Itabuna I N T E R N AT I O N A L P R E S E N C E A N D T H E technological competence; GOIÂNIA ESPÍRITO SANTO Gualberto Villarroel Guillermo Elder Bell REGAP Norte-Capixaba L E A D E R I N L AT I N A M E R I C A , O P E R AT I N G Excellence and leadership in Regência UBERABA VITÓRIA questions of health, safety and the REVAP W I T H I T S F O C U S O N P R O F I TA B I L I T Y REPLAN Macaé PARAGUAI REDUC preservation of the environment; RECAP RIO DE JANEIRO REPAR RPBC São Sebastião A N D S O C I A L A N D E N V I R O N M E N TA L REFINOR Paranaguá SÃO PAULO São Francisco do Sul (DTSUL) A permanent quest for business SIX CURITIBA R E S P O N S I B I L I T Y. REFAP FLORIANÓPOLIS leadership. Tramandaí Pipelines ARGENTINA Copesul PORTO ALEGRE Fertilizer Plant REFISAN URUGUAI Terminal de Refinery Rio Grande Terminal Petrobras overseas Bahía Blanca RICARDO ELIÇABE
  3. 3. HIGHLIGHTS HIGHLIGHTS HIGHLIGHTS ORIGIN OF NATURAL GAS (million m3/day) (4) 42 45 Domestic gas 23 23 Bolivian gas 19 22 Operational summary | 2005 NATURAL GAS MARKET DISTRIBUTION (million m3/day) (4) 42 45 Distributors 28 31 2004 2005 Thermoelectric power plants 7 7 (1)(2) PROVED RESERVES – SPE criteria (billions of barrels of oil equivalent - boe) 14.9 14.9 Domestic consumption 7 7 Oil and condensate (billions of barrels) 12.1 12.3 (1) Natural gas (billions of boe) 2.8 2.6 ENERGY Number of thermoelectric power plants(5) 7 9 (1) AVERAGE DAILY PRODUCTION (th. boed) 2,020 2,217 Installed capacity (MW)(5) 2,194 3,203 • Oil and NGL (th. bpd) 1,661 1,847 Energy sales (GWh) 11.32 16.64 Onshore 407 396 Number of hydroelectric power plants 2 2 Offshore 1,254 1,451 Installed capacity (MW)(5) 285 285 • Natural gas (th. boed) 359 370 Transmission lines (km) 15,414 15,414 Onshore 217 213 Energy distribution (TWh/year) 13 13 Offshore 142 157 (1) FERTILIZERS (1) PRODUCING WELLS (oil and natural gas) – 12/31/2005 13,821 14,061 Number of plants 3 3 Onshore 13,156 12,803 Some 2004 data were revised due to changes in the criteria. Offshore 665 1,258 (1) Includes overseas data, corresponding to Petrobras’ stake in each partnership (2) Proved reserves are calculated according to SPE (Society of Petroleum Engineers) criteria DRILLING RIGS – 12/31/2005 50 64 (3) Includes Transpetro’ port terminals only Onshore 19 22 (4) Excludes flare off, own E&P consumption, liquefaction and reinjection Offshore 31 42 (5) Includes only assets with an equity stake equal or larger than 50% OPERATING PRODUCTION PLATFORMS – 12/31/2005 95 97 Fixed 72 73 Financial summary | 2005 Floating 23 24 PIPELINES (km) – 12/31/2005 (1) 30,039 30,343 INVESTMENTS R$ million Oil and oil products 12,553 12,857 2004 2005 Natural gas 17,486 17,486 Own Investments 21,151 22,927 Exploration & Production 12,441 13,934 TANKER FLEET – 12/31/2005 Supply 3,907 3,286 Vessels - company owned 50 50 Gas & Energy 625 1,527 - chartered 74 75 International 2,331 3,153 Tons (millions of deadweight tons - dwt) 8 8 Distribution 1,223 495 TERMINALS – 12/31/2005 Corporate Areas 624 532 Number 65 66 Special Purpose Companies (SPCs) 775 2,385 Storage capacity (million m3) (3) 9.9 10.4 Ventures under Negotiation 454 311 Project Finance 169 87 (1) REFINERIES – 12/31/2005 Total Investments 22,549 25,710 Number 16 16 Nominal installed capacity (th. bpd) 2,114 2,114 C O N S O L I DAT E D FINANCIAL I N F O R M AT I O N R$ million Average throughput processed (th. bpd) 1,847 1,861 2004 2005 % Brazil 1,728 1,758 Gross Operating Revenue 150,440 179,065 19% Overseas 119 103 Net Operating Revenue 111,128 136,605 23% Average daily production of oil products (th. bpd) 1,797 1,839 Operating Profit 29,930 39,773 33% IMPORTS (th. bpd) Financial Result (3,321) (2,843) -14% Oil 450 352 Net Income 16,887 23,725 40% Oil products 109 94 Net Income per Share (R$/share) 3.85 5.41 41% EBITDA 36,798 47,808 30% EXPORTS (th. bpd) Total Debt 55,803 48,242 -14% Oil 181 263 Net Debt 35,816 24,825 -31% Oil products 228 241 Market Value 112,458 173,584 54% COMMERCIALIZATION OF OIL PRODUCTS (th. bpd) Gross Margin 41% 44% 3% Brazil 1,637 1,655 Operating Margin 27% 29% 2% Net Margin 15% 17% 2% INTERNATIONAL SALES (th. bpd) Financial and Economic Indicators Oil, Gas and Oil Products 416 385 Brent (US$/bbl) 38.21 54.38 42% US Dollar Average Price - Sale (R$) 2.9262 2.4350 -17% US Dollar final Price - Sale (R$) 2.6544 2.3407 -12% 4 PETR OBRA S annual report 2005 PETR OBRA S annual report 2005 5
  4. 4. HIGHLIGHTS HIGHLIGHTS Voting Capital – Common Shares 2005 2004 2.8% 1.9% 2.8% 1.9% Production of Oil, NGL, 4.6% 4.9% Gross Margin, Operating and Net (1) 7.5% 7.9% Condensate and Natural Gas Oil and Oil Products Spill (m3) BR GAAP Criteria (th. boed) 45% 44% 41% 39% 55.7% 55.7% 2001 1,381 258 1,639 2001 2,619 36% 27.5% 26.7% 2002 1,535 275 1,810 29% 29% 2002 197 27% 24% Federal Government 2003 1,701 335 2,036 20% 2003 276 19% 17% 17% BNDESPar 15% 2004 1,661 359 2,020 12% ADR Level 3 2004 530 FMP – FGTS Petrobras 2005 1,847 370 2,217 269 Foreign Investors (Resolution no. 2.689 C.M.N.) 2005 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Other individuals and legal entities Oil, NGL and Condensate 3 Spills of more than 1 barrel (0.159 m ) impacting Gross Margin Natural Gas the environment outside the installation perimeter. Operating Margin Net Margin Voting Capital - Preferred Shares 2005 2004 Debt – BR GAAP Criteria Proved Reserves of Oil, NGL, Condensate (R$ billion)(1)(3) 15.7% 15.2% and Natural Gas SPE Criteria Net Income 3.3 (billions boed) 37.1% 37.2% BR GAAP criteria 1.3 49.6 15.5% 15.8% 46.2 2001 8.5 2.1 10.6 (R$ million)(1) 44.2 40 2002 9.9 35.8 37.1 2.3 12.2 2001 9,867 31.7% 31.8% 34.7 2003 11.6 2.9 14.5 2002 8,098 24.8 BNDESPar 2004 12.1 2.8 14.9 2003 17,795 18.2 ADR Level 3 and Rule 144-A 9.7 Foreign Investors (Resolution no. 2.689 C.M.N.) 2005 12.3 2.6 14.9 16,887 2004 8.5 8.1 10.9 9.6 11.1 Other individuals and legal entities 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Oil, NGL and Condensate 2005 23,725 Short-Term Natural Gas Long-Term Capital Stock Funds obtained but still not used in projects 2005 2004 Net Debt Earnings/Share 2.7% 2.8% Lost Time Injury BR GAAP Criteria 7.6% 32.2% 7.8% 32.2% Market Capitalization x Net Equity Frequency Rate (LTIFR) (R$/share)(1)(2) 8.2% 8.1% (R$ billion)(1) 174 2001 2.89 2001 2.27 15.7% 15.4% 2002 1.53 2002 1.86 112 15.9% 15.7% 17.7% 18.0% 87 2003 1.23 2003 4.06 78 56 54 Federal Government 3.85 62 2004 1.04 2004 49 BNDESPar 34 29 ADR (ON Shares) 2005 0.97 2005 5.41 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 ADR (PN Shares) 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Market Capitalization Net Equity FMP – FGTS Petrobras Valor de Mercado Valor Patrimonial Foreign Investors (Resolution no. 2.689 C.M.N.) Number of lost time injuries per million (1) The 2004 and 2005 fiscal years include the Specific Purpose Companies whose activities are controlled, directly or indirectly, by Petrobras Other individuals and legal entities men-hours of exposure to risk. (2) For the effects of comparison, Net Earnings per share were recalculated for the previous periods as a result of the share split approved by the Note: LTIFR covers employees and AGM of July 22, 2005. outsourced workers (3) The 2001, 2002 and 2003 fiscal years include debt contracted by the SPEs with which Petrobras structured "Project Finance" and consortia. The Commom shares - 2,536,673,672 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2005 fiscal years include leasing contracts. Preffered shares - 1,849,478,028 Total shares - 4,386,151,700 PETR OBRA S annual report 2005 7
  5. 5. MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT It is with special pride that I present the Company’s results for 2005, a year in which we set records for production, profitability and investments. The Company ended the year with an annual daily production of oil and gas of 2,217 million barrels of oil equivalent (boe), consolidated earnings of R$ 23,725 billion and total investments of R$ 25,710 billion, all historical records. In order to obtain these results, we implemented a vigorous plan of action based principally on the continuation of a bold investment cycle that allows us to achieve sustainable returns over the medium and long-term. This effort, initiated during the administration of President José Eduardo Dutra with whom I shared the command of the company during 2005, made it possible to restructure our activities and improve our strategic vision of the future. “ I N A S I T U AT I O N I N W H I C H A In practical terms, I should mention that we passed the benchmark of 1.8 million barrels of oil per day SCARCITY OF ENERGY (bpd) produced in Brazil, mainly due to the startup of the P-43 and P-48 platforms. We consider this a R E S O U R C E S , M A I N LY O I L , H A S BECOME MORE AND MORE milestone in the ability of Petrobras’ technical and managerial staff to overcome challenges. In 2003, these E V I D E N T, A C H I E V I N G S E L F - units were well behind in executing their projects and ran serious risks in contractual and SUFFICIENCY REPRESENTS AN operational feasibility. Nevertheless, we were able to reverse the situation and today I M P O R TA N T S T E P TO WA R D S the two rigs are operating at full production. REDUCING THE RISK AND As a result, we were able to boost annual oil production in Brazil by 13%. This growth VULNERABILITY OF BRAZIL´S TRADE BALANCE. AND placed Petrobras in the ranks of companies with the highest rise in production in the P ET R O B R AS I S P R O U D TO B E world oil industry in 2005. Even with our expanded production, we were able to M A K I N G A N I M P O R TA N T guarantee a 131% replacement rate of our oil reserves. That is, for each barrel we CO N T R I B U T I O N TOWA R D S produced, we replaced 1.31 barrels in our reserves, meaning that we continue to maintain R E A C H I N G T H I S G O A L .” long-term sustainable growth. In step with the restructuring of our exploration portfolio and the preservation of sustainable growth, during the 7th Bidding Round run by the National Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuel Agency (ANP), Petrobras acquired 96 new exploratory blocks, of which 42 were exclusive and 54 were in partnership, totaling the greatest number of exploratory areas in its portfolio since the Agency began running the auctions. We are now quite close to self-sufficiency in providing oil and oil products to our main market
  6. 6. MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT — Brazil. This target, which is symbolic for Brazilian society, will materialize in a sustainable manner in 2006, in its composition, and it already is fueling fleets of buses and trucks in large cities. Developed by as soon as the recently launched P-50 platform reaches its peak production capacity of 180,000 bpd in Petrobras, the new fuel contributes to improve air quality and is part of the Company’s commitment to the Campos Basin. In a situation in which a scarcity of energy resources, mainly oil, has become more and social and environmental responsibility. more evident, achieving self-sufficiency represents an important step towards reducing the risk and Moreover, the projects that have been approved by the current management in Brazil have a vulnerability of Brazil´s trade balance. And Petrobras is proud to be making an important contribution commitment to domestic content of at least 60%, which will strengthen local industry and generate towards reaching this goal. thousands of direct and indirect jobs. Of particular note in this regard was the approval of the order for Petrobras has sought to expand its activities with the same entrepreneurial determination and spirit. 42 tankers — the largest to be given to the naval industry in the country. The Company’s project for international expansion is based upon the same ethical and business The confidence of our shareholders and investors in the Company’s results can be principles that are leading the Brazilian market to sustainable self-sufficiency. Thus, in 2005 Petrobras measured by the performance of our shares. During the course of 2005, there was an intensified its activities in Africa, South America and United States, strengthening its international increase in the average daily financial trading volume of Petrobras’ shares. After the presence. The Company’s overseas offensive also includes the purchase of assets in Colombia, Paraguay stock split concluded in September 2005, to make shares more accessible to small and Uruguay, and the acquisition of 50% of the Passadena Refinery in the United States, an investment and medium sized investors, Petrobras’ shares became the most-traded security on of some US$ 370 million that will add value to the oil produced by the Company. the São Paulo Stock Exchange. We expanded our shareholder base and earned an Pursuing the same strategic objective of adding value to its products, Petrobras decided to build a new investment grade rating from Moody’s Investor Service for our foreign currency debt refinery in the Northeast of Brazil, in the state of Pernambuco, with scheduled investments of US$ 2.5 — four levels higher than the classification of the Brazilian sovereign risk. billion. This is the first project for a Petrobras refining facility since conclusion of the Henrique Laje Petrobras’ results in 2005 were reflected in the Company’s market capitalization, Refinery (Revap) in 1980 in the state of São Paulo. which rose 54% in 2005. Today we are the 8th most valuable company in the sector in In the energy area, Petrobras took over full control of three power plants in 2005: TermoRio (1,040 the world and the highest valued in Latin America, according to Business Week magazine MW), Eletrobolt (388 MW) and TermoCeará (220 MW) — the latter two being Merchant type plants. In In the following pages, you will find greater detail about Petrobras’ results in 2005. February 2006, we signed a memorandum of understanding for the acquisition of the Macaé Merchant They were conquests that consecrated the efforts of our employees and suppliers Plant (929 MW), thus reducing the need to make contingency payments. We took major steps to expand along with the trust of our shareholders and customers. natural gas distribution infrastructure with the approval of projects such as the Southeast-Northeast Interconnection Pipeline (Gasene) and the expansion of the Southeast and Northeast grids, satisfying the JOSÉ SERGIO GABRIELLI DE AZEVEDO growing demand for our product. President and CEO of Petrobras One of the underpinnings of our action plan has been continuous massive investment in technological development. And the results can be seen in, for example, the national record for drilling depth: a slanting well that reached 6,915 meters below the sea bottom in the Santos Basin. Our refineries have been adapted — and this is a permanent practice — to process more heavy oil and to improve the quality of our products, extracting high added value oil products. We introduced Diesel 500, with 75% less sulfur 10 PETR OBRA S annual report 2005
  7. 7. self-sufficiency The conquest of self-sufficiency 2003 The largest natural gas reserve on the Brazilian continental shelf is discovered in the Santos Basin. New light oil provinces are 1996 found in Espírito Santo 1987 and Sergipe, with high 1953 1953 The giant Roncador potential for Oil production at the giant Albacora field in field in the Campos October 3 | President Getúlio the Campos Basin is initiated in 420 meters exploration and Basin is discovered. Vargas signs Law 2004 that 1966 of water depth, a world record at the time. production. establishes the monopoly of the Creation of the Another giant oil field is discovered at the federal government over the Petrobras Research Campos Basin: Marlim Sul. activities of the oil industry in the Center (Cenpes). country and authorizes the creation of Petróleo Brasileiro S. A. – Petrobras as the state 1997 company to be the executor of Oil industry activities in Brazil the monopoly. are opened up to private 1977 1985 initiative. Production exceeds the historic milestone of 1 Campos Basin The giant Marlim Oil production in Brazil | 1953 to 2005 million barrels per day. production begins field is discovered through an early system installed at in the Campos 1988 Basin. the Enchova field. The Rio Urucu field starts producing in Alto Amazonas, celebrating a long period of 1961 1968 prospecting activities in the Amazon region. Exploration of the First offshore discovery continental platform of oil: the Guaricema from Maranhão to field in Sergipe. Espírito Santo is initiated. 1986 The Technological Innovation and Advanced 1963 Development in Deep and Ultra-Deep Water Program (PROCAP) is created. Initially, the 1954 The discovery of program studies solutions for exploration and the Carmópolis Petrobras begins its production in water up to 1,000 meters deep. (SE) field opens activities, taking over Subsequently, the studies are extended to up prospects for the collection of waters 2,000-3,000 meters in depth. production outside assets of the former of Bahia. 1974 1999 National Petroleum Council (CNP). The discovery of 1962 1994 Petrobras breaks the Production is 2,700 barrels of oil per day. The company the Garoupa field off the northern coast of Rio de The first semi-submersible work offshore production record at 2005 reaches the platform totally developed by the Roncador field Janeiro marks the On December 19, Petrobras sets a production mark Petrobras technicians in the Campos beginning of the production record of 1,857,425 of 100,000 barrels (Petrobras-18) begins Basin, producing at conquest of the barrels of oil per day. Work on the of oil per day. operations in the Marlim field 1,853 meters of Campos Basin, P-50 platform, which has the of the Campos Basin). water depth. which will become 1984 capacity to produce 180,000 the largest barrels a day, is concluded. production region The giant Albacora field is Installed in the Albacora Leste in the country. discovered in the Campos Basin. field of the Campos Basin, it will Production reaches 500,000 assure sustainable oil self- barrels per day. sufficiency for the country when it hits peak production in 2006.
  8. 8. Conduct of the Oil market Conduct of the Oil market Oil prices continued rising in 2005, following a trend that began in 2004. the International Energy Agency, the oil price peaks were of short duration — US$ 67.5/bbl for Brent and US$ Even with the Brent and WTI oil were, respectively, 42% and 36% more expensive than the 69.8/bbl for WTI. On the oil product market, however, the reduction by 30% of refining activity in United States slowdown in the average of the previous year. This increase in prices, compared to the rises of led to an increase in real prices only comparable to that seen in the 1970s. similar magnitude that occurred during the decade of the 1970s, has been Even with the slowdown in the growth of world demand — 1.4% in 2005 against 3.8% in 2004 — it cannot growth of world presenting a singular characteristic because it is predominantly due to market be said that the increase in the price of oil is reducing the consumption of oil products and, as a result, crude oil demand — 1.4% in fundamentals rather than geopolitical events. sales. The control of the price of oil products in China and the subsequent stagnation of Chinese imports of such products contributed to reduced growth in demand, as did the impact of the hurricanes on the U.S. economy. 2005 against 3.8% in Oil Prices (US$/bbl, nominal) Nevertheless, prices remained high. Source: Bloomberg 2004 — it cannot be The growth of oil production in non-OPEC countries declined drastically in 2005, remaining practically stable, 80 said that the increase 70 according to the calculations of the International Energy Agency, compared to an increase of about 1 million bpd 60 in 2004. This decline is explained less by the fall in production in the mature regions such as the North Sea, than in the price of oil is 50 by the temporary halt in the Gulf of Mexico and — more importantly — by the strong slowdown of production in reducing the 40 Russia that went from average annual increases of 10% in each of the past five years to 2.4% in 2005. 30 consumption of oil 20 10 products and, as a 1.1.00 1.5.00 1.9.00 1.1.01 1.5.01 1.9.01 1.1.02 1.5.02 1.9.02 1.1.03 1.5.03 1.9.03 1.1.04 1.5.04 1.9.04 1.1.05 1.5.05 1.9.05 1.1.06 Private Oil Stocks in the U.S. (M bbl) OPEC Basket WTI Brent Source: US-DOE/EIA result, crude oil sales. Cesta OPEP WTI Brent 350.000 Strong price swings during the year also demonstrated the nervousness of the market in the face of any changes in the perception of the market funda- 330.000 mentals, a symptom of the exhaustion of capacity in the oil chain. In particu- lar, in 2005 attention was concentrated more on the stress in refining rather 310.000 than on production capacity. 290.000 In this sense, the effect of the passage of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita through the Gulf of Mexico was a clear sign that the system lacks flexibility to 270.000 2000-2004 band 2004 deal with unexpected events. Because the interruption of production was 250.000 2005 compensated for through the liberation of strategic inventories managed by 1 4 7 10 13 16 19 22 25 28 31 34 37 40 43 46 49 52 (after the hurricanes) weeks (semanas) Faixa 2000-2004 2004 2005 (Depois dos furações)